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Age, and occur in the parish of Llanidan, Anglesey, along with the saddle quern (Fig. 9)-a survival from the Bronze Age-as in the Lake Village of Glastonbury.
Fig. 27.-Golden Armour Poytrel, Mold
Lent by Messrs. Macmillan
One of the former is ornamented in the flamboyant style, characteristic of the Late Celtic art throughout Britain and Ireland. The golden peytrel, or breastplate for a horse, found in a cairn at Mold (Fig. 27),
Flintshire, resting on a skeleton extended at full length with an urn full of ashes, upwards of 300 amber beads, and corroded fragments of iron, falls into line with the metal work of the period in the rest of Britain and Ireland. It is adorned in repoussé, with the nail-head design and circles in dotted lines (Fig. 28). The bronze spoons," with flamboyant pattern, found at Llanfair, Denbighshire, and Penbryn, Cardiganshire, are practically identical with those of Ireland, of Westmorland,
Fig. 28.-Golden Poytrel
Lent by Keeper of Department, British Museum
and Somerset. The bronze handle of a mirror, found at Fishguard, like that of the Lake Village of Glastonbury, undoubtedly belongs to the art of the South of Europe. The bronze helmet, ornamented with gold and silver, and blue and red enamel, from Ogmore Down, near Cowbridge, will bear comparison with the metal-work of the Polden Hills, in Somerset, and of the chariot burials of Yorkshire, while the gold-plated
1 Barnwell, Arch. Camb., 1870, p. 193.
brooch of Tre Ceiri (Fig. 29) is of the same design and type as the Late Celtic brooch, described by Arthur Evans, from Esica.1
The iron "fire-dog" found near Capel Garmon in the Conway Valley, on the north side of the high road from Bettws y coed to Pentre Voelas, is worthy of more than a passing notice (Fig. 30). It consists of two
vertical bars, highly ornamented with late Celtic loops and scrolls, terminating above in the heads of horned oxen, and below in arched feet. Above the feet they are linked together by a horizontal bar. Similar, but less ornate, examples have been met with in graves in
1 This is pointed out by Baring Gould and Burnard. See Arthur Evans, "Two Fibula of Celtic Fabric from Æsica," Archeologia, lv, pp. 179-198.
2 Romilly Allen, Arch Camb., 1901, pp. 39-44.
the counties of Essex and Bedford, and more recently in Hertfordshire, that belong approximately to the period ranging from fifty years before to about fifty years after Christ. In the first of these, at Mount Bures' halfway between Colchester and Sudbury, an
Fig. 30.-Part of Amphora Stand, Capel Garmon
iron frame (Fig. 31), with the verticals 42 in. high, terminating in ox-heads having the horns tipped with bronze, was discovered in 1849, with three amphoræ resting on the horizontal bar that linked them together.
1 Roach Smith, Collectanea Antiqua, II, p, 25.
In a second grave close by there was another frame, also supporting three amphoræ, along with them there were Romano-British pateræ, a glass bead, and fragments of bronze and of iron.
A second case of the
Fig. 31.-Part of Amphora Stand, Tomb Mount Bures,
discovery of iron frames, of the same design, is presented by the two graves at Stanton Bury, Shefford, Beds.,1 along with amphora, and Samian and Romano
1 Roach Smith, Collectanea Antiqua, II, p. 28; Dryden, Trans. Cambridge Antiq. Soc., I, 1845.