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Met. Diaries for January and February... 98 On Close of last and Opening of New Year 132
Candid Disquisition on Education of the Poor 99 ARCHITECTURAL INNOVATION, NO. CLIX.... 135
Dr. Bell's and Mr. Lancaster's Systems.... 100 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE................
Style of Dibdin's "Bibliomania" defended 101
Increased Symptoms of the Bibliomania... 102 Voyages and Travels; by Mr. John Galt. 137
Illustration of Deuteronomy, chap. 32 & 33 103 Narrative of Persecution of H. J. Da Costa 143
On the present State of Hebrew Literature ibid. Jones's Edition of Biographia Dramatica. ibid.
Meteorological Diary kept at Clapton..... 104 Animadversions on the Parish Registers Bill 148
Rievaulx Abbey.-Letter of Bp. Atterbury 105 Civic Sermons, 1811, by William Lucas... 151
Series of Letters on Acoustics, Letter II.. ibid. Hersee's Poems, Rural and Domestic...... 153
Royal Palace at Eltham in Kent described 110 Miss Stockdale's Widow and Orphan...... 154
Family of Westby of Ravenfield, Yorkshire 111 Poems by William Ingram.....
On the unanimous Verdict of a Jury ....... 112 History of Aberdeen; by Walter Thom... 155
Botanical Description of the Upas Tree ... 113 Phædri Fabulæ, à Bradley.-Index Indic. 157
Anecdotes of Mr. John Ratcliffe ............ 114 SELECT POETRY for February 1812...158-161
Prophecies of Moore's Almanack considered 115 Debates in present Session of Parliament.. 162
A Peal of Bells descriptive of Festivity.... 121 Interesting Intell. from the London Gazettes 167
Provincialisms necessary in a Dictionary.. 122 Intelligence relating to the British Navy... 174
Education proper for Commissaries, &c... 123 Abstract of principal Foreign Occurrences 177
Society for promotingConversion of the Jews 124 Country News.-Domestic Intelligence 182
On present State of Religion in this Country 125 List of the Sheriffs.-Cireuits of the Judges 186
Excellence of Canons, &c. of the Church.. 126 Gazette Promotions.-Eccles. Preferments, 187
New Version of the 49th Chapter of Genesis 127 Births and Marriages of eminent Persons. 188
On Establishment of Bishops in West Indies 129 Obituary, with Anec. of remarkable Persons 189
Parliamentary Surveys Gold and Silver. ibid. Prices of the Markets-Bill of Mortality. 199
The Music of Rans de Vach, with Bass ..., 130] Prices of Stocks for the Month of February 200
Embellished with a beautiful Perspective View of RIEVAULX ABBEY, Yorkshire;

an Emblematical Figure at WINCHESTER COLLEGE;

and a Delineation of a Branch of the UPAS or Poison Tree, of JAVA.


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Printed by J. NICHOLS and SON, at CICERO'S HEAD, Red Lion Passage, Fleet-street, London; where all Letters to the Editor are desired to be addressed, PosT-PAID. 1812.

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The average degrees of Temperature, from observations made at eight o'clock in the morning, are 33-87 100ths; those of the corresponding month in the year 1811, were 28-87 100ths; in 1810, 32-24 100ths; in 1809, 33-17 100ths; in 1808, 33-47 100ths; in 1807, 51-33 100ths; in 1806, 37-7 100ths; in 1805, 33-16 100ths; and in 1804, 33-50 100ths.

The quantity of Rain fallen this month is equal to 79 100ths; that of the corresponding month in the year 1811, 2 inches 62 100ths; in 1810, 90 100ths; in 1809, 4 inches 12 100ths; in 1808, 1 inch 5 100ths; in 1807, 2 inches 28 100ths; in 1806, 5 inches 97 100ths; in 1805, 2 inches 44 100ths; and in 1804, 4 inches 43 100ths.

METEOROLOGICAL TABLE for Feb. 1812. By W. CARY, Strand.

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EDUCATION OF THE POOR. "Just education forms the man." GAY. Mr. URBAN, Feb. 1.


"bountiful eye" s es the poor, and the "benevolent heart" feels for them, as brethren, who contain within them the common excellent nature, intelligent minds, and capacities for improvement. The truth and liberality of this sentiment, to the honour of the age and country in which we live, is spreading through the kingdom, from the worthiest motives, the warmest hearts, and with the most extraordinary pro ptitude and energy, to ameliorate the condition of the poor, from the pressures of extreme poverty, to a practical system of intellectual culture and proficiency. It is only to develope talents, in order to improve them; and it is not too much to say, we may expect, from the obscured endowments amongst the lower classes of the people, "to hail the general dawn" of understanding that illumines and invigorates the mind of man, as the dawning day opens all nature, and expands all her powers.

Acts of charity are distinguished in as many different ways as there are different occasions for them: but the finest feelings of humanity are those expressed in the comprising plan and happy combination of "eleemosynary almis and elementary instruction," that the poor, provided not only with sustenance, and other human comforts, to the relief of their necessities, may be taught" also to improve their condition in common life, and in the approach of death to acknowledge thankfully the "gift of knowledge," and religious education.

We have an instance upon record, and that record, it is to be hoped, indelible, where an Act was proposed [Ric. 11.]that no villaines should put their children to school," or, in plain language, that the poor should

not be taught to read; and was rejected, in the Council of the Nation, from the most generous feelings, and lively sense in the cause and interest of humanity. If ever there has been a question, it is no longer entertained in these enlightened days, whether "in having been taught to write," the poor have not derived, from this manual ac quirement, a benefit to themselves as essential as their services to the community.-Instruction, it is true, may be pervert. d, as fine penmanship may lead to forgery: but, if semina ries for educating certain classes of the people," who are unable to purchase instruction," are not encour aged; if institutions similar, for instance, to that of Chris's Hospital, are not filled as at present, and, it is hoped, ever will be filled, with youth trained to industry and integrity, educated and exercised in ail branches of knowledge useful to themselves and to the community; then the succes an of able men, and of assistants, must fail to serve the commercial world, the church, and state. Here the “ortginal observation of Sir Robert Ladbroke, knt." in the House of Commons, is to be recorded, "that not one of the thousands educat din Christ's Hospital had ever held up their hand at the Old Bailey."

If the material qualifications are obtained from education, for the purposes of commou life, how deplorable is the state of the "uneducated," where the seeds of knowledge have never been sown, or the latent sparks of improvement have not been elicited! The mind of man, depressed, detained, en-laved by ignorance, is lost to virtue and exertion, in the deprivation or neglect of the "intellectual better halt," whilst the machine of body, the wonderful structure, and the work of God, remains on earth to vegetate and rot, till it shall be restored to a

re-union of soul and body, where knowledge shall not be withheld, but perfected in every individual.

"Train up a child in the way he should go, and he will not depart from it" the way of religious wis dom, in which all morality is included.

In every system of education, morals form a principal part or prominent feature of it; but, as principles,

morals are subordinate to those of religion. It is highly important, therefore, when schism is dispensed and dispersed through the kingdom, to express and explain the distinction between moral virtues and Christian graces. A moral man may not be refigious, but a religious must necessarily be a moral man. The one loves justice and temperance, the other lives by faith rooted in charity. The one conforms his manuers and actions strictly and uniformly towards all his fellow-creatures in this world; the other "early in the morning," "as one day telleth another," "directs his prayers, as he looks up," to his Creator and Preserver; and in the evening of a well-spent life, fies down reposed in hope and confidence of an eternity of happiness" in another world."

This distinction obviously presents itself in adopting a general plan, and national institution, of schools for edu. cating the poor, and in tracing it through all its varieties of captivating ingenuity and comparative excellence. The plan, imported from abroad, is a scion of an Eastern indigenous plant, committed to the care and culture of "two persons," eminently qualified to propagate it. The exceeding pains taken by Mr. Lancaster are so meritorious in the cause of humanity, and of the unlettered poor, as to transcend common praise and commendation; in drawing forth latent sparks of mind, and hidden talents; in furnishing means, and pointing to materials hitherto unnoticed and undistinguished in this climate; and in putting them literally into the hands of the poor, by which they learn to "delineate" legibly, what is to be" imprinted on the mind indelibly," through the exercise of human faculties, and to the probable extent of them."

Thus instructed, he "that runs may read," and the sense of ingenuity in

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the original plan is the first to be acknowledged, and the first to strike the opening mind with wonder: but there is" improvement" that succeeds to invention, and superior excellence, comparatively, surpasses the merit of original imperfection. The minds of the illiterate poor, capable of receiving moral instruction," are as capable of imbibing “religious elementary principles;" and though in the "dawn" of understanding, and by the light of Nature, the Almighty Maker of the Universe and Creator of Mankind is discovered; by Revelation only is learned the rule of faith and universal redemption. The tribute, therefore, of the most grateful thanks from the poor is universally the same, and due to Mr. Lancaster and to Dr. Bell; the scale of instruction liberally the same; that, in their own way, Mr. L.'s brethren may be instructed "to speak or to keep silence;" that hymus may remain in the hands of Dissenters, as in the kirk of Scotland; and that the Church Catechism may be put into the hands as early as pos sible of children educated in the principles of the Church of England."

Here commences a competition, and not compromise, in pursuing the best means to attain the same good end, "the education of the poor, and the edification of their minds." The book, of inestimable value, "the Bible," is the first put into the hands of all, rich and poor; that sacred volume of truth, of religious duties, examples, and directions according to the Holy Scriptures. The rehection and result, therefore, in the mind of Dr. Bell, was in unison with the sentiments of all sound men bers of the Established Church, and "his" explanatory plan of instructing the poor was as necessary as it is commendable, to incul cate, to spread, and to maintain the truth of Creeds, and Orthodoxy in abiding in them,

Admitting it to be true, of children educated in the schools of Mr. Lancaster," that numbers have been added yearly, and considerably," it is averred with equal truth and success, that thousands and ten thousands of the poor instructed in the principles of the Established Church, previous ly to the improved plan of Dr. Bell, have been initiated and educated in useful and religious knowledge, either in charity schools, in most of the large



1812.] Education of the Poor.-Dibdin's Bibliomania.

towns, or in schools of inferior instruction, in most of the villages throughout the kingdom. It is in reflection the mind is best satisfied; but he who undertakes the instruction of rich or poor, is the first to be gratified, of course, in seeing numbers, and the increase of them; as Cujacius saw "eight hundred of his scholars following in his train," instructed in his principles and profession of civil Law.

Admitting freely the merit of Mr. Lancaster, and the benefit and success of his schools for reading, writ ing, and arithmetic, and the Holy Bible put into the hands, or permitted, of the poor, as the first and initiatory book, it is in candour and equal justice due to Dr. Bell, in his "improved" plan, to admit Creeds, Liturgy, and the Church Catechism, in his school, and mode of instruction, in order to have his scholars grounded in sound faith, and upon principles of the Established Church. He who has founded rights will not compromise them; and he who would compromise "religious principles," in times of danger, deism, secession from the church, and even persecution, is like the suppliant in a storm at sea, who would then compound his safety for, genuflexion and instant prayer.


It is unnecessary to speak to Mr. 1. of Articles, Creeds, Tenets, Rubric, and Formularies, excluded from his plan of education, though he professes not to prevent instruction in them." He must not escape, however, from notice of his words, and Mr. Pope's wish added to them. Mr. L. had said, "I long to see men who profess Christianity, conteud not for Creeds of faith-words and names." Mr. Pope bad uttered the same sentiment a century ago. The immediate observation is as obvious as true, "though Mr. Lancaster is a man of sense, he is a Quaker-Mr. Pope, a man of genius, was a Roman Catholic" and Dr. Bell is a sound member of the Established Church.

There are expressions also, "narrow-minded bigots and alarmists," to be noticed, as terms of intemperate language, used with vehemence, and directed against the firm adherents to ecclesiastical ordinances, and faithful watchmen, who, aware of latent insidiousness (Qui capit ille facit), are prepared against surprise, and by


alertness, misinterpreted for alarm, are ready to repel the open attacks of the adversaries of the Established Church, or, if such there be, of Revealed Religion.

In closing the subject of the Eastern system, and mode of instructing the poor, less could not be expected from the mind and activity of Mr. Lancaster, or more from the improved plan of Dr. Bell. In commending both, highly and justly, and their exertions, as first and fast friends of the poor, and at length, in preferring the plan of Dr. Bell to that of Mr. Lancaster, we leave it to posterity to be determined, that Mr. L.'s plan was the epoch that ends where the era of Dr. Bell's improved plan begins: but in the present age, we must all unite in the same wish and hope, that, through the exertions of the two competitors for preference, in doing the most and best for the poor, "knowledge” may break forth, and be diffused, as the Sun," with irradiations of genius and national talents," and that Christianity may be as universal as knowledge in all quarters of the world.

I am, Mr. Urban, of the Church


HAVING received considerable

pleasure, as well as information from this entertaining work, I am happy to see your pages, on more occasions than one, doing justice to its merits. I was lately much surprised, on accidentally opening one of our Reviews, among other, what appeared to me, irrelevant observations, to find a particularly frivolous charge brought against the texture of the dialogue. I would ask, in what manner the subject-matter was to be conveyed? Would a dry detail of catalogues, and names of books and dates, have answered the end? Or is it not obvious that many of its present readers would have been prevented looking into it? Every one must see and acknowledge, that the dialogue is only a convenient vehicle for the more important substance of the notes; and the lively and agree able manner in which this part is executed, has led many a reader to seek for information upon a subject to which he was before an entire


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