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N. S. His entire library of books and MSS. and collect prints and drawings of Natural B sold at Essex house by Paterso the two following days, at 12 Eve, on Thursday May 12, 176

Mr. URBAN, Lamb's Conduit S MONG many old papers I hav Lone, of which I annex a a copy I can make it out, in the hope th of your Correspondents may thro light on an antient branch of Rev Scotland, which no longer exist person to whom the licence was g Tolquhoun, Aberdeenshire: he was youngest son of William F Jeane sister of Sir Gilbert Ram Balmain, bart. in 1633, and 1652, which sufficiently fixes the Yours, &c. JOHN FO missioners of his Majesties rer "The Lords of Exchecher an casualties grant and giue lice Thomas Forbes of Watertoune spouse, and such persons as sall to be at table with them, to e feed upon flesh during the fo time of Lentron, and also upo nesdayes, Frydayes, and Setterda for the space of ane yeare to com dait hereof: and that without an by any of them, their persons, an cryme, scaith, or danger, to be i

My honoured mother Johanna, alias Esther, was born in Budge Row, London, and died 1749. They had issue, I. Moses, died young. 2. Jacob, born 24 Feb. 1707 Ŏ. S., died in April or May 1780 at Altona, near Hamburg. Married two wives of the name of Bravo; by the former had no child, by the latter left one daughter, Esther. 3. Rachael, died young. 4. Sarah, born Oct. 30, 1711, married Abraham son of Isaac Fernandes Nune 3 Feb. 1727; died 29 March 1783, aged 71, and some months. Left two daughters. Rachel married to Jacob Osorio, by whom she had several children. Rebecca married to Raoul de Paiba, who has as yet no issue. And a son Isaac, who married Rebecca, daughter of Jacob Mendes da Costa, by whom he had a daughter Sarah, now married. 5. Benjamin, died unmarried in 173... 6. Joseph, died unmarried at Amsterdam in 1736. 7. Isaac, died young. 8. Emanuel. "May 26,1717, Nurse Ryan (sister to the actor Ryan) came to nurse my son Immanuel for 127. per ann." Born 24th May 1717, O. S. or 5 June female; died about 1781. 5. Benjamin, also married out of the Jewish nat died leaving a numerous issue. 6. Esther, married David Mendes da Amsterdam; had a numerous issue, and died at Amsterdam in July 1 Isaac, abjured, and had issue; died about 1781. 8. Seporah, abjured, and died * Married Sarah his neice, daughter to the Baron Suasso of the Hague both died, leaving one daughter named Sarah.

act, statute, or proclamation, mai notwithstanding of wh which we dispence therewith contrair ... and all paine gha Given at ......the...... daye yeare of God sastie threttee four GLASGOW, TRAQUARRE, DA. Jo. ROSSE, THOS. BRECHE SPOTSWOODE, J. THOMAS Ho CARMICHAEL."

+ Married James Mendes, second son of Dr. Mendes, and had issue: 1. M alias Lydia or Leonora, married her cousin Moses, alias Lewis Mend 3. Tabitha.

O Doutor Fernando Mendes meu primo 1675. Married a lady of the Marques; received his wife's portion in Jan. 1678. He bought for his we diamantes laurados dea 7 gr. para o meio dospendentes 707. 4 do. dea 54 gr lados 801. 2 do. dea 5 gr. para baixo 401. 4 do, dea 4 gr. para o redor 30 feitio et caixa 71. 15s. Por 4 platilhos de plata que des as crianca de Ma 12s in all 2374. 78. Luis Henriques da Costa sent Dr. Mendes (by Alvaro d on his marriage, two candlesticks, snuffers, and pan, weighing 122 oz.He came to this country 25 Oct. 1669, and was appointed physician to Ch The Doctor and Alvaro kept coaches in January 1678-9. He died 1725.

The words distinguished by inverted commas appear to be copied by 1 from some memorandum made by his Father.

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1812.] The Bagpipe?—Scarcity of Bread obviated.

Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 2.

AFTER reading the following dis-
tich in one of Mr. Scott's popular
poems, I was surprized to find a note
explaining that the chanter is the drone
of the antient instrument the Bagpipe:
"And mark the gaudy streamers flow
From their loud chanters down," &c.
Hitherto, I have always considered
the chanter to be the small pipe
which produces the melody, and the
drone to be the long pipe, producing
one unvarying bass-note. The French
use the word chanterelle to denote
that string of the violin, and simi-
lar instruments, which produces the
highest sounds; and I have no doubt,
from what I have read concerning
this "music-tool," that Mr. Scott's
Rote is erroneous.

Is the practice of giving an annual prize to the best performer on the Bagpipe, still continued in any part of Scotland? It is said that, formerly, there was a kind of college where the Highland-pipe was taught, in the Isle of Skye, using pins stuck in the ground, instead of musical notes. The compass of the Bagpipe is three A BODORGAN.

octaves.

Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 3.

ALLOW me to recommend the
following means of obviating
Scarcity of Corn in future, and ren-
dering ourselves truly independent,
and no more obliged to bend con-
temptibly to the Americans, as we
have now done; instead of declaring
War against them a twelvemonth
ago, as our honour imperiously called
upon us to do. Having tarnished the
national character by our late shop-
keeper-like mode of proceeding, let
us take early steps to obviate the ne-
cessity of suffering the voice of In-
terest to drown the voice of Honour.
The thing is easy: we have only to
offer a bounty on Irish-grown wheat;
and in a few years they would not
know what a bog was, nor we to fear
a scarcity. The millions that are now
sent to the North of Europe, America,
and even to France, would render
Ireland the Granary of England,
would enrich her Farmers, employ
her Poor, and in the course of fifty
years completely change the face of
the country, and the manners and
politicks of the inhabitants. Irish-
men would be happy, and Englishmen
no longer obliged to act unworthy of
their characters for a morsel of bread!

GENT. MAG. Junuary, 1812.

25

When Wine is become so exces

sively dear, it is doubly hard to pay
so large a sum for a bottle of it, and
to be cheated out of half of the quan-
tity into the bargain.

The Decanters and Black Bottles
should be gauged and marked before
they are suffered to be carried out of
the Glass-house, and a penalty of 501,
a day imposed on any person whọ
sold by an ungauged Bottle or Decan-
ter after six months from the passing
of the Act.

I recommend this measure to Mr. Sheridan; having an estate not an hundred miles from Ilchester.

Yours, &c. AN ENGLISHMAN.

THE SCARCITY OF BREAD.

A Bread is subject which must

S the apprehended Scarcity of

press on every reflecting mind, permit me to lay before your Readers the methods adopted by a family with whom I am intimately acquainted.

1. They make a distinction be tween the Bread consumed by the Family and the Servants: that for the Family being baked in tius; as the Servants cannot then lay their own profusion on the Parlour.

2. They never suffer a loaf to be

cut until after the second or third day of baking; for, when eaten new, the consumption is greater, and much waste is occasioned.

3. No toast is permitted; for the same portion cut into bread-and-butter goes one-third further.

4. No rolls, French bread, or muffins; as all these are needless incen lives to appetite.

5. No more cut for dinner than absolutely requisite; for which one piece, half an inch thick, of a round cut in four, will be found sufficient for each. By this means all broken pieces are prevented.

6. No flour used in pies and puddings; for which rice, variously prepared, will prove an excellent substi

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"I asked them, if they happe forget or be mistaken in any part lesson, who corrected and taught they being all scholars without t sistance of any master; they ans ble for all four of them to forget o me, and said true, that it was not take in the fame part, and that if one happened to be out, the thus exercised together, to the end might correct him. Indeed a easy, and secure way of learning." FORTY EIG

THE readiness with which inserted a few observa which I sent you some years relative to the state of the berty of addressing you agai Provinces, makes me take th consequence of the following pa in Mr. Trotter's "Memoirs o Latter Years of Mr. Fox," p.

ing. Here the Stadholder embarked
"It is a long sandy beach at Sel

he fled. I believe Holland suffered no
from his abdication; but when I
on the shore, I could not refrain
despising the man who flies wh
Country is in danger; unless it b
he has governed it ill, and fears th
have been glad to have assisted hiu
resentment of his Countrymen, I s
fering royalty where its own crime
his boat: I have no compassion fo
misdemeanours bring exile, or
upon its head; least of all should I
ill; a people so orderly, so mor
it for a person who governed the 1
regular, whose domestic life is a
ample for Government, and if fol
must ensure success, very little des
nistrations, whether touching
to be treated by any sort of mal-
abroad or at home. I cannot co
that a good man could have occasi
fly from such a nation; if a ba
felt that it was expedient and nec
to depart, there seemed an acquit
the Government to obtain a reaso
between both parties, and the he
measure of lenity."

nion, means to insinuate, that The Author, in my humble danger; and that his administr Stadholder deserted his post wh was tyrannical. This was far being the case. In the first the Stadholder, who in fact was the first great Officer of State, not the Sovereign, did not leav Hague till the Enemy was with few hours' march, of that place

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