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p. 42, note I. Is it possible that in this passage, which, as Mr. Luard says, is clearly corrupt, we ought to read "dici" for "duci"?

p. 48, note 2. "Turoldus Vicecomes" appears in Domesday, 346 b, as a benefactor of Crowland Abbey. I need not add that he appears in the same character in the false Ingulf; but I do not know that there is any authority for his kindred to Godgifu in any contemporary writer.

p. 54, 1. 1. The Durham Annals represent Macbeth as having been twice driven out by Siward. The first time, of which there is no mention in the Chronicles, is placed in 1046; "Comes Siward cum magno exercitu venit Scotiam et expulso rege Macbeoð alium constituit, sed post ejus discessum Macbeo recuperavit regnum.”

p. 55, l. 16. It is curious to see Gruffydd from the other side as he may be seen in some of the charters printed in Mr. Haddan's Councils and Ecclesiastical Documents. He appears there (i. 292) as "invictus Rex Grifidus, Monarcha Britonum præpollens," as (i. 294) “rex Britanniæ et (ut sic dicam) totius Gualiæ de fine ad finem." We then hear of his exploits; "Non degene rans a prædecessorum nobilitate, pietate, et largitate, immo imitans et præcellens rigore et fortitudine, tum contra barbaros Anglos ex unâ parte semper fugitivos visâ facie suâ in acie belli, tum contra Hibernienses occidentales et semper fugaces, tum contra indigenas solito more bellicosos, tum contra Danaos marinos, tum contra insularum Orcadum habitatores, et semper versis dorsis in fugam et firmato fœdere ad libitum suum pacificatos."

p. 71, note 1, for "Norman " read "Normans,"

p. 84, side-note, for "1067" read "1068."

p. 94, 1. 6. There is an entry in the Hampshire Domesday, 40 b, which perhaps points to this particular irruption, which at all events points to the possibility of irruptions of the kind. Certain lands of the see of Winchester are taxed at a lower rate because of their being exposed to the attacks of Wikings; "T. R. E. et modo se defendit pro 20 hidis. Tamen sunt numero 30 hida. Sed Rex E. ita donavit causà Wichingarum quia super mare est."



p. 111, l. 1. An unusual amount of the original work of this church survives. The nave and transepts are in fact those of the church consecrated by Leo, with mere casings of two later dates.

p. 141, 1. 7 from bottom. It is perhaps owing to some trace of this local Northumbrian feeling that the Durham Annals say, under the year 1050, "Godwinus comes et filii ejus propter insolentiam exilio damnantur." This is quite another tone from that of our West-Saxon and Mercian Chronicles.

p. 210, note 1, for "1258" read "1238 and 1239," and after "481 " read "and 522."

p. 254, note 3, for "Thyana" read "Tyana." "Thyana" is however the spelling in the Variorum text of the Augustan History.


p. 290, note 2, for "1076" read “

p. 303, 1. 13. Stigand was not allowed to "bear his part," the part properly belonging to his own office, in William's coronation. But he did bear a subordinate part. See vol. iii. p. 558

p. 364, last line. So the Durham Annals, 1054; "Siwardus fugato Macbeth posuit Malcolmum Regem, et sequenti anno moritur Eboraci, cui successit in ducatum Tosti."

p. 369, 1. 15. The words "twice chosen" are perhaps too strong. I was thinking of Eadgar's appearance at York in 1069, magnified as it has been by Thierry into a second reign.

p. 373, 1. 1. I suspect that among these is to be reckoned the introduction of the Lotharingian discipline, or something like it, at York and Southwell. At Beverley it would seem to have been introduced by his predecessors. T. Stubbs, X Script., 1704; "Terras multas de suo proprio emit, et eas ecclesiæ suæ adjecit, et de quibusdam præbendas apud Suthwell fecit, et refectoria ubi canonici simul vescerentur, unum Eboraci alterum Suthwellæ statuit. Nam refectorium et dormitorium Beverlaci a prædecessoribus suis Alfrico et Kinsio incepta fuerant, sed ipse perfecit et possessionibus ampliavit et consuetudinibus melioravit."

p. 389, 1. 12, for "were " read "was."

p. 437, 1. 8. This barrenness however may be partly filled up by the Durham Annals and by the Welsh records, published by Mr. Haddan. In both cases we find a mention of Archbishop Cynesige, and both transactions may have happened at the same Gemót. The Durham entry is, "Kinsi Archiepiscopus et Egelwinus Dunelmensis et Tosti comes deduxerunt regem Macolmum ad regem Eadwardum." I can find no mention of this elsewhere. The temptation is almost irresistible to connect this entry with the events mentioned in P. 457. But this cannot be if the date 1059 and the mention of Cynesige be


Mr. Haddan's extract from the Liber Landavensis is of some importance as setting before us the English Witan, headed by the King and the Archbishop


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Welsh Bishop. This

of York, as exercising ecclesiastical jurisdiction over person, a Welshman by birth, but who had lived much in England, and bore the English name of Herewald, had been elected Bishop by the Chapter of Llandaff. His election, it seems, was confirmed by King Gruffydd, and he seems to have been consecrated by Joseph, Bishop of Saint David's, in 1056. Nevertheless, at the Whitsun Gemót of 1059, the consecration was confirmed by King Eadward, Archbishop Cynesige, and the other Prelates and Witan of England. The passage runs as follows: "Notum sit. . . . quod . . . Christus Dominus sacerdotem Herwaldum, et inter Anglos non modico tempore commorantem, et tam coram ipsis quam coram suæ, id est Britannica gentis, potestatibus gratiâ et moribus præfulgentem, ad sacerdotalem dignitatem feliciter Landavensis ecclesiæ ejus largifluâ miseratione clementer elegerit. Cujus unanimis electio ab invicto Rege Grifido Monarchâ Britonum præpollente [this seems to be a standing title of Gruffydd] et a Mourico filio Howel, consentientibus præsulibus ac sacerdotibus atque doctoribus omnibus, terræ primoribus ac magnatibus: et confirmata honorabiliter illius consecratio a summo Archiepiscopo Cynisi: et ab aliis Angliæ plurimis Episcopis canonice consummata est: sub cujus manu atque normâ ipse suorum more prædecessorum Episcopus exstitit, præsente domino glorioso Angli-Saxonum Basilio Eaduuardo, cunctisque pontificibus et abbatibus necnon archidiaconibus, cum omnibus ecclesiæ ordinibus atque sapientibus, hoc ratum esse firmiter ac stabiliter adjudicantibus, pariterque benedicentibus, in illâ famosâ synodo, quæ Lundoniæ facta est in hebdomadâ Pentecostes anno Mmo Lmo ixno ab Incarnatione Domini nostri Jesu Christi; in quo deinceps omnium sapientium consilio hujuscemodi decretum prolatum atque consolidatum est." The decree was for the safety of Herewald, his church, and his successors. Mr. Haddan then goes on to quote another extract, in which Herewald is said to have died in 1104, in the forty-eighth year of his consecration. And from an extract from Giraldus which follows, it would seem that the consecrator was Joseph, Bishop of Saint David's. We thus get a memorable instance of the acts of a Welsh King and a Welsh Bishop needing the confirmation of the "gloriosus Angli-Saxonum Basileus," and of the prelate who was acting for the moment as alterius orbis Papa."



I do not quite see Mr. Haddan's difficulty when he adds: "There is no other record of this council. Kinsi was Archbishop of York A.D. 1051-1060; but why Stigand of Canterbury was not mentioned does not appear.' Stigand is not mentioned for the same reason as that which hindered him from crowning Harold and consecrating the church at Waltham, and the Council seems to be the ordinary winter Whitsun Gemót of A.D. 1059. It is a sign of the Welsh writer's accuracy that he places it in London, that is, of course, at Westminster.

p. 442, 1. 9. On Peter the son of Adelhard, see p. 584. He could not, however, have immediately succeeded his father, as Æthelric appears as Childmaster in 1066. See vol. iii. p. 511.

P. 455, note 2. There can, I think, be no doubt that this Gospatric is the Earl of William's reign. The Biographer describes him as being "de ejusdem

regis Ædwardi genere." The kinsmen both of Eadward and William are endless, but in this case we can really make out the kindred. Gospatric was the grandson of Eadward's half-sister; "Erat enim ex matre Algithâ, filiâ Uchtredi comitis, quam habuit ex Algivâ, filiâ Agelredi regis.” (Sim. Dun. X Script. 205.) See vol. i. p. 327.

p. 461, 1. 8. We learn incidentally from the Worcester Cartulary, 253 (Monasticon, i. 594), that Eadgyth had a foreign waiting-woman who married a rich man of Worcestershire; "Alter quidam, Ælfgeardus vocabulo, magnis pollens divitiis exsistebat, qui Edgitha venerandæ reginæ camerariam, Mahtildam nomine, uxorem ducebat." The name Matilda however is more likely to be German than French.

p. 480, note 3. I shall have more to say about Copsige in my fourth volume. I have little doubt as to his being Earl for five weeks in the year 1067.

p. 500, side-note. I have here inadvertently given the date of a later Sigeberht, of whom see Bæda, iii. 22. The King meant is the older Sæberht, the nephew of Æthelberht, who was converted in 604. See Bæda, ii. 3, and the Chronicles in anno.

p. 528, 1. 13, for "tors" read "tori."

p. 551, 1. 2 from bottom. The Worcester Cartulary contains other cases of Church lands held by Leofric or seized by his connivance. There is a curious story in p. 261 (Monasticon, i. 595), in which Eadwine and Morkere appear as defrauding both the Church and their grandmother; "Nonnullarum vero terrarum possessiones Comes Leofricus, defuncto patre suo Leofwino, ex hoc possidebat monasterio. Ex quibus duas, Wulfardilea et Blakewelle nominatas, quas diu injuste tenuerat, nobis reddidit, cæteras vero, Cedeslaeh videlicet, Beolne, Broctun, et Forfeld, in fine vitæ suæ se redditurum nobis spopondit. Cujus sponsionis uxor illius, Godgiva nomine, non immemor post mortem domini sui, præfati scilicet Ducis, ad nos venit, et pro remedio animæ ipsius et suæ, tria pallia, cortinas duas, bancalia duo, candelabra duo, bene et honorifice parata, et bibliothecam in duabus partibus divisam, nobis obtulit; testemque se esse dicens promissionis, quam vir suus dum adhuc viveret, nobis promisit, pro eisdem terris pretium unoquoque anno dare, ut sibi licentiam concederemus, petivit : idque etiam, quoad viveret, ut licenter faceret, postulavit eâ ratione, ut post mortem ejus, terras, cum omnibus, quæ in illis inveniremus, sub nostrâ ditione haberemus. Cui, quod devotis quæsivit petitionibus, mente promptissimâ annuimus. Verum non elapso longi temporis spatio, Eduuinus et Morkere Duces, instinctu diabolico, easdem terras, omnemque substantiam illius abstulerunt, ad sui (ut postmodum patuit) non solum confusionem, verum etiam ad honoris, in quo diu fuerant, celerem amissionem. Nam alter eorum, Edwinus videlicet, a suis peremptus, alter vero in captivitate mortuus est.” In other cases Leofric, just like Harold, is charged with abetting or allowing the aggression of his followers. We read in p. 267 (Monasticon, i. 526); "Simund quidam genere Danus, miles Leofrici Comitis Merciorum, possessor exsistens alterius Crohlea predictæ jam vicinæ, ut illius generis homines erant


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soliti, nostræ tunc propriæ villæ dominatum avare cupiebat." He then (" vi et potentiâ suâ et domini sui") does such damage to the lands of the monastery that, at Leofric's request (“precibus domini sui prædicti Comitis "), Prior Æthelwine grants him the land for life, “possidendam vitæ suæ spatio, eâ tamen conventione, ut pro eâ ipse ad expeditionem terrâ marique (quæ tunc crebro agebatur) monasterio serviret, pecuniâque placabili sive caballo ipsum Priorem unoquoque anno recognosceret." And again in p. 260 (Monasticon, i. 595); Terra, quæ dicitur Heamtun, monasterio juste subdi debere nullus ambigere debet. Nam Wulstanus Episcopus eam ab Erngeato, filio Grim, juste per placita requisivit et proclamavit, sed eam minime adquirere potuit, eo quod ipse Earngeatus adjutorio Comitis Leofrici fulciretur, suâque vi eam retinuit."

P. 554, 1. 24. Of this practice there is a notice in the dialogue of Archbishop Ecgberht in Thorpe's Laws and Institutes, ii. 91. The questioner says that "nonnulli propria habentes monasteria, ita ea inconsulte disponunt, ut, post obitum illorum, duo simul utriusque sexûs unum possideant monasterium, aut æquali sorte dividant, si interesse non convenerint."

p. 559, 1. 3 from bottom, dele "great." Waltheof's Northumbrian Earldom was only Northumberland in the narrow sense.

p. 561, 1. 23. There is another mention of Ranig in the Worcester Cartulary, p. 274 (Monasticon, i. 597); "Postquam Rex Eadmundus, cui prænomen erat Latus Ferreum, bellum contra Cnut ter in uno anno commiserat, et Angliam secum postremo partitus fuerat, provincia Vicecomitatûs de Herefordscire Comiti Ronig, cui sic vocabulum erat, tradita fuit." He and his "milites "rob the possessions of Worcester in that shire.

p. 563, 1. 8. There is a more distinct reference than all to Hakon's Earldom in Worcestershire in Heming's Worcester Cartulary, p. 251 (Monasticon, i. 593); "Sed quum hæc provincia fuerat deprædata et atrocissime devastata, et Dani terras multorum hominum, nobilium et ignobilium, divitum et pauperum, et fere istius provinciæ omnium, rapientes caperent, et violenter possiderent, Comes Hacun et sui milites has prædictas terras et alias perplures crudeli vi rapientes invaserunt, et raptas pro suis propriis possiderunt. Quod denique uxor ejus Gunnild injuste factum fuisse recognoscens, pro servitio terræ quamdam imaginem Sanctæ Mariæ nobis aurifice ornare fecit, sicque tamen terras usque huc loco sancto alienavit."

p. 592, Note N. There is a strange story of Swegen in the Worcester Cartulary, p. 275 (Monasticon, i. 597), how he was so proud ("adeo deditus erat vanæ gloriæ, adeo letiferâ peste fatigabatur superbiæ") that he professed to be the son not of Godwine but of Cnut, and Gytha proved that he was the son of Godwine by her own oath and that of many noble ladies of Wessex. The affair of Eadgifu is thus told; "Scilicet abbatissam de monasterio quod Leomynstre dicitur, vi abstractam, quod dici nefas est, suo per totius anni curriculum conjugio sociavit. Verum hanc Deo et hominibus rem nimium detestabilem venerabiles viri, Edsius Cantuariæ Archiepiscopus, et Lifingus hujus Uuigornensis ecclesiæ Episcopus, nullatenus ferentes, illum pro tali facto vehementer increpare cepere,

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