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vertical edge is given at b, showing that the stone was once much thicker. This suggests comparison with the semi-cylindrical cross-shaft at Kirkby Stephen, and opens the question whether these are not, after all, unusual forms of shaft. The central panel at a is 8 inches broad, tapering to 7 inches. The splay is 2 tapering to 1 inches inside the frame. The vertical edge (b) is 4 inches broad, tapering to 3 inches. (A 2.)

The second stone (c, d) is rather less refined in the cutting, but on the whole a pendant to the first. It is 31 inches long; the central face is 7 tapering to 7 inches broad; the splayed edge is 2 to 2 inches broad without the frame; and the side d is 5 to 4 inches including the frame. (A 2.)

The fragment (e) is kept in the vestry. It measures 7 by 5 inches, and represents a goat (?) with another animal above it, perhaps a variant of the Hart and Hound subject, very neatly and minutely I carved in relief.

MIDDLEHAM.-Outside the east end of the church is built in the stone figured, 17 inches broad and 31 inches high, merely incised with coarse hacking. At first sight there seems to be two dragons' heads at the top, but the design has been bungled. (B 2.)

MIDDLETON.-The cross (a, b) at the east end of the north aisle, is remarkable for simulating the effect of a wheel-head by the insertion of four cylinders in the "arm-pits." The top of the cross is in the form of the "hammer-head," frequent in Cumbrian crosses of a late pre-Norman type. The interlacing of a on the shaft is of a distinctly Viking Age type; note the pellet in the middle of the circular plait. The other edge has little spirals on the end of the arm and a rude plait below (to alternate with b), and below the carving some rude scratches as if an attempt had been made to sketch an animal. The back is filled with small interlacing. The cross is of light brown sandstone, the pattern hacked lightly; the height is 58 inches; the section 14 by 9 inches at base, 10 by 6 inches at neck; the head

is 14 by 7 inches. (B 3.)

The shaft-fragment (c,d) is of coarse buff sandstone, 18 inches by 12 tapering to 10 inches, and 7 inches thick (but some of the thickness is lost); very massive and deep cut. It stands on a window-sill. Note the hand apparently bound to the side of the figure, and compare Kirklevington w; and the beard, comparing Kirkdale a. (B 2.)

The fragments (e, f) of head and shaft are cemented together, though all the centre of the head is lost. The monument as it stands is 21 inches high; the shaft 9 by 5 inches at base, tapering

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