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SCHEDULE OF ENGLISH CASTLES KNOWN TO DATE FROM THE

ELEVENTH CENTURY-Continued.

IN MANORS

Value.

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No.

Name of Castle.
43. Abergavenny
44.

Belvoir
45. Berkeley or Ness
46. Berkhampstead
47. Bishop's Stortford
48. Bourn
49. Bramber
50. Carisbrooke
51.

Castle Acre.
52. Chepstow
53.

Clifford
54.

Clitheroe
55.

Corfe
56. Dudley
57. Dunster
58. Ewias
59. Eye

Launceston
61. Montacute
62. Morpeth
63. Norham
64. Okehampton
65. Oswestry
66. Peak Castle
67. Penwortham
68. Peterborough
69.

Pontefract

Type.
M. and B.
M. and B. ?
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
K. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M, and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
K. and B.
M. and B.
Motte only now
M. and B.

Whole Area of Enceinte or
Head of District T. R. E.

Bailey.

Bailey I acre
No

?
Yes

is acres
Yes

3 acres
No

21 acres Yes

3 acres No

3 acres
No

24 acres
No

2 acres
No

Whole area 13 acres
Bailey 2} acres

I acre
No

i acres
No

14 acres
No

i acres

2} acres
No

2 acres
No

3 acres No

?

?

Bailey 2 acres
No

1 an acre
No

?
No

I acre
No

?

? Probably

23 acres

Risen.
Risen.
Fallen.
Fallen.
Risen.
Risen.
Risen.
Risen.
Risen.
Risen.
Fallen.
Risen.
Fallen.
Risen.
Not given T. R. E.
Risen.
Fallen.
Not given T. R. E.

бо.

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Risen.
Risen.
Risen.
Risen.

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Fallen.

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Preston Capes
71. Rayleigh
72.

Richard's Castle
73.

Richmond
74. Rockingham
75. Skipsea
76. Stanton Holgate
77. Tickhill
78. Tonbridge
79.

M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
K. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.

?
M. and B.
M. and B.
M. and B.

No
No
No.
No
No
No
No
No
No

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Risen.
Fallen.
Risen.
Risen.
Stationary.
Fallen.
Not given T. R. E.

?
Risen.
Fallen, but rising.
Fallen.

.

2 acres
13 acres.
I acre
21 acres.

?

I acre
Upper bailey 64 acres
Whole area 4 acres

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.

No
No
No

70.

Trematon
80. Tutbury
81.

Tynemouth

Wigmore

82.
83.
84.

Windsor
Wisbeach

It has been thought best to tabulate the chief defensible area of each castle. The total area, including ditches and scarpe, is liable to great variation owing to the nature of the ground.

INDEX

ABER, 261
Aberavon, 296
Abercorn, 308
Aberdovey, 300
Abereinon, 301
Abergavenny, 97
Aberlleinog, 261
Aberystwyth, 281, 393
Aggeres, 77, 111
Aldreth, 150
Alfred, King, 13, 14, 15
Amwell, 52
Annan, 309
Anstruther family, 308
Antrim, 331
Appledore, 50
Aq'i, 331
Aquila, castle of, 77.
Ardfinnan, 331
Ardmayle, 331
Ardnurcher, 331
Ardree, 331
Ardres, 75, 89
Area of Norman castles, 97
Arques, 361
Arundel, 98
Arx, 211, 384
Ashlar masonry, 356
Askeaton, 332
Askelon, 332
Athelney, 14
Athlone, 333
Auchterless, 309
Avenel family, 308

Bakewell, 47
Balimore Eustace, 333
Balliol family, 308
Ballyknockan, 341
Ballynaclogh, 346
Bamborough, 11, 100, 355, 357
Banff, 319
Barclay, 309
Barnstaple, 102
Barnwell, 376
Baronies, 307
Basements of keeps, 359, 362
Basingwerk, 267
Bastille, the, 376
Bayeux Tapestry, 87, 158, 393
Bayford Court, 49
Bedford, 40
Beith, 317
Belesme, Roger, 100, 191 ; castle, 77
Belvoir, 102
Benfleet, 50
Bensington, 28
Berkeley, 103, 367
Berkhampstead, 105
Bernard de Neufmarché, 273, 276
Bervie River, 316
Biggar, 313
Bishop's Stortford, 107
Blaenporth, 282
Bleddfa, 293
Blois, 75
Blythe, 219
Boley Hill, 49, 196, 199, 200
Bordlands, 307
Borgue, 317
Boroughs, 21, 258, 382
Boulogne, 376 n. 1

BAGINBUN, 333
Bailey, ballium, 4, 5, 92, 207

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Bourn, 107

Castellum, castrum, 25, 67, 169, 383
Bowes, 366

Castles, private, Ch. V.; product of
Bramber, 109

feudalism, 66; in Normandy, 76,
Braose, De, 109, 276, 292

77 ; wooden, 78; stone, Ch. XII.;
Brecknock, 276, 290

sites given to church, 259 n. 2.
Bremesbyrig, 32

Castle Acre, 124
Bretasche, 91, 386

Castledermot, 347
Bridgenorth, 33, 52

Castle guard, 175
Bristol, 23, 110

Castleknock, 341
Bromborough, 32

Castlemore, 338
Bruce family, 309

Castle Rough, 49
Brut y Tywysogion, 254

Castle Rushen, 377 n. I
Buckingham, 25, 40

Castletown Delvin, 334
Burghal Hidage, 28, 98, 160, 885 Cathcart family, 310
Burgh Castle, 44 n. I.

Catter, 315
Burgus, 85

Ceredigion, 274, 275
Burh, 17-19, 123; Clark's theory of, Chapels in castles, 355
20-29

Chartres keep, 74
Buttington, 51

Chastell Gwalter, 282

Chateaudun keep, 75
CADWALADER, 266

Chateau Gaillard, 372, 376, 391
Cadzow, 314

Chepstow, 125
Caen keep, 361

Chester, 31, 126, 367
Caereinion, 300

Chevron moulding, 100
Caerleon, 113

Cheyne family, 310
Caerphilly, 376 n. I

Chilham, 368
Caerwedros, 283

Chimneys, 357
Caherconlish, 333

Chinon, 75
Cambridge, 55, 57, 114

Chippenham, 55
Camps, of refuge, 29; prehistoric, 6; Chirk, 269
of Danes, 61

Christison, Dr, 8, 31, 304, 306
Canterbury, 116

Cilgerran, 281, 394
Carbury, 333

Citadels, 6, 54, 56
Cardiff,294

Clare, house of, 275, 281
Cardigan, 274, 275; Castle, 280 Clark, G. T., 2, 8, 19, 26, 48
Carisbrook, 121

Clears, St, 288, 394
Carlingford, 334

Cledemuthan, 43
Carlisle, 25, 128, 365

Clifford, 128
Carlovingian Empire, 66

Clitheroe, 129
Carmarthen, 275, 394

Clonard, 334
Carnarvon, 281, 375

Clonmacnoise, 335
Carnwath, 318

Colchester, 41, 182, 223, 354, 355
Carreghova, 271, 394

Collacht, 335
Carrick, 334

Colville family, 310
Carrickfergus, 334

Comyn family, 310
Carrickittle, 339

Concentric castles, 375
Carrigogunell, 332

Cooking in castles, 359
Castel, the word, 24, 98

Corfe, 185, 363

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