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1881.]

Benefits of Emigration.-Tithes.

assessed taxes frequently adverted to, and of an unequal description, would be taken off. The beer rendered cheap is found to demoralise more than it benefits. The half of the three millions relinquished, would, laid again on this article, yield an emigrationfund which must be raised by some means, to take off the dangerous pressure of an excess of population without sufficient employment, and stinted in food and former comforts.

The Americans hold a steady eye on Canada, of which they will in time attempt to deprive us. The present inhabitants are principally of French descent; and they might not be averse to become American subjects. This is a valid argument for increasing the strength of British population in Canada, convenient also by contiguity, and in a great measure by congeniality of climate. As these emigrations from all parts of the United Kingdom, must unavoidably in future be on a large scale, great embarrassment, if not distress, will arise in the beginning, if the locality is not in some degree previously prepared for the expected settlers. Even the subject Reform itself, frequently treated of judiciously in your really useful publication, is hardly paramount to making a permanent provision for the hundred and seventy-two thousand and odd of annual increase of the population, exclusive, I believe, of the Irish increase.

Our oldest records, the sacred Scriptures, inform us, that for the general welfare, gradations among mankind were ordained; and it appears that the land was intended to maintain all born on it, but not in idleness, as the same writings inform us that to eat people must work. We require, at this moment, the head of an Adam Smith to tell us what arrangements ought equitably to be in force between the landlord and tenant, for the due maintenance of the agricultural labourer; and this question the imperious force of circumstances, unhappily arising from the case, appears to be urging to an obvious and unavoidable conclusion. This mighty nation sees and bears evils, long before it applies a manifest remedy. The lives of many of our Clergy were endangered, in illegally exacting a reduction of tithes. This hostility arises from their being received in kind. The Clergyman and tenant ought not to come in contact,

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not even by composition. The landlord should deliver his due tithe to the Clergyman, in accordance with a periodical arrangement between landlord and tenant, founded on alteration in the value or rent of land. The present procedure injures the attachment that ought to subsist between parishioners and their pastor. If a moderate property-tax be substituted for disadvantageous taxes taken off, the great bulk of tenants will be greatly benefitted, as they or most of them will be exempted in the scale. A small reduction of rent, in addition to this, and to the relief from certain of the Assessed Taxes, will fully enable the tenant at all times to grant adequate wages to his labourers. The Property Tax will be according to a scale of income. For want of this, this tax was formerly unequal and unjust. For instance, suppose two gentlemen with large families to educate, and that one of them has an income of 1000l. and the other 5000l. a year. Were there no scale, the former, at 5l. per cent. would pay 50l. and the latter 2501. Now, Mr. Urban, the man of minor income must part with necessaries, while the other dispenses with luxuries only, if even that.

We have pamphlet - writers now, who are constantly inculcating that landowners only pay the public burdens. I am an inhabitant of a town, and if these writers will favour me with a call, I shall convince them that we pay poor rates, church rates, county and city rates, way rates, house tax, and a multiplicity of other matters, from which the landowner is exempt. These writers are severely handled in the periodical prints, because they do much mischief with unblushing effrontery; and from ignorance of their subject, create discontent where harmony is always desirable. Yours, &c.

JOHN MACDOnald.

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110

Notices of the Family of Copinger.

Maintain'd a character which grac'd our
land,

And for its meed a laurel might demand.
Oxford's unlawful offers he refus'd,
Forbad the sacred rites to be abus'd.

Oh! let not sacrilege our conscience stain,
Wrong not the sacred place for earthly gain;
Success itself will prove the cause of pain."

Mr. Copinger had issue by Anne his wife six sons and four daughters, viz.: 1. William, of whom hereafter; 2. Ambrose, who was baptised on the 29th of Dec. 1583; and who, in 1619, was presented to the Rectory of Buxhall, and on the 23d of Dec. 1622 to that of Lavenham. He married Judith, the only daughter of Roger Kedington, of Acton, gent. by whom he had issue two sons, Ambrose and Henry, and three daughters, of whom Margaret, the third daughter, married Thos. Burly, gent. by whom she had issue.

3. Henry, who was seated at Kersey, and married Elizabeth, the second daughter of John Sampson, of Sampson's Hall, in that parish. 4. Ralphe, who was a merchant in London, and who, dying at Branford, in Suffolk, was interred in that church, with the following inscription on a flat stone :

Copinger arms and crest.

"Lett the name and memorie of Ralphe Copinger, gent. Citize' and Mercer of London, bee as a sweet oyntment poured out; who lived & dyed a good citize', a loveing Husband, a carefull Fathe', & a true sonne of the church of England. He marryed Katheryne (a most vertuous woman) the daughter of Valentyn Frankly", gent., & by her left 8 sonnes and 2 daughters.

"Who, coming hither, health for to repaire, Changed earth for heaven, by changeng of

the ayer.

"Obijt Julij An'.Dom'.1658, ætat. suæ 62."

5. Francis, who was seated at Branford, on a daughter of whom there is this inscription on a table monument in the nave of the Church of Akenham in Suffolk :

Arms of Copinger. "Under this marble stone resteth the body of Elizabeth Fynn, late wife of Robt Fynn of this parish, and daughter of Francis Copinger of Bramford, gent, who departed this life September the 14th, 1688.

For nineteen yeares, I liv'd a virgin life, For seventeen more, being marryed, liv'd a wife ;

At thirty-six, pale death my life assail'd, And as I liv'd, I dy'd, belov'd, bewail'd." "Here resteth the body of Rob. Fynn, who departed this life the 6th of July, 1686."

[Feb.

6. Thomas, who was presented by his brother William to the Rectory of Buxhall in 1662, and who died in 1685. Of the daughters, Anne married Joseph Tye, of Clopton, gent., who died on the 5th of August, 1685, and was interred in the nave of that church, where, on a flat stone, is this inscription to his memory :

"Here resteth the body of Joseph Tye, gentleman, late of Clopton, who departed this life August 5th, Anno Domini 1685."

From this Mr. Henry Copinger, the Rector of Lavenham, was descended the wife of John Moore, of Kentwell Hall, esq.

V. I now return to William Copinger, his eldest son. He married Mary, the daughter of Richard Goodday, of Kettlebaston, gent. and dying on the 13th of Jan. 1648, was interred in the chancel of the church of Buxhall, where, on a flat stone, is this inscription to his memory, in small capitals :

"Here lyeth the body of William Copinger, esq., expecting the joyfull resurrection, who marryed Mary ye daughter of Richard Goodday, of Kettlebarston, esq., by whom hee had issue 2 sonnes and 6 daughters; and after he had lived peaceablely, charitablely, and piously, departed this life comfortablely, the 13th of January, 1648, in the 67th yeare of his age.

"Maria illius relicta, charissimo conjugi, pietatis ergo, morens posuit."

His wife deceased on the 4th of

March, 1663, and was interred in the same place, with this inscription on a flat stone to her memory:

"Here lyeth the body of Mrs. Mary Copinger, the rellict of William Copinger, esq. who died the 4th day of March 1663."

They had issue two sons and six daughters; viz. Henry, of whom hereafter; and William, who in 1662 was presented by his mother to the rectory of Buxhall, and who, dying in 1684-5, was buried in the chancel of that church, where, on a flat stone, is an inscription to his memory, now illegible, with these arms, Copinger, impaling a lion rampant. One of the daughters, Ann, married Reeve,

and dying on the 30th of April, 1692, was interred in the chancel of the same church, where, on a flat stone, is the following memorial:

"Here under lyeth the body of Dame Ann Reeve, who departed this life the last day of April, 1692.'

VI. Henry Copinger, the eldest son

1831.]

Notices of the Family of Copinger.

of William and Mary his wife, succeeded his father as Lord of the Manor of Buxhall. He married Mary the daughter of Henry Herris, of Shenfield, in Essex, gent., and of Mary his wife, the daughter of Sir Harbottle Grimston, Bart., and dying on the 4th of October, 1675, was buried in the chancel of the church of Buxhall, where, on a black marble slab, is this inscription to his memory, in capitals: Arms Copinger, impaling, on a bend wavy, three estoilettes.

"Henrici Copinger, Armri. hic habes totum qd cœlum n' habet. Qui uxorem duxit Mariam, filiam Xri Herris de villa Shenfield, in agro Essexiensi, Arm", ex quâ sustulit quinquies quaterq. puerperâ; superstites filium filiasq. tres. Hos omnes, licet charissimos, lubens reliquit Xris die IV. Ano D'ni MDCLXXV°. Properavit scilt quo sanctius celebraret maximum cum superis natale. Etat An° LIV°. Hoc monumentum dicta Maria pietatis ergo posuit."

He left issue a son and three daughters, viz.:

VII. William, who received his academical education at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he proceeded to the degree of A.B. in 1677, and to that of A.M. in 1681. In 1685 he was presented by his father to the Rectory of Buxhall, and deceased in 1708. Anne, who was born in 1661, and, dying on the 21st of Sept. 1693, was interred in the chancel of that church, where, on a flat stone, is this inscription to her memory:

Arms of Copinger in a lozenge. "Here lyeth the body of Anne Copinger, one of the daughters of Henry Copinger of Buxhall in the county of Suffolk, esq., who departed this life the 21st of September 1693, and in the yeare of her age 32."

VIII. And Sarah, who married Thomas Hill, clerk. He was born in 1678; and received his academical education at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he proceeded to the degree of A.B. in 1700; to that of A.M. in 1704; and to that of S. T. P. in 1719. In 1709, he was presented by his mother-in-law, Mrs. Sarah Copinger, widow, to the Rectory of Buxhall; and, dying on the 4th of Sept. 1743, was interred in the chancel of that church, where, on a mural tablet, is this inscription to his memory:

"In memory of Thomas Hill, Doctor of Divinity, many years Rector of this Parish, and in commission of the peace for this county. He married Sarah, daughter and

111

sole heiress of Henry Copinger, esq., Lord of this Manor, by whom he had several children. He died Sept. 4th, 1743, in the sixty-fifth year of his age, and rests in hopes of a blessed immortality. Disce quid es, quid eris, memor esto quod morieris.

"Near him lyes his eldest son, Thomas Hill, esq., Lord of this Manor, and Patron aged 85 years. of this Church; he died Sept. 5, 1746,

"By the side of his grave are deposited the remains of his wife, who departed her life May 4th, 1748, aged 28. And near this marble lye two sons and a daughter of the Rev. Mr. Heury Hill.

"Thomas died Feb. 11, 1747, aged 2 years and 9 months.-Susan died April 22, 1755, aged 8 months; and Thomas died June 15, 1756, aged 5 weeks and 4 days.Lydia, daughter of Thomas Hill, esq. died May 8th, 1759, aged 18 years.-Martin, son of H. Hill, D.D. died Feb. 26, 1761, aged 12 years.-Sarah Hill, relict of Thos. Hill, D.D. died Jan. 17, 1762, aged 76 years. Copinger, son of H. Hill, D.D. died Sept. 3, 1765, aged 6 years."

Dr. Hill left issue several children, of whom, Thomas, the eldest, deceased on the 5th of September, 1746, leaving issue by his wife, who died on the 4th of May, 1748, an only daughter, Lfdia, who departed this life on the 8th of May 1759, in the 13th year of her age.

IX. Henry, the second son, was educated at Caius College, Cambridge, where he proceeded to the degree of A.B. in 1737, to that of A.M. in 1751, and to that of S. T. P. in 1763. In 1741, he was presented to the Rectory of Tostock, and in 1743 to that of Buxhall. He deceased on the 8th of Nov. 1775, and was interred in the chancel of the church of Buxhall, where, on a mural tablet, is this inscription to his memory :

"Henry Hill, D. D. obiit 8th Novbr. 1775, anno ætatis 60." He married Susan

who dying on

the 8th of Sept. 1794, was interred in the same place, where, on another mural tablet, is this inscription to her memory:

"Susan Hill, relict of Henry Hill, D.D., obiit Sept. 8, 1794, aged 77." They left issue daughters, viz. :

son and

He

X. Henry, who was born in 1747, a brief memoir of whom is given at pp. 282 and 648 of vol. xcvI. pt. 2. was interred in the chancel of the church of Buxhall, with this inscription to his memory:

112

Notices of the Family of Copinger.

"Henry Hill, A.M. obiit 31st July 1826, anno ætatis 79."

He married

the daughter of Tweed, of Stoke by Clare, gent. by

whom he left no issue.

The Arms borne by the Copingers of Buck'shall were-Bendy of six, Or and Gul. on a fess Az. three plates. Crest a Chamois-deer's head Sable.

In the chancel of the church of Weting St. Mary, in Norfolk, is this inscription: Copinger, impaling, on a bend, three cinquefoils, Kirkham.

"Gregory Copinger, of Bromehill-house, who dy'd the 10th Feb. 1724, aged 65 years. Elizabeth his wife, bury'd the 19 of July, 1702, aged 40 years." Yours, &c.

J. F.

Mr. URBAN, Feb. 9. THE numerous readers of the Gentleman's Magazine are under great

Sir William Copinger, Lord Mayor of London 1512; died 1512.

[Feb.

obligations to your Correspondent, who now dates from the Glebe House, Navestock, for his communications on

the subjects of genealogy and biography; and his known accuracy is such, that it is with considerable hesitation that

I now address you upon the notices of the family of Copinger, which appear in your last Number, p. 12. There is great confusion in the several pedigrees of this family, concerning the early descents. I very much doubt whether Henry Copinger, who married the daughter of Sir Thomas Jermyn of Rushbrook, was the brother of Sir William C. the Lord Mayor of London, and the son of Walter Copinger, who died in 1532; indeed in two or three pedigrees of the family in my possession, no less than two generations are interposed between the said Walter, and the said Henry. The pedigrees I allude to, give the descents

as under:

Walter Copinger.

Walter, or Wil-Beatrix, John C. of Roger
liam C. of Bux- da. of North Oken- C.
hall, 1512. Asherst. den, Essex.

John Copinger, 1512;Joan, dau. and coh. of Wm. Bond, of

ob. 1517.

London, and of Kent.

3 daugh

ters.

Thomas, 1512.

Henry Coppinger, of Allhallows Hoo, Kent, and of Agnes, da. of Sir Thomas Jermyn;

Buxhall.

Another pedigree in my possession makes William Copinger, who married Asherst, the son and not the brother of Sir William C. the Lord Mayor.

I have in my possession a small pamphlet of three leaves, not paged, in 4to, printed at London, for T. Bates, by B. A, in 1641, entitled "A Seasonable Speech by Sir Nathaniell Coppinger, spoken in the High Court of Parliament, Oct. 14, 1641, for the bringing of the Archbishop of Canterbury to his long expected Tryall. And concerning the Expulsion of Papists, in respect of their late dangerous Plots; and the correcting of Separatists, in regard of their Errors."

Perhaps your Correspondent abovementioned, or some other, may be able to give some information about the above Sir Nathaniel C. I cannot find his name in the list of Members, in the Parliamentary History, nor in any account of the family which I have met with. I should be very glad to have something about him. Also to ascertain how Edmund Copinger, who

died 1600.

was one of the followers of William Hacket, the pretended Prophet, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, was connected with the Suffolk family. See Biog. Dict. art. Hacket. Also the connection of Gregory Copinger of Bromehill House (in Weting St. Mary) Norfolk, who died in 1724; his daughter and heir Sarah married Thomas Moyle, Esq. D. A. Y.

In p. 14, col. 1, line 33, for favit we should read pavit; in col. 2, line 7, for Burly, Burlz; in the inscriptions Copinger should have only one p; col. 2, 1. 28, for Clopton read Copinger. The arms on the large shield over the monument of Henry Copinger are:-1 and 6. Copinger.-2. Sturmyn. Qy. Or and Gules; on a bend Sable three escallops Argent.-8. Bond. Argent, two bends Sable, in sinister chief a cross croslet of the Last.-4. Alphage. Argent, a fesse between three boars' heads Argent, a chevron engrailed between three couped, fesse ways, Sable.-5. Petytt. bugle-horns Sable, stringed Gules.-The arms of Fisher are: Argent, on a chevron between three demi-lions rampant Gules, as many Plates.

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