A Treatise on Surveying: Containing the Theory and Practice : to which is Prefixed a Perspicuous System of Plane Trigonometry : the Whole Clearly Demonstrated and Illustrated by a Large Number of Appropriate Examples, Particularly Adapted to the Use of Schools
Kimber & Sharpless, 1840 - 414 pages
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Common terms and phrases
acres adjustment angle base bearings and distances Calculation called centre chains changed Co-secant Secant Co-sine Co-tang column Construction contained corner correction corresponding decimal DEMONSTRATION departure describe diff difference difference of latitude direction dist divide division line draw east equal EXAMPLES feet field figure give given greater ground half hand height Hence horizontal indicated join length less logarithm manner measured meeting meridian middle multiplier Note object observed obtained opposite parallel passing perches perpendicular plate position PROBLEM radius ratio remainder right angles right line RULE running screws side Sine square stake stand station straight subtract surface survey taken Tangent telescope tract of land triangle triangle ABC vernier
Page 35 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds.
Page 79 - A maypole, whose top was broken off by a blast of wind, struck the ground at 15 feet distance from the foot of the pole: what was the height of the whole maypole, supposing the broken piece to measure 39 feet in length ? Ans.
Page 127 - From half the sum of the three sides, subtract each side severally; multiply the half sum, and the three remainders together, and the square root of the product will be the area required. Example. — Required the area of a triangle, whose sides are 50, 40, and 30 feet. 50 + 40+30 ; — 60, half the sum of the three sides.
Page 28 - A diameter of a circle is a straight line drawn through the centre, and terminated both ways by the circumference.
Page 36 - Sine, or Right Sine, of an arc, is the line drawn from one extremity of the arc, perpendicular to the diameter which passes through the other extremity. Thus, BF is the sine of the arc AB, or of the supplemental arc BDE.
Page 26 - Parallel straight lines are such as are in the same plane, and which being produced ever so far both ways, do not meet.
Page 25 - A plane superficies is that in which any two points being taken, the straight line between them lies wholly in that superficies. 8. A plane angle is the inclination of two lines to one another in a plane, which meet together, but are not in the same direction.
Page 126 - If one side and the angles are given ; then As the product of radius and the sine of the angle opposite the given side, To the product of the sines of the two other angles ; So is the square of the given side, To twice the area of the triangle. If PC (Fig.
Page 62 - Call the word written upon each side the name of each side: then say, " As the name of the given side, " Is to the given side ; " So is the name of the required side,
Page 19 - Hence, if we find the logarithm of the dividend, and from it subtract the logarithm of the divisor, the remainder will be the logarithm of the quotient. This additional caution may be added. The difference of the logarithms, as here used, means the algebraic difference ; so that, if the logarithm of the divisor...