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castle, though much of the bailey wall remains; a late martello tower on top of motte. [B. T. S.] Fig. 45.
DULEEK, Meath (the castrum Duvelescense of Giraldus, v., 313).-Probably first built by Hugh de Lacy; restored by Raymond le Gros in 1173. The motte is destroyed, but an old weaver living in the village in 1906 says that it existed in the time of his father, who used to roll stones down it in his youth. It was in the angle between two streams, and there is still a slight trace of it. No stone castle. [B. T. S.]
DUNAMASE, Queen's Co. (Dumath, Cal., i., 100).— First mentioned in 1215 as a castle of William Marshall's, which makes it not unlikely that it was originally built by Strongbow. The plan of this castle is the motte-and-bailey plan, but the place of the motte is taken by a natural rock, isolated by a ditch. There are three baileys, descending the hill. The stone keep on the summit is of the 15th or 16th century. [B. T. S.]
DUNGARVAN, Waterford (Cal., i., 89).—Granted to Thomas Fitz Antony in 1215. To the west of the town is a motte called Gallowshill; it has no bailey, but some trace of a circumvallation. The castle east of the river is not earlier than the 14th or 15th century. [B. T. S.]
*DURROW, King's Co. (Gir., v., 387).—A castle of Hugh de Lacy's; he was murdered while he was building it, because he had chosen the enclosure of the church for his bailey. A plan in Journ. R. S. A. I., xxix., 227, shows clearly the motte and bailey, though the writer mistakes for separate mounds what are clearly broken portions of the vallum. It is possible that the bailey may have followed the line of the ancient rath of the church, but it would almost certainly be a much stronger affair.
1 Annals of Ulster, 1186,
*FAVORIE = FORE, Westmeath.-I owe this identification to Mr Orpen. As Hugh de Lacy founded or endowed the monastery at Fore,' this was probably one of his castles, but the first mention is in 1215 (Cal., i., 95). Mr Westropp mentions the oval motte of Fore with its bailey in his list of "complex motes." 2
FERNS, Wexford (Gir., v., 326).—A castle was built by Walter the German near Ferns. Ferns is spoken of as a city in the time of King Dermot. There is no motte at Ferns; the stone castle has a keep, which is certainly not earlier than the time of Henry III. [B. T. S.]
*FOTHERET ONOLAN, castle of Raymond le Gros (Gir., v., 355).-Mr Orpen identifies this with Castlemore, near Tullow, Co. Carlow. There is an oval motte, and a rectangular bailey with indications of masonry.3
GALTRIM, Meath.-Identified by Mr Orpen with the castle of Hugh de Hose, or Hussey, mentioned in the Song of Dermot." Destroyed in 1176; no stone castle. An oval motte; bailey indistinctly traceable. [B. T. S.]
GEASHILL, King's Co. (Cal., i., 30).-Mentioned in 1203 as a castle of William, Earl Marshall. There are remains of a motte, on which stands a 14th-century keep; but the whole site has been so pulled about in making a modern house, drive, and gardens, that nothing more can be made of the plan. The motte, however, is plain, though mutilated. [E. S. A.]
GRANARD, Longford (Cal., i., 95).-Built by Richard Tuit in 1199.* A magnificent motte, with a very wide
1 Round, Cal. of Doc. preserved in France, i., 105, 107.
2 "On the Ancient Forts of Ireland," Trans. R. I. A., 1902.
3 Orpen, "The Castle of Raymond le Gros at Fodredunolan," Journ. R. S. A. I., 1906.
+ Annals of Innisfallen.
ditch, and a small fan-shaped bailey.
a shell wall round the top of the motte, and of a small round tower in the centre. [B. T. S.]
*HINCHELEDER, or INCHELEFYRE (Cal., i., 95).—Said by Butler (Notices of Trim Castle, 12) to be Inchleffer, Meath, a castle of Hugh de Lacy. No further information.
JOHN DE CLAHULL'S CASTLE.-Mr Orpen believes this to be Killeshin, Queen's Co., as it corresponds to the description in the Song, "entre Eboy et Lethelyn." There is a motte there, and traditions of a town.
*KARAKITEL, or CARRICKITTLE, Limerick (Cal., i., 14). -Castle of William de Naas in 1199. There was a remarkable natural motte of rock here, with the foundations of a castle upon it, now destroyed.'
*KILLAMLUN (Cal., i., 53).-Identified by Mr Orpen with Killallon, Meath, where there is a large motte. There is a stone passage into this motte, but no evidence has been brought forward to prove that it is of the same nature as the prehistoric souterrains so common in Ireland.2 In England there is a remarkable instance at Oxford of a well-chamber built inside a motte.
KILLARE, Westmeath (Gir., v., 356).—A castle of Hugh de Lacy, built in 1184; burnt in 1187. A good motte, with ditch and well-preserved bank on counterscarp; no bailey. No stone castle. [B. T. S.]
KILBIXIE, Westmeath.-Identified by Mr Orpen
1 Orpen, Eng. Hist. Rev., xxii., 449.
2 "On some Caves in the Slieve na Cailliagh District," by E. C. Rotheram, Proc. R. 1. A., 3rd ser., vol. iii. Mr Rotheram remarks that the passages in the motte of Killallon, and that of Moat near Oldcastle, seem as if they were not built by the same people as those who constructed the passages at Slieve na Cailliagh.
3 Annals of Ulster.
with Kelbery, given to Geoffrey de Constantin (Song, 3154); the castle is mentioned in a charter of Walter de Lacy, as well as in the Annals of Loch Cè, which state that it was built in 1192. A motte, with a broad ditch, and no bailey; but on the W. side the counterscarp bank of the ditch widens out into a sort of narrow half-moon terrace. This peculiarity may be noted in several other Irish castles. Foundations of an oblong shell on top of motte, and of a small square tower in the centre of this ward. [B. T. S.]
*KILFEAKLE, Tipperary (Cal., i., 29).—A castle of William de Burgh. Built in 1193.1 A motte and bailey; trace of a stone wing wall down the motte.2
*KILMEHAL (Cal., i., 44).-Mr Orpen regards the identification of this castle with Kilmallock as extremely doubtful.
*KILMORE (Cal., i., 95).-Restored to Walter de Lacy in 1215. Identified with Kilmore, near Lough Oughter, Cavan. Mr Westropp mentions the motte at this place, which is outside the Anglo-Norman area. The castle was wrecked in 1225 or 1226, and no more is heard of it. The Anglo-Norman advance in this direction failed.
*KILSANTAN, Londonderry (Cal., i., 70).-Built by John de Courcy in 1197. Now called Kilsandal, or Mount Sandal, a large motte on the Bann, not far from Coleraine. The castle of Coleraine, inside the town, was built in 1214, apparently of stone, and probably superseded the castle of Kilsandal.
KILTINAN, Tipperary (Cal., i., 94).—Castle of Philip of Worcester in 1215. No motte; a headland castle
1 Annals of Loch Cè.
2 Orpen, Eng. Hist. Rev., xxii., 448.
3 Ibid., p. 242.
Annals of Ulster. See Orpen, Eng. Hist. Rev., xxii., 443.
• Annals of Ulster.