## Course of Civil Engineering: Comprising Plane Trigonometry, Surveying, and Levelling. With Their Application to the Construction of Common Roads, Railways, Canals ...S.J. Machen, 1842 |

### From inside the book

Results 1-5 of 19

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**angular**position . THE PROTRACTOR Is another mathematical instrument , used in surveying , for laying down angles on paper . The simplest protractor consists of a semicircular B limb , commonly of brass , divided into 180 ° GUNTER'S ... Page 18

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**angular**point ; then make a mark opposite the given degree of the angle found on the limb of the protractor , and removing the instrument , by a plain ruler laid over that point and the centre , draw a line , which will form the ... Page 181

... it impossible to chain accurately in a straight line ; in that case the use of the theodolite , or some other

... it impossible to chain accurately in a straight line ; in that case the use of the theodolite , or some other

**angular**instrument , is indispensable . When you meet with such obstructions , measure , with LAND SURVEYING . 181. Page 211

... of the correctness of the

... of the correctness of the

**angular**part of the work - zero , on one of the verniers , always coinciding with 360 ° , if the angles are correctly taken . 1 has been already given ; therefore we shall confine 0 2 LAND SURVEYING . 211. Page 213

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**angular**instrument , such as the theo- dolite or sextant . To protract with any degree of accuracy , a circular protractor , divided with the same degree of minuteness as the instrument employed in the field , is indispensable . The ...### Other editions - View all

Course of Civil Engineering: Comprising Plane Trigonometry, Surveying, and ... John Gregory No preview available - 2015 |

Course of Civil Engineering: Comprising Plane Trigonometry, Surveying, and ... John Gregory No preview available - 2018 |

### Common terms and phrases

accuracy acres angles of elevation angular ascertain base line bisect boundary calculation centre chain chord circumferentor compass cosecant Cosine Sine Cotang Cotang Sine Cosine deducted diameter difference direction distance divided divisions equal error extend feet field-book figure given height Hence horizontal instrument length line of numbers line of sines line of tangents logarithmic mark measure the angles meridian method minutes multiplied N.cos natural sine needle object offsets Ordnance Survey parallel parallel ruler parish perches perpendicular plane triangle plotted poles position Prop protractor quotient radius right angles right-angled triangle roods scale secant sextant sin N.cos N Sine Cosine Tang Sine Cotang Tang spherical angles spherical excess spherical triangle station line surveyor tables taken telescope theodolite three angles took the angle Townlands trapezium triangle ABC trigonometrical survey variation versed sine yards

### Popular passages

Page vii - into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; each degree being divided into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds, &c.

Page 36 - the angle opposite to that other given side is always acute. But when the given side opposite to the given angle, is less than the other given side, then the angle opposite that other given side may be either acute or obtuse, and

Page 145 - The number of changes shows how many times ten chains the line contains, to which the follower adds the arrows he holds in his hand, and the number of links of another chain over to the mark or end of the line.

Page 38 - sum of the other two, as their difference is to the difference of the segments of the base, made by a perpendicular

Page 79 - Suppose that in carrying on an extensive survey, the distance between two spires, A and B, has been found equal to 6594 yards, and that C and D are two eminences conveniently situated for extending the triangles, but not admitting of the determination of their distance by actual admeasurement ; to ascertain it, therefore,

Page 206 - materially from the arcs which they subtend. Let the three angles of the spherical triangle be represented by A, B, C ; and their opposite sides by a, b, c ; and let a', b', c', represent the chords of these sides, which chords are supposed not to differ

Page 38 - of half the perimeter above those sides, as the square of the radius is to the square of the sine of half the angle included by

Page 68 - of the bottom of the object, equal 27°, and of its top 19°. Required the height of the object, and the distance of the mark from its bottom. Here,

Page 3 - 0, 10, 20, 30, &c. ; each of these large divisions represents 10 degrees of the equator, or 600 miles. The first of these divisions is sometimes divided into 40 equal parts, each representing 15 miles. The

Page 146 - with the cross, by fixing it by trials on such parts of the line as that through one pair of the sights both ends of the line may appear, and through the other pair you