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Nisi hoc modo oppositionem expresseris, perit magna pars venustatis.

Cæterum in loco altero num. xlv. ubi quæris de istis verbis:

ελαβεν βέλεμνον Αξης
ὑπεμειδίασε Κυπρις"
ὁ δ' Αρης ανατιναξας
βαρυ, φησιν' άρον αυτο,
ὁ δ' Ερως, εχ' αυτό, φησι.

Utrumne id velint, Amorem suum jaculum in manus modo Marti dedisse, an in Martem contorsisse et eum vulnerasse. Neutra ex his sententia, sed alia inter utramque media vera est. Quippe Cupido non contorsit jaculum, sed manu tantum capiendum tradidit. At repente jaculum, ex vivo scilicet igne et æthereo fulgure constans, in Martis corpus se sponte insinuavit, et reconditum latuit. Inde est illud avasivagas, gemitum et suspirium ducens, ob vulnus scilicet; et apov avto, tolle quæso, quippe qui in intima corporis penetraverat; ex vero avto, tecum serva, ait Cupido irridens, qui solus potuit extrahere, sed noluit. Hæc auтooxedias, et ex tempore tibi exaravi, quibus utere tuo arbitratu. Multa quidem in aliis Anacreontis locis emendatione indigent ; non pauca etiam sunt spuria, quæ a genuinis dignoscere paucorum erit hominum, &c.

Cantabrigiæ, die xx Nov. 1711."

This letter to Dr. Gacon is inserted in the last edition of the Dissertation on Phalaris; where is another curious letter of Dr. Bentley to Dr. Davies, the learned Master of Queen's college in Cambridge, occasioned by Mr. Barnes's edition of Homer; a letter which Dr. Clarke had certainly seen, as appears by his Notes on Hom. Il. A. 464. and II. z. 101. in which he expresses himself in a strain so unlike himself, that Barnes might justly have replied, had he lived to see them, "Non te dignum C. fecisti; nam si ego dignus essem hac contumelia quam maxime, at tu indignus qui faceres tamen." Mr. Barnes has been sometimes mentioned in the controversy on Phalaris, (see p. 235, ed. 1777,) as having sufficiently thrust himself into it; but was afterwards much better known by Dr. Bentley than probably he was at the time of writing the letter here referred to; in part of which, it is observed by Dr. Salter, the late excellent Master of the Charter-House, that " Barnes had some knowledge in the Greek language; almost as much, Dr. B. used to say, as an Athenian cobbler; but was, in all

VOL. IV.

other respects, a very poor creature indeed; felicis memoria, as the burlesque epitaph upon him says, exspectans judicium. See a paper of verses upon him in the Musæ Anglicana, intituled, Sub-Professor Linguæ Græcæ" which shews what a contempt even the boys at Cambridge had for him."

I will close this subject, for the present, by transcribing part of an unpublished letter from Dr. Salter.

"The Dissertation on Phalaris I have read often, and always with fresh delight: but what relates to the first cause of the squabble with Christ-church, or to the personal character and conduct of Bentley, in general or in this particular case, is now little interesting to the public. He certainly had in the most sovereign contempt the classical (or rather critical) taste of Christ Church; and though the editions which Dean Aldrich set on foot, were of some use and credit to the young editors, learned men considered them as rather disgraceful to literature; so Burmann did Maittaire's, yet Maittaire was far superior to the bulk of Aldrich's operators, one of the lowest and meanest of which was Tony Alsop, whom the Westminster men were so proud of, for the very reason Dr. B. gives p. lxix. of his Preface, If they can but make a tolerable copy of verses, with two or three small faults in it, they must presently set up for authors, to bring the nation into contempt abroad, and themselves into it at home.' I doubt he never wrote au answer to their examination of his Æsop; which indeed, he says, was little worth it; and I believe him: but, for all that, I wish he had; for, as he says of Pearson, his very dross was gold.'

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Dr. Bentley and Dr. Hare were once very intimately acquainted and Hare, being himself an excellent scholar, had the highest reverence for Bentley's masterly learning; to which he bore ample testimony in the address called "The Clergyman's Thanks to Phileleutherus Lipsiensis, for his Remarks on the Essay upon Free-thinking." This pamphlet is now scarce; the author having eaten his own words since, and his relations having omitted it in their collection of his pieces, made since his death. While B. and H. were acquainted, the former used frequently to talk of Terence's metre; as he was remarkably communicative, wherever he saw taste and genius, or but curiosity; but though he had often instructed H. in it, he (H.) as often returned with a complaint in his mouth not unlike that of Cicero's dialogist about Plato; While I am with you, I seem to understand it all: when I come to con it over by

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myself at home, I find I know nothing.' B. told him, he must get Faërnus, and study him: which he had no sooner done, and smuggled a few more lectures, than he conceived himself fully master of all his master could teach him; and began clandestinely to project an edition of Terence. This was easy for him to do, without fear of discovery, as B. had now broken off all commerce with H. upon other accounts. When H.'s edition came out, dedicated to the great minister, in whose favour H. had undermined B.; this latter resolved at once to ruin it and its author. Accordingly he hastened out his own with extraordinary expedition indeed; allowing a week only to each play *; and, to use his own strong expression, which was pretty near the truth, H.'s has never been heard of since. He nibbled at it soon, in an Epistola Critica to Dr. Bland; professing to attack only the Phædrus at present, and announcing a future attack on the Terence. That threatened attack was not only never made, but was certainly never intended; the whole of what he could say being introduced here in the introduction and conclusion with singular asperity, and under two or three articles in the body of the Epistlet. Dr. Bentley knew H. was preparing an edition of Phædrus, to follow his Terence; so annexed Phædrus to Terence in this edition, to return his compliment, as he told me himself, when he gave me the information in this page.

It is said, Dr. B. had already broken off all intercourse with Dr. H. before the latter provoked him, by interverting him (as he used himself to express it) in his edition of Terence. The history of their quarrel was given me by Dr. B.; and is this; B.'s political attachments were of the uncertain kind; particularly shewn to be so, in his dedicating his Horace to Lord Treasurer Oxford, which was originally destined to Lord Halifax, who had been of his own college. Lord Townshend, after obliging both universities, by founding a new Professorship in each for Modern Languages and History; and calling out a set of young men from each, to preach in course at Whitehall; and still farther obliging his own University of Cambridge, by the

* Dr. Bentley told me, that, as soon as he had agreed with the printer about the types, which were to be had from Holland on purpose for this work, he allotted one week only to each Comedy: and within that time finished his Notes. But this sort of boasting is found in every one of the Doctor's performances; a weakness unworthy of so great a man; and yet, I believe, not wholly void of truth. S. S.

+ Pages 27, 47, 77, 93, 100, 126, 139, 142.

royal donation of Bishop Moore's library; thought of fixing and securing Dr. B. by a handsome pension. [It was to be 1000l. per annum.] For this he was only desired to publish, at his own leisure, in his own way, and according to his own judgment, some classic authors, for the use of the royal grand-children. Hare went between Lord T. and Dr. B.; and matters were just concluded, when an envious and malignant suggestion of H.'s (as Dr. B. suspected, and was persuaded,) defeated the whole; and B. magnanimously disdained to engage with persons who discovered so illiberat a distrust of him. Instead of a certain annual fund, and a publication suo arbitrio, it was now proposed by Lord T. through Dr. H. that B. should have so much per sheet. B. rejected the offer with scorn. I wonder,' said he to H. 'you should bring me such a proposal, who have known me so well and so long. What! if I had no regard to their honour, and to my own, would there be any difficulty in filling sheets! Tell them, I'll have nothing to do with them." Neither would he with H. whom he knew to be the suggester of this scheme. But I chose (said he) dissuere amicitiam, non dirumpere.' It has been said H. left a Plautus ready for the press: I do not think it; for H. had too much pride to disavow his clumsy operose method, and had too much sense to continue it.. He had laboured on Plautus, I believe; but his labours will never see the light. And facilis jactura.

We had a report at Cambridge, that when Bentley saw Hare's Epistola Critica, he cried, I cannot think what the man would be at: he has as much pride as I have, and a great deal more ill-nature.' I myself heard him say, he could not read it through, nor imagine Dr. Hare capable of writing such a book." And indeed nothing can be more disgusting at once and ridiculous, than to see the same man in his Terence crying up metrical knowledge, and in his Epistola Critica no less crying it down."

I need not, Mr. Urban, apologise for the length of this letter. It contains a mass of rough materials, which will not be disagreeable to any writer who may hereafter wish to write the Life of Dr. Bentley; and in that view, I hope, are not inconsistent with the plan of your Magazine. 1779, Nov.

MR. URBAN,

J. N.

THE particulars you have printed of Dr. Bentley, are so interesting, that I hope you will permit me to trouble you with a few cursory remarks on them

Dr. S. has miserably misunderstood and mangled the trite, well-known character, which Dr. Bentley used to give of Joshua Barnes, when he said he knew almost as much Greek as an Athenian cobbler, by supposing that it was meant to insinuate that he had [only] some knowledge in the Greek language;"-whereas, in truth, that language was so familiar to honest Joshua, that he could off-hand have turned a paragraph in a newspaper, or a hawker's bill, into any kind of Greek metre; and has often been known to do so, among his Cambridge friends. But with this uncommon knowledge and facility in that language, being very deficicient in taste and judgment, Bentley compared his attainments in Greek, not to the erudition of a scholar, but to the colloquial readiness of a vulgar mechanic. And let me tell you, an Athenian cobbler, who had spoken Greek from his cradle, probably knew his native idiom much better than all the scholars now in the world, to whom it is a dead language.

Although I am no Westminster man, I am shocked at an envious attempt to degrade poor Anthony Alsop, so justly admired for the purity and elegance of his Latin poetry, and a man of distinguished genius.

It is said, Hare went between Lord T. and Dr. B. I thought Dr. Gooch was the person; perhaps both. The "envious and malignant suggestion" was, the advice of tying him down, or else that he would do nothing.

Dr. Bentley received, in 1732, a hundred guineas from the booksellers, for his Paradise Lost.

1779, Suppl.

MR. URBAN,

IN your last volume it is asserted, that Dr. Bentley's Dedication of his edition of Horace was originally destined to Lord Halifax. Is not this a mistake? Lord Treasurer Godolphin has been mentioned as the personage in whose room the Doctor substituted his immediate successor, the Lord Treasurer Oxford. If this be a fact, the Doctor's "political attachments" will appear most glaringly "uncertain" indeed. The account of his detestation of the flattery to Bishop Stillingfleet, is to be found in Whiston's Life, p. 107-8. Anthony Alsop, who is justly vindicated from the gross and petulant attack upon him, has evidently inserted the last Fable in his truly elegant "Fabularum Æsopicarum Delectus: Oxon. 1698," octavo, with a view

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