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"vel cremandæ vel in publicum emittenda." They were in consequence given to the world in 1771, in 8vo.; and the "Supplices Mulieres," with the "Quæstio Grammatica,” were reprinted in that size in 1775.

Mr. Markland assisted Dr. Taylor in his editions of Lysias and Demosthenes, by the notes which he communicated. The like service he conferred on Mr. Arnald, in the second edition of his "Commentary on the Book of Wisdom." He also very happily elucidated many passages in the New Testament, which may be found in Mr. Bowyer's "Conjectures." In 1746, he talked at a distance of publishing the "rest of Statius ;" and in 1771 mentioned a work as being in great forwardness, under the title "Quæstiones Venu, sina, ad Horatii Carmina," &c. having "got as far as Serm. 1. 3. in the transcription." He was not more valued for his universal reading, than beloved for the excellence of his heart, and primitive simplicity of manners. The latter part of his life was passed in the little village of Milton, near Dorking, in Surrey; where he described himself, in 1755, to be " as much out of the way of hearing, as of "getting." Of this last (he adds) "I have now no desire ; "the other I should be glad of." What first induced him to retire from the world is not known. It has been supposed to have proceeded from disappointment; but of what nature it is not easy to imagine. He was certainly disinterested to an extreme. Money was never considered by him as a good, any further than it enabled him to relieve the necessitous. And if ambition had been his aim, he might have gratified it, there being a positive proof, under his own hand, that he twice declined the Greek Professorship; a station where abilities like his would have been eminently displayed. On the 28th of February, 1743-4, he tells Mr. Bowyer, "I suppose you have heard that the Greek "Professor at Cambridge is dying, I am invited very kindly to accept of it by several friends, who have given "me information, and advised me to be a candidate. σε Αλλ' εμοί υπότε θυμον επι τήθεσσιν επεσαν, to speak in the language of a Greek Professor; and instead of going an "hundred miles to take it, I would go two hundred the "other way to avoid it." Again, Feb. 27, 1749-50, "I



have lately had two letters from the Vice-Chancellor, "(Dr. keene, our Master,) who wishes me to take the "Greek Professorship, which is about to be vacant again. "You, who know me, will not wonder that I have absolutely refused to be a candidate for it. This, perhaps, is a'

"secret at present, and therefore do not mention it to any "body." He died July 7, 1776: and bequeathed all his books and papers to Dr. Heberden,

1778, July.

XII. Anecdotes, Literary and Biographical, of Mr. BOWYER.


I SEND you, agreeably to my promise, some anecdotes concerning the late Mr. Bowyer; which I hope will not prove unacceptable to your readers.

J. N.

IT hath been justly observed, " that the life of a scholar seldom abounds with adventure." In that of Mr. Bowyer some remarkable incidents have most probably been consigned to oblivion, by his attachment to the duties of a fatiguing profession, and a timidity too frequently attendant on merit.

He was born in White Friars, December 17, 1699; and may almost be said to have been a printer à cunabulis. His father, whose name was also William*, was one of the most eminent of his profession; and his maternal grandfather (Icabod Dawkst) was employed in printing the celebrated Polyglot Bible of Bishop Walton.

At a proper age he was placed under the care of the pious and learned Mr, Ambrose Bonwicket, (who had once

* Son of John Bowyer, grocer. He was admitted a freeman of London, October 7, 2 James II. and opened his printing-office in 1699."

+ His son (of whom see Tatler, No. 178,) was the printer of a newspaper in the reign of Queen Anne, and is introduced by the excellent anthor of Phædra and Hippolitus, in his elegant poem, intituled, Charlettus Percivallo suo;

"Scribe securus, quid agit Senatus,

"Quid caput stertit grave Lambethanum,
"Quid Comes Guildford, quid habent novorum

“ Dawksque Dyerque.”

This conscientious divine was born April 29, 1652; went to St. John's college, Oxford, in 1668, where he was appointed Librarian in 1670; B. A. 1673; was ordained deacon, May 21, 1676; priest, June 6, (Trinity Sunday) 1680; and elected Master of Merchant Taylor's School, June 9, 1681. In 1689, the college of St. John's petitioned that he might continue Master of the School for life; but in 1691 he was turned out for refusing to take the oath of allegiance. A curious correspondence of his, with Mr. Blechynden, on this occasion, is in being.

been Master of Merchant Taylor's School) at Headley*, near Leatherhead, in Surrey, where his advances in literature were such as reflected the highest credit both on himself and his preceptor; for whose memory, to his latest years, he entertained the sincerest respect; and to whose family he was always an useful friend. The attachment, indeed, was mutual. One instance of the good schoolmaster's benevolence, which made an indelible impression on the mind of his pupil, appeared in the following letter, written a few days after the dreadful fire† (Jan. 30, 1712-13), which destroyed the whole property of the elder Mr. Bowyer :


I HEARD of the sad calamity, it has pleased God to try you with, last Monday; but concealed it from your sont till I had the account from yourself, and then broke it to him as gently as I could he could not forbear shedding some tears; but that was no more than some of your friends here had done for you before, and it would be some comfort to them if their sharing in it might lessen your grief. We have in Job a noble example of patience and resignation under even a severer trial than this of yours; for, God be praised, though you have lost a worthy friend, your children are alive, and one § of them providentially disposed

*The poet Fenton was then usher at that school.

+ See an admirable letter on the same occasion from Dean Stanhope, in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1777. [See vol. III. p. 43 of these Selections.] Some other affecting letters on this subject are in MS. The damage sustained amounted to 51461. 18s. To the honour of English humanity, let it be kuown, that, by the contribution of his friends, and those of his own fra ternity in particular, Mr. Bowyer received towards his loss the sum of 25391. 15s. d. of which 13771. 9s. 4d. arose from a brief, the original return to which is now in the possession of his grandson. In grateful remembrance of this event, the elder Mr. Bowyer caused several metal cuts to be engraved, representing a Phoenix rising from the flames with suitable mottos; which were used as ornaments in most of the capital books that were printed both by him and his son.

This circumstance Mr Bowyer used frequently to mention with the highest gratitude; as he did another of the same nature. When the brief was to be read in Headley church, Mr. Bonwicke contrived that he should be kept at home, without assigning any reason for it. The writer of these memoirs accompanied him to that village so lately as 1774, when Mr. Bowyer, with great satisfaction, repeated the above and many other particulars of his younger years.

Mr. Bowyer's daughter (by a former wife). She had just before been married to Mr. James Bettenham, who was likewise a printer. She died July 9, 1735, at the age of 39.

of a little before, the news of which proved a happy mixture in your melancholy letter; and though you began with it, I made it the close of my narrative to your son. And when we have seen the end of the Lord, as St. James expresses it, we shall find that he is very pitiful, and of tender mercy, as he was to his servant Job, whose losses in the end were abundantly repaired; and since he is still the same God, if our behaviour be conformable, we may humbly hope for the like treatment. As an earnest of which, I must tell you, that he has already put it into the heart of a certain person, upon hearing of your great loss, to pay the whole charges of your son's board, &c. for one year; the person desires to be nameless, that the thanks may be returned to God only. My wife, who truly condoles with you, gives her service to yourself and Mrs. Bowyer, to whom pray give mine also, and to my good friend Mr. Ross: our service likewise, with hearty wishes of much joy, (notwithstanding this melancholy beginning) to the new-married gentlewoman. Your son speaks for himself in the inclosed, which he just now brought to,


Your condoling friend, and faithful servant, Headley, Feb. 6, 1712-13. AMB, BONWICKE."

Mr. Bowyer was admitted as a sizar, at St. John's college, Cambridge, in June, 1716. Dr. Robert Jenkin, the Master of that college, had been a benefactor to his father in calamity; and the son, at the distance of sixty years, had the happiness of returning the favour to a relation of the worthy Master, in a manner by which the person obliged was totally ignorant to whom he was indebted for the present he received.

In 1719, he appears to have been a candidate for a fellowship; at least a Latin letter of his is extant, in which he -seems-ambitious of that-honour.

He continued at college till June, 1722, under the tuition of the Rev. Dr. John Newcome; and, notwithstanding an habitual shyness, his regularity of conduct and application to study secured him the esteem of many very respectable members of the university. It was in that seminary of learning he formed an intimacy with Mr. Markland and

See a particular account of Mr. Markland, in Gent. Mag. July, 1778. [p. 54 of this volume.]

Mr. Clarke*, two friends with whom he regularly maintained a correspondence throughout life. Many of their letters are still extant, and are a treasure of polite literature and sound criticism. Both these friends he survived, and sympathetically lamented their loss.

On the death of Mr. Bonwicke (Oct. 20, 1722), his grateful scholar had an opportunity of requiting in some measure the obligation he had received, by officiating for some time in the capacity of a school-master for the benefit of the family.

In January 1724-5, he was executor to the will of Mr. James Bonwicke, (a son of his worthy master); who bequeathed to him the small cabinet+ which, in his own will, he gave to a benevolent friend for whom he had always entertained the highest esteem.

One of the first books which received the benefit of his correction, after his return from Cambridge, was the complete edition of Selden, in three folio volumes; begun in 1729, and finished in 1726. An instance of his great attention to this work is still extant, in what he calls "An Epitome of Selden, taken in haste, as I read the proofs."

In 1726, the learned world was indebted to him for an admirable sketch of the learned William Baxter's Glossary of the Roman Antiquities, which he printed under the title of "View of a Book, entitled, Reliquiæ Baxterianæ. In a Letter to a Friend." A single sheet, 8vo. Of this View Mr. Clarke, in a letter without date, says, "Your account of Baxter's Glossary has pleased the Doctor [Dr. Wotton] exceedingly; and it is his opinion that we shall see your own press produce nothing better than what you put into it. It is exactly to his taste; and the books which have the greatest variety of matter, require the greatest judgment to give a proper view of them. After his opinion, you need not ask, nor can I think it worth the while to mention, my own; this

* Mr. William Clarke was born at Hagmon Abbey, in Shropshire, 1696; educated at Shrewsbury school, was fellow of St. John's, and chaplain successively to Bishop Ottley and Thomas Holles, Duke of Newcastle. The living of Buxted was given to him by Archbishop Wake; and he was afterwards residentiary and chancellor of the church of Chichester, where he died Oct. 21, 1771. He married a daughter of the celebrated Dr. Wotton, by whom he had one daughter and a son, (the ingenious author of the "Letters concerning the Spanish Nation, 1763") to whom he resigned Buxted in his life-time. He wrote a learned preface to Dr. Wotton's Collection of the Welch Laws. But his principal work was, a volume on Coins, which we shall have occasion to mention hereafter.

+ "I leave my cabinet of medals to my dear friend Mr. William Bowyer, junior."-Mr. J. Bonwicke's Will.

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