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which were spoken before her. They were printed in Gascoyne's "Princely Pleasures at Kenilworth," 1575, which was reprinted in his Works, 1587, and again, 1788, in Mr. Nichols's Progresses of Queen Elizabeth. They are short and easy, but, as was usual with the Court productions of the time, completely mythological. In 1580, he prefixed a copy of commendatory verses to Ocland's Anglorum Prælia, and another, two years afterwards, to his Egnagia, Others may doubtless be found prefixed to the works of his contemporaries. His verses to Queen Elizabeth, on her skill in music, should by no means be forgotten; they first appeared in a poem prefixed to a book intituled, "Discantûs Cantiones, quæ ab Argumento sacræ vocantur, quinque et sex Partium; Autoribus Thomâ Talliso et Gulielmo Birdo, Anglis," &c. Lond. 1575, 4to.; whence they were transcribed by Mr. Ballard, in his memoirs of Queen Elizabeth. p. 226:

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Regia majestas, ætatis gloria nostræ,
Hanc in deliciis semper habere solet ;
Nec contenta graves aliorum audire labores,
Ipsa etiam egregie voce manuque canit."

In 1581, he published his "Positions, wherein those primitive circumstances be examined which are necessarie for the training up of Children, either for Skill in theire Booke, or Health in theire Bodie." They were most elegantly printed at London (1581, 1587, 4to.) by Thomas Vautrollier, in the white letter, with the promise of a second part, which seems to have been completed in 1582, by the publication of "The first part of the Elementarie, which entreateth chefely of the right Writing of the English Tung." I had once some thoughts of comparing the Positions and Elementarie of Mulcaster with the Scholemaster of Ascham; but their methods of treating on education differed so widely, that I had not the most distant prospect of advantage from the comparison.

The Positions and Elementarie of Mulcaster contain some peculiarities of spelling and innumerable quaintnesses of writing, joined to many judicious criticisms on the English language. By the spelling he seems frequently anxious to fix the pronunciation of his words; and in some parts we may be inclined to think he was desirous that words should be written as they were spoken. From analogy he has formed many words which I do not remember to bave seen in other writers; and several natives

may be found, which our great Lexicographer has either not recorded in his Dictionary, or given a confined sense to. As far as Plato's Institutes of Education served his purpose, he was careful to adhere to them; though he seems totally to have neglected the science of arithmetic, which, in Plato's Academy, was a requisite elementary.

In 1601, he sent forth his "Catechismus Paulinus, in Vsum Schola Paulina conscriptus, ad Formam parvi illius Anglici Catechismi qui Pueris in communi Precum Anglicarum Libro ediscendus proponitur," in octavo. It is in long and short verse, sometimes closely, and, at others diffusely, translated; and, though now forgotten, was once in high esteem.

May, June, and July, 1800.

E. H.

LXIII. Biographical Memoirs of ANTHONY HALL,


IN a Magazine like the Gentleman's, so many of whose pages are devoted to Antiquarian research, the life of an Antiquary may have its interest. The only apology I can make for the paucity of materials is, that they are entirely


ANTHONY HALL was the son of the Rev. Henry Hall, of Kirkbridge, in the county of Cumberland, where he was born in 1679. He received the rudiments of learning at Carlisle; whence he was removed to Queen's college, Oxford; and admitted battler, July 7, 1696. Why he was not matriculated till Nov. 18, 1698, does not appear. On Dec. 15, 1701, he became B.A.; and M.A. in 1704: having just entered into holy orders; and was elected fellow of his college, April 18, 1706. In 1719, upon the death of Dr. Hudson, keeper of the Bodleian library, he became a candidate for that office. One circumstance was probably to his advantage. Dr. Hudson (who was much respected, and ever active in the promotion of learning), a little while before his death, expressed a wish that Mr. Hall should be his successor.* Still, his endeavours failed. Dr. Hudson, at the time of his death, had nearly finished his

Ballard's MS. letters (in the Bodleian,) vol. VI. p. 50. Letter from Bishop Tanner to Dr. Arthur Charlett, master of University college.

edition of Josephus; by Mr. Hall's exertions it soon issued from the press; and he shortly after married Dr. Hudson's widow. On April 8, 1720, he was instituted to the rectory of Hampton Poyle, in Oxfordshire, on the presentation of his college; and in the following year took the degrees in divinity. He died at Garford, in Berkshire, and was buried at Kingston, in that county, April 6, 1723.

Dr. Hall, by his literary labours, deserved far more attention than he acquired. He had a quick apprehension, and his judgment was clear and penetrating; but it was his misfortune never to compare or revise the manuscripts he had once transcribed. Leland de Scriptoribus Britannicis was very erroneously printed; and in some parts were great omissions, from his negligence. Hearne, before his ejectment from the Bodleian library (as a non-juror), collated one hundred and thirty-five pages of the printed copy, which I have now before me. But, as he continued a non-juror to the last (and that much at the expense of his worldly interest), he was never again admitted to the original.

Dr. Hall published,

1. "Commentarii de Scriptoribus Britannicis, Auctore Joanne Lelando Londinate. Ex Autographio Lelandino nunc primum edidit Antonius Hall, A.M. Coll. Reg. Oxon, Socius, 2 tom. 1709." 8vo.*

From the Collection of Letters already quoted, vol. IV. p. 38, &c. I have selected an anecdote or two, which throw some light on the history of this publication. From a letter of Bishop Tanner's to Dr. Arthur Charlett, it appears the bishop originally designed an edition of Leland's work only, and not what he afterwards completed in the Bibliotheca Britannica-Hibernica, MS. Ball. IV. 38. "Honored Master, your letter of the 15th instant missed me at London, and did not come to my hands till Saturday morning last. I take the opportunity of this first post to thank you for your intelligence about a new editor of Leland, which I am not a little concerned to hear. The gentleman (Mr. Hall) named, is a person of good industry and abilities, and much fitter, perhaps, for that work than I am; however, I must crave leave to say, that he may oblige the world with many things out of the Bodleian library which may be as much to his credit and advantage, without injuring or slurring a brother drudge." In another letter, dated Norwich, June 25, 1707 (Ball. MSS. IV. 45.), Dr. Tanner says, he had" at first proposed the bare printing Leland and Boston of Bury, and supplying what was wanting by wholesale out of Bale and Pitts, within a twelvemonth, as our agreement was; and this, perhaps, might have answered the booksellers' end, and have been satisfactory enough to many other people. But when I enlarged the design, and could not bring myself to take characters of men and notices of books upon trust, there was a necessity of longer time; and you can witness as well as any body, how closely I followed it at the libraries of Oxford, London, and Cambridge, and thereupon spent the prime of my youth, and more money than I ever shall receive for


2. "Nicolai Triveti Dominicani Annales Sex Regum Angliæ, e præstantissimo Codice nunc primum emendate edidit, &c. Oxon. 1718." 8vo.

3. "Flavii Josephi Opera, Gr. et Lat. cum MSS. Collat, nova Versione et Notis J. Hudsoni." 2 tom. Oxou. 1720.

4. "Nicolai Triveti Annalium Continuatio; ut et Adami Munmuthensis Chronicon cum ejusdem Continuatione; quibus accedit Joannis Bostoni speculum Coenobitanum, e præstantissimo Codice Reginensi nunc primo edita. Oxon.

1722." 8vo.

He likewise drew up the account of Berkshire for the booksellers in Magna Britannia Nova et Antiqua, vol. 1. 4to. Lond. 1720, &c.; and it having been affirmed that he was the Author of a description of Cumberland in the same work, he took an opportunity of denying it at the end of Trivet's Anuals, 1719.

In the proposals for the publication of Mr. Urry's Chaucer, 1716, the addition of a useful and copious glossary was promised by Anthony Hall; but from the title of the work when published, and from a paragraph at the close of the Preface, it appears to have been afterwards undertaken and completed by a student of Christ-church.

Yours, &c.

Nov. 1800.

H. E.

the copy, and endangered my life, when I had the small-pox, in that service." In a third letter, the bishop complains of it as hard usage from his college, and as unexpected from an old acquaintance, whose friendship he was in no wise sensible of having forfeited. And towards the middle of the letter he makes still farther complaints, when he finds the book was printed at the expense of the University.









MAY 4. Mr. John Underwood, of Whittlesea, in Cambridgeshire. At his burial, when the service was over, an arch was turned over the coffin, in which was placed a small piece of white marble, with this inscription, NON OMNIS MORIAR, 1793. Then the six gentlemen who followed him to the grave sang the last stanza of the 20th Ode of the second book of Horace. No bell was tolled, no one in, vited but the six gentlemen, and no relation followed his corpse; the coffin was painted green, and he laid in it with all his clothes on. Under his head was placed Sanadon's Horace, at his feet Bentley's Milton; in his right hand a sinall Greek Testament, with this inscription in gold letters, ΕΙΜΙ ΕΝ ΤΩΙ ΣΤΑΥΡΩ», J. U. ; in his left hand a little edition of Horace, with this inscription, MVSIS AMICVS, J. U.

[* The articles under this head, till the year 1783, when the size of the Magazine was enlarged, were very short; indeed, till within two or three years preceding that period, the OBITUARY was little more than a list of names. It is proper to observe, that as our limits are confined, we have more particularly selected notices of such persons, as have hitherto been very briefly, if at all, mentioned in the Biographical Dictionaries, and in publications of a similar nature. Many notices merely enumerate the works of an author, and are therefore omitted; as are a few others, which appear, from subsequent and other accounts, to be founded on misrepresentation, or to be deficient in the great points of impartiality, judgment, or discrimination of character. E.]

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