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be quitted the county, till the whole of those of his own standing gave way to fate before him.

Having an early propensity to the study of antiquity among his general researches, and being allowedly an excellent classical scholar, he here laid the foundation of what in time became a considerable collection of books, and his little cabinet of coins grew in proportion; by which two assemblages (so scarce among country gentlemen in general) he was qualified to pursue these collateral studies, without neglecting his parochial duties, to which he was always assiduously attentive.

The few pieces which Mr. Pegge printed while he lived in Kent, will be mentioned hereafter, when we shall enumerate such of his writings as are most material. These (exclusively of Mr. Urban's obligations to him in this periodical publication) have appeared principally, and most conspicuously, in the Archæologia, which may be termed the Transactions of the Society of Antiquaries. In that valuable collection will be found forty-seven memoirs, written and communicated by him, many of which are of considerable length, being by much the greatest number hitherto contributed by any individual member of that respectable Society.

In returning to the order of time, we find that, in July, 1746, Mr. Pegge had the great misfortune to lose his wife; whose monumental inscription, in the church of Godmer sham, bears ample testimony of her worth, and where, in a short Latin inscription, she is said to be "Fœmina, si qua alia, sine dolo."

This event entirely changed Mr. Pegge's destinations; for he now zealously meditated on some mode of removing hims self without disadvantage, into his native county. To effect this, one of two points was to be carried; either to obtain some piece of preferment, tenable in its nature with his Kentish living, or to exchange the latter for an equivalent; in which last he eventually succeeded beyond his immediate expectations.

1796, June.

WE are now coming to a new epoch in the Doctor's life; but there is an interval of a few years to be accounted for, before he found an opportunity of effectually removing himself into Derbyshire.

His wife being dead, his children young and at school, and himself reduced to a life of solitude, so ungenial to his

temper (though no man was better qualified to improve his leisure), he found relief by the kind offer of his valuable friend, the late Sir Edward Dering, Bart.

At this moment Sir Edward chose to place his son (the present baronet) under the care of a private tutor at home, to qualify him more competently for the university. Sir Edward's personal knowledge of Mr. Pegge, added to the family situation of the latter, mutually induced the former to offer, and the latter to accept, the proposal of removing from Godmersham to Surrenden (Sir Edward's mansionhouse) to superintend Mr. Dering's education for a short time; in which capacity he continued about a year and a half, till Mr. Dering was admitted of St. John's college, Cambridge, in March, 1751.

Sir Edward had no opportunity, by any patronage of his own, permanently to gratify Mr. Pegge, and to preserve him in the circle of their common friends. On the other hand, finding Mr. Pegge's propensity to a removal so very strong, Sir Edward reluctantly pursued every possible measure to effect it.

The first vacant living in Derbyshire which offered itself was the perpetual curacy of Brampton, near Chesterfield; a situation peculiarly eligible in many respects. It became vacant A.D. 1747; and, if it could have been obtained, would have placed Mr. Pegge in the centre of his early ac quaintance in that county; and, being tenable with his Kentish living, would not have totally estranged him from his friends in the South of England. The patronage of Brampton is in the Dean of Lincolu, which dignity was then filled by the Rev. Dr. Thomas Cheyney, to whom, Mr. Pegge being a stranger, the application was necessarily to be made in a circuitous manner, and he was obliged to employ more than a double mediation before his name could be mentioned to the dean.

The mode he proposed was through the influence of William, the third Duke of Devonshire, to whom Mr. Pegge was personally known as a Derbyshire man (though he had so long resided in Kent), having always paid his respects to his Grace on the public days at Chatsworth, as often as opportunity served, when on a visit in Derbyshire. Mr. Pegge did not, however, think himself sufficiently in the Duke's favour to make a direct address for his Grace's recommendation to the Dean of Lincoln, though the object so fully met his wishes in moderation, and in every other point. He had, therefore, recourse to a friend, the Right Rev. Dr. Fletcher, Bishop of Dromore, then in England;

who, in conjunction with the late Godfrey Watkinson, of Brampton Moor, Esq. (the principal resident gentleman in the parish of Brampton) solicited, and obtained, his Grace's interest with the Dean of Lincoln, who, in consequence, nominated Mr. Pegge to the living.

One point now seemed to be gained toward his re-transplantation into his native soil, after he had resisted considerable offers had he continued in Kent; and thus did he think himself virtually in possession of a living in. Derbyshire, which in its nature was tenable with Godmersham, in Kent. Henceforward, then, he no doubt felt a satisfaction that he should soon be enabled to live in Derbyshire, and occasionally visit his friends in Kent, instead of residing in that county, and visiting his friends in Derbyshire.

But, after all this assiduity and anxiety (as if admission and ejection had pursued him a second time), the result of Mr. Pegge's expectations was far from answering his then present wishes; for, when he thought himself secure by the Dean's nomination, and that nothing was wanting but the Bishop's license, the Dean's right of patronage was controverted by the parishioners of Brampton, who brought forward a nominee of their own.

The ground of this claim, on the part of the parish, was owing to an ill-judged indulgence of some former Deans of Lincoln, who had occasionally permitted the parishioners to send an incumbent directly to the Bishop for his license, without the intermediate nomination of the Dean in due form.

These measures were principally fomented by the son of the last incumbent, the Rev. Seth Ellis, who wanted the living, and was patronized by the parish.

Whatever inducements the parish might have to support Mr. Ellis so strenuously, we do not say, though they manifestly did not arise from any pique to one Dean more than to another; and, we are decidedly clear that they were not founded in any aversion to Mr. Pegge, as an individual; for, his character was in all points too well established, and too well known (even to the leading opponents to the Dean), to admit of the least personal dislike in any respect. So great, nevertheless, was the acrimony with which the parishioners pursued their visionary pretensions to the patronage, that, not content with the decision of the jury, (which was highly respectable) in favour of the Dean, when the right of patronage was tried, 1748, that they carried the cause to an assize at Derby, where, on the fullest and

most incontestible evidence, a verdict was again given in favour of the Dean.

The evidence produced by the parish went to prove from an entry, made nearly half a century before in the accounts kept by the church-wardens, that the parishioners, and not the Deans of Lincoln, had hitherto, on a vacancy, nominated a successor to the Bishop of the diocese for his license, without the intervention of any other person or party. The parish accounts were accordingly brought into court at Derby, wherein there appeared not only a palpable erasement, but such an one as was detected by a living and credible witness; for, a Mr. Mower* swore that, on a vacancy in the year 1704, an application was made by the parish to the Dean of Lincoln in favour of the Rev. Mr. Littlewood.

In corroboration of Mr. Mower's testimony, an article in the parish accounts and expenditures of that year was adverted to, and which, when Mr. Mower saw it, ran thus:

"Paid William Wilcoxson, for going to Lincoln to the Dean, concerning Mr. Littlewood, five shillings."

The parishioners had before alleged, in proof of their title, that THEY had elected Mr. Littlewood, and, to uphold this asseveration, had clumsily altered the parish accountbook, and inserted the words to Lichfield to the BISHOP," in the place of the words "to Lincoln to the DEAN."

Thus their own evidence was turned against the parishioners; and not a moment's doubt remained but that the patronage rested with the DEAN of Lincoln.

We have related this affair without a strict adherence to chronological order as to facts, or to collateral circumstances, for the sake of preserving the narrative entire, as far as it regards the contest between the Dean of Lincoln and the parish of Brampton; for we believe that this transaction (uninteresting as it may be to the public in general) is one of the very few instances on record which has an exact parallel +.

The intermediate points of the contest in which Mr. Pegge was more peculiarly concerned, and which did not prominently appear to the world, were interruptions and unpleasant impediments which arose in the course of this

We believe this witness to have been George Mower, Esq. of Woodseats, in this county, who served the office of sheriff, 1734.

+flu this narrative we have omitted a few sentences, on account of their extreme acrimony. E.1

tedious process. He had been nominated to the perpetual curacy of Brampton by Dr. Cheyney, Dean of Lincoln; was at the sole expense of the suit respecting the right of patronage, whereby the verdict was given in favour of the Dean; and he was actually licensed by the Bishop of Lichfield. In consequence of this decision and the Bishop's license, Mr. Pegge, not suspecting that the contest could go any farther, attended to qualify at Brampton, on Sunday, Aug. 28, 1748, in the usual manner; but was repelled by violence from entering the church.

In this state matters rested regarding the patronage of Brampton, when Dr. Cheyney was unexpectedly transferred from the Deanery of Lincoln to the Deanery of Winchester, which (we may observe by the way) he solicited on motives similar to those which actuated Mr. Pegge at the very moment; for, Dr. Cheyney, being a native of Winchester, procured an exchange of his Deanery of Lincoln with the Rev. Dr. William George, Provost of King's college, Cambridge, for whom the Deanery of Winchester was intended by the minister on the part of the crown.

Thus Mr. Pegge's interests and applications were to begin de novo with the patron of Brampton; for, his nomination by Dr. Cheyney, in the then state of things, was of no validity. He fell however into liberal hands; for, his activity in the proceedings which had hitherto taken place respecting the living in question, had rendered fresh advocates unnecessary, as it had secured the unasked favour of Dr. George, who not long afterwards voluntarily gave him the rectory of Whittington, near Chesterfield, in Derbyshire, into which he was inducted Nov. 11, 1751, and where he resided for upwards of forty-four years without interruption *.

Though Mr. Pegge had relinquished all farther preten sions to the living of Brampton before the cause came to a decision at Derby, yet he gave every possible assistance at the trial, by the communication of various documents, as well as by his personal evidence at the assize, to support the claim of the new nominee, the Rev. John Bowman, in whose favour the verdict was given, and who afterwards enjoyed the benefice.

* Dr. George's letter to Mr. Pegge on the occasion has been preserved, and is conceived in the most manly and generous terms. On account of the distance, Mr. Pegge then residing in Kent, the Dean was so obliging as to concert matters with Bishop (Frederick) Cornwallis, who then sat at Lichfield, that the living might lapse without injury to Mr. Pegge, who therefore took it, in fact, from his Lordship by collation.

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