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Sir William Trumbull's Life annaliter.

1638. Born at Easthamstead, Berkshire, in August.

1644. Receives early instructions in Latin and French from his grandfather, Mr. Wekerlin, Latin Secretary to Charles I.

1649. Sent to Oakingham School.

1654. Admitted a Gentleman-Commoner (under Mr. T.. Wyatt) in St. John's college, Oxford.

1657. Chosen Fellow of All Souls.

1659. Went out Bachelor of Laws.

1664. Went into France and Italy; lived there with Lords Sunderland, Godolphin, Sidney, and the Bishop of London (Dr. Compton).

1666. Returned to college.

1667. Practised as a civilian in the Vice-Chancellor's court; appeals to the Chancellor Clarendon, and carries a point respecting the non-payment of fees for his Doctor's degree; gains great credit by it, and all the business of the Vice-Chancellor's court; July 6, takes the degree of LL.D. 1668. Michaelmas Term, admitted of Doctors' Commons, attends diligently the courts, and takes notes.

1670. Marries a daughter of Sir Charles Cotterell; 24 Nov. £350 a year only settled upon him by his father: this sharpens his industry in his profession.

1672. Sir William Walker's death; Sir R. Wiseman's being made Judge of the Arches; Sir Lionel Jenkins, Judge of the Admiralty, &c. &c. contribute to his advancement in business; gets about £500 per annum by his business, and the reversion of the place of Clerk of the Signet on Sir Philip Warwick's death, which happened in 1682.

(His Entrance into Public Employments.)

1682. Engages to go to Tangiers with Lord Dartmouth; kisses the King's hand upon his appointment of Judge Advocate of the fleet, and Commissioner for settling the properties of the leases of houses, &c. at Tangiers between the King and the inhabitants, he has occasion to remark "the great difference between the value of assistance when wanted, and after it is given and done with."

Lord Dartmouth's commission opened at Cape St. Vincent's, "all surprised at it."

In September, arrived at Tangiers; the Moors apprised of the secret by their intelligence with the Jews; he returns to Doctors' Commons in November; refuses the Secretary of War's place in Ireland.

1684. November 1, presented to the King by Lord Rochester, and knighted.

Made Clerk of the Deliveries of the Ordnance Stores, Feb. 1. £300 per annum.

1685. Appointed Envoy Extraordinary to France against his inclination; the King insisted upon his going; accepts a pension of £200 per annum in lieu of his place of Clerk of the Deliveries, which he could not hold with his appointment as Envoy this the only pension he ever had.

On account of the persecution in France,* Sir William gives in memorials in behalf of English Protestant subjects, of whom he sheltered many, and preserved their effects.

1686. He receives letters of revocation from France; and is appointed Ambassador Extraordinary to the Ottoman Porte.

1687. The Turkey Company present Sir William with a gold cup, value £60, before he embarked for Turkey, 16th April.

Arrives at Leghorn, May 23.—(Here the MS. account ends.)

"In 1694 and 1695, he was advanced to be one of the Lords of the Treasury, of the most Hon. Privy Council, and principal Secretary of State; he was Governor of the Turkey Company; had been several times Member of Parliament, and once Burgess for the University of Oxford. In all these stations he maintained the character of an able statesman, and a good Christian, and as such died Friday, Dec. 14, 1716, in the seventy-eighth year of his age, and was buried in Easthamstead church, Berkshire †." 1790, Jan.

L. Mr. HOLDSWORTH.-Account of his Cenotaph, with Anecdotes.


IN a late excursion, I had the pleasure of viewing the spacious and magnificent mansion of Penn Assheton Curzon, Esq. at Gopsal, in Leicestershire, the residence formerly of

* Occasioned by the revocation of the Edict of Nantz, at this time. From his monument in Easthamstead church. For his epitaph by Pope, see Johnson's Life of Pope, vol. IV. p. 219.

Charles Jennens, Esq. who built the house, and resided in it many years with much splendour and hospitality.

The principal part of this house was the work of Mr. Westley, of Leicester; the offices are by Mr. Hiorn, of Warwick.

To say nothing of the pictures with which this house abounds; or of the elegant neatness of the chapel, wainscotted with cedar, where the communion-table is a genuine part of the ROYAL OAK; or of the extent and real beauty of the pleasure-grounds; the purport of the present letter, Mr. Urban, is to notice a compliment to the memory of the celebrated illustrator of Virgil.

On a gentle eminence, near the extremity of the grounds, is erected a beautiful Ionic temple, on the centre of which is a capital figure, by Roubilliac, of Religion, holding in one hand the cross, in the other the Book of Life unfolded. Some writing was originally on the book, and also on a label over the figure, in cast metal let into the marble; but, part of the letters having fallen out, the words are now illegible. Round the frieze, however, this inscription remains :


Under the coverture of the temple, which is open on all its sides, is a cenotaph, the production of Mr. Hayward, the top of which finishes with a large and elegant vase richly ornamented. The whole is executed in fine statuary marble of Luna.

On the south side is a figure in high relief of a Genius in a pensive attitude, reclining over an extinguished torch, as may be seen on many ancient sarcophagi; signifying, that after death ceases all earthly honour, &c.

On the West side is a beautiful representation of Virgil's tomb.

On the East side, on the top of a seemingly ruined pannel, is a bust of Virgil, taken from the only one known of him in the Capitol at Rome, with various fragments of antiquity at the foot, and this inscription:

E. HOLDSWORTH, natus 1684, mortuus 1746,
Inscriptionem præstolatus usque ad 1764.

Miraris forsan, Lector, nec immerito,
Hunc omni laude dignissimum virum,

Sine saxo et sine nomine corpus,
Tamdiu jacuisse!

Verum iste Regulus, qui elogium pollicebatur,
Dum per plures annos
Orationibus vel Oratiunculis,
Et versibus Satyrico-Politicis
Scribendis, dicendis, et agendis,
Suo denique sui ipsius elogio
Inanem sibi gloriam aucupatur,
Famæ interim melioris oblitus,
Amicis quam dederat fidem fefellit.

On the North side :

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Quod Genius diu solicitatus negavit,
Promisit enim, nec tamen præstitit,
Id demum impar quidem conatui,
Sed indignata,
Præstat amicitia.

In memoriam viri integerrimi


De quo, si magna loqui videar,
Quod Maronem felicissimè juvenis imitatus,
Pari felicitate senior illustravit, defendit;
Quod des Magdalenas,

Quas ingenio, eruditione, virtutibus alumnus ornaverat,
Doctrinâ ac peritiâ architectonicâ,

Ab iisdem ædibus imò et patriâ
Per temporum iniquitatem extorris,
Eleganter instaurandas curavit.
Hoc multò majus,

Quod adolescentes pro virili suis artibus imbuit et moribus
Contra degeneris ævi vitia,
Privata simul et publica,

Non minus exemplo quam monitis munivit,
Illud verò longe maximum,
Quod mundum Deo natus vicit,
Quod, Dei mandato obtemperans,
E gremio Almæ Matris exivit
Nescius quo esset iturus,

Sed enim civitatem ΤΟΥΣ ΘΕΜΕΛΙΟΥΣ habentem,
Cujus Architectus est Deus,

Fide verè Abramicâ,

Verè Evangelicâ,

Fretus expectavit.

Hæc ni fallor

Quicquid contra oblatrent pseudo-politici,
Hæc consensu bonorum omnium,
Opinionibus quantumvis diversorum,
Summa sapientia.

The inscriptions, I am informed, were written by Mr. Jennens, whose honest indignation could not be restrained from a censure on the famous Dr. William King, of Oxford, for neglecting to perform the kind office he had undertaken.

Mr. Holdsworth was buried in Coleshill church, where a plain black marble grave-stone is thus inscribed :

"Mr. Edward Holdsworth was born at North Stoneham, Hants, August 6, 1688; was early upon the foundation at Winchester College; where he continued till he removed to Oxford, and was chosen demy of Magdalen College; which he quitted, in 1715, on account of the abjurationoath. After this, he travelled with several noblemen and gentlemen, till near the time of his death, which happened Dec. 30, 1746, at the seat of the good Lord Digby, in this neighbourhood. He was an elegant Latin poet, a judicious critic, a faithful friend, and a good Christian.

Qui plura cupit,

Adeat Cenotaphium in Templo Gopsaliensi:
Ubi viri, quem impensè amavit, memoriæ
Imbellem sanè operam navavit

From so amiable a character as Mr. Holdsworth had in private life, and from the excellence of the few publications of his which have been given to the public; you will perhaps, Mr. Urban, have no objection to print the following short abridgment of what is said of him in the "Anecdotes of Mr. Bowyer:"

"Mr. Holdsworth took the degree of M.A. in April, 1711; became a college-tutor, and had many pupils. In 1715, when he was to be chosen into a fellowship, he resigned his demyship, and left the college from an unwillingness to swear alleg ance to the new government. The remainder of his life was spent in travelling with young noblemen and gentlemen as tutor; in which capacity he was at Rome, in 1741 and 1744. He died of a fever, December 30, 1747. He was the author of " Muscipula," a poem, esteemed a master-piece in its kind, and of which there is a good

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