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relating to Gray's Inn, with lists of persons admitted, &c. &c. in which I find the name of John Bradshaw, to occur very frequently.


No. 565. John Bradshaw, 1605.

771. John Bradshaw, 1620.

798. John Bradshaw, 1622.

932. John Bradshaw, 1 Nov. 1637, Holborn, Middlesex.

955. John Bradshaw, 4 Feb. 1638, Hope, Lancashire.

1140. John Bradshaw, 28 Nov. 1657, West Chester.

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Harl. MS. 1437, the visitation of Lancashire, by St. George, Norroy. P. 153, in the pedigree of Bradshaw, of Haghe, his eldest son, James, was seventeen years of age in 1613. He had six other sons, (none of the name of John,) and four daughters. At p. 155, are some other notes of the Bradshaws, and the following pedigree of the Bradshaws of Bradshaw, which appears rather more likely to be the family. Alexander Bradshaw, da. of Orrell,

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From Collection of Pamphlets, No. 805, small 4to.-" On Monday last (Oct. 31, 1659,) it pleased God to put a period to the life of Lord Bradshaw, after a year's lingering under a fierce and most tedious quartan ague. Upon his deathbed he desired that God would be pleased to unite the hearts of his people in all christian practices, both spiritual and temporal; and that such as profess holiness, and walk according to the rules of the holy scriptures, might not be restrained from their professions, but that a gospel ministry might be settled, and an equal hand in distributing justice to all persons duly administered." Vide "The Loyal Scout," from Friday, October 28, to Friday, November 4, 1659, p. 213.

No. 129, large 4to. of the same Collection.-"Whitehall, Oct. 31. This day it pleased God to put a period to the life of Lord Bradshaw, after a year's lingering under a fierce and most tedious quartan ague, which, in all probability, could not have taken him away yet awhile had he not, by his indefatigable affection toward the public affairs and safety, in a time of danger, wasted himself with extraordinary labours from day to day. For the common-wealth he always lived, and for the sake of the common-wealth he died so soon.

"To do right to the dead, whom it is now no time to flatter, and that I may propound a noble pattern to our nation, give me leave to say what, after ten years' observation, I know most true. He was a man of most exemplary piety, with no noise or outward ostentation; one that truly feared God, and made it the business of his family to serve him, so that more constant devotion or temperance had not been seen in any other; a great patron of ministers, in his own house and abroad, that were ministers indeed; and a true lover of learned men, yet of none that were either vicious or seditious, so that over those whom he once

owned, he ever held a strict and curious eye; and it is hard to say whether bounty towards them, or abundant charity towards the godly poor, were most conspicuous in his christian practice. For a sound heart in things religious, a rare acute judgment in the state of things civil, a wise conduct in the administration of state affairs, an eloquent tongue to inform a friend, or convince an adversary, a most equal heart and hand in distributing justice to both, a care of conscience in resolving, and courage to execute a resolution, this nation (I am persuaded) hath seldom seen the like; and it concerneth us that remain behind, to be earnest followers of his great example, who died the same man that he lived, always constant to himself, greater than envy, and well assured of immortality.

"One thing I must needs mention to his particular honour, that in a time when the world is misled with a blind superstition towards the name of king, he was the man that distinguished betwixt the office and the crime, durst judge the king to a death he most justly deserved; after which, notwithstanding all the threats and attempts of adversaries, it pleased God to lengthen out his life many years in honour, and, in fulness of honour to bring him to the grave in peace. I cannot but sprinkle a few tears upon the corpse of my noblest friend, and leave the common-wealth to put on mourning for so great a loss." See "Mercurius Politicus," No. 592, from Thursday, Oct. 27, to Thursday, Nov. 3, 1659, fol. 842, and "The Public Intelligencer," from Oct. 31, to Nov. 7, fol. 833.

In No. 15 of single sheets in folio, is the Arraignment of the Devil, for stealing away President Bradshaw, to the tune of "Well-a-day, well-a-day;" and a Guildhall Elegie upon the funeral of that infernal saint, John Bradshaw, President of the High Court of Justice. At the bottom, "Sic hilariter luget. O. P."


To the account of Bradshaw, you may add the following extract from a scarce pamphlet, intituled "The Mistery of the Good Old Cause, briefly unfolded in a catalogue of such members of the late Long Parliament that held offices, civil and military, contrary to the self-denying ordinance," &c. 12mo. 1660, p. 2. "John Bradshaw, serjeant of the law, lord president of the high court of Injustice, and president of the council of state: There was given him, besides, the Earl of St. Alban's manor of Summers-hill, in Kent, worth 15001. per annum: the Lord Cottington's estate, called Fante-hill,

in Wiltshire, his manor of Hanworth, near Hounslow, in Middlesex, and the Dean's house, at the college at Westminster. He was one of the judges of the sheriffs' court in Guildhall, London, and justice of the county Palatine of Chester. After the most notorious villanies that ever were committed for the keeping a tail of a parliament in perpetual power, he saw it interrupted for almost six years together, and at length died during the last interruption of it by Lainbert."

1784, Jan.

C. D.

XXX. A short Account of CHARLES ROGERS, Esq.

THIS gentleman, whose worth was sufficiently known to a small circle of friends, by whom his loss is greatly lamented, passed a long and useful life, so much confined within the bounds of science and official duty, that no events of importance can be expected in the detail of it, nor any of those vicissitudes which frequently fall to the lot of active ambition. Yet, though void of circumstances of brilliancy, it deserves to be recorded; and, therefore, the few following particulars are now made public.

Mr. Rogers was born August 2, 1711, in Dean-street, Soho; and received the first rudiments of education at a private school near the Mews, where, he has been frequently heard to declare, he acquired no useful learning, nor made any proficiency whatever. It was not till he had quitted all assistance from instructors that he began to aspire to literature. He then exerted that innate industry and application which constituted a striking part of his character; and, with no aid but his own abilities, overcame all the difficulties which stood in the way of an acquaintance with learning and science. On the third of May, 1731, he was placed in the Custom-house, where he executed the duties. of the several places which he held, with industry, attention, and integrity. By the usual steps he rose in the office; and on the first of April, 1747, he became the principal of that department to which he belonged, under the title of “ Clerk of the Certificates," a post which he held, and of which he performed the business, almost to the end of his life.

From the time of his admission into the Custom-house, he employed the leisure which his place afforded him in the

cultivation of his mind, in the acquisition of literature, and in forming the valuable collections of prints and drawings which he left behind him. These were the objects of his attention; to these alone he devoted his relaxations from business. In the course of his pursuits, he became acquainted with several persons whose similarity of taste led them to the same amusements; among the rest, he was par ticularly attached to Mr. Pond, a gentleman formerly well known for his regard to virtú. By him he was introduced to the Society of Antiquaries, Feb. 13, 1752; of which he became a very useful member, and was several times chosen of the council. He afterwards was elected a member of the Royal Society, but the exact time we are unable to ascertain.

After Mr. Rogers had begun to form his collections, and had made some progress therein, he conceived the idea of communicating to the public, specimens of the manner of the several different masters; a work requiring amazing industry and perseverance, and attended with great expense. "Quatenus nobis denegatur diu vivere, relinquamus aliquid quo nos vixisse testemur," was his favourite aphorism. The execution of this undertaking may be considered as the principal object of his life. With this he filled up his vacant hours, and in the end had the happiness to see it completed. It contains one hundred and twelve prints, together with lives of the artists, and characters of their works; and forms two volumes of imperial folio, under the title of "A Collec tion of Prints in imitation of drawings; to which are annexed, Lives of their Authors, with explanatory and critical notes, by C. Rogers, Esq. F.R.S. and F.A.S. printed by J. Nichols, 1778." The plates were engraved by Bartolozzi, Ryland, Basire, and other eminent artists, from original drawings, in the collections of his Majesty, his Grace the Duke of Marlborough, the Earl of Bute, Earl Cholmondeley, Earl Spencer, Lord Frederick Campbell, Sir Joshua Reynolds, and his own. The heads of the different painters, and a variety of fanciful decorations, are also given, in a peculiar style of engraving on wood, by Mr. Simon Watts; and the whole may be considered as a performance which at once reflects honour on the country, as well as on the liberality of the undertaker, who neither was, nor, it is supposed, ever expected to be, reimbursed the great expense he had incurred in the execution of it. Mr. Rogers, however, had the pleasure of knowing that the book was placed in many of the most respectable cabinets; in the Royal Library particularly, and in those of the Emperor of Germany, the Em

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