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mens which it contains of work in which the Norman and Early English forms are much intermixed. The west front is remarkably fine, though the south tower alone remains. The principal features of the front are Early English, but the central doorway is Norman, and very rich in its ornament; there are five ranges of mouldings with very fine ornament partaking of Early English character, two having the tooth ornament, and one a very singular description of enrichment, consisting of double string drawn out into chevrons at regular intervals, and so disposed that a lozenge is formed by the two chevrons in which is inserted a quatrefoil; the space between the strings is filled with tooth ornament. The shafts have capitals of foliage of a stiff character. On either side of the head of the doorway is an E.E. niche of plain character. The pediment of the central division of the front is enriched with the curvilinear ball-flower, and the great central window has been of E.E. character, but is filled with rectilinear tracery; the architrave mouldings have the toothed ornament, and shafts of the same character. The south tower is a beautiful E.E. specimen, has flat buttresses and plain parapet. There are three stages of ornament. The lower stage has a good Early English doorway, with deep mouldings, and the ball-flower ornament. The buttresses have elegant niches with fillited shafts, and toothed dripstone. The string between the two lower stages has the toothed ornament. The second stage has a fine, deeplymoulded Early English arch in the centre, with shafts having foliated capitals. The upper stage is very fine, and has a double E. E. arch with mouldings and shafts. Each arch is pierced for a window, and over the two lights are two circular ornaments, each filled with a quatrefoil and surrounded by a band of tooth ornament. On the south side of this tower is a window with semicircular head. The north-west tower is down. The whole of this church has a plain flat parapet, and there is no clerestory. There are six arches on each side of the nave, of semicircular form with deep mouldings; the two western pillars are formed of clustered shafts with round Early English capitals. The remainder of the pillars are cylindrical. The triforium is placed on a string and is extremely fine, of mixed Norman and Early English character. It consists of three arches, the centre of which is the highest and semicircular, the two side ones of lancet form. The
centre arch is divided by a central shaft into two lancet arches, between the heads of which is a pierced trefoil. The shafts on which these arches rest have all square capitals, and the central one has a fine foliated capital. The walls of the church are nearly plain, and the windows have semicircular heads. There are ruins of the piers of the cross eastward of the present church. The church is very neatly and decently pewed.
On the opposite side of the river from Malton is the village of Norton, which is a suburb of Malton, and in the East Riding. Its church has recently been rebuilt in a plain style without a steeple.' Through this we proceeded to Sledmere, distant twelve miles. About four miles from Malton, just above the village of North Grimston, we leave the rich woody country and ascend into the bleak and bare Wolds. From the top of the hill on looking back a most extensive and magnificent prospect is enjoyed over Malton and the surrounding richly-wooded and varied country, with the hills round Helmsley in the distance. Over the Wolds there is a vast expanse of bleak, bare country, which is relieved by the plantations around Sledmere, where is a very fine mansion of Sir T. Sykes.
LITTLE DRIFFIELD CHURCH.
Through the village of Garton, we arrive at Little Driffield, a very pretty rural village. Its church is small, and has been lately much modernized, being adorned with wretched conventicle windows and other abominations. The church consists of a nave and chancel of one aisle only, and a tower at the west end. There is not much worthy of notice in the architecture of the church. The whole of the portion appropriated to the performance of divine service is modernized and newly pewed. The arch between the nave and chancel is pointed. There is a small portion of the west end of the nave not used for the service, and left in its primitive state. In this is a plain octagonal font, and a rude Norman arch opening to the tower, resting upon worked imposts. The south door is pointed, and has a band of moulding with the ballflower. The tower is plain, having a curvilinear belfry window
1 The churches on the Wolds are mostly small, consisting of only a nave and
chancel, and for the most part of Norman architecture.
and a parapet without a battlement, but decorated with the curvilinear waved line. Built into the north wall of the church are several monumental slabs with rich cross florys. This church is considered the mother church of Great Driffield, which is a pleasant town of 2,500 inhabitants a mile distant; the houses are ranged principally in one long, wide street which has a very neat and pleasing appearance. Immediately about the town the scenery is rural and agreeable, there being abundance of trees.
GREAT DRIFFIELD CHURCH.
The church is a very good building, but the body is low and plain (though of excellent Norman architecture) when compared with the lofty and magnificent tower which is seen at a great distance, and forms a beautiful object in the surrounding country. The church consists of a nave with north and south aisles, a chancel, and a tower at the west end. The nave is divided from each aisle by four semicircular arches springing from circular pillars (but not massive) with banded capitals. The clerestory is also of good Norman character, and internally exhibits on the north side four windows with semicircular arches, one over each pier, set on a string. Those on the south side have been stopped up. The south door has a semicircular arch, with good mouldings with a band of tooth ornament. The south aisle is considerably wider than the north, and has windows of rather singular character, large, with square heads and divided. into four lights shewing tracery of curvilinear character. At each extremity of the south aisle is a pointed curvilinear window with fine tracery and of four lights. The parapet of the whole of the nave and chancel of the church is plain and flat. The clerestory on the north side externally is very good, the windows have their exterior arches of semicircular form and supported on Norman shafts with capitals; between each window is a flat buttress, and under the parapet runs a cornice of the common Norman ornament consisting of grotesque heads, &c. The windows of the north aisle are square, of rectilinear tracery and two lights. There is a good Norman door, with two bands of mouldings supported on imposts without shafts, and having in one band the toothed ornament. This aisle is disfigured by large
clumsy brick buttresses of modern erection. The two side aisles extend a little westward of the east wall of the tower. Over the east window of the south aisle of the nave is a rude carved figure of a bishop with mitre and crosier. The chancel is without aisles, and has a south door which is decidedly E. E., though the arch be semicircular; it has one moulding filled with a band of foliage of singular character, and shafts with stiff foliated capitals resembling Corinthian. The buttresses are enriched with large spouts representing heads. The windows are rectilinear insertions, and are of two lights with square heads and labels. The east window is also square and has five lights. The eastern wall has a gable crowned with an ornamented cross. The interior will not detain us long, having little worthy of particular description, and no ancient monuments. The great neatness and general decent appearance, however, deserves notice. The pews are uniform, and there is a neat organ in the western gallery. In the wall of the south aisle is a trefoil niche with shafts of E. E. character. A wood screen divides the nave and chancel. South of the altar is a trefoil niche of rectilinear appearance, and beneath the chancel windows an E. E. string.
The lofty and magnificent tower, by far the most remarkable part of the church, is of rich rectilinear work, and is one of the finest in the county. It consists of three stages, each having fine crocketed ogee niches and panelling. The niches of the lower stage have groining under the canopies. There is a pretty west doorway, and above it a good window. The buttresses are elegantly grouped, and at each stage the set-offs have crocketed ogee canopies. The belfry windows in the upper stage are very large, with rectilinear tracery, transoms, and crocketed ogee heads flanked by pinnacles. The battlements are very finely panelled, and the whole is crowned with eight pinnacles, all crocketed, of which the corner ones are the largest, and have their sides enriched with panelling and canopies. There is a clock and three bells.
The country between Driffield and Bridlington is for the most part bleak and bare. Beverley Minster is seen at fourteen miles distance only, but the village and mansion of
Burton Agnes embosomed in trees relieve the general dreariness of the country, and shortly the sea comes into view, but the coast is particularly bare and exposed. The town of Bridlington is distant one mile from the sea, and is of large size, but the interior has rather a sombre aspect. The only interesting object is the church, which is truly a magnificent structure, being the nave of the church of the priory, dissolved at the Reformation, and a very striking object in every distant view of the town from the uncommon loftiness of the roof. Standing tolerably free from other buildings, on one side of a spacious area, the edifice is seen externally to much advantage, but has suffered grievous mutilation in many parts. It contains specimens of the three later styles of architecture of the finest description, and is uncommonly rich in ornament. The west front would have been very fine and imposing if the towers had been completed, and at present offers many beautiful portions of architecture-rectilinear, curvilinear, and E. E. There are three handsome doorways, with rich crocketed ogee canopies and deep mouldings. The bands of moulding are filled with varied foliage in the centre door, and the shafts have fine foliated capitals which have an appearance of curvilinear work. The southern door has one band of moulding, with very large, bold, vine leaves, one of circles containing quatrefoils, one of square flowers. The doorways are flanked with small buttresses crowned with pinnacles, and the whole space about the doors is richly panelled. The lower portion of the front between the doors is enriched with niches with triangular crocketed canopies. The beautiful vine foliage forms a principal feature in the mouldings of the doors. The ornaments of the front are sadly worn from time and neglect. The north tower is partly Early English, but is in a ruinous state, being scarcely carried up to half of the intended. height, and left unroofed. Its door is semicircular, but has shafts of evident Early Gothic character. The buttresses of the tower are flat and E. E. There are three stages above the doorway, each of which has a window; the two upper ones are early curvilinear of two lights, and in the lower stage is a range of trefoil niches with fine triangular canopies having crockets and finials. The cornice at the top of the tower and the bands between the stages have a foliated ornament. The parapet to the aisles