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but are equal in height to the nave, and have fine windows. at the ends; that on the south is of five lights, and brought down very low. That on the north has seven lights. The west window of the nave is of nine lights, and beneath it is a door which has some good wood sculpture. Several of the southern windows have the transomes embattled, and a band of panelling beneath them. On the north are some square windows of three lights, of rather singular character. The transepts have an upper tier of windows on the east and west sides. At the south side of the east front is an octagonal turret. The clerestory windows are set in pairs over each arch. The east window of the nave is of five lights, that of the south aisle of seven. There is a south porch of two stages with a battlement and pinnacles; over the entrance is a small square-headed window set between two niches.

The interior is peculiarly grand and imposing from the fine lofty proportions of every part, as well as its great lightness from the number and size of the windows. The whole of the fitting up is very handsome, and the pews and galleries neat and uniform. The nave has on each side five pointed arches, with octagonal pillars. The nave has a fine flat ceiling of wood, divided into panelled compartments, all of which contain painted representations of saints, animals, or armorial bearings. The aisles have also the ceilings panelled; the south aisle is wider than the north. The pulpit and the corporation seats have very handsome carving of a late date. The tower stands upon four lofty pointed arches opening to the nave, chancel and transepts, the piers of which have clustered octagon shafts with foliated capitals. Across the chancel and its aisles is a handsome wood screen, and the ancient stalls have also some good carving. The chancel has an appearance of earlier work than the other portions; it has on each side two low pointed arches with clustered piers of octagonal shafts. On each side of the altar table is an Early English lancet window opening into the side aisles, thus proving the latter to be more recent addiions. The ceiling of the chancel and its aisles is of oak, divided into panelled compartments. The south aisle of the choir is extremely light. The east window over the altar is filled with modern stained glass executed by Miller. The colouring is rich, and much superior to modern glass in general;

it represents figures of various saints under crocketed canopies.

In the chancel is an altar tomb with the sides panelled, of rectilinear date, and there is an elegant modern monument to Mr. Haigh. The font is of octagonal form, upon a pedestal of four clustered shafts.

In the west gallery is a very fine organ built by Harris, and put up in 1739. Beneath the same gallery is a glazed

screen.

The new church (Christ Church) stands at the eastern extremity of the town, and is a very neat, elegant structure, erected in 1829, at the sole expense of Mr. J. Jarratt. It is perfectly regular, and presents a very fair specimen of the rectilinear style successfully imitated, and very well finished. The steeple is of a singular design, but has a good effect; the lower part consists of a square tower with a battlement, and the buttresses at each angle terminated by a pinnacle.

TICKHILL.

This spacious and beautiful church is principally rectilinear with a few earlier portions. The exterior is rich and in good preservation, the whole of the body is embattled, and the buttresses are crowned with crocketed pinnacles; those of the clerestory are particularly rich, and have elegant tracery upon them. The tower is particularly beautiful; the lower part is evidently Early English, and has a very rich door with deep mouldings in the arch, some of which have the toothed ornament; the shafts are banded round the middle, the capitals have the nail-head ornament in the mouldings. The buttresses in this portion are large and square, with shafts set in hollows at the angles and bands of the toothed ornament running down; over the door is a large window of four lights, with early rectilinear tracery. The upper part of the tower is rectilinear, and has a good battlement pierced and canopied, and eight crocketed pinnacles. The belfry story has double windows of three lights, and beneath them a band of quatrefoils. The story below the belfry has a rich canopied niche containing an image. There is a south porch, with an embattled parapet, and flanked by crocketed pinnacles.

The interior is extremely light and beautiful, the nave

has a clerestory, and side aisles which are continued to the west wall of the tower, and the tower opens to the nave by an extremely fine and lofty arch of Early English character, the architrave mouldings being very deep, with the toothed ornament in the outer moulding; the shafts have very elegant capitals with the oak leaf; the arches opening to the aisles, north and south are of the same date but lower and plainer. Within the tower are begun the springing of ribs for a groined ceiling never completed. The nave has on each side four very lofty arches of singular character, the heads being ogee with finial, and in the space under each finial is a shield charged with arms or with the letters I H V. The mouldings of the arches are very fine, and the piers are each. formed of four clustered octagonal shafts with very rich. foliated capitals. The clerestory windows are set in pairs over each arch and are rectilinear, the arches, however, appear curvilinear. The windows of the aisles are rectilinear, those on the south of four lights, and very good, some having rich ancient stained glass; on the north they are of three lights. Above the chancel arch is a rectilinear window of four lights which throws in a great deal of light and produces a beautiful effect. The chancel arch is wide, with good mouldings, and the shafts have foliated capitals. The pewing of the nave is old and shabby, but some portions of old wood carving remain. The chancel has an aisle on the south, and a chapel on the north side. The chancel is of much lower elevation than the nave, and is divided from the south aisle by three pointed arches with octagonal pillars, the eastern arch is partly filled with a wall, and contains a door opening to a small enclosed chapel at the east end of the south aisle, in this is a plain niche with piscina, and an alabaster altar tomb of very gorgeous work, and mixed Italian character. The chancel opens to the north chapel by a single pointed arch springing from brackets of curvilinear character; in this chapel are two fine curvilinear windows of three lights, with very rich tracery. On the north side of the altar table is an altar tomb of rectilinear date, panelled with quatrefoils, and having a band filled with square flowers. There is a brass inscribed :-

"Hic jacet Wills Estele quondam senescallus de honoris de Tpkull, MCCCLXXII."

VOL. XIII.

D

There is a fine stone coffin, having the upper slab sculptured with a very rich cross flory, the sculpture sharp and well preserved, but the slab is broken.

The font is an octagon, panelled with quatrefoils and shields, on a pedestal formed of clustered shafts, and a band of square flowers round the base.

GENERAL PITT-RIVERS' EXCAVATIONS IN CRANBORNE

CHASE.

By Mrs. ARMITAGE.

How is an epoch-making book to make its epoch when it is privately printed? This is a question which must occur to everyone who studies the three splendid volumes in which General Pitt-Rivers has recorded his excavations in Cranborne Chase. Fortunate is the antiquarian who can get hold of these books, for they are not in the market, and though the author has been very generous in presenting them to various public libraries, there are no doubt many antiquarian societies which have never heard of them. It seems desirable, therefore, to give a brief account of their contents.

General Pitt-Rivers has long been known as an able archæologist, and invaluable papers from his hand, under his earlier name of Colonel Lane-Fox, are to be found scattered through the journals of our antiquarian and anthropological societies. He took the name of Rivers when he inherited the Rivers estate in 1880. Fortune is not often so kind as to place an ardent archæologist in a district teeming with prehistoric remains, and to endow him with ample means and leisure for the task of exploration. But to these advantages General Pitt-Rivers unites others which are (as the French would say) quite otherwise important: a long training in minute observation, a unique experience in the excavation of earthworks, a military eye which sees points in the construction of a rampart which would be hidden from an ordinary observer; and above all, a scientific mind which refuses to generalize without accurate data, and which will spare no pains to get the data accurate. During the whole period of these excavations the workmen were closely superintended either by General Pitt-Rivers himself or by one of his trained assistants; the position of every object found was carefully noted; bones or wooden fragments, which were too rotten to be moved, were measured before

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