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tofts in exchange for Osmundthorpe, adjoining the town of Leeds. Dugdale, quoting Stillingfleet, who wrote in 1434, says " Robert de Stapelton gave the vill of Osmundthorp to the Templars of Templehurst" (Monast. vi. p. 840), not Temple Newsam, as we should expect as nearest to his own home at Thorpe Stapelton. Robert also gave the monks at Pontefract "four bovates of his demesne in Stapelton and the whole of a messuage in the same manor [looking] towards the south, in perpetuity." In this grant he is styled "fil-Willi (2), fil Hugonisde Stapelton (1);" and in a subsequent confirmation of the same grant his grandson calls himself "Robertus (5) fil. Willi. (4), fil dni Roberti (3) avi mei.” (Lansdowne MSS., 207 a. fo. 607.) But his principal residence was at Cudworth near Barnsley. In 1166 he is one of the Knights of Yorkshire, holding two Knights' fees of Henry de Lacy, and gave land at Cudworth (terram de Chudwerda) to the neighbouring priory of Monk Bretton for his obit, which was confirmed by Pope Urban III. in 1186; and some more at Armley to Kirkstall Abbey. Towards the close of his life he had license from the Templars at a Chapter of the Order held in London, to build a chapel at Thorpe Stapelton (in curia sua de Thorpe), and to establish a chauntry there, swearing fealty to the Templars but reserving all the offerings to the mother-church at Whitkirk (Dodsworth MS., Bodleian Library, viii, fo. 221). His widow Claricia and his son William (4) also made a covenant with the parson of Roreston (Royston), their parish church, to have a chapel in the Hall at Cudworth, for which they gave six acres of land, and the name of Robert de Stapelton is to be put in the martyrology of the church. As lord of Saddleworth on the borders of Lancashire, which he held of Lacy, William (4), about 1200, obtained licence to have the divine offices celebrated there by a Chaplain in his chapel of St. Chad (Yorkshire Arch. Journal, viii., p. 15 n.)

The second Sir Robert (5) was one of the superior officers of the Honor of Pontefract in 1250, and held his court there. He gave the Canons of Nostel twelve acres of land in Cudworth, and in 1255 he received a grant of free warren from the king in all his demesne lands in Stapelton, Thorpe Stapelton, and Cudworth. He was deceased in 1284-5, for at Kirkby's Inquest, "Thorpe sub Rothwell Haught" in

Rothwell parish, was held by the heirs of Robert de Stapelton. At the end of the reign of Edward I., Thorpe belonged to the Scargills, a North Riding family, Warine de Scargill having married Clara, the heiress of the Stapeltons of the West Riding.

The evidence against any connection between the two families is said to rest principally on a difference in their Coats of Arms. They are represented in Dodsworth's notes on Coats of Arms (viii., p. 178); and a pen-and-ink drawing in the Leeds Library of the seal of Robert de Stapelton [of Cudworth] about 1206, exhibits a chief indented. A similar shield Az. a chief indented or, in the windows of York Minster, is usually attributed to Fitz Randolph, the founder of Middleham Castle, but for all we know to the contrary Nicholas de Stapelton, of the N. Riding Governor of that castle, may have borne the same. At any rate his son, Sir Miles, on his marriage with one of the heiresses of Bruce took the arms of that family, the Lion rampant on the silver shield. Warine de Scargill was a contemporary of Sir Miles, and took the same arms. In the north window of the choir of Rothwell Church "Dodsworth noticed the arms of Scargill, Ermine a saltier gu., impaling the arms of Stapelton, Arg., a lion rampant sa." (Herald & Genealogist, iv. p. 104.) The same Arms of Stapelton were found in the neighbouring church of Swillington, as those of one of the descendants of Hugo de Stapelton, who took the name of Swillington from his estate (Yorksh. Arch. Journal, xiii. p. 117 n.); and at Whitkirk, which was the Templars' Church at Temple Newsam (Her. & Genealogist, vol. iv. pp. 235, 237).




Imp'mis begining at a Stone Bridge East from the Manor House called Dighton Bridge and soe from ye sd Bridge south upp ye sd River or Becke called Crimple as ye Midstreame runneth to a certaine Meadow of Mr. Will. Middelton's called Bagwith and there on ye said Cremple southward along the East side of ye Demaines of Stockell grounde as

the long Inge goeth and ye River cometh downe unto a Place called Bairarse Ing and soe South along ye East side of ye sd Bairarse ats Bairearse lease Parcell of ye said Lordshipp of Stockell as ye hedge goeth unto a Gate at ye south end & head of ye sd Bairarse lease and soe along as ye Hye Street lyeth unto a small Baulke having Thorne Bushes upon the same lying East from ye sd High Street called the Draill Baulke lying betwixt ye Lordshipp of Linton upon the West and ye Lordshipp of Kirkedighton and soe along ye sd Baulke as it lyeth turning somewhat upon the North unto a Place where ye said two Lordshipps doe meete and bounder with ye Lordshipp of Weatherby at the North End of ye sd Draill Baulke turning upon ye South from thence southward as ye sd Baulke lyeth betwixt ye s Lordshipp of Linton and ye said Lordshipp of Weatherby unto a meare Stone on the South side of ye Queenes High Streete lying upon a Hill called Draincall Hill & from thence South along a Thorny Baulke called Draincall Baulke south unto ye Midle Streame of ye River of Wharffe and soe South West as the sd Streame cometh downe unto ye head and West end of ye Cow Pasture of Linton and from thence still West ye Midle Streame of ye sd River betwixt the Lordshipps of Woodhall and Keiswicke untill a Place called the Awste Holme and soe still up ye Streame of ye sd River unto a place called the Strand and soe to a place called ye Cow Holme & from the Cow Holme as ye said Streame runneth unto Natherby and still up the sd River unto a Place called Gilkecroste at ye South Corner of ye same whereas a sike called ebb sike runneth into the said River of Warffe & from thence North West upp ye sd ebb sike untill it turne plaine North and soe along the said sike untill ye West Nowke of Gilnaker and soe along the West hedge of ye sd Gilnaker unto ye West Corner of one Ing Close of Thomas Gelstropps called the becke Inge and soe upp along the West hedge of ye sd Ing untill a litle Becke called ye Blacke Becke and then upp along ye sd Becke unto a Yate called the Bawghill Yate there adioyning upon Swindon, and soe up ye sd Blacke Becke unto Stringfellowes House, and soe up ye Becke to Swindon Gate and from thence up ye West side of Skailber and soe along the west side of ye said Scailber as ye River runneth unto a place called the Waire hoyll and from ye sd Waire hoyll along the South West Hedge of ye uttermost Closes of ye Wynd Mill at Walton Head still adioyning upon ye Comon of Swindon unto ye South West Corner of ye Browe Close where ye Wind Milne standeth and under ye sd Milne and soe North as ye Hedge of ye sd Brow Close goeth toward ye head house of Walton Head unto ye end of one old tarne of one Ditch or Hedge west from the said Wind Milne and soe Westward along ye said Tarne unto a small running sike wh cometh from ye aforesaid Walton Head, and then by ye sd sike unto one other old tarne of a Ditch on ye West side of ye sd Riv or Sike and from thence full West as ye sa Tarne goeth unto ye five Stones in the head of Butter sike and from the sd five stones North as ye sd Butter Sike runneth unto ye Milne Dame and soe streight over ye sd Dame unto a small Riv or Becke called Cremple and there turning full upon ye Easte downe ye Middle Streame of ye sd Cremple as ye Water runneth betwixt the sd Lordshipp of Spofford and ye Forrest of Knaisborow downe to a Ford called Almeford and from thence still as the sd Middle Streame runneth unto the Breekhill & from thence still as ye Streame

runneth unto the Ducke nest house & from thence still along the
Streame as it runneth unto the head of Aickton Moore and soe over ye
sd river or Becke called Cremple unto the South West Corner of ye
West Hedge of Breame Barress, and soe North East, as ye sd hedge
goeth up the Craggy Hill unto a Gate called Lolly gate and soe east on
the Hyghe Street, and on the sd Hedge south cast as the Hedge goeth
betwixt the Breame Ground and ye Lordshipp of Plumpton uuto ye
South West Corner of ye Wood called Loplay and soe still South East
on ye South side of ye sd Wood and thorough the Wood unto a Pasture
Close called Firbary lease, and soe along ye North Hedge of ye sd
Firbary lease unto a Pasture Close of Ribstone Ground called Ribston
lease and there turning North alonge the Hedge unto ye Gate in ye
Queenes High Streete going towarde Knaisborow and soe streight on ye
Streete and downe the Hedge to ye River of Nidd and soe downe
ye Midle Streame south east as the s River runneth and south to the
Mouth of Cremple whereas ye sd River or Becke called Cremple runneth
into the said River of Nidd and soe up ye s Cremple West unto ye
Black Stones at the Foote of Ribston Moore and soe up the Midle
Streame of ye saide Becke unto North Dighton Water Mill and soe up
still along ye sd Streame unto a Stone Bridge called Ribston Bridge and
on soe up to ye North East Corner of a Close now called ye Hollyn
Close and soe forth as ye said Becke boundereth ye sd Close untill the
North West Corner of North Dighton Pke and soe West along ye sd
Becke unto ye Southwest Corner of ye said Parke and soe still up ye
sd Becke to ye first named Stone Bridge where wee first began.
The true Copie agreeing wh ye originall written and

examined ye 8th of December 1614 by one Abraham
Flaighe, and now the sd Copie examined by us this
14th of June 1638.





Translated by ROBERT H. SKAIFE.

At the Midwinter Gemót of 1085-6, held in due form at Gloucester, William the Conqueror did one of his greatest "The King had mickle thought and sooth deep speech with his Witan about his land, how it were set and with whilk men." In that "deep speech," so called in our own tongue, lurks a name well known and dear to every Englishman. The result of that famous parliament is set forth at length by the chronicler. The King sent his men into each shire, men who did indeed set down in their writ how the land was set and of what men. In that writ we have a record in the Roman tongue no less precious than the Chronicles in our own. For that writ became the Book of Winchester, the book to which our fathers gave the name of Domesday, the book of judgement that spared no man.

The Great Survey was made in the course of the first seven months of the year 1086. Commissioners were sent into every shire, who inquired by the oaths of the men of the hundreds by whom the land had been held in King Edward's days, and what it was worth then; by whom it was held at the time of the Survey, and what it was worth then; and lastly, whether its worth could be raised. Nothing was to be left out. "So sooth narrowly did he let spear it out, that there was not a hide or a yard of land, nor further-it is shame to tell, and it thought him no shame to do-an ox nor a cow nor a swine was left that was not set in his writ." (The Norman Conquest, by E. A. Freeman.)


In' Eboraco civitate (York city), in the time of King Edward, beside the shire (i. e. ward) of the Archbishop there were six shires. One of these is cleared for the castle works. In five shires there were one thousand

1 Original, fo. 298a, col. 1. Facsimile Edition (1862), page 1.


2 Vastata in castellis." Made waste and taken out of cultivation by being


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