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are fine clusters of shafts which supported the ribs of the groining. Under each window is a panelled compartment consisting of three niches, divided each into two lights by a central shaft, and a circle between the heads. There is a door on the north side, the arch of which is placed between two smaller ones, as are the windows. The nave was eight arches in length. The west front appears to have been magnificent. The windows have very deep architrave mouldings, and the door, which seems to have been very large and fine, is nearly wholly destroyed. There are on this front several tiers of ornament, chiefly consisting of ranges of trefoil niches with rich crocketed triangular canopies. The choir is wholly destroyed.


Bubwith is situated on a flat close to the Derwent, between Selby and Market Weighton, and is liable frequently to inundations. The church has a west tower, a nave with aisles and clerestory, and a chancel with north chapel. The exterior, except parts of the chancel, is of rectilinear character, but within are several earlier portions. The tower is rectilinear, of good stone, with a three-light west window, a belfry window of two lights, an embattled parapet and four pinnacles. The chancel and clerestory are embattled, and the latter has pinnacles. The windows of the aisles are square headed, and mostly rectilinear, except two on the north side which are curvilinear. The clerestory windows also have square heads, but no labels. There is a porch of wood and plaster. The interior is very neatly pewed, and the chancel wainscoted handsomely, though not harmonizing with the architecture. The altar has a fine marble slab. The nave has four pointed arches on each side; the two western piers are octagonal, the rest circular. The arch to the chancel is elliptical, with deep architrave mouldings, the dripstone having a kind of scolloped ornament; it springs from clustered shafts of Norman character having the abacus in the capitals. The chancel has a pointed arch to its north aisle, which is used as a vestry, and contains a trefoil niche; its windows are square and rectilinear, and one has a piece of stained glass representing a person playing on an organ. The chancel

has some lancet windows, and one curvilinear of two lights. The east window is of five lights of mixed curvilinear and rectilinear character with some fragments of stained glass.


Aughton is about a mile from Bubwith, and is a small neglected village. The church stands low, so that the floods. often come up to the churchyard. It consists of a west tower, a nave with north aisle, and a chancel much curtailed of its original proportions. The tower is of very late date, with some Italian admixture, and of low proportions; there are some armorial bearings and an inscription on a tablet, and grotesque figures on the buttresses. The exterior of the church has a mean and patched appearance; one or two original rectilinear windows remain, but much mutilated, and parts rebuilt in brick. The south doorway is Norman, the arch narrow, and its shafts have rope ornament in the capitals. The interior is very neat and well pewed; the nave is divided from the aisle by four pointed arches with circular pillars, the extreme arches springing from clustered shafts against the wall. The arch to the chancel is a very fine Norman one, with three tiers of moulding, and the beakhead, and lozenge ornaments, the shafts clustered with very rich capitals. The pulpit is placed within this arch. The chancel contains a brass, inscribed :

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Also two other slabs sculptured with black letter inscriptions; one bears the name of "Dia Maria Pickerg 1456." The altar table is wretchedly mean. The font is a very good Norman one of cylindrical form, with intersecting arches and shafts with square capitals; it is raised on two steps. The church stands very low, and the parts around it are frequently flooded quite up to the churchyard.


Is a handsome structure of good stone, chiefly of rectilinear work, but the arches and piers of the nave are of

earlier date. The tower at the west end is a very handsome one, with an embattled parapet, the buttresses very finely grouped, and surmounted by eight crocketed pinnacles; there are also pinnacles on the set-offs of the buttresses. The west window is of five lights, and the lower stage on the south side has a canopied niche. The belfry windows are double. The clerestory is embattled, but not the aisles ; throughout the church the buttresses are crowned by crocketed pinnacles which have a rich effect. The windows of the nave, including those of the clerestory, are squareheaded, of three lights. The east window is of late date, of five lights, and those in the south aisle of the chancel have a rich band of square flowers in the dripstones. The nave is separated from each aisle by three pointed arches, the piers being on the north, circular; on the south, octagonal. The chancel has also two arches on each side; the pier on the north is plain and flat-faced; on the south, octagonal, with quatrefoils in the capital. In the south arch is a very rich ancient pew surrounded by fine wood screen work, upon which there is an inscription. "This same pew belongs to their Graces the Duke and Duchess of Somerset.' font is a plain octagon. In the chancel is placed a barrel




The parish church of St. George is a very noble cruciform structure, built of very fine stone, and the exterior very rich, chiefly of rectilinear character. From the centre rises a splendid tower, one of the most elegant in England, consisting of two stages above the roof, both highly enriched; the lowest has on each side a double window, glazed, above which runs a band of panelling; the upper stage has large double belfry windows, each of four lights with transoms, and crocketed ogee heads. The battlement is pierced and canopied like that at Hull; there are ten crocketed pinnacles, which have a rich effect, the corner ones being the largest. The buttresses are very well grouped, and enriched in their several stages with crocketed canopies and fine panelling. The south side of the church is richer than the north, and the whole has an embattled parapet with crocketed pinnacles, except the clerestory of the choir and the north aisle of the nave. The transepts do not extend far beyond the aisles,

but are equal in height to the nave, and have fine windows. at the ends; that on the south is of five lights, and brought down very low. That on the north has seven lights. The west window of the nave is of nine lights, and beneath it is a door which has some good wood sculpture. Several of the southern windows have the transomes embattled, and a band of panelling beneath them. On the north are some square windows of three lights, of rather singular character. The transepts have an upper tier of windows on the east and west sides. At the south side of the east front is an octagonal turret. The clerestory windows are set in pairs over each arch. The east window of the nave is of five lights, that of the south aisle of seven. There is a south porch of two stages with a battlement and pinnacles; over the entrance is a small square-headed window set between two niches.

The interior is peculiarly grand and imposing from the fine lofty proportions of every part, as well as its great lightness from the number and size of the windows. The whole of the fitting up is very handsome, and the pews and galleries neat and uniform. The nave has on each side five pointed arches, with octagonal pillars. The nave has a fine flat ceiling of wood, divided into panelled compartments, all of which contain painted representations of saints, animals, or armorial bearings. The aisles have also the ceilings panelled; the south aisle is wider than the north. The pulpit and the corporation seats have very handsome carving of a late date. The tower stands upon four lofty pointed arches opening to the nave, chancel and transepts, the piers of which have clustered octagon shafts with foliated capitals. Across the chancel and its aisles is a handsome wood screen, and the ancient stalls have also some good carving. The chancel has an appearance of earlier work than the other portions; it has on each side two low pointed arches with clustered piers of octagonal shafts. On each side of the altar table is an Early English lancet window opening into the side aisles, thus proving the latter to be more recent addiions. The ceiling of the chancel and its aisles is of oak, divided into panelled compartments. The south aisle of the choir is extremely light. The east window over the altar is filled with modern stained glass executed by Miller. The colouring is rich, and much superior to modern glass in general;

it represents figures of various saints under crocketed canopies.

In the chancel is an altar tomb with the sides panelled, of rectilinear date, and there is an elegant modern monument to Mr. Haigh. The font is of octagonal form, upon a pedestal of four clustered shafts.

In the west gallery is a very fine organ built by Harris, and put up in 1739. Beneath the same gallery is a glazed


The new church (Christ Church) stands at the eastern extremity of the town, and is a very neat, elegant structure, erected in 1829, at the sole expense of Mr. J. Jarratt. It is perfectly regular, and presents a very fair specimen of the rectilinear style successfully imitated, and very well finished. The steeple is of a singular design, but has a good effect; the lower part consists of a square tower with a battlement, and the buttresses at each angle terminated by a pinnacle.


This spacious and beautiful church is principally rectilinear with a few earlier portions. The exterior is rich and in good preservation, the whole of the body is embattled, and the buttresses are crowned with crocketed pinnacles; those of the clerestory are particularly rich, and have elegant tracery upon them. The tower is particularly beautiful; the lower part is evidently Early English, and has a very rich door with deep mouldings in the arch, some of which have the toothed ornament; the shafts are banded round the middle, the capitals have the nail-head ornament in the mouldings. The buttresses in this portion are large and square, with shafts set in hollows at the angles and bands of the toothed ornament running down; over the door is a large window of four lights, with early rectilinear tracery. The upper part of the tower is rectilinear, and has a good battlement pierced and canopied, and eight crocketed pinnacles. The belfry story has double windows of three lights, and beneath them a band of quatrefoils. The story below the belfry has a rich canopied niche containing an image. There is a south porch, with an embattled parapet, and flanked by crocketed pinnacles.

The interior is extremely light and beautiful, the nave

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