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piers octagonal and without capitals. There is no clerestory. The chancel has plain pointed arches to its aisles, and on each side of the east windows of the aisles are niches with fine crocketed canopies. The font is Norman, in the shape of a circular cup with rope ornament round the base. The chancel is remarkable for a number of very fine ancient tombs in excellent preservation. In the north aisle are-1. An alabaster altar tomb enriched with crocketed niches containing images, with the recumbent figure of Sir William Gascoigne. 2. A plainer tomb, also having niches in the basement, to Sir Richard Redman, temp. Henry VI., with the effigies of the knight and his lady. In the south aisle are, 3. A tomb much resembling the last, with niches and shields to Sir William Ryther, bearing his effigy and that of his lady. 4. The tomb of Chief Justice Gascoigne (obt. 1412) and his wife; on the sides are figures of angels bearing shields. 5. Sir John Neville (obt. 1482), and his wife; the sides of the tomb enriched with canopied niches, each containing a figure of an armed knight. 6. A tomb of similar character to Sir Richard Frank.


This is a large and handsome church, very rich in good work, consisting of a nave with clerestory and side aisles, a large chancel with south chapel, and at the west end a very lofty tower of plain rectilinear character with a battlement, and a door and three light windows on the west side. The church contains portions of every style. The doorway within the south porch is Norman with the beak-head and chevron ornaments; the shafts are gone, but the capitals remain with rude foliage. The porch itself is more recent, but has a curious vaulted roof with stone ribs. The interior is remarkably grand from the beauty and variety of the arches in the nave, most of which are of Norman character; there are five on each side, all of semicircular form, the two western ones on the north side enriched with chevron work in the mouldings, and lozenge ornament round the inside of the arch. On the north side the piers are light and composed of four shafts set in a cluster, with a general square capital. On the south four of the piers are circular, and one octagonal,

with octagonal capitals of rude foliage. The clerestory windows are square-headed of curvilinear character; those of the side aisles are small, and of a similar character, save those at the east end of the aisles, which are pointed and of three lights with good tracery. The parapets of the church have plain mouldings, and a string course is continued all along the exterior, running over each window as a label. The arch to the chancel is Early English, and much enriched with a kind of knob ornament in the moulding, which is of early character; the shafts are clustered, and the capitals foliated. The chancel has on each side three fine rectilinear windows of three lights, and at the east end a very good one of six lights; in the soffits of these windows are pedestals for statues. The south chapel is small and opens by a single arch, and of late rectilinear date; the windows are not good. On the exterior of this chapel is a tablet in the wall sculptured very richly with the arms of Percy, Lucy, etc.; also some niches on the buttresses and a small Tudor doorway. In the chancel, south of the altar is a small niche with piscina, the canopy ogee with crockets and finials; there is also a stone seat under one of the south windows. In the south wall is a well-preserved effigy of a cross-legged knight in chain armour, beneath a fine feathered arch; the shield bears a fess lozengy, charged with escallop shells. In the south aisle are some traces of brasses.


This church has lately been rebuilt. 10 It had been very much altered at different times and never could have been a fine structure. The original features were chiefly coarse Perpendicular. It comprised a west tower, a nave and chancel, each with side aisles. The nave was divided from each aisle by four wide pointed arches springing from slender octagonal columns, which had rope moulding in the capitals. Above them was a small clerestory of squareheaded windows. The windows were for the most part square-headed, except some in the chancel, the eastern of six lights, but all of ordinary and coarse character. On the north side of the nave there were two tiers of windows as at

10 Consecrated 1835.

Bolton. The south aisle had been considerably enlarged and a new wall built in a poor style. The chancel had two pointed arches on each side, the piers octagonal, having square flowers in the capitals. The vestry on the south of the chancel appeared modern, the font a plain octagon. Pews and galleries in abundance, and a good organ. The lower part of the tower Perpendicular, the rest modern.


21 April, 1842.--This church has most interesting features of early Norman work, but has been sadly altered and modernized, though with an attempt at imitation of the original character. The plan consists of a nave with side aisles, a chancel with semicircular apse, and a western tower, the latter a late edition, and of small size, not occupying the whole width of the nave, and surmounted by a sloping tiled roof. The nave appears to have extended originally further to the west, there being traces of Norman arches and piers in the portion now occupied by the tower. The nave and aisles are embattled, and the former has a clerestory with late square-headed windows on the north side only. A south porch is modern, and within it a Norman door. The walls of the aisles appear to be Perpendicular, but the nave is of Norman origin. The most singular feature, and the only one that remains untouched, is the crypt, which is coextensive with the whole church, and affording a rare and most interesting specimen. It is divided into aisles by very short circular columns having varied capitals of foliage, etc., with the abacus and square base; the arches of the groining are semicircular and the aisles very narrow; across them are thrown arches, supported on shafts placed against the wall. The east end of the crypt corresponds with the apse, and there is an ascent to it by several steps; in the semicircular end are small apertures, and about the east of the aisles, admitting light. There is in the crypt a square shaft with an orifice for a piscina. The crypt is approached by a staircase under the pavement of the nave. The exterior of the apse is unaltered and presents plain Norman windows, with flat buttresses between them and above a corbel table. the east end of the north aisle is also a Norman window, of the south aisle one of three lights with a kind of flamboyant tracery.


The interior of the church presents a very dapper appearance, having been entirely renewed and embellished in a style which is more than questionable in taste, and it is greatly to be regretted that the sums of money expended were not better applied. There are four pointed arches on each side dividing the aisles, set in pairs, the central pier on each side being very large; at each end of it are clustered shafts with capitals of stiff Early English foliage, and an elliptical arch carried across from one pier to the opposite. The other piers are smaller and lighter, of clustered shafts, but the whole has been so altered and renewed that it is probable very little of the original work is yet extant. Attached to one of the pillars on the north is a kind of octagonal stone slab or table with the cable ornament, and supported on a shaft with a square base. The arch to the chancel is elliptical, and has probably been altered. But the most glaring innovation is the wretched gaudy arrangement of the interior of the chancel, of which the ancient apsidal form is completely obliterated and an Italian dome raised upon it supported by three round arches in a circle, and lighted by yellow tinted glass! Two other windows are filled with blue and yellow glass, those of the apse hidden by a large painting executed and presented by the late Mr. Jackson, a native of this parish, to do honour to which this grotesque and unworthy modern contrivance has been resorted to, doubly to be regretted in such a curious and venerable fabric. The windows of the apse have shafts with rude capitals. In the apse is a plain trefoil niche with piscina. It is vain to describe further the arrangement of the interior, as most of the arches and pillars seem to be modern. The pews are regular and neat, and there are two fine carved chairs within the altar rails. There are also some modern monuments which tend further to deform the east end and block up windows. The font is circular with mouldings round the base, upon a cylindrical shaft. On a flat stone is a cross inscribed H. H. E. The situation of the church on a slope is very good.


This is a fine and spacious church, consisting of a western tower crowned by a good stone spire, a nave with side aisles,

transepts and a large chancel. There are features of every style. The two lower stages of the tower appear to be of Early English origin, with flat buttresses and string course dividing them, and near the N.W. angle a large projection for staircase. On the north side are two tiers of plain lancets. The west window is decorated, as are the belfry windows. There are several shields with armorial bearings on the west side of the upper stage of the tower. The battlement is pierced with small apertures in form of an elongated quatrefoil, which are rather more of castellated than ecclesiastical character, but not uncommon in the churches of this neighbourhood. Beneath the battlement is a wavy cornice with foils, under which is a corbel table with flowers and beads. The spire is of good height, but without any bands, and together with the belfry story appears to be decorated. The walls are entirely of excellent stone. The south side is generally embattled (and all the chancel), but not the north aisle or transept. There is a south porch which has shields in the battlement, and an outer doorway with good arch mouldings, but the shafts gone. A north doorway is small, but has shafts and mouldings which seem to be decorated. The roofs are of lead. On the south side of the chancel is a chapel, not now opening to it, of Perpendicular character, and with a parvise or room above. There are good gurgoyles to the clerestory; the buttresses have triangular heads. The windows are mostly decorated, but much varied; those in the aisles of three lights and good, that in the north transept resembling the west window of the tower and less good. The south transept has one of three trefoil lancets within a general arch, which is transition from Early English. The clerestory windows are Perpendicular and square-headed. West of the south aisle is one single lancet trefoil. The interior is grand and imposing; the nave very wide, and divided from each aisle by four semicircular arches, of which those on the north are very plain, and the pillars circular with square capitals and bases. The southern arches are moulded; the piers are square, with a shaft attached to each side having the square abacus, and rude foliage in the capital. The western arch on the south side springs from a half octagonal pillar. The transepts open to the body by pointed arches rather straight-sided, that on the north upon a circular half-column with capital

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