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of his death is uncertain. Matthew Paris36 says that he, Hugh Wake, and Eustace de Stuteville, all died in 1241, which allows too short a time for his journey to Palestine. Possibly he died on his journey out, and not on his return as stated in the pedigree, which on this point may be untrustworthy. He married Helewisa, one of the sisters and heiresses of the third William de Lancaster, with whom he got extensive possessions in North Lancashire and Westmoreland.37

We now come to the last figure on the north side. It has been very much mutilated, only the legs and lower parts of the body remaining. The skirt of mail can be seen below some rather ornamentally treated plates similar to those seen on the figure last described. The legs show the cuisses, genouillières and jambs, and on the feet the sollerets with overlapping plates over the ankles are shown. This figure no doubt represented Peter de Brus III., the last of the Barons of Skelton of that family. He died on the fourteenth of the kalends of October (Sept. 18), 1272.38 On his death his estates were divided between his four surviving sisters, Agnes, wife of Walter de Faucomberg, who got Skelton, Lucy, wife of Marmaduke de Thweng, Margaret, wife of Robert de Ros, and Laderina, wife of John de Bella aqua or Bellew.39 His wife was Hillary, eldest daughter of Peter de Mauley I., of Mulgrave Castle, near Whitby.40 He gave to the Friars Preachers at Yarm, for the good of his soul and of his wife Hillary, a toft in that town. Amongst the witnesses were his uncle, Sir Roger de Brus, knight, and John de Thokotes, his Seneschal.41

According to Hollar's engraving the last spandrel on this side, now utterly defaced, contained a bird. The smaller niches on the north or Skelton side are occupied, as

36 Historia Anglorum (Rolls Edition), ii., 459.

37 Furness Coucher (Cheetham Soc.), 2, 368. She had two other sisters, Serota, who married Alan de Multon and died without issue, and Alice, wife of William de Lindsay. See also Dugdale's Monasticon Anglicanum, iii. 553.

38 Walter of Hemingburgh, i. 341. 39 The Iuq. p. m. of Peter de Brus III., and the partition of his estates, are printed in Yorkshire Inquisitions, i. 139, 201. According to the Coram Rege Roll of Michaelmas Term, 4 Edward I.,

quoted by Dodsworth (MSS. cxliv. 22), Peter had other brothers and sisters: Peter, John, Joan, Avelina and Isabella, who died without issue, and Alice and Margery, who became Nuns of the Order of Sempringham in the Priory of Watton,

40 Yorkshire Inquisitions, i. 139 m., quoting Patent Roll, No. 46, 21 Hen. III., m. 2. His brother-in-law, Peter de Mauley II., married his sister Joan.

41 Journal of the Archæological Institute, xxxvii. 184, quoting Patent Roll, 8 Edw. II. Part I. m. 24.

has been already stated, with figures of the four great Doctors of the Latin Church. Commencing at the east end, the first figure to engage our attention is that of St. Augustine of Hippo, the supposed founder of the Order of Austin Canons, to which Order this Monastery belonged.+2 Like the other three Doctors, he stands on a pedestal of three faces, ornamented with as many crockets. He wears the alb, dalmatic, cope and mitre. The cope is fastened in front with a morse, or brooch, having a cross on it. The right arm, partially broken, is raised in the attitude of benediction, and over the left the fanon or maniple is seen hanging down. The crozier held in the left hand is turned inwards. The shield above bears the Priory Arms, having on its left a star of five rays and full moon, and on the right a sun in glory. On the earliest seal of the Priory is seen a figure in monastic robes, perhaps intended for St. Augustine, seated at a desk reading, and above him a star with six rays. A very poorly engraved representation of this seal is given in the first volume of the Guisbrough Chartulary. The text, "Ye are the light of the world," is specially applied to Saint Augustine in the service for his feast-day in the York Breviary, which may account for these emblems here.


In the next small niche proceeding westwards stands the figure of Gregory the Great, who occupied the Papal Chair from 590 to 604. He is vested in alb, dalmatic and chasuble, and as Pope he wears a tiara or triple crown, and as the Western Patriarch he carries a double cross in his left hand. In other respects he does not differ from the other Doctors. On the shield above is depicted a mitre adorned with precious stones and orphreys, from which depend behind two infula, that is, narrow strips of silk or some other rich material with fringed extremities. A crozier turned inwards is drawn in pale through the mitre. On the right is a paten, and on the left a chalice.

St. Jerome, attired in a Cardinal's hat and with a simple cross in his right hand, stands in the next small niche. A lion, which is usually associated with him, leans up against

42 The rule which the Canons obeyed is of very much later date than the time of St. Augustine, who was living between the years 354 and 430.

43 Surtees Society, lxxv., 512. The sun, moon and star were not uncommon emblems of the Passion, even

in the absence of the cross, which generally accompanied them. On the Kelloe Cross, which bears scenes representing the invention of the cross by St. Helena, the cross appears between a star and


him, and he seems to be fondling it with his left hand. The animal's tail is drawn between its legs and passed over the back. In the shield above a cock, similar to that described on the East end, stands on a reel. On the right of the shield is an escallop, and on the left scroll-work. The cscallop and bird and reel are, as already pointed out, rebuses on the name, James Cockerell. It is, however, worth remarking that in the well-known picture of St. Jerome in the desert, attributed to Giovanni Bellini and now in the National Gallery, the companions of the Saint are a lion and a bird, in that case a partridge.

The last small niche contains St. Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, 374 to 397. Like St. Augustine, he is vested in alb, dalmatic and cope, which is fastened with a square morse. His right hand is concealed beneath the cope. In his left he holds a crozier turned inwards, of which the pointed end is visible. At his feet on the left side is a beehive. This is in allusion to the legend that, whilst he was lying in his cradle, a swarm of bees settled upon him and entirely covered his face, going in and out of his mouth. Leaving him unharmed, they flew up to heaven, where they disappeared from human sight + no doubt a presage of the eloquence 44. for which he afterwards became so famous. The shield above bears an eagle carrying a gimmel ring.45 The interspaces on either side of the shield are filled with scroll-work.

Passing to the Scotch or southern side, now affixed to the north side of the porch, it may be premised that the general design is coincident with that of the side just described, except that the shields are all borne on the left arm, while the left hand grasps the sword-hilt, and the right rests on the girdle, and that at the base a chain of cable moulding runs along the whole length.

The first knightly figure on this side, commencing at what was originally the east end, has his face turned half round to the right. He wears a bascinet of more pointed form than any of the others, around which is a chaplet or wreath. The vizor is raised. There is a gorget on the

44 York Breviary (Surtees Soc.), ii.,


45 On a painted screen at Hexham, formerly one of the side screens of the choir, and made about 1470, is a shield with an eagle or falcon holding in it's

claws rings which are of octagonal form. The falcon and fetterlock are well carved on the south face of the tower of Fishlake Church near Doncaster; from this it appears that the same badge is not intended at Guisbrough.

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