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pretty perfect, which seems to have formed a crypt. There are also two very rich Early Gothic lancet windows left now insulated; they have richly-moulded architraves, and seem to have belonged to the church, but there is no other portion of the walls of the church existing.
Returning to Whitwell, we went round by Castle Howard and saw the house: the surrounding country very fine from the thickness of the woods.
We then arrived at the town of New Malton, seated on the Derwent amid fine, rich scenery, with a romantic view of the Northern Wold hills. The town contains two churches, St. Leonard's and St. Michael's, both chapelries to Old Malton.
ST. LEONARD'S CHURCH.
St. Leonard's stands on high ground in the eastern part of the town, and is a structure neither remarkable for beauty nor for any curious architecture. The whole of the exterior has been modernized in the most disgraceful way, so as to resemble a meeting-house rather than a church. At the west end is a plain tower which seems to be ancient, crowned by a stone spire, which, though yet lofty was never finished, so that it ends abruptly in a flat surface and has an awkward appearance. The church consists of a nave, chancel, and north aisle. The north aisle is divided from the nave by three plain semicircular arches without any architrave moulding. They rest on cylindrical pillars with square capitals. The aisle of the chancel is used as a vestry, and opens to the chancel by two smaller semicircular arches, springing from a central cylindrical shaft with circular moulded capital. The windows of the nave are all of the wretched conventicle form. Over the arches runs a cornice of grotesque heads, &c., of Norman character. The chancel is of very late and debased rectilinear work, and opens to the nave with a pointed arch. The nave is neatly pewed, has a north and west gallery, and there is also a gallery in the chancel. The font, circular and plain, of Norman work. The tower has a fine peal of bells, and from the churchyard is a fine prospect over the Derwent and the surrounding scenery.
ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH
Stands in the market-place, and is not surrounded by a burying-ground. It is a structure of regular form and nearly entirely of good Norman work, with no traces of later work excepting in the tower and chancel. There is not much beauty either externally or internally, the stone of which it is built being of a gloomy colour and rough appearance, the interior fitted up somewhat shabbily, the pews being irregular, the pillars tastefully painted in imitation of marble, and the whole much injured with coarse wash, paint, &c. The church consists of a nave with side aisles, a chancel with north aisle, and a tower at the west end, which is low and plain, and of rectilinear period. The nave is entirely Norman, and has a very good clerestory of that style, consisting of plain single semicircular-headed windows, having on the exterior a band of chevron moulding carried above them, and forming a dripstone to each window. Beneath the parapet is a cornice of heads and other corbels of Norman work. The nave has four arches on each side, of semicircular form, springing from circular pillars with square capitals. The arch between the nave and chancel is also semicircular, and springs from clustered shafts. The windows in the aisles are mostly modern and bad. The chancel has two clumsy pointed arches opening to its northern chapel. The ceiling of the chancel is of panelled wood, and has been painted and gilded, but is much faded. There are some lancet windows on the south side. The east window is a good large rectilinear arc of seven lights. The altarpiece is of wood, of late and poor rectilinear work. The nave has north, south, and west galleries, and there is a good organ at the west end. The font is circular with some panelling, but of indifferent workmanship.
OLD MALTON CHURCH.
About a mile N.E. of New Malton is the village of Old Malton, the church of which is the mother church of those in the town, and formerly belonged to an Abbey. It is a fine structure, though consisting only of the nave of the original church. It is interesting from the fine speci
mens which it contains of work in which the Norman and Early English forms are much intermixed. The west front is remarkably fine, though the south tower alone remains. The principal features of the front are Early English, but the central doorway is Norman, and very rich in its ornament; there are five ranges of mouldings with very fine ornament partaking of Early English character, two having the tooth ornament, and one a very singular description of enrichment, consisting of double string drawn out into chevrons at regular intervals, and so disposed that a lozenge is formed by the two chevrons in which is inserted a quatrefoil; the space between the strings is filled with tooth ornament. The shafts have capitals of foliage of a stiff character. On either side of the head of the doorway is an E.E. niche of plain character. The pediment of the central division of the front is enriched with the curvilinear ball-flower, and the great central window has been of E.E. character, but is filled with rectilinear tracery; the architrave mouldings have the toothed ornament, and shafts of the same character. The south tower is a beautiful E.E. specimen, has flat buttresses and plain parapet. There are three stages of ornament. The lower stage has a good Early English doorway, with deep mouldings, and the ball-flower ornament. The buttresses have elegant niches with fillited shafts, and toothed dripstone. The string between the two lower stages has the toothed ornament. The second stage has a fine, deeplymoulded Early English arch in the centre, with shafts having foliated capitals. The upper stage is very fine, and has a double E. E. arch with mouldings and shafts. Each arch is pierced for a window, and over the two lights are two circular ornaments, each filled with a quatrefoil and surrounded by a band of tooth ornament. On the south side of this tower is a window with semicircular head. The north-west tower is down. The whole of this church has a plain flat parapet, and there is no clerestory. There are six arches on each side of the nave, of semicircular form with deep mouldings; the two western pillars are formed of clustered shafts with round Early English capitals. The remainder of the pillars are cylindrical. The triforium is placed on a string and is extremely fine, of mixed Norman and Early English character. It consists of three arches, the centre of which is the highest and semicircular, the two side ones of lancet form. The
centre arch is divided by a central shaft into two lancet arches, between the heads of which is a pierced trefoil. The shafts on which these arches rest have all square capitals, and the central one has a fine foliated capital. The walls of the church are nearly plain, and the windows have semicircular heads. There are ruins of the piers of the cross eastward of the present church. The church is very neatly and decently pewed.
On the opposite side of the river from Malton is the village of Norton, which is a suburb of Malton, and in the East Riding. Its church has recently been rebuilt in a plain style without a steeple.' Through this we proceeded to Sledmere, distant twelve miles. About four miles from Malton, just above the village of North Grimston, we leave the rich woody country and ascend into the bleak and bare Wolds. From the top of the hill on looking back a most extensive and magnificent prospect is enjoyed over Malton and the surrounding richly-wooded and varied country, with the hills round Helmsley in the distance. Over the Wolds there is a vast expanse of bleak, bare country, which is relieved by the plantations around Sledmere, where is a very fine mansion of Sir T. Sykes.
LITTLE DRIFFIELD CHURCH.
Through the village of Garton, we arrive at Little Driffield, a very pretty rural village. Its church is small, and has been lately much modernized, being adorned with wretched conventicle windows and other abominations. The church consists of a nave and chancel of one aisle only, and a tower at the west end. There is not much worthy of notice in the architecture of the church. The whole of the portion appropriated to the performance of divine service is modernized and newly pewed. The arch between the nave and chancel is pointed. There is a small portion of the west end of the nave not used for the service, and left in its primitive state. In this is a plain octagonal font, and a rude Norman arch opening to the tower, resting upon worked imposts. The south door is pointed, and has a band of moulding with the ballflower. The tower is plain, having a curvilinear belfry window
1 The churches on the Wolds are mostly small, consisting of only a nave and
chancel, and for the most part of Norman architecture.
and a parapet without a battlement, but decorated with the curvilinear waved line. Built into the north wall of the church are several monumental slabs with rich cross florys. This church is considered the mother church of Great Driffield, which is a pleasant town of 2,500 inhabitants a mile distant; the houses are ranged principally in one long, wide street which has a very neat and pleasing appearance. Immediately about the town the scenery is rural and agreeable, there being abundance of trees.
GREAT DRIFFIELD CHURCH.
The church is a very good building, but the body is low and plain (though of excellent Norman architecture) when compared with the lofty and magnificent tower which is seen at a great distance, and forms a beautiful object in the surrounding country. The church consists of a nave with north and south aisles, a chancel, and a tower at the west end. The nave is divided from each aisle by four semicircular arches springing from circular pillars (but not massive) with banded capitals. The clerestory is also of good Norman character, and internally exhibits on the north side four windows with semicircular arches, one over each pier, set on a string. Those on the south side have been stopped up. The south door has a semicircular arch, with good mouldings with a band of tooth ornament. The south aisle is considerably wider than the north, and has windows of rather singular character, large, with square heads and divided. into four lights shewing tracery of curvilinear character. At each extremity of the south aisle is a pointed curvilinear window with fine tracery and of four lights. The parapet of the whole of the nave and chancel of the church is plain and flat. The clerestory on the north side externally is very good, the windows have their exterior arches of semicircular form and supported on Norman shafts with capitals; between each window is a flat buttress, and under the parapet runs a cornice of the common Norman ornament consisting of grotesque heads, &c. The windows of the north aisle are square, of rectilinear tracery and two lights. There is a good Norman door, with two bands of mouldings supported on imposts without shafts, and having in one band the toothed ornament. This aisle is disfigured by large