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ibm. fo. 6.49

B[vol. 118] 35 To all that shall se or heare this writeing Thomas &c. Abbot of Selby & Couent of ye same place greeting in ye Lord. Know ye that J haue giuen granted & by this my p'sent charter confirmed to John de Foleuill & his heires or Assignes (except of another Religion 50) for his homage & service, our Fishpond in Whitegift called Grishareg. . . which we had of the guift of William ye Conquerour, with all the liberties & easements belonging to the said Fishpond, to haue & hold to him & his heires or Assignes of vs & our successors &c. for euer, paying yearly to vs & our successors one pound of Cinemon, at the feast of St Peter &c. Wittnesse, Walter de Husflete, &c.

Another reference is to F [vol. 125] 27.

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M [vol. 160] 166 [See under KELLINGTON, vol. xi. 433.]

Patents A° 4 Ed. 2 pt 2 [1311].

HHH [vol. 54] 112 That John de Sandale 52 may imbattle his house of Whiteley in ye County of Yorke.

Inquisition taken at Snaith, 27 Ed. 3 [1353].

C [vol. 120] 93 Part of the entry is given under SNAITH, ante, p. 106, but this ends with the words "9 58 rent in the

Towne of Snaith, &c."]

49 There is no trace of this grant in the recently-published Chartulary of Selby.

That is, of another religious order. 51 In Whitley, Ragenald and Wiga had in pre-Norman time two carucates of geldable land, the soke of which belonged to Snaith. There was land enough for one plough, but at the Survey, Elric, who is not said to have had any demesne land, had there, as king's tenant, two villanes and six bordars with

two ploughs. It was reported as having a mile of woody pasture, though the whole mauor contained only a square mile. In the time of King Edward the value was 40s., but at the Survey only one half that amount. In the later Recapitulation it was entered as in the hands of the king, possibly on account of the death of Ailric, which occurred in 1087 or 1088. Swain, his son, did not inherit, nor is it clear to whom it was afterwards granted. What might be thought to be the chief source of information as to the subsequent course of the manor the Pontefract Chartulary

here fails, for the monks of that place had no twelfth-century interest in Whitley, while those at Selby to which we next turn, held very little. From the latter, however, we learn that there was a chapel at Whitley, though we are not informed to what saint it was dedicated. It appears to have had no sufficient endowment to tempt a resident priest, and as it had no burying place to enlist the affections of the people, it was allowed to fall into disuse, like that at St. Nicholas, Coberoft (see Vol. xi. 28), which would not have been above a mile or a mile-and-a-half distant. In the Poll Tax of 1378, Whittelay was rated to contribute 138. 10d., payable by 37 at 4d., and 3 at 6d., which three were two tailors and a smith. There was a John atte Halle, Alice atte Halle, Henry att Ok', 2 John att Ok'. Agnes Yeldmadon, and Agnes Leycedoghter.

52 I think this entry must be misplaced. In any case, I have not noted anywhere else connection of the name of Sandall with this Whitley.

Evol. 123] 12

Escheats Ao 8 Ed. 1 [1280] n. 11.

Extent of the Lands of Robert de Creppellings 53 in ye County of Yorke.

The Jurors say that John de Creppellings is son & heire of ye said Robert, & of ye age of 28 years. inter alia, Jn Wytelay 12 bovates & rent 22 5d ob.

In the writeings of John Maleuerer of Lettewell, Esq: [1631].

L [vol. 135] 60 John son of Richard de Goldhale released to Thomas de Shirewode & his heires all the land wch J had; (that which I had, in original) in all ye lands & Tenemts which lately were Henry de Kellington's whose heire J am in Wyteley &c. Wittnesse, Lawrence de Hecke (Helias de Wytelay) &c. Dated at Witeley, 11 Ed. 2 [1318].

Fines A° 4 Jo. [1202–3].


NNN [vol. 73] 72 Between Thomas de Kellington, comp1t, & Roger de Ledisha',55 tent of 11 Acres & one

53 The inquisition connected with this escheat is given in the RECORD SERIES, (vol. xii., 206).

54 In the Selby Chartulary (RECORD SERIES, xiii., 142), will be found a full account of the partition made this year (1202), of the tithes of the chapelry of Whitley, between this Thomas of Kellington (that is the Rector there, the parson of the place), and the Abbot of Snaith. Incidentally it is mentioned that he was the son of the former Rector, John, who was the rector in 1185, when a survey was made of the lands of the Knights Templars there (vol. x., 280). Thus John's son "inherited" the living, notwithstanding the "rights" of the

Knights Templars. The following is a small genealogy of this clerical family. They seem to have possessed the living, by right of descent from the founder, although that founder was alleged to have been Henry de Lascy; which again seems to imply that the last-named obtained possession after the appointment of the Rector, and therefore obtained only a lower right in the living. But the whole subject of "family livings of the twelfth century requires investigation. Dr. Whitaker, in his history of the deanery of Craven, touched only the borders of it, and imagined that Craven was an almost isolated instance, which it was by no means.

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Here the elder branches became clerks in view of their contingent rights to the living; but I have been unsuccessful in tracing what became of Simon, Moses, and Alexander. One or more probably entered a monastery, one or more might have migrated, and founded a new family under a new name in a new habitat; one or more might have died at their old place; but with one exception mentioned below, I have come across no Simon, or Moses, or Alexander (not common names), likely to have been an offshoot of this stock. It is, moreover, curious to note

that after Henry the brother had qualified himself for the living by taking orders, the old rector held it long enough to enable his son to attain the canonical age, who in 1202 had succeeded to what had evidently been intended for Henry, the brother of the rector in possession in 1185. A generation afterwards, when clerical celibacy was becoming to be strictly enforced, such a circumstance would have been impossible. So far as landed property was concerned, the cauon could be evaded by a deed of gift, which named the son of a

Bovate & 3 acres of Land with ye appurtnances in Kellington, Egburgh, &in Withelay the right & Jnheritance of the foresaid Thomas. [There is an additional reference to CCC (vol. 34) 15.]


[No entry under this head.]

Woomersley ats Wolmersley ats Wymersley,55

G [vol. 127] 83

Ex Gasc. lib. B. p. 6.

Ada de Novo mercato, sonne of John, granted to Roger Cissor of Willmersley, one perch [peciam, in margin] of Land in Winnerley [Wimersley (Dodsworth)]. Wittnesse Henry Mareschall &c.

cleric, as the son of his mother, or as the "nepos" of his father; but such evasion was not possible when the question was one of the succession to a living. It may be remarked that although there is repeated mention in the Pontefract Chartulary of various members of this family, there is not the slightest reference in the volume to the fact that the Knights Templars were so dominant a body in Kellington Church. But a generation later, in 1239 and 1244, Abp. Gray's Register records a double presentation to the church by Robert de Sanford, master of the Knights Templars, the latter reserving to Alexander the clerk his portion therein, whica at his death is to go to the rector. This looks very much as if Alexander was the last of the old family of clerks at Kellington, and that the family was naturally dying out there, owing to the enforcement of the obligation of celibacy. I should note that an Abbot of Meaux witnessed the document as to the partition of the tithes of Whitley, and that his name as given in a second deed was Alexander; but he is too early to have been the youngest brother of this Thomas, and he tests subsequent Pontefract Charters as of Kellington.

55 Roger de Ledesham is afterwards described apparently as dean of Ledsham and dean of Pontefract; though it is difficult, in the absence of collation, to say whether he is not Roger (of Pontefract), the dean of Ledsham. In the instance given in the previous note, John was clearly" dean of Kellington.' Roger de Ledesham is once described as the "official" of the Archbishop.

56 The parish of Womersley comprises the townships of Little Smeaton, Stubbs


Walden, Womersley, and part of Cridling Stubbs. The name is spelt Wlmeresleia in the Record, but appears in the Domesday Recapitulation later on (which so frequently presents an amended orthography), as Wilmereslege. It was reported as having been in the preNorman times owned by Wege, who might indeed have been the Wiga of Whitley, the bordering township, (see note 51). Wege had in Womersley a taxable area of six carucates, capable of maintaining six ploughs, and of returning a royal revenue of £6. In the time of the Survey it had fallen to Ilbert de Lascy, who had 3 carucates in demesne, while 14 villanes and 4 bordars had 8 carucates. The revenue was £5. There

was a priest and a church, and three acres of meadow. The whole area was one mile long and as much broad, half the manor being still woody pasture, a considerable proportion of which remains to this day in timber. As is frequent in this part of the wapentake, the church, church yard, and parsonage are a section of the Park, intimating that its owner was the church-founder. At the time of the 1378 Poll Tax, it produced in Womersley 37s. 6d. from 53 taxpayers, each being assessed at 4d., except one webster at 6d., and Matilda, widow of Thomas Newmarch, kt., who paid 208. There was a Margaret del Hill, a Thomas del Hill, a John atte Yate, and a Robert del Wood. Ilbert de Lascy had Womersley still in his own hands at the time of the foundation of St. Clement's Chapel, and made a grant from the tithes to the endowment; which he could not have done had not the manor been in his own domain.


Out of John Roman's Register, fo. 12.

[vol. 127] 105 Adam de Novo Mercato p'sents to ye Church o Wilmersley 1287, 16 Ed. 1.

ibm. fo. 17 bis.

[vol. 127] 110 Adam de novo mercato patron of ye Church o Wilmersley 1287.

[vol. 127] 136

Fines 4° 19 Ed. 1 [1290].

Between William le Vavasour & Nicholaa his wife, complt, & William de Cevrehunt [Cestrehunt (Dodsworth)] & Elizabeth his wife disturber, of the mann" of Womersley & Routhcliffe [Rawcliff].

Fines 34 Ed. 1 [1306].

[vol. 127] 137 Between Gilbert de Stapleton," comp1t, & John de Novo mercato & Avicia his wife, disturber, of one messuage with ye Appurtnances in Wilmersley. To ye right heires of

John & Auicia.

Womersley Church 12 July, 1621.58

M [vol. 160] 151 Jn the Quire East window. (Montacute) Ar. 3 fusills in fesse, g.


South Window.

[Mowbray] g. a lion rampt. Ar.

[Newmarch] g. 5 fusills in fesse, or.

Vnder the North wall.

[Newmarch (Dodsworth)] A Knight in Mayle Cross legged, on his sheeld 5 fusills in fesse. 59

57 This was one of the Carlton family of Stapleton who possessed Carlton by descent from Robert de Bruis, and by right of a grant to it, recorded on a supplementary page of Domesday. The grant was probably from Henry I. The Stapletons of Pontefract had been in 1306 (see ante, STAPLETON), long extinct, and were represented in the female line by Scargills.

55 The day on which the church, which is dedicated to St. Martin, was visited by Roger Dodsworth. It is remarkable that he did not notice on the right hand side of the south entrance of the church, under the porch, the mutilated remains of a thirteenth-century inscription; all that is now decipherable is





But I have met with no other trace of a Thomas de Smeaton in the first half of the thirteenth century.

59 This effigy is still in the church. The hands of the figure are raised in the attitude of prayer with the palms of the hands flat together. It is clothed in a coat of mail nearly to the knees, the head, neck, arms, hands, legs and feet being also defended by mail. The right leg is gartered. The garter can, however, have no reference to the Order, for the effigy is of an earlier date, while no Newmarch was ever admitted, nor did any early knight bear the five fusils. There is also in the church a loose corbel bearing a shield semée with fusils, 10 and 10, supported by the outstretched hands of a half-length figure. The church is mainly Early Decorated, and has a few ballflowers, the remains of a decoration, on one of the hood mouldings of the arcade separating the nave from the north aisle.

In the North Quire East window.

G. 5 fusills in fesse or.

Orate pro anima domini Richardi Aleyn nup Vicar de Womersley & panimabus parentu' suorum ac omnium Consanguiniu' suoru' ac benefactoz suoru', qui istam fenestram fieri fecit A° Dni mcccclxxxxiiij.

North windows.

[Newmarch (Dodsworth)] Or 5 fusills in fesse g, inter 9 botony, 6 in cheefe & 3 in base, 2, 1.

g. 5 fusills in fesse or.

[Nevill] g. a X or.

Jn the South Quire East window.

g. 5 fusills in fesse or.

Ar. 5 fusills in fesse g.

Jn y same window.

A Man in Armour kneeling, on his breast g. 5 fusills in fesse or. behind him 6 sonnes Armed, with the same Cote on their brest. On the other side his wife kneeling. On her gowne p pale Ar... fusills g. & 9 [Dodsworth] fusills or. behind her, 6 daughters all in red gownes.

Vnderneath, this Inscription.


Orate p animabus Radulphi Newmarch quondam domini istius Villæ, et Elizabethæ vxoris eiusdem, eorum liberoru' omniu' qui quidem Radulphus [occisus fuit, added in another hand in Dodsworth] apud Schrewesbery inter Domiñ Henricu' Regem et inter Henricu' Percy militem Ann° Dni Milliessimo CCCC tertio littera

South window.

g. 3 & a chiefe or [paled with Newmarch (Dodsworth)].

On a stone in y North Quire.

Orate panima domini Johannis Aleyn, quondam Capellani [Capelli (Dodsworth)] de Midilhadelsay.

Fines Ao 48 H. 3 m. 4 [1264].

AA [vol. 146] 9 The King comitted to Richard Foliot the Mann's of Adam Newmarch of Wylmersley, Champsall [Camp

sall], Thorp, Bentleye, Archesey, in ye County of Yorke.

Pleas Hillary terme, 30 Ed. 1 [1302].

BB [vol. 119] 131 Jone de Newmarch demised the Mann' of Wilmersley wth the appurtnances to Alan de Thornton

60 These additions to the Womersley

inscriptions were probably made after

the extracts had been taken for the Harlean MS., 800.

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