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And 3 acres of Land with a messuage wch J purchased, wch J held of the Hospitall of Jerusalem of the fee of Smytheton [Smeaton]. And besydes these J haue granted to the foresaid Durand his own demeasne free from multure in my mills of Thorne for his homage & service, & his own 10 markes which the foresaid Durand gaue me at my Journey from Jerusalem. All these tenements the foresaid Durand shall hold of me

my heires in fee & Jnheritance, freely & quietly &c., in meadows, feedings, path & ways, & all other liberties & easements, paying to me my heires yearly 12 (viz.) at the feast of St Michael for all services &c. wittnesse Ralfe 45 my sonne, Walter Alemann, John his brother, Hugh de Pouelington, Nicholas pson of Tickhill, Jno Clerke, Henry de St Paule, John Sturmin, Geffrey de Schildewyke & many others.

ibm. fo. 162.

QQ [vol. 144] 536 [Given under THORP AUDLIN, ante, p. 130.]

ibm. fo. 162.

[As given under THORP AUDLIN, ante, p. 130, and there marked QQ 53, excepting that after the words " perpetuall Almes" here occurs except the service of my Master, viz. 12d &c." & also that this present extract concludes with "wittness &."]

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ibm. fo. 162.

QQ [vol. 144] 154 [should be 54] To all the faithfull in Christ &c. John de Curthenay [Courtenay] greeting. Know ye that J haue giuen &c. to ye Church of Bolton, &c. one Bovate of Land & a halfe, with ye appurtnances in Wentbrig (viz.) which Durandus formerly held. wittnesse, Osbert de Arches, Thomas de St Paule &c.

ibm. fo. 162.

QQ [vol. 144] 154 [should be 54] John Dewsebury held 2 pts. of a messuage in Wentbrigy on the west part called Cartwright place & payes viijs viijd [sic. in Dodsworth] yearly, & for nonpayment xi yeares 3 13s 4d by the labour & mediation of Thomas St Paule, which said Thomas entred into the foresaid Messuage after the decease of John Dewesbury & payes the foresaid vjs viijd to Robert Fernhill &c.

QQ [vol. 144] 54 Md that Brian St Paule on Saturday next after ye Feast of St Peter & Paule ye Apostles A° 24 H.

44 If the accuracy of this passage can be relied on, the document before us adds an unsuspected link to the history of Thorne. For it shows the mill at that place to have been owned by this William, son of Aldeline, who held Thorp Audlin. But it is generally supposed that Thorne was held unbroken of the Warren fee; and an element of confusion may be suspected from the

well-known fact that William, son of Hamelin (called also Audlin), earl of Warren, was in possession of that fee less than half a century afterwards. The descriptive words "Steward of the lord the king," as used in the document in the text, will, however, differentiate the two.

45 See note 42 above.

6 [1446] at Pontefract saith proprio suo ore, That it is very true that the said John Dewesbury paid the arrears of ye foresaid Rent by the mediation &c. of the foresaid Thomas St Paule, father of the said Brian, & that the said John Dewesbury tooke to wife the mother of the said Thomas St Paule, who was right heire of the land whereof the rent ariseth, & was thereof possessed by hereditory right.--fo. 162.

Fines A° 1 H. 6 [1422–3].

XXX [vol. 106] 2 [Given under NORTON, (vol. xi. 447).] [Given under SMETON (vol. xii. p. 75).]

Escheats 7 H. 8 [1515].

[Given under THORP AUDLIN, ante, p. 129.]

[Other references are GG (vol. 128) 175 and CCC (vol. 34) 65.]

Wheldale ats Queldale,46

Fines 11 H. 3 [1227].

G [vol. 127] 15 [This has appeared under SUTTON, ante, p. 122.]

Fines in y Treasury, 8 R. 2 [1384-5].

G[vol. 127] 36 Between William Gascoigne & John his brother, & John Gaitford, Chaplaine, complt, & Adam de Rotherfeld K& Meliora his wife deft, of the Mann' of Queldale, & Lands in Sutton [lege, et nota servicia (Dodsworth)].


Out of Meltons Register, fo. 204.

[vol. 28] 94 [Given under FRYSTON, vol. x. 542.]
[Other references are CCC (vol. 34) 22, 56, 73.]

I have already in previous notes (76, 92, and 96, vol. x.), pointed out the confusion that is sometimes made between Ferrybridge, Ferry (fryston), and Water (fryston). In Domesday Queldale and Friston (that is, Water Fryston), were assessed together as owned by Gamel, as having a taxable area of 7 carucates, capable of maintaining 5 ploughs, and as "formerly" returning £5. Under the Conquest, Water Fryston, as thus defined, which contained the Church, the Hall, and the Park (all at one time under the same curtilage) had fallen to Gerbodo, a Fleming, who made therefrom a contribution to the foundation of St. Clement's Chapel in the Castle. In his hands the taxable area had increased slightly, but Gerbodo held only 3 carucates in

demesne, having sub-let 4 carucates to 4 villanes and 1 bordar, while the royal revenue had dwindled to 30s. There was a church and a priest, and the very large quantity (relatively) of 24 acres of meadow; but there was then no mill, and as no woody pasture is reported, the rest of the manor may be considered to have been the unreclaimed Field, to be afterwards let out in small allotments. In the Poll Tax of 1378, the name of Queldale is applied to the sparsely-peopled district which was in Domesday called "Gueldale and Fryston;" the more populous district as it had become of Ferry or Ferrybridge, being called Friston. There were then but ten tax, ayers in Wheldale, nine paying 4d, and Adam de Rotherfield paying 20s.

Fines 20 Ed. 1 [1292].

GG [vol. 128] 16 Between John de Rotheresfeld complt, & Peter de Rotheresfeld deft. of ye Mann of Queldale, & 5s

rent in ye Towne of Pontefract the right of ye said John.


Fines in ye Treasury 9 R. 1 [1198].

G [vol. 127] 21 [Already given (ante, p. 135) under USEFLEET.]

Out of Corbrig's Register, Archb" of Yorke, fo. 22.

B [vol. 28] 38 A Commission for granting licence to ye Abbot & covent of Selby, for rebuilding the Chappell of Whitgift antiently consecrated, & to cause service to be said therein. 5 Kal. Sept. 5 of his pontificality [28 Aug. 1304].

Charte 11 Ed. 3 [1337] n. 2.

C[vol. 120] 72 [Entered under HOKE (vol. xi. 57).]

Out of the Leiger booke of Selby.48

To all that shall see or heare this writeing Henry de Lacy Earle of Lincolne & Constable of Chester greeting in ye Lord. Know ye that for ye health of my soule & of my Ancestors J haue graunted to ye Abbot Couent of Selby that they & their successors may haue & hold the Church yard in ye Towne of Whitgift formerly dedicated, as it is inclosed with diches vnto the place where our faire is kept yearly at the feast of St Mary Magdalen, nere ye Churchyard aforesaid in ye foresaid Towne for building of a Church or Chappell in ye said Church yard in honour of St Mary Magdalen. Jn which Church or Chappell the men which now Jnhabit & hereafter shall Jnhabit in the Towne of Ousflet, Weytegifts, Esketoft, Reddnesse, & Swyneflete, & allso ye Tenants of 11 bovates of Land in Folquardby, & 13 bovates of Land in Haldenby, which townes aforesaid are within the limits of the pish of Snaith may heare divine service, & haue & receiue the Sacrament as at any time they were wont heretofore in the Church lately destroyed by John le Fraunceys then Rector of ye Church of Athelingflet. To haue & hold&c. Dat. at Clifton nere Yorke on thursday next before ye feast of Symon & Jude ye Appostles Ao. 1304.

47 The parish of Whitgift comprises the townships of Ousefleet, Reedness, Swinfleet and Whitgift, neither of which appears in Domesday. In the Poll Tax for 1378, 38 taxpayers are named in the township of Whitgift, as paying altogether 138. 6d. Of these 33 were assessed at 4d., and 5 at 6d. These five were two ferrymen, two wrights, and a

smith. The peculiar names are Thomas Parsonson, Margaret Hallewoman, and Jane Prestewoman.

48 The original of this translation is now accessible in Vol. I. of the Selby Chartulary (RECORD SERIES, vol. X.). It is an inserted document on the first page of the vol., which did not belong to the original MS.

ibm. fo. 6.49

Bvol. 118] 35 To all that shall se or heare this writeing Thomas &c. Abbot of Selby & Couent of ye same place greeting in ye Lord. Know ye that J haue giuen granted & by this my p'sent charter confirmed to John de Foleuill & his heires or Assignes (except of another Religion 50) for his homage & service, our Fishpond in Whitegift called Grishareg. . . which we had of the guift of William ye Conquerour, with all the liberties & easements belonging to the said Fishpond, to haue & hold to him & his heires or Assignes of Vs & our successors &c. for euer, paying yearly to vs & our successors one pound of Cinemon, at the feast of St Peter &c. Wittnesse, Walter de Husflete, &c.

Another reference is to F [vol. 125] 27.

Whitley at Witley ats Witheley.51

M [vol. 160] 166 [See under KELLINGTON, vol. xi. 433.]

Patents 4° 4 Ed. 2 pt 2 [1311].

HHH [vol. 54] 112 That John de Sandale 52 may imbattle his house of Whiteley in ye County of Yorke.

Inquisition taken at Snaith, 27 Ed. 3 [1353].

C [vol. 120] 93

Part of the entry is given under SNAITH, ante, p. 106, but this ends with the words "9 58 rent in the Towne of Snaith, &c."]

There is no trace of this grant in the recently published Chartulary of Selby.

That is, of another religious order. In Whitley, Ragenald and Wiga had in pre-Norman time two carucates of geldable land, the soke of which belonged to Snaith. There was land enough for one plough, but at the Survey, Elric, who is not said to have had any demesne land, had there, as king's tenant, two villanes and six bordars with

two ploughs. It was reported as having a mile of woody pasture, though the whole manor contained only a square mile. In the time of King Edward the value was 408., but at the Survey only one half that amount. In the later Recapitulation it was entered as in the hands of the king, possibly on account of the death of Ailric, which occurred in 1087 or 1088. Swain, his son, did not inherit, nor is it clear to whom it was afterwards granted. What might be thought to be the chief source of information as to the subsequent course of the the Pontefract Chartulary


here fails, for the monks of that place had no twelfth-century interest in Whitley, while those at Selby to which we next turn, held very little. From the latter, however, we learn that there was a chapel at Whitley, though we are not informed to what saint it was dedicated. It appears to have had no sufficient endowment to tempt a resident priest, and as it had no burying place to enlist the affections of the people, it was allowed to fall into disuse, like that at St. Nicholas, Coberoft (see Vol. xi. 28), which would not have been above a mile or a mile-and-a-half distant. In the Poll Tax of 1378, Whittelay was rated to contribute 138. 10d., payable by 37 at 4d., and 3 at 6d., which three were two tailors and a smith. There was a John atte Halle, Alice atte Halle, Henry att Ok', 2 John att Ok'. Agnes Yeldmadon, and Agnes Leycedoghter.

52 I think this entry must be misplaced. In any case, I have not noted anywhere else connection of the name of Sandall with this Whitley.

Escheats A° 8 Ed. 1 [1280] ñ. 11.

Evol. 123] 12

Extent of the Lands of Robert de Creppellings 53 in ye County of Yorke.

The Jurors say that John de Creppellings is son & heire of ye said Robert, & of ye age of 28 years. inter alia, Jn Wytelay 12 bovates & rent 228 5d ob.

L[vol. 135] 60

In the writeings of John Maleuerer of Lettewell, Esq: [1631]. John son of Richard de Goldhale released to Thomas de Shirewode & his heires all the land weh J had; (that which I had, in original) in all ye lands & Tenemts which lately were Henry de Kellington's whose heire J am in Wyteley &c. Wittnesse, Lawrence de Hecke (Helias de Wytelay) &c. Dated at Witeley, 11 Ed. 2 [1318].

NNN [vol. 73] 72

Fines A° 4 Jo. [1202–3].

Between Thomas de Kellington,54 comp1t, &
Roger de Ledisha', tent of 11 Acres & one


53 The inquisition connected with this escheat is given in the RECORD SERIES, (vol. xii., 206).

54 In the Selby Chartulary (RECORD SERIES, xiii., 142), will be found a full account of the partition made this year (1202), of the tithes of the chapelry of Whitley, between this Thomas of Kellington (that is the Rector there, the parson of the place), and the Abbot of Snaith. Incidentally it is mentioned that he was the son of the former Rector, John, who was the rector in 1185, when a survey was made of the lands of the Knights Templars there (vol. x., 280). Thus John's son "inherited" the living, notwithstanding the "rights" of the

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Knights Templars. The following is a small genealogy of this clerical family. They seem to have possessed the living, by right of descent from the founder, although that founder was alleged to have been Henry de Lascy; which again seems to imply that the last-named obtained possession after the appointment of the Rector, and therefore obtained only a lower right in the living. But the whole subject of "family livings of the twelfth century requires investigation. Dr. Whitaker, in his history of the deanery of Craven, touched only the borders of it, and imagined that Craven was an almost isolated instance, which it was by no means.

Thomas, rector in 1202.

Here the elder branches became clerks in view of their contingent rights to the living; but I have been unsuccessful in tracing what became of Simon, Moses, and Alexander. One or more probably entered a monastery, one or more might have migrated, and founded a new family under a new name in a new habitat; one or more might have died at their old place; but with one exception mentioned below, I have come across no Simon, or Moses, or Alexander (not common names), likely to have been an offshoot of this stock. It is, moreover, curious to note


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that after Henry the brother had qualified himself for the living by taking orders, the old rector held it long enough to enable his son to attain the canonical age, who in 1202 had succeeded to what had evidently been intended for Henry, the brother of the rector in possession in 1185. A generation afterwards, when clerical celibacy was becoming to be strictly enforced, such a circumstance would have been impossible. So far as landed property was concerned, the cauon could be evaded by a deed of gift, which named the son of a

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