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clumsy brick buttresses of modern erection. The two side aisles extend a little westward of the east wall of the tower. Over the east window of the south aisle of the nave is a rude carved figure of a bishop with mitre and crosier. The chancel is without aisles, and has a south door which is decidedly E. E., though the arch be semicircular; it has one moulding filled with a band of foliage of singular character, and shafts with stiff foliated capitals resembling Corinthian. The buttresses are enriched with large spouts representing heads. The windows are rectilinear insertions, and are of two lights with square heads and labels. The east window is also square and has five lights. The eastern wall has a gable crowned with an ornamented cross. The interior will not detain us long, having little worthy of particular description, and no ancient monuments. The great neatness and general decent appearance, however, deserves notice. The pews are uniform, and there is a neat organ in the western gallery. In the wall of the south aisle is a trefoil niche with shafts of E. E. character. A wood screen divides the nave and chancel. South of the altar is a trefoil niche of rectilinear appearance, and beneath the chancel windows an E. E. string.

The lofty and magnificent tower, by far the most remarkable part of the church, is of rich rectilinear work, and is one of the finest in the county. It consists of three stages, each having fine crocketed ogee niches and panelling. The niches of the lower stage have groining under the canopies. There is a pretty west doorway, and above it a good window. The buttresses are elegantly grouped, and at each stage the set-offs have crocketed ogee canopies. The belfry windows in the upper stage are very large, with rectilinear tracery, transoms, and crocketed ogee heads flanked by pinnacles. The battlements are very finely panelled, and the whole is crowned with eight pinnacles, all crocketed, of which the corner ones are the largest, and have their sides enriched with panelling and canopies. There is a clock and three bells.


The country between Driffield and Bridlington is for the most part bleak and bare. Beverley Minster is seen at fourteen miles distance only, but the village and mansion of

Burton Agnes embosomed in trees relieve the general dreariness of the country, and shortly the sea comes into view, but the coast is particularly bare and exposed. The town of Bridlington is distant one mile from the sea, and is of large size, but the interior has rather a sombre aspect. The only interesting object is the church, which is truly a magnificent structure, being the nave of the church of the priory, dissolved at the Reformation, and a very striking object in every distant view of the town from the uncommon loftiness of the roof. Standing tolerably free from other buildings, on one side of a spacious area, the edifice is seen externally to much advantage, but has suffered grievous mutilation in many parts. It contains specimens of the three later styles of architecture of the finest description, and is uncommonly rich in ornament. The west front would have been very fine and imposing if the towers had been completed, and at present offers many beautiful portions of architecture-rectilinear, curvilinear, and E. E. There are three handsome doorways, with rich crocketed ogee canopies and deep mouldings. The bands of moulding are filled with varied foliage in the centre door, and the shafts have fine foliated capitals which have an appearance of curvilinear work. The southern door has one band of moulding, with very large, bold, vine leaves, one of circles containing quatrefoils, one of square flowers. The doorways are flanked with small buttresses crowned with pinnacles, and the whole space about the doors is richly panelled. The lower portion of the front between the doors is enriched with niches with triangular crocketed canopies. The beautiful vine foliage forms a principal feature in the mouldings of the doors. The ornaments of the front are sadly worn from time and neglect. The north tower is partly Early English, but is in a ruinous state, being scarcely carried up to half of the intended height, and left unroofed. Its door is semicircular, but has shafts of evident Early Gothic character. The buttresses of the tower are flat and E. E. There are three stages above the doorway, each of which has a window; the two upper ones are early curvilinear of two lights, and in the lower stage is a range of trefoil niches with fine triangular canopies having crockets and finials. The cornice at the top of the tower and the bands between the stages have a foliated ornament. The parapet to the aisles

and clerestory of the whole church is not embattled, but has a cornice of bold foliage. The windows in the north aisle are mostly Early English lancets, and between them are good buttresses of curvilinear period, having triangular crocketed heads, and some with polygonal fronts. A string-course is carried all along under the parapet and continued over the buttresses. There are large projecting heads for waterspouts. The north porch is a truly splendid composition, having much of Early English and curvilinear work, both of the most elaborate description. It is of two stories, but as the groined ceiling never was completed, is open to the top. The exterior door is wide and of Early English character, having deep bands of moulding with the toothed ornament, and clustered shafts. On either side of this door is a lancet arch springing from the same shafts, and having fine deep mouldings. The upper story of the porch has a singular and plain appearance, and probably was never completed. The parapet has an Early English string, and at each angle a small square turret. The sides of the interior of the porch are richly panelled with trefoil niches, having dripstones and shafts with elaborate foliated capitals. The springings of the ribs of the groined ceiling are begun, and rest upon clustered shafts of curvilinear character, but never were completed. The interior door is of curvilinear period and very fine. The mouldings are very deep and the capitals of the shafts enriched with beautiful foliage. Down the shafts of some of the niches on the side walls run bands of flowers. The clerestory windows on the north side are of very fine curvilinear character, and of four lights, but many of them have been shamefully walled up; between each is a flat buttress. The exterior of the south side differs considerably in many respects from the north, and is not altogether so well preserved.2 The arrangement of the clerestory is different, the windows being carried down much lower and divided into two parts by a transom, the lower part opening to the triforium. The three western clerestory windows are of rectilinear tracery, the remainder curvilinear and very fine. The aisle has no windows in its western portion, and those in the eastern portion are raised higher up and are short, so that it

2 The south-west tower is now surmounted by a modern brick turret of octagonal form.

appears the cloisters adjoined this side, especially as there is a range of pointed arches below the windows in the wall, springing from low octagonal pillars, which seem to be traces of the cloisters. The buttresses between the windows of the eastern or curvilinear portion of the aisle have plain set-offs and triangular heads. The western part presents much blank wall and some heavy buttresses. There are traces of the ruins of the transept at the east end, but the transept has evidently been long destroyed, there being a window in the east wall of curvilinear character. This wall is supported by two clumsy buttresses. There is a good door on the south side, with deeply-recessed mouldings and shafts with rich foliated capitals. The interior of the church is very striking from its fine space and uncommon loftiness, but its beauty is much impaired by the extreme irregularity of the pews and galleries, which are scattered about all over the church without the least regard to order or regularity. The thick and coarse coats of whitewash with which the whole is bedaubed detract considerably from the elegance of the interior. There are nine fine and very lofty pointed arches on either side, their architraves are deeply moulded and the piers of lozenge form, composed of clustered shafts with plain moulded capitals, the angular shafts being of larger size than the intermediate ones. The three western

piers on the south side are cased with rectilinear panelling. The clerestory windows are of four lights and all of fine curvilinear tracery, excepting the three western ones on the south side, which are rectilinear. The west window has been a magnificent rectilinear one of nine lights and vast dimensions, but a large part of it is now barbarously walled up. The triforium on each side is different. On the north side it is very rich and of an intermediate character, partaking both of Early English and curvilinear, but more of the latter. It is formed of a fine deeply-moulded arch, divided into two by a central mullion, and each portion again subdivided into two lights, feathered, and springing from a central shaft with round plain capital. Between the heads of the lights in each portion is a circle containing a cinquefoil. In the six eastern compartments of the south side the triforium is differently arranged, and is evidently curvilinear, consisting of a range of most elegant and beautiful open lattice-work divided into compartments filled with delicate curvilinear

tracery. The shafts have rich foliated capitals. The clerestory windows are much longer than those on the north side, being divided into two by a transom, and the lower compartment is seen through the lattice-work of the triforium, which has a very fine effect, as in many of the French cathedrals. The lattice-work to the three western rectilinear windows is rectilinear pieced panelling of rather a plain character but not inelegant. The same is carried along the west end in front of the great window. This church has not any groining to the roof, but the timer is open to the church, which rather detracts from the elegance of it, and gives it a barn-like appearance. The windows in the eastern portion of the south aisle are very fine curvilinear tracery of three lights and rather early in the style. There are clustered shafts with rich foliated capitals, from which the ribs of the groining spring, but this never was completed. These windows on the north side are chiefly lancets ranged in pairs, with deep architrave mouldings and shafts with plain round capitals. In the east wall are two curvilinear windows of three lights, with rather early tracery. At the east end of the south aisle is a portion now enclosed and used as a vestry, in which are two monumental slabs in good preservation with black-letter inscriptions. One very perfect

runs thus:

Rob brustwyk qüöda prior huis loci q obiit ano do1 MCCC nonagisimo iii cuis aie ppiciej des. Amen.

The font stands at the west end of the church elevated on steps; it is circular and of black marble. Near it is a black marble slab well worthy of notice, and curiously wrought with rude carving representing various animals. One figure resembles an ass, one a cat, one a bird, and then another like dragons; beneath these figures are three arches in basrelief, the centre one pointed, the others semicircular. The shafts from which they spring have capitals of rude foliage of Late Norman or very Early Gothic character, which marks the antiquity of this singular monumental remain. Whom it commemorates, or to what the figures allude, I know not. There is another slab with a cross flory, but no inscription.

The fine Abbey gateway still remains, and forms a communication from the town to the green or area where the church stands. It is chiefly of rectilinear character, the

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