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the various places of worship. Ecclesiastically Snaith possessed a dean who was the presiding judge of a "peculiar court, before whom wills were proved, and by whom letters of administration were issued. Three sides of the churchyard wall were repaired at the expense of the twelve townships which constituted the parish, the fourth side, called the "priory wall," being built of freestone and repaired at the charge of the whole parish. The relative importance of the townships may be estimated from the extent of wall allotted to each to repair. Goole had 6 yards, Hook 17, Airmyn 18 yds. 2 ft., Rawcliffe 24, Snaith and Cowick 24, Balne and Pollington 20, Heck 27, Gowdall 24, Hensall 19, and Carleton 28 yards.

Clause, 28 H. 3 [1243] m. 6.

DD [vol. 122] 123

The King pdoned John Talbot & Gerrard his brother 100 yearly which was demanded of them sumon [of the issues (Dodsworth)] of the Mann' of Sneyth which the King comitted [to them (Dodsworth)] for the yearly fee of 30", vntill the full age of the heir of John de Lacy, late Earle of Linc.69

[Another reference is F (vol. 125) 81.]

fifth to Earl Hugh (of Chester) and so on. But when the local returns were digested for the compilation itself, every possession of the Abbot of York was omitted (though some of his lands which he held as Abbot of Whitby were included in the Survey), and to Earl Hugh was assigned the fourth place, the numeration of all the Tables after that of Earl Hugh being varied accordingly. The original design of including the manors of the Abbot of York having thus been abandoned and a precedent established, it seems to have been followed with regard to the second great Yorkshire Abbey, that of Selby, when it came up for consideration in its turn, and no report was recorded on either of the manors of Selby, Snaith, Fryston, Whitgift, Flaxby or Rawcliffe and other places which were held by the Selby House. In the Poll Tax of 2 Richard II. (1378), Snaith was, next to Pontefract, the manor most highly assessed in the king's books from the whole wapentake of Osgoldcross, Reedness, Rawcliffe and Fryston coming next with £2 13s. 6d., £3 8s. 8d., and £2 58. 10d. respectively. Snaith was charged with £4 7s. 8d. (totalled errone. ously at £4 7s.) from a group of 187 householders, of whom 164 were assessed at 4d., 16 at 6d., three at 12d. one at 2s., and three at half a mark, or 6s. 8d. These three who paid 6s. 8d. were Richard de Snayth, an attorney, Thomas de Snayth, the sergeant, and Thomas Adam, a second attorney. The ratepayer of 2s. was John Frere, a merchant; the three at 12d. were a tailor, an ostler, and a beast merchant. The 16 artizans at 6d. were 8 smiths, 3 tailors, 2 coblers, and one each walker, webster and wright, the webster being a Margaret del Hook. Snaith itself contained rather less than 6,000 acres, but it became the head of an extensive parish comprising 34,146 acres, for which there was at one time but a single church, though a few chapels were erected during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and bitter contests seem to have occasionally raged between the incumbents of

68 The heir to John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln, who died 22 July, 1240, was Edmund de Lascy, who, when he came of age succeeded to the lands, but not to the earldon, which his mother, Margaret, held for life, surviving her son. Legally, therefore, Edmund de Lascy was never earl, though conventionally and by courtesy he was frequently so styled. He became a ward of the king and was put into the care of Richard de Wirce, a Dominican Friar who had become Bishop of Chichester, who died in 1253, and who was shortly canonized. In his memory Edmund de Lascy founded a house of Friars Preachers at Pontefract, the only ecclesiastical establishment dedicated to St. Richard that I have been able to discover. See post, F F 75. 69"John Talbot and Gerard his brother," must have been systematically unfaithful trustees. As a consequence of this plea, an inquisition dated 35 H. 3 [1251], No. 19 was made, which has been recently published in the Record series (vol. xii., 241). Its object was to ascertain what damage they had occasioned to Edmund de Lascy, by waste, sale and removal. The jury specified the waste, and assessed the damage at £15 11s. 9ąd. It may be noted as an additional illustration of the carelessness with which the official Kalendar of 1806 was com

Pleas before the King, &c.

DD [vol. 122] 152 [Entered under GOLDALE, vol. xi. 43]. "Et term Mich. 52 H. 3 [1267] ro. 12" is here added.

Extract FF [vol. 126] 37


out of the Register of Wills, &c. (Alenger).7°

Entered under ELMESALL, vol. x., 527, & SMEATON, (ante 74) with the additions named at the latter

Placita de Banco a die Pascha in 15 dies ao 34 H. 3 [1249] ro. 3. FF [vol. 126] 75 Edmund de Lascy opponit se against John Talbot in a Plea, wherefore he made waste in his [the (Dodsworth)] woods & lands which he had in custody of the Jnheritance of the said Edmund in Snaith.

Out of an Inq. 7 No. 12 H. 8 [1520].

LL [vol. 136] 5 [Already given under CARLETON in Balne, vol. x., 364]. 12 H. 8 added, as the date of livery to Henry


Inquisition taken at Sherburne 6 Sept. 8 Caroli 1632. RR [vol. 146] 124 [Given under BALNE [vol. x. 350].

Escheats, 5 H. 5 [1417] [fo. 205 (Dodsworth)].

PPP [vol. 82] 88 Anthony Boston [Beston (Dodsworth)] held 2 acres of land in Snaith nere Carleton. Thomas de Boston, Chaplaine, brother & heire.

Out of Melton's Register.

B [vol. 28] 96

A letter of Confirmation for the Church of Snaith wherein is confirmed to the said Church the p'ochial rights of & in the townes &c. of Usflete, Whitgift, Rednesse, Swyneflete, & Esketoft; & for receiveing all manner of tythes there; & allso tythes of 11 bovates of land in Folkurdby, & 13 bovates of land in Haldenby. The Abbot of Selby had the church of Snaith for his owne use 1304. The Abbot and monkes of Selby (allthough the said Abbot of Selby affirmed it not to be a pochiall Church of it selfe, but the Chappell of Selby antiently depending on the Church of Snaith), doe hold & enjoy the Churches of Snaith & of Athelingflet & the Church of Selby, &c. Dat. 21 pont [1335] fo. 215.

[Another reference is CCC 25 [vol. 34].

piled, that it treats the inquisition ad quod damnum as an inq. p. m. See also DD [vol. 122] 63 (vol. x. p. 370).

70 The volumes of Wills of the P.P.C.

are each known by the name of the testator whose will is entered first in the volume.

XXX [vol. 106] 4

Fines, 2 H. 6 [1423].

Between Thomas Dilcock Jun' & Jone his wife complts, and William Scargill Esq: disturber, of one Messuage and 4 Acres of Land with the appurtnances in Snaith, &c. William granted to the foresaid Thomas & Jone, & the heires of their bodies, &c. And if it happen that they die wthout issue of their bodies, then after their decease the foresaid Tenemt wth the appurtnances to remaine wholly to the right heires of the said Thomas.

Fines, 30 H. 6 [1451].

XXX [vol. 106] 71 This has already appeared under CowICK (vol. x. 371) and INCLESMORE (vol. xi. 67).

C [vol. 120] 15

Charta, 35 H. 3 [1251] 3 m. 8.

[Entered under CASTLEFORD (vol. x. 369). In the entry here the words "& in diuerse Lands in Linc." are added after "Yorke " [Manors in Leicestershire and Northampton are also named in Dodsworth].

Charta, 36 H. 3 [1251] m. 23.

C [vol. 120] 18 The King granted free warren to the Abbot of Seleby in all his demeasne lands of his Mann's of Seleby, Thorp, Brayton, Hamelthon, Friston, Hillom, Acaster, Chelleslowe, Holme, Snaith, Rouchclife [Rawcliff] & Estofte in the County of Yorke.

Inquisition taken at Snaith, 27 Ed. 3 [1353] . 11.

[Partly entered under HENSALL (vol. x., 53).] The full entry is as follows:-

C[vol. 120] 93

The Jurors say it is not to the Dammage of the lord the king if he grant that Henry Gramary, K., may giue to John Newton of Snaith & Jone his wife & William, son of the said John, 5 messuages, 5 bovates, & 50 acres of Land & 20 acres of Meadow, 200 acres of More, & 8 10 rent, with the appurtnances in Snaith, Goldhale, Hethensale, Balne-hecke, Litle Hecke, Whitley, Berley, & Burton upon Dime [Bolton-on-Dearne] which is held of the King in Capite as it is said, & which the said Henry Grammary holdeth of William Grammary who holdeth them of John de Creppings vnder the name of 9 58 rent with the appurtnances in the foresaid Towne of Snaith by the grant of E. late King of England grandfather of the now King; to John Newton of Snaith &Jone his wife & William sonne of the said John to hold for euer. And they say that the foresaid Messuages, Land, meadow, more &8 10 rent &c. in all the townes aforesaid &c. are the same Tenements which the foresaid Henry Grammary & William Grammary purchased of the foresd John de Creppings, vnder the name of the whole Land & Tenemt in the foresaid Towne of Snaith. And which the foresaid John de Creppings, as son & heire of Robert de Crepings, after the

death of the said Robert enjoyed (ingressus fuit (Dodsworth)) & which H. late King of England great grandfather of the now King, by his Charter gaue & granted &c. (tanquam escartam (Dodsworth)) to the foresaid Robert de Crepings vnder the name of ye Tenement with the appurtnances, which Ralfe de Duffeud [South Duffield in Howdenshire] & Ema Wasthous" his wife, held of his said Greatgrandfather in Snaith, by the occasion of Transgression which the said Ralfe & Ema made, as it is said. And they say that besides the foresaid Lands &c. there remaines to the foresaid Henry Grammary diuerse Lands & Tenemts in Berwicke in Crauen &c.

Charta, 7 John [1205] m. 12, n. 104.

C [vol. 120] 4 The King granted to Roger de Lascy Constable of Chester, the Mann' of Snaid with [the whole soke, and (Dodsworth)] all the appurtnances to hold by him and his heirs in fee and heirship of us and of our heirs, by rendering to us the usual fee of one for all service, reserueing to the heires of Alan de Wastehese the Lands which the said Alan had in the said Mann'.

Escheats, 29 Ed. 3 [1355], n. 55.

C [vol. 120] 93

[Following the estreats given under COWICKE (vol. x. 371) & GOLDALE (vol. xi. 44), the entry is continued after "Hethensell" as follows:]

Berley & Hecke, to be receiued by the hands of diuerse free tenants who held diuerse tenemts in the townes aforesaid of the said William in Fee simple, by diuerse services, & of that tenure called the third part of the Soke of Snaith. And the said William held the said Tenemt of the Lord the King in Capite, by serjeancy, viz. by the service of carrieing the King's Bow, & his heires, in the warre, &c. And they say that the foresaid William Grammary died 27 of October, 26 Ed. 3 [1352]. Aud that William Grammary son of John Grammary 72 son of the foresaid William is his next heire.7% 73

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make a donation from it. No complete early pedigree exists of this name, though probably it may be obtained from a careful examination of the chartularies of Pontefract, Healaugh and Nostell. There seems in the latter half of the twelfth century to have been at least a Richard, a William, and a second Richard. The first held lands as a knight's fee in 1166, the second, who hel i the knight's fee temp. Testa de Nevil. witnessed many charters between 1180 and 1210, being accompanied on two occasions by the second Richard, called in one instance Richard his son, in the other case Richard of Knottingley. Joan, the lady to whom the estate at Knottingley ultimately fell, is said to have been the heiress of one branch of the Grammaticus family, though a conflicting account is that she was a sister of Roger de Lascy, who gave to her as a dowry

Fines, A° 8 Ed. 1 [1279] n. 11.

E [vol. 123] 12 Extent of the lands of William de Creppellings in con Ebor. The Jurors say that John de Creppellings is son & heire of said Robert, & of the age of 28 years.

There is in Snaith 8 Bovates of Land, & yearly rent of 19 94.74

Escheats, 33 H. 3 [1249] n. 142 [should be 42].75

E [vol. 123] 73 The Jurors say that a certaine Knight called Rodes 76 (who married Emma Wasthose) and the said Emma held of the King in Capite the Soke of Snaith P servitium serjeantiæ unius Hubergoni in Exercitu dni Regio [a certain (Dodsworth)] tenemt of the Jnheritance of the said Emma, whereof a certaine Ancestor of the said Emma was enfeoffed by the Ancestor of the King that now is. Which said Tenemt was [afterwards (Dodsworth)] the pure Escheat of the Lord the King that now is, by reason of a certaine transgression which the said Rodes & Emma made. Afterwards the said King granted the foresaid Tenement in Snath to the foresaid Emma, after the death of her husband, dureing the life of the said Emma; & after her decease to remaine to the Lord the King to doe with it as he pleased.

lands at Knottingley. But in either case by her marriage with Peter, son of Adam de Bruis, she was the occasion (when her husband succeeded his father), of Knottingley falling into a secondary rank as a manor appendant to the great lordship of Skelton. The chapel of St. Botolph's in Knottingley was probably the foundation of an early Grammaticus, for it was built at the east corner of the Grammary demesne which extended from the high road to the river. This property was about 1200 divided into four, the most easterly containing the chapel, the second, which was afterwards the manor of the Wildbores, where Cromwell lodged during the few days he was at Knottingley, while the siege of Pontefract was progressing-it is now a disused lime quarry being held by Richard, son of Sigereda (who might indeed be identified with Richard of Knottingley, son of William Grammaticus); the third was given by Peter de Bruis and Joan his wife to the monks of Pontefract, while the fourth contained the mill which when they subjected it to a rent of 10 marks of silver payable to the Priory of Healaugh (see Vol. xi., p. 440). Peter rehearsed that he had had in marriage with Joan his wife. Later on, in 1218, a Robert Grammaticus was parson or rector of Aberford, and followed John de Lascy to the Holy War, being present with him at the siege of Damietta in that year.

73 This inquisition seems to have

disappeared, nor was it among those kalendared in 1806.

74 The inquisition is given at full in RECORD SERIES, vol. xii., pp. 206-7, by which the above can be corrected. The 19s. 9d. was really the rent of the eight bovates, while the extract in the text would rather indicate that Robert de Creppellings had eight bovates in addition to a rent of 19s. 9d. at Snaith.

75 This reference is copied inaccurately. It is given in RECORD SERIES, vol. xii., as 35 H. 3, No. 42 (not 142 of the 33rd year). There are also other inaccuracies; for instance, the escheat before us ascribes "the soke of Snaith" to Emma; but the original only "a tenement in the soke." This is a further illustration of the service rendered by the accuracy and exactness of the RECORD SERIES, which cannot be too highly commended.

76 This was Ralph de Rodes or de Duffield (South Duffield). But see ante, vol. x., 538, and xi., 43. The latter reference gives a pedigree from which it appears there were two brothers, Alan Wasthose and Robert Wasthose, each having a daughter Emma. The former had Emma, wife of Ralph de Rodes of the text, the latter had the Emma through whom the Gramary fee descended. It is possible that Henry, son of Robert son of Roe de Ormesby, was the husband of this younger cousin, and not the second husband of the elder.

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