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death of the said Robert enjoyed (ingressus fuit (Dodsworth)) & which H. late King of England great grandfather of the now King, by his Charter gaue & granted &c. (tanquam escartam (Dodsworth)) to the foresaid Robert de Crepings vnder the name of ye Tenement with the appurtnances, which Ralfe de Duffeud [South Duffield in Howdenshire] & Ema Wasthous1 his wife, held of his said Greatgrandfather in Snaith, by the occasion of Transgression which the said Ralfe & Ema made, as it is said. And they say that besides the foresaid Lands &c. there remaines to the foresaid Henry Grammary diuerse Lands & Tenemts in Berwicke in Crauen &c.

Charta, 7 John [1205] m. 12, n. 104.

C [vol. 120] 4 The King granted to Roger de Lascy Constable of Chester, the Mann' of Snaid with [the whole soke, and (Dodsworth)] all the appurtnances to hold by him and his heirs in fee and heirship of us and of our heirs, by rendering to us the usual fee of one for all service, reserueing to the heires of Alan de Wastehese the Lands which the said Alan had in the said Mann'.

Escheats, 29 Ed. 3 [1355], n. 55.

C[vol. 120] 93 [Following the estreats given under COWICKE (vol. x. 371) & GOLDALE (vol. xi. 44), the entry is continued after "Hethensell" as follows:]

Berley & Hecke, to be receiued by the hands of diuerse free tenants who held diuerse tenemts in the townes aforesaid of the said William in Fee simple, by diuerse services, & of that tenure called the third part of the Soke of Snaith. And the said William held the said Tenemt of the Lord the King in Capite, by serjeancy, viz. by the service of carrieing the King's Bow, & his heires, in the warre, &c. And they say that the foresaid William Grammary died 27 of October, 26 Ed. 3 [1352]. And that William Grammary son of John Grammary 72 son of the foresaid William is his next heire.73

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make a donation from it. No complete early pedigree exists of this name, though probably it may be obtained from a careful examination of the chartularies of Pontefract, Healaugh and Nostell. There seems in the latter half of the twelfth century to have been at least a Richard, a William, and a second Richard. The first held lands as a knight's fee in 1166, the second, who heli the knight's fee temp. Testa de Nevili, witnessed many charters between 1180 and 1210, being accompanied on two occasions by the second Richard, called in one instance Richard his son, in the other case Richard of Knottingley. Joan, the lady to whom the estate at Knottingley ultimately fell, is said to have been the heiress of one branch of the Grammaticus family, though a conflicting account is that she was a sister of Roger de Lascy, who gave to her as a dowry

Fines, A° 8 Ed. 1 [1279] n. 11.

E [vol. 123] 12 Extent of the lands of William de Creppellings in con Ebor. The Jurors say that John de Creppellings is

son & heire of said Robert, & of the age of 28 years.

There is in Snaith 8 Bovates of Land, & yearly rent of 19 9d 74

Escheats, 33 H. 3 [1249] n. 142 [should be 42].75

E [vol. 123] 73 The Jurors say that a certaine Knight called Rodes 76 (who married Emma Wasthose) and the said Emma held of the King in Capite the Soke of Snaith P servitium serjeantiæ unius Hubergoni in Exercitu dni Regio [a certain (Dodsworth)] tenemt of the Jnheritance of the said Emma, whereof a certaine Ancestor of the said Emma was enfeoffed by the Ancestor of the King that now is. Which said Tenemt was [afterwards (Dodsworth)] the pure Escheat of the Lord the King that now is, by reason of a certaine transgression which the said Rodes & Emma made. Afterwards the said King granted the foresaid Tenement in Snath to the foresaid Emma, after the death of her husband, dureing the life of the said Emma; & after her decease to remaine to the Lord the King to doe with it as he pleased.

lands at Knottingley.

But in either

case by her marriage with Peter, son of Adam de Bruis, she was the occasion (when her husband succeeded his father), of Knottingley falling into a secondary rank as a manor appendant to the great lordship of Skelton. The chapel of St. Botolph's in Knottingley was probably the foundation of an early Grammaticus, for it was built at the east corner of the Grammary demesne which extended from the high road to the river. This property was about 1200 divided into four, the most easterly containing the chapel, the second, which was afterwards the manor of the Wildbores, where Cromwell lodged during the few days he was at Knottingley, while the siege of Pontefract was progressing-it is now a disused lime quarry being held by Richard, son of Sigereda (who might indeed be identified with Richard of Knottingley, son of William Grammaticus); the third was given by Peter de Bruis and Joan his wife to the monks of Pontefract, while the fourth contained the mill which when they subjected it to a rent of 10 marks of silver payable to the Priory of Healaugh (see Vol. xi., p. 440). Peter rehearsed that he had had in marriage with Joan his wife. Later on, in 1218, a Robert Grammaticus was parson or rector of Aberford, and followed John de Lascy to the Holy War, being present with him at the siege of Damietta in that year.

73 This inquisition seems to have

disappeared, nor was it among those kalendared in 1806.

74 The inquisition is given at full in RECORD SERIES, vol. xii., pp. 206-7, by which the above can be corrected. The 19s. 9d. was really the rent of the eight bovates, while the extract in the text would rather indicate that Robert de Creppellings had eight bovates in addition to a rent of 19s. 9d. at Snaith.

75 This reference is copied inaccurately. It is given in RECORD SERIES, vol. xii., as 35 H. 3, No. 42 (not 142 of the 33rd year). There are also other inaccuracies; for instance, the escheat before us ascribes "the soke of Snaith" to Emma; but the original only "a tenement in the soke." This is a further illustration of the service rendered by the accuracy and exactness of the RECORD SERIES, which cannot be too highly commended.

76 This was Ralph de Rodes or de Duffield (South Duffield). But see ante, vol. x., 538, and xi., 43. The latter reference gives a pedigree from which it appears there were two brothers, Alan Wasthose and Robert Wasthose, each having a daughter Emma. The former had Emma, wife of Ralph de Rodes of the text, the latter had the Emma through whom the Gramary descended. It is possible that Henry, son of Robert son of Roe de Ormesby, was the husband of this younger cousin, and not the second husband of the elder.

fee

Escheats, 43 [should be 44] Ed. 3 [1370] no. 2.

E [vol. 123] 151 Phillippa, late Queen of England, held for her life the Mann of Snaith, with the Soke of the King in Capite by Kts service. And the Castle & hon of Tickhill; and the Castle and hon of Knaresburgh of the King in Capite by Kts service.”

30 H. 6 [1452].

H [vol. 129] 132 This is the finall Concord &c. made at Westminster Hillery Terme. A 30 H. 6 [1452]. Between William Gascoigne K., Guy Roucliffe, Alexander Lound Esqre, Henry Gascoigne & Brian Roucliffe, compts; & Thomas Metham Kt & Mundana his wife, Richard Metham Esq., & Margret his wife, deforsiant of 3 messuages, one toft, 16 Bovates of Land & a halfe, 8 acres & one rood of meadow, 2 bovates of more with the appurtnances in Jnklesmore, Snaith, Cowicke nere Snaith, Tybthorp nere Burne, and Yapam nere Pocklington, &c.

D [vol. 121] 53

Clause, 7 H. 3 [1223] m. 3.

The King to the Sheriffe of Yorke greeting. We comand that the Market which was wont to be kept every week on Saturday [p' diem d'inicam (Dodsworth)] at the Mann' of John, Constable of Chester, of Snaith, may hereafter be kept there every weeke on Friday, &c. Dat. at Westminster, 26 Aug.

In the Charter of Thomas 2 Archbishop of Yorke, out of the Leiger booke of Seby [sic].

[vol 118] 10

In the writeings

L [vol. 135] 59

Thomas 2d Archbishop &c. gaue to the Abbey of
Selby the Church of Snaith, fo. 158a.78

of John Maleu'er of Ettewell Esq: 4 Octob. 1613.

Edmund fitz-Williams (sic) & Isabell his wife, & John Maleuerer, son & heire of the said Isabell, demised to ferme to Robert Wigan of Snaith, and Katherin his wife, one messuage in Snaith, lieing between the Messuage of John Dawney & Robert Dilock, & 4 Acres of Land &c. Dat. 6 H. 7 [1491].

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77 There is still in existence a very interesting, and almost unknown, memorial of this possession of the manor of Snaith, by Philippa late Queen of England.' The church of Monk Fryston (which like that of Suaith belonged to the Abbey of Selby), has on its porch the paternal arms of this queen, the "chaius of Navarre," for the presence of which 1 was unable to account, till it occurred to me that this her possession of Snaith and other neighbouring manors might account for them, and for the interest Philippa might have taken in an extension of that

church. For it is reasonable to suppose that the arms of the queen in that position signify that the porch was built largely at her expense. On the west side of the porch there is a similar coat (a chevron engrailed, between three mullets pierced; Hamond of Scarthingwell). For a rehearsal of the grant to the queen (dated before 18 Jan., 6 Edw. III. [1333]), see Selby Chartulary, fo. 236 (p. 54 in the printed copy, RECORD SERIES, vol. x.).

78 See the Charter, Monasticon, Selby, No. 1, and RECORD SERIES, vol. x., 11.

South Kirkby.

Pl'ita de Banco, 14 H. 3 [1230]

79

beginning 15 in Octob. [1230] Mich.

ro. 17.

EE [vol. 124] 73 An agreemt between William de Northoft & Maud his wife of the one pt, & Ralfe de Raley & Mabill his wife of the other, of the Jnheritance which was Stephen Kent's (sic) father of the said Maud & Mabill, & allso of the Jnheritance of Robert de Kane (sic), vnkle of the said Maud & Mabill, whose heires they are, of all the land of Fynchingfeld, & the homage, & all the service, 100 land in Harringworth, & allso 4" rent in South Kirkby, in the County of York, as they were extended to the foresaid Ralfe & Mabill by the Constable of Chester. Remainder to the foresaid Robert & Maud, as eldest Sister for her part of the foresaid Jnheritance, the land of Snaneton of Borden, of Ferlingham, Standon in Shepeia, Land in Cudington. To Ralfe & Mabill for their part the land of Gillibert.

M [vol. 160] 16 At Himsworth 80 there be 2 or 3 litle springs which meeting together make a small current, & come to South Kirkby (a towne pleasantly seated where the family of the Tregotts haue a long time liued in good reputation), by Elmsall where Wentworth hath his mansion, haueing long since descended out of Wentworth Woodhouse, & by marriage of the daughter and heire of . . . . Biset haue good Lands in this Tract from whom the Lo. Wentworth descended. Thence it goeth to Hampull a house of Nunns founded by [Ralph de Tilly] nere vnto wch place St. Richard " the Hermit liued, from hence to Robbin

81

79 Kirkby, or South Kirkby as it was afterwards called to distinguish it from a hamlet in Pontefract of the same name, though the largest of an associated group of manors, was apparently not the most important, for it was named third in order. "Ermeshall (South Elmsall), and Thorp (Moorthorp), and Cherchebi (South Kirkby), and Frickehalle (Frickley)," were three manors "formerly" held by two owners, Swein and Archil, who had 11 carucates of taxable land, which was not of the best quality, nor in the highest condition of cultivation, for it would employ only six ploughs. Ilbert himself held it at the time of the Survey, three carucates being in demesne, while seven were farmed by 11 villans and 5 bordars. There was a church (locally situate in South Kirkby), with its priest, and which Hugh de Laval gave in 1122 to Nostell, a gift confirmed by the second Robert de Lascy, two generations afterwards. The group had three acres of pasture, and there was the site for a mill, though the mill was not yet built. Two-thirds of the manor was still in wood, for the woody pasture was a leuga long and one broad. The whole

manor was only of that breadth, but it was a leuga and a half long. In the time of Edward the Confessor it had been worth 100s. to the king; but "now" it was assessed at £4 10s. 8d. only, with an additional £6 from the shrievalty, an item which, whatever it may mean, is not found elsewhere.-At the time of the 1378 Poll Tax, there was no householder in the manor of a taxable capacity of more than 6d., while there were altogether only 66 contributors to the impost, of whom 55 paid 4d. and 11 paid 6d., a total of 23s. 10d. The 11 artizans who paid 6d. were 3 websters, 2 smiths, 2 tailors, and one each carpenter, chapman, schlaster and wright. Among the peculiar names were Johanna Lachewyf, and Eva Brabayn.

So There is a memorandum in the margin :

Bishop [sic., for Archbishop] Holgate. borne at Bisset [now called Visit], F [Founder] of H [Hospital] and Free Schole."

81 Richard of Hampole was not canonized. The St. Richard of the Anglican Church was Richard de Wirch (Herefordshire) bishop of Chichester, in the

hood-well 82 wch J rather take to be the Hermit's well near Adwicke in the Street, And through Bentley by Arkesey, & falleth into Dun at Wheatley.

Jn Ecclesia de South Kirby.

M [vol. 160] 35 Christus resurectio

Isabella vxor Willielmi Green cler.

Fonte Christo consecrata,

Vita Christo præparata,

Morte Christo dedicata,

Cœlis Christo conjugata,
Mors lucrum.

Dec. 8, 1615.83

84

Here lieth the body of Bartholomew Trigot Esq who liued 70 years, buried xii. August 1595.

O that Men were wise, then they would vnderstand this; they would consider the later [sic] end. DEUTRO [ DEUTRO [... chapter] 32 verse.

In the red booke of Mr Hanson. Inquisition taken at Wakefield, 14

Elizab.85 [1571–2].

86

AA [vol. 117] 128 The Jurors say that Ralfe Bavet 6 died seized of the Rectory of South Kirkby [and the advowson

of the Vicarage (Dodsworth)] & Richard Bevet is son & heire.

In the writeings of Richard Beaumont, K. and Baronet. K [vol. 133] 101 Know p'sent & to come that J Robert, son of John de Bellemonte, haue giuen, granted, & by this my p'sent Charter confirmed, to Henry my brother, for the terme of the life

middle of the 13th Century. (See note 68.)

82 Robin Hood Well is at Barnesdale, within a few yards of Skelbrook Church, which I incline to think to be the Chapel referred to in the Robin Hood Ballad :"I built me a chapel in Barnisdale, Which seemly is to see; It is of Mary Magdalene,

And thereto would I be."

The Chapel was in the patronage of the monks of Mary Magdalene at Monk Bretton.

83 The date of Dodsworth's visit to the Church.

84 The daughter, Katherine, as the wife of Thomas Holgate, lord of Stapleton, is still in good preservation in the neighbouring Church of Darrington, with the arms of Holgate impaling Trigott.

tombstone of his eldest

85 There is a contusion between two inquisitions. At the Dissolution, the rectory itself with the advowson of the vicarage, were granted to Richard Pimond, whose male heirs failing, the

South Kirkby property fell to Joan Bevot, the youngest of the three coheirs. By inquisition 4 & 5 l'h. & M., it was found that Ralph the son and heir of Joan Bevot had died seised of all, and that Richard was his son and heir. An inquisition was held, 14 Elizabeth, after the death of Richard, when it was found that the deceased had held the rectory, and that Edward was his son. Put into pedigree form, this gives :

Richard Pimond.

inq. p. m. 4 & 5 Ph. & M., Joan Bevot.
1
inq. p. m. Elizabeth, Ra.ph.
Richard.
Edward.

86 Hunter (S. Yorkshire. II., 449) gives a list of the presentations to the Vicarage of South Kirkby by members of this family, of which there is a pedigree in the 1412 and 1446 visitation, and in Thoresby, p. 20 (Whitaker's Edition, p. 23).

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