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victors of Hastings and their iron institutions, the origin of all that is desirable in a state, and the only sources of our country's elevation.

In this work different views have been taken of these matters, and as they are based on the statements of the most nearly cotemporary writers, they will perhaps be regarded as sound. The passages from Greek and Latin writers, accumulated with so much diligence by the Editors of our only National historical worka, afford most valuable corrections or elucidations of the statements of Cæsar; and the

: Saxon Chronicle and Anglo-Saxon Laws detail with minuteness and indisputable truth the state of our Anglo-Saxon commonwealth. These have been carefully analyzed, and the following pages contain a summary of their contents; while from Northern sources some brief notices have been drawn which may serve to correct the ordinary erroneous impressions regarding the Northmen, who had so great an influence on the fortunes of Britain for

à “Monumenta Historica Britannica,” edited by Messrs. Petrie, Sharp, and Hardy. It is to be regretted that but a single volume has yet appeared of a work so well calculated to do credit to the liberality of Government, and which, if carried out in the manner proposed, will be a worthy rival to the “Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de France," on which successive rulers in France have, to their own honour and the advantage of their country, for more than a century bestowed their patronage.

many centuries, and several of whose institutions still prevail among us.

Two highly important documents, Domesday Book and Magna Charta, will be found described as fully as the limits of the work would permit ; valuable corrections of various kinds, (particularly of dates,) and some facts hitherto little known, have been derived from the Close and the Patent Rolls, from the Rolls of Parliament and Parliamentary Writs, but especially from the Statutes of the Realm \; and, to meet in some measure a deficiency often felt in perusing history, brief biographies have been given of many eminent persons.

o Since the above was written a volume of Oxford Essays has appeared, one of which, from the pen of Mr. Froude, is “ On the best Means of teaching English History ;" the coincidence of its main recommendation with the plan that has been followed in this work is both remarkable and gratifying:

“We recommend,” he says, .. the study of the old Statute-book; in which, notwithstanding all that is thought and believed of the dependent position of Parliament, the true history of this English nation substantially lies buried,-a history, different indeed from any which has been offered to us as such. Every thing of greatest consequence is to be found there. All great movements, political and religious, are treated of there; and all those questionable personal transactions which have appeared so perplexing are there. .... We believe, for our own part, that, for a serviceable study of English History, the Statutes are as the skeleton is to the body ; that in them is contained the bone and marrow of the whole matter, and around them as a sustaining and organising structure the flesh and colour of it can alone effectually gather itself.”

The Illustrations, mainly derived from the trustworthy sources of coins, great seals, and monuments, will be found to present a tolerably complete series of the portraits, arms, and devices of each ruler, and may indicate the importance of some acquaintance with heraldry as an aid to the study of history.

The work, as its name implies, is mainly devoted to the affairs of England, but notices are given at suitable times of the course of events in Scotland and the Isles, in Wales, and in Ireland; these are necessarily brief, but being drawn from the cotemporary Annals, Chronicles, and Laws of each country, they may perhaps be sufficient to shew what degree of connexion formerly existed between the long independent and often hostile States which now happily unite to form the British Empire. Esto perpetua !

List of Illustrations.

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DOUBLE Cromlech at Plas Newydd, in Anglesey
Roman Sepulchral Urns, from Felmingham •
Brass Coin of Severus, on occasion of his victories in

Britain
Gold Coins of Tasciovanus and of Cunobelin.
Silver Coin of Claudius, commemorative of his conquest

of Britain
Brass Coin of Hadrian, on occasion of his visit to Britain
Brass Coin of Antoninus Pius, representing Rome seated

on the rocks of Britain Brass Coin of Commodus, commemorating the victories

of Ulpius Marcellus Brass Coins of Caracalla and of Geta, commemorating

their father's conquests
Gold Coin of Carausius, on his founding an empire in

Britain
Silver Coin of Carausius, commemorative of his naval

power
Brass Coin of Carausius, representing his association

29

33

36

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ib.

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with Diocletian and Maximian

ib. ib. 281

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Page 37 ib. 47 48 65 77 80 83

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Gold and Brass Coins of Allectus
Figure of St. Alban, from a brass in St. Alban's Abbey
Roman Masonry, from the Jewry Wall, Leicester
Gold Coin attributed to Edward the Confessor
Statue of St. Cuthbert, with St. Oswald's head
Northman's Armlet
Arms ascribed to Egbert
Ethelwulf's Ring
Edmund of East Anglia; from a painted panel of the

15th century
Alfred's Jewel, obverse and profile
Thyra's Cup
Arms ascribed to Edward the Confessor
Saxon Sceatta
Armour of the Norman era .
William I., from his Great Seal, and Arms ascribed to,
William II., from his Great Seal, and Arms ascribed to,
Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Henry I. and Queen Maud, from Rochester Cathedral
Henry I., from his Great Seal, and Arms ascribed to,
Badge of the Templars
Cross of the Hospitallers
Stephen, from his Great Seal, and Arms ascribed to,
Arms of Geoffrey, earl of Anjou
The Escarboucle and Planta Genista
Henry II. and Eleanor of Guienne, from their Monuments

at Fontevraud .
Arms of William Longespee
Arms and Badge of Henry II.
Richard I., from his Monument at Fontevraud
Berengaria, from her Monument at Lespan
Arms and Badge of Richard I.
John, from his Monument in Worcester Cathedral
Isabella of Angoulême, from her Monument at Fontevraud
Arms of Richard, eart of Cornwall

89 94 102 134 167 180 181 206 214 217 218 223 224 228 237 ib.

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239 242 243 263

ib. 265 279

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