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according Ages aliens allowed already appear apprentices authorities became body Book borough Bristol brought burgesses carried century changes charter citizens claimed cloth common Company complained condition County Hist court Coventry craft craft gilds custom demesne Domesday early economic Edward England English evidence example fact fair farm field foreign gild granted hands held Henry Hist History hold houses hundred Ibid important industry interests king king's labour land later less Letter Book London lord manor masters mayor mediaeval merchants municipal Norwich organization origin paid Parl Patent Rolls period persons practice privileges realm received Records relations remained rents royal rule sell served shillings staple Statutes tenants term tion toll town trade Vict village villeins weavers whole wool York
Page 143 - Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth...
Page 222 - One ofred me velvet, sylke, and lawne, An other he taketh me by the hande, ' Here is Parys thred, the fynest in the land ' ; I never was used to such thyngs indede, And wanting mony, I might not spede.
Page 449 - In like manner it shall be concerning the aids of the City of London. 13. And the City of London shall have all its ancient liberties and free customs, as well by land as by water : furthermore we will and grant, that all other cities and boroughs, and towns and ports, shall have all their liberties and free customs.
Page 7 - The object of all the races who broke up the Roman empire was not to settle in a desert, but to live at ease, as an aristocracy of soldiers, drawing rent from a peaceful population of tenants. Moreover, coming in small and narrow skiffs, the conquerors could not bring their families with them, and must in most cases have taken wives from the women of the country.
Page 153 - ... that the principal strength of an army consisteth in the infantry or foot. And to make good infantry, it requireth men bred, not in a servile or indigent fashion, but in some free and plentiful manner.
Page 205 - ... foiled, than in other ferial days, as in fastening and making their booths and stalls, bearing and carrying, lifting and placing their wares outward and homeward, as though they did nothing remember the horrible defiling of their souls in buying and selling, with many deceitful lies and false perjury with drunkenness and strifes, and so specially withdrawing themselves and their servants from divine service...
Page 136 - Brian, chief justice, said that his opinion hath always been, and ever shall be, that if such tenant by custom paying his services be ejected by the lord, he shall have an action of trespass against him, H.
Page 226 - There be therefore more men hanged in England in a year for robbery and manslaughter than there be hanged in France for such manner of crime in seven years.
Page 123 - There was also the possibility that enclosure, even when for purposes of arable farming, might be carried out unfairly and to the detriment of the poorer tenants. This was often the case in the eighteenth century, and was admitted even by Tusser : " The poor at enclosing do grutch [grumble] because of abuses that fall, Lest some man should have but too mutch, and some again nothing at all ". It is difficult to determine the extent to which agricultural Extent of land was enclosed for purposes of...
Page 97 - Because a great part of the people, and especially of workmen and servants, late died of the pestilence, many seeing the necessity of masters, and great scarcity of servants, will not serve unless they may receive excessive wages, and some rather willing to beg in idleness, than by labour to get their living...