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Bibury and Barnsley; and the Wick, which descends from the interior of the County from the Northwest, ornamenting the fine seat of West Wycomb, flowing through Lord CARRINGTON's Grounds near High Wycomb, and giving motion to fifteen Corn and Paper Mills; the manufacture of the latter article is probably carried on to as great an extent in this neighbourhood as in any part of England. These Rivers produce very fine Trout, and a variety of good fish.
THE CAM is composed of two branches: the source of the one is near Ashwell, in Hertfordshire; and the other, which bears the classic name of the Granta, and rising near Newport, in Essex, flows through the highly ornamented grounds of AUDLEY END, and after receiving several small streams, unites with the Cam about four miles from Cambridge, from which place it is by locks rendered navigable to ELY. The Cam soon sinks below Cambridge into the Fens, where the cathedral of Ely appears finely elevated over the level just above the junction of the Cam with the Ouse, (at Harrimere in the Parish of Stretham,) which latter in its course passes the towns of Chesterford, Soham, and Ely. A dreary tract of marsh accompanies these united rivers (which now take the name of the Ouse) to Downham, in Norfolk, nor does the country much improve afterwards; but the Estuary at last is very considerable, and the exit of these rivers is splendid,
where the flourishing and great trade of Lynn presents in its port a crowd of vessels. In many parts of these rivers there is excellent fishing, near the town of Cambridge in particular, both above and below it, there is good Trolling for Pike, and Angling for Perch, &c.
THE principal rivers are the Mersey, the Dee, and the Wever. The first of these rises in Yorkshire, and, after passing through, or rather dividing this county from Lancashire for a course of nearly sixty miles, about thirty-five of which, from Liverpool to the mouth of the river Irwell, are navigable for Vessels of considerable burthen, falls into the Irish Sea near Liverpool Haven. The second springs from two fountains in Merionethshire, North Wales, which uniting, form the Lake of Pimble Meer, the largest in Wales, and which covers one hundred and sixty acres of ground; issuing from thence, it passes through the middle of Denbighshire, runs by Wrexham, and, after half encompassing the walls of the city, reaches St. George's Channel 16 miles below CHESTER. The Dee is a most beautiful river, and is singular, in increasing in rapidity the farther it leaves its source. The passage of the Dee into its great plain, as the mountains recede, is extremely grand, where the Cerriog dashes into it from the territory of Chirk Castle, bounding Shropshire, and at length forming the romantic scene of Nant-ybell, beneath the park of Wynnestay; after which
its velocity is abated, and it becomes a deep and tranquil stream before it reaches CHESTER. The Alan meets the Dee near the towns of Farnden and Holt; a rapid torrent also issuing from the Well of St. Winnefred, beneath the town of Holywell, turns a vast number of mills in its short course to the Dee's Estuary, near the ruins of Basingwork Abbey, in Flintshire. The Wever rises in Shropshire, not far distant from Hawkestone, Sir RICHARD HILL'S beautiful seat, runs through the central parts of Cheshire to Namptwich and Northwich, where it is joined by the Dane from the northern confines of Staffordshire, and the Wednock from Middlewich ; it then proceeds to its port of Frodsham, a little below which it is lost in the swelling basin of the MERSEY. In these rivers plenty of very fine Salmon, Salmon Trout, Trout, Perch, &c. is taken in the season. In this county are also many waters called Meres, as Cambermere, Bagmeret, and Pickmere,
*Water Mills to grind Corn were invented by BELISARIUS, A. D. 529. The Ancients parched their Grain and pounded it. MACPHERSON in his Annals of Commerce says, "Water Mills were introduced in Britain by the ROMANS about the Year 550. The Remains of a Roman Mill were lately discovered at Manchester, and as they are frequently mentioned during the SAXON period, we may be assured, that an Engine so very useful, and also of such simple Construction, was never allowed to go out of use: about this time they were also known in IRELAND.
In this Water, according to the Tradition of the Neighbourhood, Trunks of Trees were observed to rise and float for several days previously to the Death of an Heir of the BRERETONS, whose Property it formerly was. The Circumstance was attested to CAMDEN by several credible persons; and is apparently believed by him, and ascribed to unknown, yet preternatural Causes: but
and also others called Pools, of almost equal extent, as Ridley Pool, Petty Pool, &c. and all abounding with Carp, Tench, Perch, Trout, Eels, and other sorts of fish.
THE chief rivers are the Tamar, the Camel, the Fal, the Fowey, and the Looe: the first, which is one of the most considerable in the West of England, rises in the district of Stratton, in this county, runs by the town of Launceston, and divides, for a long distance, Cornwall from Devonshire; it is joined by the Lyd at the rocky bridge of Lydford, and then with the Tavy from Tavistock; after which that great Estuary is formed, which, in several bold sweeps from Saltash, incloses the Dock of Plymouth, and afterwards co-operates with the Plym to create that large body of water which constitutes Plymouth Sound. The Tamar is famous for its fine scenery, occasionally enriched with rocks, woods, and the usual appendages of romantic beauty; the fine woods surrounding Saltram, Lord BORRINGDON's; the enchanting groves, lawns, and plantations of Mount Edgecumbe, have all that grandeur and excellence with which Nature and Art can be attended. But the Tamar also presents a far more splendid exhibition, in being the grand Repository of the BRITISH
if any Coincidence of time, as the report suggests, was observed between the Trees swimming on the Surface and the Decease of an Heir of the BRERETONS, such a Coincidence could only have been Accidental.
NAVY, a prospect which admits of no competition, and excites the wonder of the world.
The Camel springs near the rocky hills of Rhuitter, or Rough-Tor, in the north-east, passes by Camelford, runs down by Bodmin to Wade's Bridge, and thence into the harbour of Padstow. The Fal rises not far from St. Columb, and swells into a large basin near Truro, and runs from north to south into the British Channel, forming the Haven of Falmouth. The Fowey takes its rise in a downish tract between Bodmin and Launceston, and traverses some of the pleasant parts of the county, forming a valley above Lestwithiel, in which are the pleasing remains of Restormel Abbey. The Looe is composed of two branches, one of which descends from Leskard, and both unite where the port of Looe is situated, near their mouth. In excellent Salmon the Tamar abounds, and there is plenty of fish of the Salmon kind, Trouts, (particularly good near Lestwithiel,) and others, in all these rivers.
THE EDEN finds its source in the Moors of Westmoreland, a little to the south-west of Kirby-Stephen; it passes Carlisle, where the appearance is handsome, flowing under a fine bridge beneath the walls of the Castle, from whence it is navigable to its mouth, where meeting the Eske, both rivers in conjunction form the great Firth of Solway, where a large tract of marshy ground encompasses it on every side, as it becomes a Sea, and prevents the Solway Firth