« PreviousContinue »
objection moreover might be urged against almost every Trade, since most of them have their several Vacations. Agriculture itself by no means furnishes employment equally active at all Seasons: but private interest will always take care to obviate every inconvenience that might arise from this source, and as the want of work at certain periods enters into the price of the commodity, this consideration therefore cannot operate as a Discouragement.
In a Country like our own, where the number of Poor is a reproach to the Police, and a heavy burthen to the Nation, a project of this kind deserves peculiar Attention. A late Writer, adverting to this subject, has inforced the importance of the undertaking we would recommend. "To sooth (says he) the smartings of Calamity, to bind up the wounds of those whom Fortune has crushed under her Wheel, is real and exalted Virtue; but there is a Philanthropy of a yet higher Order, which is busied in removing the causes and occasions of Want and Poverty, and enabling those exposed to them themselves to supply the one, and exclude the other. The establishment of Friendly Societies has done much to prevent the increase of parochial poor. The inclosure of waste lands, so rapidly carrying on in various parts of the Kingdom, has likewise, among other essential advantages, contributed to the same good effect. Were our present system of poor Laws (he adds) judiciously revised, and a select Committee appointed in each parish to examine into the Application and Expenditure of the sums annually assessed for the relief of the indigent; and were the
reductions which might be effected by a Reformation in those Laws, and a controul on that expenditure, applied in erecting small dwellings near the Sea coast, for the encouragement and extension of our fishing trade, and in supplying such as might embark in it with the few materials necessary to their Establishment, great benefit might accrue to the State, and the numbers of its local and vagrant Poor be much more effectually diminished than in Workhouses, or confining them in common Gaols, and Houses of Cor
The above Subject has but incidentally been touched upon did not the nature of this Work forbid dwelling upon it, much more might be urged. Of what is here said, the intention has been to recommend it to the grave and deliberate Meditation of others. It is indeed a matter of supreme Importance, and most worthy to draw towards it the care of the Statesman, and the exertions of the Patriot,
WITH a digressive Detail of some of the particularities of Fishes, the Reader's attention has been thus far (we hope not disagreeably) engaged. The Art of Catching Fish is the subject now to be proceeded upon, and this is meant to comprehend the Modes, ancient and modern, which, either by the Angle or the Met, have been employed, and are asserted to have best accomplished that purpose. Directions for the Situations and Forms of Ponds and Pieces of Water, and for the Breeding, Preserving, and Feeding of Fish, together with the Acts passed for their Preservation, and the adjudged Cases upon those Laws, will conclude this department of the Work.
As a guide to the Fisherman, where he may resort with the greater prospect of Success, a description of the different Rivers, &c. of many of the places best adapted for Angling therein, and the various kinds of Fish produced in them, will be first given.
According to Dr. HEYLIN, the Rivers in England amount to three hundred and twenty-five, though others enlarge their number to four hundred and fifty; of these individually to treat would be superfluous, and a large Map of the country would shew with more preciseness the Spring head, distance, windings, and confluxes of each particular River; it will be sufficient for the Angler's information, to have those described where the objects of his Amuse
ment most abound, and in this description some of the Lochs or Lakes will also be comprised. The method of Alphabetically classing the Rivers of England, Scotland, and Ireland, pursued by Mr. TAYLOR, is less confused than the accounts of earlier Writers, and seems better adapted for the Fisherman's purpose.
THE OUSE, the chief river in this county, rises in two branches, not far from Brackley and Towcester, on the borders of Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire; it enters Bedfordshire between Brayfield and Turvey, and dividing the shire in two equal parts, in the distance of twenty miles from its windings, it is computed to run over a tract of near ninety, and leaves the county again at St. Neots; it is joined by the Hyee from Woburn, and the Ivel from Biggleswade, which falls into it a little above Temsford. The OUSE is generally a sluggish stream, its course uniformly dull and unimportant to Buck. ingham; nor is it at all an object from the princely territory of Stowe; it does not much improve as it traverses the level counties of Bedford and Huntingdon, though it adds some consequence to their capitals, being there navigable. After rain its inundation of the Isle of Ely is so considerable, that at such times it is a common saying among the inhabitants, that "the Bailiff of Bedford is coming." The OUSE is a good river for Trolling, and produces
(as do the Hyee and the Ivel) Pike, Perch, fine
Eels, Cray-fish, and common fish in abundance.
THE principal rivers of this county, (besides the Thames, which will be hereafter noticed by itself) are the Isis, the Kennet, and the Loddon; the first rises in Gloucestershire; the second from the Downs in Wiltshire, near a village of the same name; the third rises in Hampshire, is a small stream traversing a charming country, and adds a considerable ornament to the delightful place of Lord RIVERS, at Stratfield Saye, and then skirts the commons, which unite afterwards with Windsor Forest. There is also the little river Lamburn, which is always highest in summer, and in the midst of winter is said to be entirely dry. Excellent fish are in some of these rifine Trout are taken near Newbery, Speenham Lands, and Hungerford; and they are likewise famous for Cray-fish.
THE rivers of this county are the Thames, the Ouse,
"The Ouse slow winding through a level plain
(which nearly surrounds the town of Buckingham); the Coln, descending from the pleasant villages of