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dibbing, very early in a morning, with the brown beetle, or cockchafer: by day-break the Angler should be at the river, and after baiting his hook, let him move it two or three times near the Surface, as in the act of flying; then let it softly drop on the water, shaking the rod gently, which will cause the appearance of its struggling to escape; this attracts the Chub, who are so fond of this bait that they will rise two or three at a time to seize it; the landing-net in this fishing should never be forgotten, as the places most likely for success in taking Chub are those where the Angler cannot get to the water side to land them with his hands.

Another way of dibbing is in a hot Summer's day with a Grasshopper. In any hole where they haunt many of them will be seen basking themselves near the surface; the Rod must be both long and of considerable strength; the line strong, and in length about a yard; bait the hook with a Grasshopper; and the Angler must conceal himself behind some bush or tree, and remain as motionless as possible, (for the Chub is so fearful that the smallest shadow of a Bird flying over, or of the Rod, makes him sink to the bottom, but he will soon rise again :) having selected the largest Chub, let him move the Rod with great slowness and caution, and drop the bait gently upon the water, three or four inches before it, and he will infallibly take it: there is no danger of securing the Chub, if allowed play enough before it is attempted to be taken out, being one of the leathermouthed fishes, wherein a hook seldom loses its hold. In the Thames above Richmond, the best way of

using the grasshopper for Chub is to pinch off the first joints of the legs, and to fish with it as with an artificial Fly. In September, when the weed is rotten, the biggest DACE are likewise so caught. The Chub bites also at cadis, beetles, blue-bottles, and almost any natural or artificial fly that is in season, and often rise at the Red-spinner, when the Angler is trying for other fish black and dun flies made gaudy, and ribbed with gold or silver twist, will succeed in streams. They are bobbed for over bushes, and under hollow banks, where the water can hardly be seen; but they are felt very forcibly when they take. In some Counties is used the following peculiar way of dibbing for them, where the still deep holes are in the middle of the river, and too distant from the shore for a Rod to reach: a Line sufficient, if all unravelled, to extend twice across the water, but when first began with no longer than from bank to bank, is stretched from two persons on one side to one on the other; at the Centre of this line, suspended from it, is a short twine, about a yard long, with a hook baited with a cockchafer or grasshopper: thus prepared, they drop the bait before any Chub they prefer; when they have hooked, the person carrying the line in reserve runs it out, whilst the fish is drawn over to the other side; the hook is then fresh baited, the extra line coiled up again to its proper length, and the same method pursued. Many pounds weight are thus taken in an hour.

The Chub will take gentles, wasp's maggots, (which must be baked in an Oven before used,) Paste of fine new white bread, (without being made wet,)

worked up in the hand and tinged with Vermilion as near as possible to the colour of Salmon's Roe: from the hook this paste will not easily wash off, and is a most killing bait; but the best baits for bottom or float-fishing for this fish are old Cheshire Cheese, (such as without crumbling will mould in the hand,) and the Pith from the back bone of an Or, with the outward so carefully taken off as not to bruise the inward skin. At every Season of the year the former of these is good; but the latter end of Summer, and all the Winter, are the preferable times for both. In baiting with the Cheese put a round lump, the size of a Cherry, on a large look, so as to cover the bend and some way up the shank: fish six inches from the bottom, or in cold raw weather the bait may lie on the ground; but if the hole has not been ground-baited the depth is immaterial: when there is a bite the float will very swiftly be drawn under water; strike immediately, and give him play, holding a tolerably tight line, to keep the fish clear from weeds and stumps, which at sight of the Angler he will endeavour to get at for shelter, and if not properly managed he will break the tackle. In the spring of the year the Chub will take a marsh, or small red-worm; in May, June, and July, flies, beetles, snails, (the black ones, with the belly slit to shew the white;) in August, pastes: the large Chub will also take Minnows, small Dace, and Gudgeons, angled with in the same manner as for Perch; and the latter bait used likewise as in trolling for Pike, the hook not so heavy leaded upon the shank; they gorge immediately upon taking the

bait their biting times are chiefly from before sunrise until nine in the Morning, and from four until after sun-set in the Summer, (some will by chance take at any time of the day when mild and cloudy;) and in the Winter the middle of the day is best; remembering that in hot weather they are to be fished for at or near the top, and not deeper than mid-water; and in cold close to, or upon, the bottom; and that the main-point in taking this fish is, the Angler's keeping himself out of Sight.


ALTHOUGH a fish not immediately within the list of those that are Objects of the Angler's attention, yet it is noticed as being a native of peculiar parts of this country. It is found, according to PENNANT, in one of the Lakes of Ireland, Lough Neagh, where it is called the Pollen; in Loch Mabon, in Scotland, where it is termed the Vangis; and the Scotch have a tradition that it was there first introduced by their beauteous Queen, the unhappy MARY STUART; and as in her time the Scotch court was much frenchified, it seems likely that the name was derived from the French Vendoise, a Dace, to which a slight observer might compare it from the whiteness of the scales: the British name, Gwiniad, or Whiting, was bestowed upon it for the same reason.

It is a native of the Lakes in Cumberland; and in Wales in that of Pemble-Meer, or Llyntegid, near Bala, in Merionethshire. In the lakes of the Alpine parts of Europe, in those of Switzerland, (in that

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