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been called Gizzards: the Irish name the species. that has them Gillaroo Trouts and their stomachs are sometimes served up to table, under the former appellation. It does not appear to me," continues Mr. P." that the extraordinary strength of stomach in the Irish fish should give any suspicion, that it is a distinct Species: the nature of the waters might increase the thickness; or the superior quantity of shell-fish, which may more frequently call for the use of its comminuting powers, than those of our Trouts, might occasion this difference. I had an opportunity of comparing the stomach of a great Gillaroo Trout with a large one from the Uxbridge river; the last, if I recollect, was smaller, and out of season, and its stomach (notwithstanding it was very thick) was much inferior in strength to that of the former; but on the whole," says Mr. P. "there was not the least specific difference between the two subjects." From the foregoing investigations the Gillaroo does not seem to constitute a new Species of Trout.
The Pike in LOUGH CORIBB are of immense bigness, and also the Perch; of the former, one of the great weight of sixty-eight pounds, and of the latter, one weighing nine pounds, were taken: Salmon and Trout are in prodigious quantities, and the Eels are noted for their rich flavour, size, and abundance.
LOUGH LENE, or KILLARNEY, in the county of Kerry, is singular for its beauties, and can scarcely be said to have a rival: the extent of water in LOCH ERNE is indeed much greater, the Islands more numerous, and some parts near Castle Caldwell of as great magnificence, but imagination cannot form a
more delightful scene of romantic beauty than the peninsula of Mucruss affords; add to this the growth of the Arbutus, and the uncommon Echoes, and it will appear, upon the whole, superior to all comparison. The prevailing character of Killarney is Variety; the second Beauty: Magnificence is subordinate. Here Beauty, by her magic and diffusive influence, gives a grace to Variety; whilst Variety furnishes her benefactress with flattering contrasts: united, they present the Fancy with the most pleasing images of repose, unstudied order, and an uncommon display of natural grandeur and rural wildness. The Lake, or rather Lakes, (for there are three branches connected by a winding river,) cover about six thousand Irish acres occasionally Lord KENMARE gives a Stag hunt on the water; the Deer is started on Glenad mountain, and bounds from rock to rock to gain the summit of the hill, but being hunted down to the wood near the water, and finding himself closely pressed by both men and dogs, he collects at one effort his remaining strength, gives a desperate bound, and plunges into the Lake; the Company following in boats, until fatigued and over. powered, the animal is seized, his antlers decked with Arbutus boughs, and he is borne in triumph to the Shore.
In these Lakes there is good Angling, and they possess a variety of excellent fish, particularly great abundance of Salmon, Carp, Tench, Trout, Eels, &c. The surrounding mountains and woods abound with Red-deer and game, particularly Grouse; and formerly that scarce bird, the Cock of the Wood, was
met with. Eagles constantly, breed here; there are always Wigeon, Teal, and Wild Duck, and in the season plenty of Woodcocks.
The river BOYLE rises in a fine sheet of water, called Lough Gara; thence meandering through woods and dales, it enters Lough Kay, interspersed with several Islands; some covered with lofty timber, and others with everlasting verdure: the Boyle again emerges out of the east side of the Lake, and runs on to join the Shannon.
There are many more extensive and beautiful Loughs, all abounding with fish. Lough Conn is noted for the quantity of its Gillaroo Trout.
In Lough Esk the Charr is found in great abundance, (a circumstance of which Mr. PENNANT was not apprized;) it is described to be there about nine inches long, and in some degree resembling a Trout; the male, or milting Charr, has a red belly, but the flesh is generally white; the female, called the roeing Charr, has a paler belly, but the flesh is of a brighter red, and the fish is commonly larger; the third sort, called the gelt Charr, and frequently (though it may be corruptly) the gilt Charr, is without roe. These fish are not to be caught by bait, and are taken only in Nets..
Lough SHEALLIN is of considerable magnitude, extending to Finae, where it communicates with Lough Inny. STRANG FORD Lough, in the county of Down, extending near twenty miles from Newtown in the north, to Strangford in the south, is in some places more than five miles broad, and has near fifty small Islands. It abounds with excellent fish, particularly
with Smelts. INCHIQUIN Lough is very famous for its delicious fish, as well as for the delightful prospect near it. At Cong, about five miles from Ballingrobe, is a subterranean cave, to which there is a descent of sixty-three steps, called the Pigeon-hole; at the bottom runs a clear stream, in which the Trout are seen sporting in the water; these fish are never known to take a bait, but are caught with landing nets.
In the Lake of Castle Bar, near that town, is the Charr and the Gillaroo Trout; and it is remarked, that there are no Pike in this and some of the adjacent Lakes.
Mr. YOUNG mentions that, at Pakenham, Lord LONGFORD informed him respecting the quantities of fish in the Lakes in his neighbourhood; that the Perch were so numerous, that a Child with a packthread and a crooked pin would catch enough in an hour for the daily use of a whole family, and that his Lordship had seen five hundred Children fishing at the same time; that, besides Perch, the Lakes produced Pike five feet long, Trout of ten pounds each, whose flesh was as red as Salmon; and likewise Bream, Tench, and Eels.
At Bally-Shannon there is a Salmon Leap, which lets for four hundred pounds a year; it is scarcely credible.that these fish should be able to dart themselves near fourteen feet perpendicular out of the water; and, allowing for the curvature, they leap at least twenty. They do not bound from the surface, and it cannot be known from what depth they take their spring. At high water the fall is hardly three feet, and then the fish swim up the acclivity
without leaping. At low water, when the height is as above mentioned, there will sometimes be fifty or sixty leaps in one hour, and Salmon have been shot whilst in the air. At Athlone the Eel fishery is very considerable.
There are many salt-water Loughs, which are properly inlets of the Sea'; such as Lough Foyle, Lough Swilly. The Lagan Water, which passes by Lisburn and Belfast, and the Newry Water, which falls into Carlingford Bay.
The Waters of IRELAND abound in all that can invite the Angler to their banks; perhaps they are better stored, and the Fish contained in them of a Size superior to those generally found elsewhere in the United Kingdom.