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are described to be as a succession of whirlpools ;) Ramsey, Brich, Ugg, Benwick, &c. which are full of very large Pike, and Bream; Perch from sixteen to eighteen inches in length; Tench as high as four and five pounds weight: the Eels are also of a great size, and abundant.
THE MEDWAY rises in Sussex, and enters Kent near Penshurst, and, joined by many rivulets from the Weald, crosses this county by Maidstone and Rochester; below which it forms Chatham Dock, and afterwards joins the mouth of the THAMES, between the Isles of Shepey and Grain. This River produces good fish of several kinds. In that part of the THAMES which passes this county by Greenwich, a small kind of fish, called Whitebait, used to be taken in large quantities, and was in high estimation among those fond of delicious eating: the catching them is now prohibited, as they are alleged to be the small Smelt. Not far from Westerham nine springs rise, and uniting at a small distance form the river Dart, which runs through Dartford, (upon which stream the first Paper mill, and also the first mill for splitting Iron into Bars, and drawing it into Wires, were erected;) and discharges itself into the Thames, not far from Long Reach. The Rother, from Sussex, forms the limit between the two counties for a small space, and then reaches the sea at Rye. There are also the Len and the Tunn; the last of which runs into the Medway near Tunbridge.
The STOUR rises in the Weald, flows by Canterbury, and empties itself into the sea below Sandwich. This river affords plenty of fine Trout, and in the other streams there is no deficiency of fish of various sorts to amuse the Angler.
THE MERSEY, by which this county is parted from Cheshire, rises on the west side of Blackstone Edge; after receiving above Stockport the Tame, (which takes up the boundary where the Mersey leaves it,) and several small streams, it unites with the Irwell near Glazebrook, and soon afterwards it is increased by the Bollin from Macclesfield, bearing now the single name of the Mersey; it runs by Warrington, which supplies it with fresh burdens of trade by canals from the north, and the Wever with those from the southern and eastern parts of Cheshire, communicating with the numerous navigations of Staffordshire. Below Warrington the great basin of the Mersey expands itself, crowded with sails from various quarters, pursuing their destination to the splendid Port of Liverpool and the Irish Sea.
The IRWELL rises in the moors which divide this county from Yorkshire, meeting the Roch a little below Bury; it runs to the south-east until it reaches Manchester, where it is incorporated with the Irk and the Medlock; from thence its course is nearly west, until its junction with the Mersey.
The LEVEN rises in Westmoreland, near the borders of Cumberland; it forms the two Lakes of
Grassmere and Rydall Water, and meeting the Braithy from Elterwater, expands itself into WINANDER MERE, by far the finest lake in England. The Crake is a small rapid stream, descending northward in a most picturesque course from Coniston Lake, and forming at last, in conjunction with the Leven, a considerable arm of the sea, which terminates in the great Bay of Morecambe.
The WYRE is composed of several small rivulets in the moors dividing Yorkshire from this county; it flows to Garstang, and forms its Estuary near Poulton. This river abounds with Trout, Chub, Gudgeon, and in the Spring, with Smelts.
The LUNE rises in the Westmoreland Moors, not far from Kirby Stephen, and in its course finely intersects the district of Lonsdale: from below Hornby its approach to Lancaster is very striking, in sight of which, making some great curves, it falls into the Irish Sea.
The KENT also rises in the Moors of Westmoreland, north of Kendal, which town it passes, and, after a southward direction, falls into Morecambe Bay. This river has some romantic falls, beneath the groves of Leven's Park, belonging to the Earl of SUFFOLK; immediately below which the extension of the Sands indicates the approach to the Sea.
The RIBBLE is one of the largest rivers in the north of England, rising in the high Moors of Craven, in Yorkshire, far to the north of Settle; it enters this county at Clithero, receiving the West Calder in its way before it reaches Ribchester, whence it flows through Ribblesdale, and at the
part where it encompasses Preston is very grand, being there crossed by two stately bridges; soon after which, receiving the Darron, its Estuary forms a noble arm of the sea, discharging itself by a broad sandy outlet, after flowing through a vale of great fertility and beauty.
These rivers afford Salmon, Trout, and other fish in plenty; the Mersey is annually visited by shoals of Smelts (there called Sparlings,) of extraordinary size and flavour; and those caught near Warrington are supposed to be superior to any taken elsewhere in ENGLAND. The Irk, near Manchester, is famous for the largest and fattest Eels in Great Britain, and which is supposed to be owing to the grease and oil pressed out of the woollen-cloths that are therein milled by the numerous water-mills. At no great distance from both Lancaster and Preston, the Angler will be satisfied with the abundance of Salmon, Trout, and Salmon Trout, he will meet with.
THE SOAR rises in the western part of the county, and, after receiving the Wreke, falls into the Trent where this county, Derbyshire, and Nottinghamshire meet, and not far from Cavendish Bridge. The AVON, which flows into Warwickshire, and the ANKER and the WELLAND, (which have a north-east course to Harborough,) also rise in the western part of this county. The river Swift belongs likewise to Leicestershire. The Angler may find amuse
ment in many parts of these rivers, but the more remote from the towns, the greater will be his chance of success.
THE TRENT passes the western edge of this county by Littleborough and Grimsby, after which it loses itself in the Humber. The WELLAND finds its source in a range of hills between Lutterwortl and Harborough, and divides Lincolnshire from Leicestershire, Rutland, and Northamptonshire. This river traverses a fine plain between Harborough and Rockingham, where the Castle, Lord SONDES'S ancient seat, overlooks it from a high terrace; advancing from Rockingham Forest, whose abundant woods cover all the Northamptonshire side: the numerous steeples of Stamford mark its entrance into this county, the huge pile of Burghley, and its highly ornamented grounds, adorning the Northamptonshire bank. The Welland soon afterwards sinks into the Fens of Lincolnshire below Deeping*,
* RICHARD DE RULOS, Chamberlain to the first WILLIAM drained Bogs, inclosed Commons, and (after building the significantly-named Town of Deeping in Lincolnshire) changed the Banks of the Welland from Quagmires to Gardens and Orchards. The art of Gardening had great Improvement from the NORMANS; particularly with respect to the Culture of the Vine, which, according to WILLIAM of MALMSBURY, who wrote in 1140, had in his time arrived at such perfection within the Vale of Gloucester, that a sweet and palatable wine, "little inferior to that of France," was made there in abundance. In the two succeeding Centuries, if Gardening was more universal and throve better, it was because