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Asser that king Beorhtric unwittingly tasted of the poison, though the queen intended to give it to the young man only, but
the king took it too quickly, and so both perished. Beorhtric therefore being dead, the queen could remain no longer among the Saxons, but sailed beyond the sea with immense treasures, and went to the court of the great and famous Charles, king of the Franks. As she stood before the throne, and offered him money, Charles said to her,“ Choose, Eadburgh, between me and my son, who stands here with me." She replied, foolishly, and without deliberation, “ If I am to have my choice, I choose your son, because he is younger than you.” At which Charles smiled and answered, “ If you had chosen me, you would have had my son; but as you have chosen him, you shall not have
either of us."
heard from man
Of this prudent
king took it too quickly, and so both perished.
have either of us."
9 King Ætheluulf lived two 4 And when he (Ethelwolf] The most merciful king years, after his return from had kept her (Judith) two Ethelwlf lived two years after Rome; during which among
he set out for the city of many other good deeds of this
Romulus. present life, reflecting on his
Among other good deeds of departure according to the
this present life, to which he way of all flesh, that his sons
gave his royal mind, he medimight not quarrel unreason
tated before-hand on his own ably after their father's death,
death, and, that his sons might he ordered a letter of
not quarrel after he had inheritance to be written, in
departed this life, he comwhich he ordered that his
posed an epistle in an elegant kingdom should be divided
style, wherein he gave away between his two eldest sons,
all the things which belonged Æthelbald and Æthelbert,
to himself. his private inheritance between his sons, his daughter, and his relations, and the money which he left behind him, between his sons and nobles, and for the good of
Ethelwerd 856 read or wish to hear my
work. For the benefit of his soul, then, which he studied to promote in all things from the first flower of his youth, he directed through all his hereditary dominions, that one poor man in ten, * either * “ In decem manentibus" is the native or foreigner, should be expression of Asser. " in decern
mansis," which is less intelligible,
(9) A. 857.
CHARTERS IN 857, 1. BURGRED of Mercia. April 18, subscribed also by "Æthelswith regina," and others. II, 63.
(10) A. 858.
years and a half. I
But when king Ethelwulf was Lastly, after a year king dead,
Athuli died, and his body reposes in the city of Win
chester. And then was completed the fiftieth year from the beginning of king Egbyrht's reign.
HERE ENDS THE THIRD
1 Here follows (as paragraph 4 according to the figures) the gene
alogy given at page 6.
THREE BOOKS ARE NOW FINISHED,
858 Florence 10 For the benefit of his soul, then, which he studied to promote in all things from the first flower of his youth, he directed through all his hereditary dominions, that one poor man in ten, either native or foreigner, should be supplied with meat, drink, and clothing, by his successors, until the day of judgment; supposing, however, that the country should still be inhabited both by men and cattle, and should not become deserted. He commanded also a large sum of money, namely 300 mancuses of pennies yearly to be carried to Rome for the good of his soul, to be distributed in the following manner: namely, an hundred mancuses in hon. our of St Peter, specially to buy oil for the lights of the church of that apostle on Easter eve, and also at the cock-crow: a hundred mancuses in honour of St Paul,
for the saine purpose, and 100 mancuses for the universal apostolic pontiff.
He also commanded that 300 mancuses should be carried to Rome for the redemption of his soul ; 100 to the gate of St Peter especially to buy oil, 100 in honor of St Paul, and 100 for the universal apostolic
MATT. WESTM. The same year died Cedda bishop of Hereford, to whom succeeded Albert.
5 He was removed from When, therefore, the glorious 11 When king Ethelwulf was
among men, and was buried king Ethelwulf was dead, dead, on the ides of January at Winchester. [Jan. 13) and was buried at Winchester,
6 He had first been bishop at
the The ANN ALS say that he was death of Egbrict his father, buried at Stæningham (Steyning in necessity compelling it, he Essex).
was made king; and, having
A LSO WILL BE FOUND GREATER
WITH YOU. AMEN!
5 And then Æthelwulf's two sons succeeded to the kingdom; Æthelbald to the kingdom of the West-Saxons; and Æthelbryht to the kingdom of the Kentish-men, and to the kingdom of the East-Saxons and to Surrey and to the kingdom of the South-Saxons.
Meanwhile after the death of king Athulf, his sons were raised to the kingdom, namely Ethelbald over the Western Angles, and Æthelbyrht over the men of Kent, and the Eastern, Southern, and Mid
His son Æthelbald, contrary
CHARTERS IN 858.
BERHT king of Kent, II, 64. himself from all who heard of
it. 6 And then Æthelbald reign- During two years and a half When five years were comed five years. I of licentiousness after his
pleted. father he held the government | Here follows par. 7, given at
of the West-Saxons. note * in page 18.
ANNALS. ANNO 859. This year it
CHARTERS IN 859. PLEGRED subscribed also by “ Ethelwulf rex. “ Ethelbeald fili. regis," and others. II, 66.
king Ethelbald died,
In the year of our Lord's inHere died king Æthelbald carnation 860, which was the and his body lies at Sher- twelfth from king Ælfred's burne,
birth, died Æthelbald,
and was buried at Sherborne.
and his brother Æthelbyrht succeeded to all the realm of brother Æthelberht, as was succeeded to the possessions his brother, and he held it in fitting, joined Kent, Surrey,
of both. goodly concord and in great and Sussex also to his tranquillity.
And in his days In bis days a large army of In his days a large fleet of a large fleet came to land, pagans, came up from the pagans came to land, ard