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married Susan, daughter of Charles, and sister and heir of Henry Grey, GEORGE II. Earls of Kent. His town residence was in Queen-Square, Westminster. He was very greatly esteemed, having had several important places. He of the Bath. was a teller of the Exchequer, and paymaster of the forces at Minorca. Having a taste for literature, he was elected member of the Society of Antiquaries, July 28, 1725. He attended, as Bath King at Arms, the funeral of Queen Caroline. His death happened September 29, 1745. Oct. 1745.-Honorable EDWARD YOUNG.
GENEALOGIST, AND BLANC COURSIER HERALD.
Geo. 1.-JOHN ANSTIS, Jun. Esq. LL.D. F. A. S. and
SACKVILLE Fox, Esq.-See next reign.
The other officers were, REGISTRARS, Edward Young, Esq., afterwards Bath, and Gloucester King at Arms and Hanover Herald; Charles Newton, Esq. and Colonel Cokayne. SECRETARY, Sir John Jenoure, Bart. MESSENGERS, Mr. Booth and Mr. Henry Foulkes.
Acceded October 25, 1760.
No Sovereign ever ascended the throne with a more general joy than his present Majesty: all hailed a native Monarch. The Heraldic Body, as usual, joined in the procession to proclaim the death of the late, and the accession of the present Sovereign. As the King was a bachelor, the coronation was postponed until he chose to unite himself to a princess, that Britain might have a double happiness. When an arrangement had taken place, on Monday, July 13, 1761, of the deputy Earl Marshal, Thomas Howard, Earl of Effingham, officiating for the Duke of Norfolk, in compliance with his Majesty's order in council, commissioned the Heralds to make proclamation of the intended coronation, and of the first meeting to be held of the Court of Claims, at the usual time and places, and with the accustomed solemnity. The manner was this: Between eleven and twelve o'clock, the Officers at Arms, Sergeants at Arms, and others, mounting their horses, the trumpets thrice sounding at Westminster-Hall-Gate, Henry Hill, Esq. Windsor Herald, read his Majesty's proclamation aloud. The procession then began to move to Temple-Bar, where the constables of the city and liberty of Westminster were replaced by those of the metropolis, the City Marshal attending. The cavalcade proceeded in this order:
A party of Constables, with their staves, to clear the way.
Trumpets, two and two.
Serjeant-Trumpeter in his collar, bearing his mace.
Henry Pujolas, Gent. Blue-Mantle, and Thomas Sheriff, Esq. Rouge-dragon.
Henry Hastings, Gent., Rouge-croix, in his tabard, having a Serjeant at Arms on his left hand.
Thomas Brown, Esq. Lancaster, in his tabard and collar, having a Serjeant at Arms on his left hand.
Serjeant at Arms.-Henry Hill, Esq. Windsor, in his tabard and collar.-Serjeant at Arms.
A party of Constables closing the procession.
At the bottom of Chancery-lane, Lancaster made proclamation, as he did in Cheapside. At the Royal Exchange, Rouge-croix performed the ceremony in Change time, which being ended, the people demonstrated their joy with loud plaudits, constantly crying, "Long live the King." The Lord Mayor of London gave an invitation to the Officers at Arms to dine at the Mansion-house, where they were entertained in a most elegant and polite manner.
The coronation was so much like the preceding ones, that it is unnecessary to particularize the ceremonial, especially as the whole has been engraven, and adorns the portfolios of our collectors in the graphic line.*
At the royal marriage, a ceremony which Britain had not noticed for a century, the officers in the College attended, but neither Lion, nor Ulster, nor any of the English heralds or pursuivants extraordinary, though all had assisted at the coronation of the late and of his present Majesty. As to the heralds or pursuivants of Scotland, or Athlone pursuivant of Ireland, they have never been joined with the members of the English College in any procession. We have had, in this reign, several interviews with foreign poten
* In the newspapers at this time was advertised, "The History of the Coronation of King "James II. and of his royal consort, Q. Mary, with an exact account of the preparations in order "thereunto their Majesties most splendid processions, and their royal and magnificent feast in "Wesminster Hall: and of the claims that were, and of those that were not allowed. By Francis "Sandford, Esq. Lancaster herald at arms." They were to be had of Daniel Browne, bookseller, without Temple-Bar, price three guineas, bound. The copies on extraordinary large fine thick paper were four guineas each, also bound. They contained thirty-one large copper-plates, "curi"ously engraved after the life." Many certainly are portraits. At the same place were to be had, "The Ceremonies observed in the Coronations of the Kings and Queens of England, with "all the Particulars relating thereto; and a large Copper-plate of the Procession, and another "of the Champion's Ceremony, 4to. price 2s 6d." Others came out, shewing the Coronation of their PRESENT MAJESTIES.
GEORGE III. potentates, marriages, baptisms, and burials of His Majesty's relatives. They were in some measure suitably grand; but there was nothing more than has been practised upon such solemn occasions in the preceding reigns. Lord Biron, the Countess Dowager of Bristol, and the late Governor-General of India, Warren Hastings, Esq. have been tried before the House of Peers. The sight was very august, but they differed in nothing from those preceding them, except that the last exceeded, in duration, any precedent in ancient or modern history. The late Lord Chatham's remains being justly decreed a public funeral, the heralds assisted at the interment. There have been, however, others, which have no precedent in our annals. Not to notice the sublime commemorations of Handel, the reader of this page will present to his mind the solemn thanksgiving for the recovery of His Majesty's health, when a people's thanksgivings ascended to Heaven, for restoring a beloved, a justly revered Monarch to them. A more magnificent, and certainly a more interesting scene, was never presented. The other public ceremonial alluded to was also a thanksgiving, but of another nature; to return the Sovereign's and the subject's gratitude to Almighty God for the splendid naval victories, and to offer up the trophies of the vanquished navies of France, Spain, and Holland, in the cathedral church of the metropolis. A triumph so great demanded what was offered, thanks for the mercies. received, and prayers for their continuance-and His Majesty has been ablessed with subsequent victories; the flags of other great and puissant nations have been added. Our armies, too, have their just share of praise in Europe, in Asia, and Africa. By the valour of Britain, religion, law, and civilization, have not only been protected at home, but aided or restored throughout a trembling world. The kings, heralds, and pursuivants at arms, in 1588, attended Elizabeth, when she went to St. Paul's to return thanks to God for the destruction of the Invincible Armada. Situations similar. Just as this sheet is printing, peace having been procured, the heraldic body have solemnly proclaimed it. The ceremonial was splendid, impressive, and every way gratifying.
In Ireland we have seen much change in this reign. On February 5, 1783, His Majesty was graciously pleased to institute a new Order of Knighthood, peculiar to that kingdom. They are stiled Knights of St. Patrick, being placed under the patronage of the national Saint. This order is very gratifying to the nobility of Ireland. The Monarch is Sovereign of
it. His Royal Highness, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, is senior knight; GEORGE HI. the Earl of Westmorland grand master. The knights have been selected from the peerage of that kingdom. Its peculiar epithet is, " Illustrious.' The officers attached to it are, a Prelate of the Order, who is always the Archbishop of Armagh; a Chancellor, always the Archbishop of Dublin; a Registrar, the Dean of St. Patrick; a Secretary, a Genealogist, an Usher of the Black Rod, and Ulster King at Arms as an attendant. The ingenious and highly skilled Mr. I. K. Sherwin, went to Dublin at the institution, to paint the portraits of the Knights, Prelates, and Officers of the Order, designing to engrave a plate from the painting; but a premature death prevented.
Every loyal subject is gratified in the union so long wished: the kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland are now one dominion. The Protector, Oliver, by the sword, made the three bend to his power, and sent representatives to a common parliament. At the expulsion of his son, and successor, Richard, they separated. Queen Ann joined the two former by a legal, and just treaty. It was reserved for His present Majesty to incorporate all the three ancient kingdoms, binding them to each other by a reciprocation of rights and interests. May the "pillars" never more be disjointed. United, they are able to withstand every enemy however powerful. Ireland may, and probably will, as rapidly gain wealth and consequence as Scotland has done since she has been incorporated with England. The rich capitalist in England will assist in cultivating her lands, and in extending her merchandize. The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN and IRELAND must obtain a power, wealth, and importance in the scale of politics which will very far surpass what preceding times ever witnessed. What has been gained in the East, infinitely exceeds in importance, what has been lost in the West, by the defection of unnatural and ungrateful children. They experience a joy equal to him who exclaims, "I have gained my cause, but I am ruined." The rising colonies at New South Wales, in all probability, will soon be attended with the happiest effects. The union has caused some variation in the regal stile. His Majesty has also discontinued the, too long retained, title of King of France.
The Irish peerage is now put upon a footing with that of Scotland: a late decision in the House of Commons does honor to their wisdom, in establishing the proper rank attached to the peers of Ireland. There has long been an attempt to lessen their consequence here, very unworthy the Fff2