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(By Intrusion.)

1646. EDWARD BYSHE, Esq.

Appointed by Parliament; deprived at the Restoration, and reduced to his legal office of Clarenceux.


James 1.-Sir RICHARD ST. GEORGE, Knight,

Was, says Garter Anstis, of "an ancient, but somewhat reduced family." The St. Georges were descended from Baldwin St. George, who came in with William the Conqueror, and fought at Hastings under his banner. They possessed Hatley St. George, in Cambridgeshire, five hundred years, commencing from the reign of Henry III., during which period they allied themselves to the greatest families. They claimed affinity to Margaret Beauchamp, grandmother to Henry VII., and thus became allied to all the Sovereigns of the surname of Tudor and Stuart. Sir Richard St. George, of Hatley St. George, Knight, by Ann, daughter of Thomas Burgoine, of Impinton in Cambridge, Esq., had Thomas St. George, Esq., of the same place, who dying, 32 Henry VIII., by Ethelreda, daughter of Clement Highan, in Giffords, Suffolk, Esq., his second wife, left Thomas St. George, Esq., of the same place, his second son, but at length his heir. By Rose, daughter of Thomas Hutton, of Dry Drayton, in the county of Cambridgeshire, he had two sons: John St. George, of Hatley St. George, his eldest son and heir, and Sir Richard St. George, Clarenceux, the progenitor of a family that became so conspicuous in the College at Arms, of which he was a great ornament. He had petitioned for, and it was the wish of the Lords Commissioners of the Earl Marshal's Court, to raise him, to the place of Norroy, without any previous service in the College; but the heralds and pursuivants representing," that it was contrary to all order of the office, there having been no precedent of the "like since their first incorporation, and a great wrong and disgrace to “them, that a man, who had never been employed in her Majesty's ser"vice one day, should go over so many that had spent both their youth and "wealth in her service, and overthrown their better fortunes, by the hopes and expectations of preferment here, when it fell. The hope of "future advancement was a spur to their diligence in the study of arms; " and

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" and that kings, by long training up in that science, might be sub- CHARLES I. "stantially learned, and exercised in the history of honor and arms, of "whom the greatest knowledge, in such point, are reasonably looked for› "so as to be the arbitrators of those matters, and to whom the rest were "to apply themselves, for resolution in any difficulties or questions there" of." This petition had the desired effect; for though it was acknowledged, that he was a learned man, and of great acquired knowledge, especially in heraldry, the Commissioners prudently declined complying with his wishes, because of the just opposition it met with by the whole body of heralds and pursuivants: he, therefore, in 1602, was appointed Berwick pursuivant extraordinary, then Windsor herald, Norroy, and lastly Clarenceux. He was knighted, September 28, 1616. Whilst Norroy, he was very assiduous in holding visitations, going into the counties of Derby, York, Chester, Lancaster, Stafford, Cumberland, Durham, Northumberland, and Westmoreland, in which he was assisted by St. George, Bluemantle, and Charles, Lancaster. When Clarenceux, he received, in 1633, a commission, jointly with Norroy, to visit in any part of England: they accordingly visited London, Sussex, Bedford, Bucks, Derby, Essex, Hereford, Herts, Leicester, Middlesex, Oxford, and Rutland; but of those only Derby and Hereford were taken by himself, all the others were visited by his deputies. It does him great credit. Clarenceux dying May 17, 1635, was buried in the chancel of St. Andrew's church, Holborn, in London. He had the character of " an able and inquisitive officer," which he justly merited, being not only learned, but the friend and companion of the greatest antiquaries, his contemporaries: amongst these were Sir Robert Cotton, Camden, and Spelman. He endeavoured, with some of his acquaintance, to revive the study of antiquity, renewing the meetings of such as were learned in this branch, after they had been omitted some time. Weaver mentions Sir Richard with honor, and speaks of his assistance with gratitude. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas St. John, Esq., ancestor of the Viscounts St. John and Bolingbrook, by whom he had five children. 1. William, and 2. John, who were both slain in Ireland; neither of them were married: 3. Sir Henry St. George, who became Garter, whose life has been given: 4. Sir George St. George, who settled at CarrickDrumrusk, in the county of Leitrim, in Ireland. By Catherine, daughter of Captain Gifford, of Castle Jordan, in King's County, in Ireland,


King at Arms. Clarencex.

CHARLES I. he left several children: Sir Oliver St. George, the eldest was created a baronet; his eldest son Sir George St. George was created Baron Hatley St. George, in the county of Roscommon, in the kingdom of Ireland, by patent dated March 15, 1714-5, 1st St. George I., in which notice was taken of his alliance with the royal house of Tudor. It might, with equal truth, as having descended from the Veres, Earls of Oxford, by Lora, youngest daughter of Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, who marrying Reynard Argentein, was ancestress by him of the St. George's, the Dukes of Buckingham, Lords Fitzwaren, and Barons Allington of Horseheath, in Cambridgeshire. By the death of Lord Hatley St. George, in 1754, that title became extinct; but his present Majesty revived it, in 1763, in the person of Usher St. George, who died in 1775, without male issue. The King, March 12, 1766, created Richard St. George, of Athlone, in the county of Westmeath, Esq., a Baronet of Ireland. The St. Georges have flourished in great honor in that kingdom. In September 24, 1772, died the Reverend Arthur St. George, D.D., Dean of Ross in Ireland, who left children. Upon his tomb, in the church-yard of St. Ann, Dublin, he is said to have been the heir male, and head of this loyal family, by the failure of the elder branches.-5. Captain Richard St. George, of Athlone in Ireland, Esq., youngest son of Clarenceux, was married twice: his first wife was Ann, eldest daughter of Michael Pimcock, of Turrock, in the county of Roscommon, Esq., by whom he had a numerous family: his second wife was Dorothy, daughter of Sir John Moor, Knight, relict of Hamon Lestrange, Esq., by whom he had an only child, a daughter. The St. Georges were the second ennobled family sprung from the College of Heralds.

June 22, 1635.-Sir WILLIAM LE NEVE, Knight.-See next reign.


(By Intrusion.)


: Garter Anstis says, he was son-in-law to John Glynne, a member of the Long Parliament, as one of the representatives of the town of Caernarvon he mistakenly calls him a knight. He was promoted to be one of the Protector, Oliver's, Judges, and afterwards became Serjeant at Law to Charles II.; but from the history of the Glynne family it appears, that Serjeant Glynne married to his first wife, Frances, daughter of Arthur


King at Arms. Clarenceux

Squibb, Esq. It is very probable Garter is accurate in saying that Glynne CHARLES I. obtained Squibb this place in the College. The intruding Clarenceux was son of William Squibb, and Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Philips, of Pentry, in Caermarthenshire, son of John Squibb, of Whitechurch, in Dorsetshire, called "Great John," descended from those of Knolle, in the county of Somerset, where they had been seated as early as the reign of Edward IV. He died May 22, within two months after he had obtained the office. There was in the middle of last century an Arthur Squibb, Esq. said to have been originally a servant to Sir Edward Powell: perhaps steward. We must suppose him a violent enemy to Charles I.; for he was a sequestrator of the estates of the royalists: a most odious office. He was a member of parliament for Middlesex, in 1653, and shewed great opposition to its dissolution. Joining in the Restoration, Charles II. appointed him one of the Tellers of the Exchequer. This person was, I presume, the third son of Clarenceux, by Joan, daughter of John Seymour, of Hanford in Dorsetshire, Esq., because by her he had these children, living in 1633: John, aged thirteen; William, eleven; Arthur, eight; Richard, four; Robert, two; Frances, nine; and Ann, one. The Squibbs bore Argent, three Bulls passant Sable, horned Gules.

1646.-EDWARD BYSHE, Esq.-See next reign.

Held this place jointly with that of Garter. At the Restoration he was permitted to retain this.


James 1.-Sir JOHN BURROUGHS, Knight.-See Garter.

January 3, 1633-4.-Sir WILLIAM LE NEVE, Knight.-See Clarenceux.
June 24,1635.-Sir HENRY ST. GEORGE, Knight.-See Garter.

Latter end of 1643.-Sir WILLIAM WALKER.-See Garter.
Sir William's patent for Norroy did not pass the signet until April
1644, nor the great seal until June 24, in that year.

In the beginning of the following year, Charles I. promoted him to the place of Garter, vacant by the death of Sir Henry St. George; but as the Parliament took leave to nominate a successor to him in this office, and the King never named one, there was a legal vacancy until the Restoration.


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CHAREES I. Philipot, Somerset, had been designed by his Majesty to have been created Norroy, and he highly merited it for his loyalty and skill; but unfortunately he died immediately after Walker's promotion to the first place in the College.

King at

(By Intrusion.)


Patent August 13.-Creation October 20, 1646.

Appointed by the Parliament, but reduced at the Restoration to his legal office of Lancaster herald.






Third son of William Vincent, of Wellingborough and Thingdon, or Findon, in Northamptonshire. Entering the College, he became a favorite of Camden, Clarenceux, and Burroughs, first Norroy, afterwards Garter. When only a pursuivant extraordinary, the former employed him as his deputy, or marshal, in some of his visitations. The latter made him his clerk, or under keeper of the records in the Tower, which place he held with his office of Norroy. From these records he made a great collection of extracts, for the use of Ralph Sheldon, Esq. Windsor wrote a book, in defence of his patron, Camden, against Brooke, York herald's, attack against some parts of the " Britannia." It was intitled "A Discovery "of the Errors in the Catalogue of the Nobility, by Ralph Brooke, York "herald." As he had great abilities, and equal industry, it is to be lamented that he did not live to write the survey of the county of Northampton, as he intended, having, when a young man, made many and judicious selections for that purpose. Burton, the Leicestershire antiquary, was much obliged to him, for furnishing very valuable materials for the history of that county. Dying January 11, 1625-6, he was buried in the church of St. Bennet, Paul's Wharf. He had received a renewed patent, June 5, 1624. Weaver calls him his " dear deceased friend," whose loss, in another place he says, he" still lamented." He wrote or collected a treatise of "the "marshalling of all estates and degrees at publique assemblees, and funé


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