« PreviousContinue »
ELIZABETH, Duke of Savoy, with the Garter. Upon Elizabeth's succession the war with France ceased, and in 1559, he, with Norroy, three heralds, and five trumpeters, attended by the Lord Mayor of London, and the Aldermen in their scarlet gowns, proclaimed peace between the two kingdoms, in the same manner as war had been two years before. Elizabeth sent him with the Garter to several Potentates: in 1560, to Frederic King of Denmark, and to Adolphus, Duke of Holstein; 1564, to Charles IX. of France; in 1568, with the Earl of Sussex, and Henry Brook, alias Cobham, Esq. one of the Queen's gentlemen pensioners, to present the Emperor Maximilian with the Order. He and his son William attended in their tabards: he received from his Imperial Majesty his short gown, and under garment, furred through with luzerns. After the investiture, the whole of the embassy were conducted into a great chamber, fitted up like a chapel, where the ceremonies were performed: in the evening, the Emperor and Lord Sussex supped together in the robes of the Order. This Nobleman, with the heralds, having gone to Vienna through the Low Countries, returned through Newstad, the province of Stiria, and Gratz, the capital of Carinthia, where the Archduke Charles, who had accompanied the embassy, took his leave. Passing the Alps, they came to Saltzburg, where they met the other part of their suit: the whole arrived in England about the latter end of March. In 1572, he took the Order to Francis, Duke of Montmorency, a peer in France; and in 1579, to John Casimere, Count Palatine of the Rhine, and Duke of Bavaria, who presented him with a gold chain and cup, worth £30. Elizabeth sent him, May 5, 1584, with the Garter to George Lord Cobham, the Earl of Rutland, then in Lincolnshire, and to Lord Scroop in Cumberland. Had he survived a few months longer, no. doubt he would have invested Henry III. of France; but that Monarch. did not receive the insignia until the January following Sir Gilbert's death,. though he had been elected in the preceding year. Regarded as a person of great respectability, he gave annual presents to the Queen. His New Year's gift for 1577-8, was nearly thirteen ounces of gilt plate; in 1588-9, a book of arms of the noblemen in the reign of Henry V. He died October 3, 1584, aged eighty-one, having been in the heraldic body sixty-five years. His remains were buried in St. Bennet's Church, Paul's Wharf. In the Harleian Collection is a curious warrant, dated November 12, 1578, directed to William Waforde, one of her Majesty's keepers of the great park at
Eltham, requiring him to deliver to Sir Gilbert Dethick, knight, alias ELIZABETH, Garter, her fee doe of that season. Sir Gilbert married twice; first Alice, daughter and heir of Leonard Peterson, a German or Dutch woman. She dying January 13, 1572, he re-married Jane, daughter of Richard Duncomb, of Moreton, in the county of Bucks, Esq., relict of William Nayler, Esq., one of the six clerks in Chancery. By the former marriage he had three sons; by the latter, one son and one daughter. 1. Nicholas Dethick, Esq. Windsor herald. 2. Sir William Dethick, knight, Garter.3. Henry Dethick, A. M. and LL. B., master of the Gretham Hospital, in the bishopric of Durham, Master in Chancery, collated October 8, 1588, to be Archdeacon of Carlisle, which place he quitted, when appointed Official and Chancellor of the diocese of Carlisle. Probably the reason for his settling in the North was the patronage of his uncle, Matthew Dethick, Esq. who it may reasonably be supposed left him estates in that part of the kingdom. He died in 1613, aged sixty-seven. By Jane, daughter and heir of Sir Martin Bowes, knight, he had Martin Dethick, Esq., of Amerston in Yorkshire, living in 1615; who, by Mary, daughter of John Wicliff, of Thorp in that county, had John, Henry, Martin, and Francis. The latter married Elizabeth, daughter of Laurence Cromp, of Fifley in Gloucestershire, by whom he had issue Richard, who died young, and Martha, the only surviving child, living in 1692. Chancellor Henry Dethick's other children were Thomas, Stephen, Margaret married to John Wicliff, of Gales in Yorkshire; Cordelia, to Henry Tennant, of Scorton in the same county; Susanna, Elizabeth, and Joan.- 4. Robert, only son of Sir Gilbert, Garter, by his second wife, was godson to Queen Elizabeth. He was baptized July 15, 1561, in the church of St. Giles', Cripplegate, London; the church being hung with cloth of arras, and cloth of estate, and strewed with green rushes. Sir William Huet, deputy for Lord Shrewsbury; Mr. Car, deputy for Lord Hunsdon; and Lady Sakerfield (Sackville), the Queen's deputy; attended at the font. Afterward there were wafers and hippocras, or spiced wines, in great plenty, and "much peeping." Lady York bore the Lady Deputy's train. At their return home there was a great banquet. He left no issue.-5. Mary, the youngest child of Gar ter, married to Thomas Butler, of Orwell, in the county of Cambridge, Esq. barrister at law,
Sir Gilbert is represented to have been a very handsome man. The late Garter, Townley, had a half-length painting of him. The discontented Smith, Rouge-dragon, calls him "ignorant": in heraldry, he meant. He was skilled in antiquities: he wrote a small treatise upon the justs of some Spaniards, published November 25, 1564.
Cooke, Clarenceux, executed the office of Garter, during an eighteen. month's vacancy.
April 21, 1586.-WILLIAM DETHICK, Esq.-See next reign.
In this reign it may be remarked, that he was undeserving his office. In the following one he was deprived.
WILLIAM HARVEY, Esq.
William Paget, Esq., created afterwards Lord Paget, was Clarenceux's patron, taking him in his embassy to France, when Hampnes pursuivant extraordinary. Whilst Somerset herald, he attended in the King's coat at the funeral of the Queen Dowager of Henry VIII., and is the only one of the officers at arms who is mentioned, as assisting at that solemnity. His abilities were considerable, which occasioned his being sent to the Court of Denmark, relative to the Marquis of Exeter. He was also dispatched to the Emperor Charles V., and with Dr. Wotton to the Duke of Sax-ony. Whilst Norroy, he was sent not less than seven times to Germany. Mary deputed him to go to France, to declare war against Henry II., in compliance with the wishes of her husband: Garter and Norroy proclaiming the war in London, as Hollingshead informs us. Whilst Norroy he was assiduous in visiting his province, chiefly by proxy. After he became Clarenceux, he injured his reputation by a disgraceful quarrel at Tuvey, in Bedfordshire, whilst at the funeral of Lord Mordaunt. He fell so greatly. under the displeasure of the Earl Marshal, that he was for some time forhidden to visit his province. He made collections of church notes within Norwich diocese, which coming into the hands of Le Neve, whilst Wind
sor, he permitted Weaver to use them. He was free of the Skinners' Company: in 1561 he gave both a crest and supporters to their arms. He Provincial Kings. died at Thame, in Oxfordshire, February 27, 1566-7. His arms were Or, a Clarenceux. Chevron, between three Lions or Leopards' Faces, Gules. Garter Anstis says, he left two daughters; Ann, one of them, was then married.
1566-7.-ROBERT COOKE, Esq.
If we believe Dethick, junior, Garter, his enemy, he was of mean origin, being, he said, the son of a tanner. This is by no means improbable, as he had a grant of arms so late as March 4, 1577, of Gules, semé of Fleur-de-lis, a Cinquefoil, Ermine. It is singular, that he had not arms given him much sooner. Brooke says he was servant to Sir Edmund Brudenell, who had made great collections of pedigrees of the nobility; Dethick says, he was unable to speak the French language, that he was dissolute and abandoned, and that he prostituted his office in the vilest manner for money. Garter's notoriously bad character, makes what he says of a gentleman with whom he was upon ill terms, and whom he probably had greatly injured, of little consequence.* That his birth was humble is, as has been observed, probable, but that did not depend upon himself. Garter Anstis says, he certainly did not understand French: this I think was untrue. That he was amiable, may be learnt by his humanely interceding with Lord Burleigh, in behalf of the persecuted, and worthy vicar of Battersey, Mr. Ridley, one of whose parishioners he was; and as part of the charge against the divine was witchcraft, it shewed a mind superior to vulgar prejudices. It is certain that Dethick could be very intemperate in his language. Cooke's being deputed with the Earl of Derby to invest Henry III. of France, shews he was not unacquainted with, though he might not entirely understand the French language. The greatness of his reward evinces his having performed his office there with propriety; receiving as a present, two golden chains, one worth £120, and another of greater value, consisting of two hundred and thirty-six links; whilst Somerset and J. Miles had each one, which had one hundred and fifty links, valued at 100 marcs. As a herald, Cooke was one of the most useful members that the College ever had; for before he was a king at arms, he visited both for Norroy and Clarenceux, and when he became the latter,
* Appendix, Letter F.
ELIZABETH. he constantly deputed others to perform the office for him; by which he Provincial obtained greater returns from a variety of counties, than any other who Kings. held this office before or after him. Besides these monuments of his care, Clarenceux. industry, and ability, he left behind him vast collections of descents of the nobility and gentry of this kingdom, as also of some foreigners, statutes of the order of the Garter, ancient patents, evidences, certificates, justs, ceremonials at coronations and combats, books of tricks of arms, escripts, writings, muniments, with seals of the same, notes of the wars of Edward III., and many old papers and offices, from the reign of Henry III. to that of Henry VI. This respectable man dying at Hanworth, in Middlesex, in 1592, his remains were deposited there. The late Lord Orford thought he was the person who painted the portraits of Henry VII., Henry VIII., Queen Catherine, the Duke of Suffolk, Sir Anthony Wingfield, Sir Robert Wingfield, and his Lady, with their seven or eight sons, all which portraits remain at Cockfield-hall, in Yoxfield, in Suffolk; but of this the late Mr. Brooke, Somerset, doubted, and I think there wants proofs to warrant it. Yet I presume he had other merit, besides being an excellent herald, which won him the patronage of Robert, Earl of Leicester, and gained him. the munificence of the frugal Elizabeth, who at one time gave him £1000. I have no where seen whom he married, but it is known that he had a daughter, named Catherine, the issue of his wife, who was married in 1587, to John Woodnote, of Shavington, in Cheshire, Esq. His collections were so valuable, and having had some books belonging to the College in his possession at the time of his death, that it was of sufficient importance for Lord Burleigh, a lover of such researches, to interpose, and obtain them for the use of the members. There is in the Harleian Collection an hasty trick of him in his Clarenceux's habit, placed in an initial letter to some grant of arms. Mr. Dalloway has engraved one of these.
1594.-RICHARD LEE, Esq.
Patent, May 11.-Created 18th, being Whitsunday, in the Council Chamber at
If Mr. Lant's date is true, there was a vacancy of about two years. He succeeded to the quarrels, as well as the office of his predecessor, for Dethick attacked him with nearly as much violence as he had Cooke; but he defended himself with great ability, and proved the vindictive disposi