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HEN. VIII. of Boulogne. I have taken this relation from the description of some Pursuivants ancient historical paintings, which were preserved at Cowdray in Sussex, representing Henry's march from Calais towards Boulogne, the encampment of the English forces at Marquison, and a view of the siege of Boulogne, drawn up and published by the Society of Antiquaries. I have done this, as it in some measure explains the cause and manner of the erection of such offices of arms. I shall only add, that Boulogne, often called Bullen, was restored by Edward VI., in 1550, to the Crown of France.


SIMON NYMBOL THE, Gent.-See next reign.


Hen. VII.-RICHARD RADCLIFFE, Gent.-See Calais.
In him this office, I believe, expired.*

* Mr. Morant, in his History of Essex, vol. i. p. 121, speaking of the manor of Ropers, in the parish of Southweald, observes, that it took its name from the Roper family, and was divided into great and little Ropers. He also says, it was once the sole property of HENRY ROPER, Gent. pursuivant to Queen Catherine of Arragon, "who, in 1614, "lett a lease of the place-lands and mill here." The date evidently should be 1514. Whether he meant it should read Henry Roper, Gentleman, pursuivant to Queen Catherine, or whether he meant to express himself Gentleman-pursuivant, is uncertain. I have never heard of such an office as Gentleman-pursuivant; nor have I read that any of our Queenconsorts had a pursuivant. The sentence is hastily written. If it is not quite erroneous it is a curious particular relative to the officers at arms. The Ropers of Essex, no doubt, were a branch of Lord Teynham's family. Henry Roper, the servant of Queen Catherine, was dead before 1517; for, in that year, Constance Roper passed away Ropers to William Ingrave.


Acceded January 28, 1546-7;-Died July 6, 1553.


EDWARD was a liberal patron to the members of the College of Arms. He Eow. VI. gave them a charter, dated June 4, 1549, which reciting, that though they were not exempted by parliament from various duties and payments, yet, as it had always been the practice of great Sovereigns, Emperors, and Kings, to give such privileges to their heralds, he not only confirmed their ancient ones, by which they had been free and discharged from all subsidies in all realms where they made their demeure, but granted them the additional privileges of being free from all tolls, taxes, customs, impositions, and demands, from watch and ward, election to any office of mayor, sheriff, bailiff, constable, scavenger, church-warden, or any other public office whatsoever.*

His Majesty also designed to have given the Society of Heralds a mansion, belonging to the Earl of Derby, by exchanging other premises for it. To effect this laudable purpose, by a deed, dated November 24, 1552, the King conveyed certain possessions belonging to the Crown, called Leonard's Lands, adjoining to his lordship's park at Knowsley, in Lancashire, with other premises, which were supposed equal in value to a house standing in the parishes of St. Bennet and St. Peter, in London, called Derby-place, from having been built by Sir Thomas Stanley, the first Earl of Derby of that family, father-in-law to Henry VII., and where this peer, and his son George, the second Earl, had resided and died. It was then leased out to Sir Richard Sackville, ancestor of the Dukes of Dorset, who then made it his town-house. The premature death of this every-way estimable young Monarch, defeated his munificent designs in favor of the College of Arms.

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Many circumstances have reached us, relative to the heraldic body, which happened in this reign, especially as to allowances of fees, salaries, and dress. There is extant a receipt from Sir Christopher Barker, Garter, for the sum of £104. due to the officers of arms, for their attendance and perquisites when the King was crowned. In February, 1550-1, a warrant was given to Sir Ralph Sadler, of his Majesty's wardrobe, to deliver to the three kings at arms each a coat (tabard) of satin, painted with gold; to five heralds, five of damask, painted with gold; and to the three pursuivants, each a coat of sarcenet, painted with gold. It appears, therefore, that only five of the seven heralds had coats. Somerset was then vacant; and perhaps Lancaster was the other who had none allowed him, being probably in disgrace before the late King's death, as he was not attendant at his funeral. The pursuivant, Rouge-croix, was the one not allowed, the office being then vacant: probably the pursuivants extraordinary were not entitled to any from the wardrobe.

There was, at the same time, a warrant issued, directed to Sir William Cavendish, to give to Sir Gilbert Dethick, knight, alias Garter, principal king at arms, then attending the Marquis of Northampton in his embassage to France, twenty shillings a day, for his diet, from April 23d, then last, until his return to the presence of his Majesty, and for his reward the same sum daily; and to allow for his posting and transporting, both outward and homeward, of himself and his train. He was also to allow Garter for certain robes of the order, and other things necessary, such sums of money, as by his bill, subscribed, he should signify. Sir William was also directed to allow to Chester herald ten shillings a day, half for diet and half for his reward; and to Rouge-dragon five shillings a day for diet, and the same for his reward; and for their posting money according to the tenor aforesaid." Garter was allowed, besides, three yards of cloth of gold, two yards of cloth of gold-tissue, and sixteen of blue velvet, to serve for the banner, the mantle of the helmet, and the lining of the same, for the installation of the French King.


When this Sovereign went his last progress, in 1552, with a state becoming so great a potentate, he took with him, as part of his retinue, Garter, and the three provincial kings at arms, Somerset herald, Rougedragon and Blue-mantle pursuivants. In October, in this year, is a warrant to the treasury of the chapter of the Knights of the Garter, to al

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low, from the fifth of July preceding, until October the seventh, unto Garter king at arms ten shillings per diem, Clarenceux and Norroy each six shillings and eight-pence, Somerset herald four shillings, to Rouge-. dragon and Blue-mantle each two shillings, and to Ulster king at arms. the same as the other provincial kings at arms; which sums were to be paid them for diet, in their attendance upon his Majesty during his progress. Probably they had the same sum given to each for their reward.

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In the valuable account of this Monarch's funeral, given in the twelfth volume of the Archeologia, we find that persons of the College attended, and learn what rewards they received. It was written by Sir William Waldegrave, knight, oone of the Qwenes Highness privy counceile, "and mr. of her Maties greate Wardrobe." He tells us, that Garter had been allowed nine yards of black cloth, twelve yards for his four servants, and six yards for his horse's trapping or caparison: Clarenceux and Norroy each nine yards, nine yards for their three servants, and six yards for their horses' trappings: Windsor, Richmond, Somerset, and Chester, each six yards, for two servants six yards, and four yards for trappings : Rouge-dragon, Rouge-croix, and Blue-mantle, each eight yards; the two first three yards for one servant, the latter six yards for two servants, and each of them four yards for trapping. No mention is made of Ulster king at arms, Carlisle, York, or Lancaster heralds, Portcullis pursuivant, nor of any of the pursuivants extraordinary. It is observable that Rouge-dragon and Rouge-croix had only cloth for one servant, though Blue-mantle had for two. The heralds petitioned Queen Mary to have the velvet belonging to the hearse of King Edward, which they said was unjustly detained by the Dean of Westminster. There was only one officer at arms at the funeral of Ann Parr, the Queen Dowager: this herald was Somerset, who was in the royal tabard. The funeral appears to have been as private as it conveniently could be; but there were escutcheons of Henry VIII, impaling the arms of the defunct, crowned, her own also crowned, and those of the admiral and hers without one.


Hen. VIII.-Sir CHRISTOPHER BARKER, Knight of the Bath. Sir Christopher was the son of William Barker, of Stokely, in Yorkshire, by Joan, daughter of Sir William Carhill, and sister of William Car

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EDW. VI. hill, Norroy. He was first in the service of Sir Charles Brandon, created Viscount Lisle, in right of his lady, who christened him Lysley pursuivant, May 15, 1513. This nobleman having been raised to the rank of Duke of Suffolk, he had the honor to be created by the Sovereign, Suffolk herald, at the palace of Eltham, February 1, 1516-7, a circumstance which had sometimes happened to other favorite noblemen, whose heralds the Sovereigns had created when present. The King either taking a peculiar fancy to him, or else the Duke of Suffolk recommending him to his royal brother-in-law, he passed from the service of his grace to that of his Majesty; but as the Heralds' College was an incorporated body, and their rights more strictly attended to, it was necessary for him to comply with the regulations of that society. He, therefore, though an herald, proceeded regularly from a pursuivant extraordinary; for, if Lant's Roll is accurate, he was first Calais pursuivant extraordinary, then Rouge-dragon, afterwards Richmond. No doubt such promotion was rapid; because in 1522 he was Richmond, in 1536 Norroy, in which office he remained only one month, when he was placed at the head of the College, by being created Garter. This happened on the same day that Lord Fitzwarren was invested with the earldom of Bath. Several other officers at arms, advanced in consequence of this promotion, were then created to superior places. In the 15th of Henry VIII., he was sent into Spain, with Sir Richard Wingfield and others. This knight dying there, he solemnized his funeral in that kingdom. He had livery and conduct money given him in 1544, to enable him to attend upon his former patron, the Duke of Suffolk, who was appointed commander of the middle march, in the expedition into France. He probably soon returned from that kingdom to attend his Majesty, who went to Calais in July in that year, accompanied by a royal train of nobles and gentlemen, with Sir Christopher and other officers at arms; and on the 25th of that month, Henry receiving news that Base, or Lower Boulogne, was taken, he marched out of Calais, and went in great state to that place, having "first, drums and viffleurs going first, then trumpets, next the officers of arms and the barons, then Garter, followed by Don Bertram de la Cueva, Duke of Alburquerk, commander of the Emperor's auxiliary forces, and the Earl of Rutland, bearing the King's "banner displayed, then the King's Majesty, armed at all pieces, mounted "on a goodly courser, and after him the Lord Herbert, bearing the King's head-picce and spear, and followed by the henchmen well horsed: and

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