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late Mr. Collinson, a Fellow of the Royal Society in London, sent a drawing of the Ram, and one of the Ewe, to the Count de Buffon, who had them engraved in his first volume of quadrupeds. The horns of the Ewe are twisted also, but not so much as those of the Ram, which describe, near the head, a spiral line. The wool of this species seems to be much longer than that of the common Sheep, and to resemble the hair of the goat. Buffon regrets that the death of his friend, Mr. Collinson, had deprived him of a more particular description of this curious animal, which is sometimes called Strepsiceros, from the shape of his horns.



AFTER the cow and the sheep, has been always reckoned, and mostly in ancient and patriarchal times, the most useful domestic animal; its milk is sweet, nourishing, and medicinal, and better adapted for persons of weak digestion than that of the cow, as it is not so apt to curdle on the stomach. The female generally produces two or three young at a time; but in warm climates she is more prolific. This animal is better adapted for savage life than the sheep: it delights in climbing precipices, and is often seen reposing in peaceful security on rocks overhanging

the sea. Nature, indeed, has in some measure fitted it for traversing these eminences; the hoof being hollow underneath, with sharp edges, so that it could walk as securely on the ridge of a house as on level ground. The Goat is sober and mild; the kid's flesh was once esteemed a very delicate food, and even now feeds an immense quantity of people in the Alps, the Pyrenees, and in Wales.



Is a Wild Goat, which inhabits the Pyrenean mountains, the Alps, and the highest mountains of Greece. He is of an admirable swiftness, although his head is armed with two long, knotted horns, inclining backwards; his hair is rough, and of a deep brown colour. The male only has a beard, and the female is less than the male this animal skips from rock to rock, and often, when pursued, jumps down enormous precipices, and falls on his horns in such a manner as to remain unhurt from the fall.

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INHABITS, for the most part, marshes and woods, and is of a black or brown colour; his flesh is very tender, and good for food. The Wild Boar is the original of the hog kind, but more sagacious and cleanly; his tusks are sometimes near a foot in length, and they have often proved dangerous to men as well as to dogs in the chase. His life is confined to about thirty years; his food consists of vegetables, but when pressed by hunger, he devours animal flesh. This creature is strong and fierce, and undauntedly turns against his pursuers. To hunt him is one of the principal amusements of the grandees in those countries where he is to be found.

In former times the Wild Boar was a native of Britain, as appears from the laws of the Welsh prince, Howell the Good, who permitted his grand huntsman to chase that animal from the middle of November to the beginning of December; and in the reign of William the Conqueror, those who were convicted of killing the Wild Boars, in any of the royal forests, were punished with the loss of their eyes. The tame Boar has two tusks, but much less than those of the wild one; the Sow has none.



So called because of the horn on his nose, is bred in India and Africa; he is of a dark slate colour, and is inferior to no one but the elephant; he measures about twelve feet in length, but has short legs. His skin, which is not penetrable by any weapon, is folded upon his body in the manner represented in the figure above; his eyes are small and half closed, and the horn on his nose is so sharp, and of so hard a nature, that it is said to pierce through iron and stone. He is perfectly indocile and untractable; a natural enemy to the elephant, to whom he often gives battle, and is said never to go out of his way, but that he will rather stop to destroy the obstacles which offer to retard his course, than, to turn about; he lives on the grossest vegetables, and frequents the banks of rivers and marshy grounds; his hoofs are divided into four claws, and it is reported that he grunts like a hog, which he resembles in many points as to shape and habits. The female produces but one at a time, and during the first month, her young are not bigger than a large dog. The Rhinoceros is supposed to be the Unicorn of holy writ, and possesses all the properties ascribed to that animal, rage, untamableness, great swiftness, and immense strength. It was known to the Romans in very early times. Augustus introduced one into the shows, on his triumph over Cleopatra.

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LIVES as well on land as in water, and yields in size to none but the elephant; he weighs sometimes between fifteen and sixteen hundred pounds. His skin is very sleek, and covered with short and soft hair, of a mouse colour. The head is flattish on the top, the lips are large, the mouth wide, and armed with strong teeth; he has broad ears and eyes, a thick neck, and a short tail, tapering like that of a hog. He grazes on shore, but retires to the water if pursued, and will sink down to the bottom, where he walks as on dry ground. He often rises to the surface and remains with his head out of the water, making a bellowing noise which may be heard at a great distance. The female brings forth her young upon land, and it is supposed that she seldom produces more than one at a time. The calf, at the instant when it comes into the world, will fly to the water for shelter, if pursued; a circumstance which has been noticed as a remarkable instance of pure instinct. He is supposed to be the Behemoth of the Scripture. See Job, chap. xl.

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