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meeting took place in April 1911. One of the Papers of the past year includes the wills of South Carolina Huguenots; while there occurs an interesting account of the Porcher family whose forefathers, the Comtes Porcher de Richebourg, fled from their ancestral home on the banks of the Loire to their new home in Carolina.

Connected with America, a monumental work by Orra Eugene Monnette, of family genealogy, lately appeared and was reviewed in the pages of our Proceedings (Vol. IX, No. 3, 1912). The author of this work, published at Los Angeles, California, is a member of the Huguenot Society of America.

To connect the links of genealogy, church history, and other matters which crowd the annals of America, is one of the objects of its Huguenot Society, whose members include many famous writers of the New World.

The words of Professor Baird at the inauguration of that Society recur in their force even to-day:

'Meanwhile, other countries, and America among the rest, have gained what France too freely and thoughtlessly parted with-a noble, heroic, Christian race.'

During the past year we have lost seven Fellows by death and seven by resignation. One Fellow, however, whose resignation had been included in last year's Report has since been induced to reconsider his decision.

It is difficult not to be emotional in referring to those who have been called away to a higher state, to a nobler society. I knew some of them personally, whilst with others I was but officially connected-but to one and all I bid an affectionate farewell.

Resignations are always to be deplored, and in regard to these, all I will say is, that should those who have resigned membership wish in the future to rejoin I am quite sure it will be your good pleasure to welcome them back into our Society.

Included in the number of our losses by death during the year are two of our Honorary Fellows, both of whom had rendered on the Continent yeoman service to the cause we all have at heart. The first of these to leave us was Monsieur Louis Marie Meschinet de Richemond, a distinguished French VOL. X.-NO. 1.

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Archivist at La Rochelle, who died on May 29 last in his seventythird year. He was elected one of our Honorary Fellows in January 1900. Amongst many other historical works, he edited for a French Society a journal of Huguenot events at La Rochelle between the years 1584 and 1643.

Monsieur Émile Bourlier, who died on November 7 at the age of sixty-six, was a pastor of the Walloon Church at the Hague and a chaplain to the Queen of the Netherlands. He had been for many years the President of our corresponding society, the Commission pour l'Histoire des Églises Wallonnes, and an Honorary Fellow of our Society since 1898.

Of our ordinary Fellows, the first to pass away from us during the year was Mr. John Hyndman Noblit of Philadelphia, U.S.A. He had been a Fellow of the Society since May 1891.

Mr. Ralph Beaumont Benson died at the early age of fortynine, on October 17. He joined the Society in 1901, and was connected with the Huguenot families of de Rieulx and Baudouin.

Lord Rendlesham, who died on November 9 last, aged seventy-one, was a great-grandson of Peter Thellusson, who settled in London about the middle of the eighteenth century and of whose extraordinary will the well-known circumstances were recalled by the Times in its obituary notice of the deceased peer. He had been a Fellow of the Society since 1889.

Mr. David Martineau, a member of one of our best-known Huguenot families, died on November 24 at the age of eightyfour, having been a Fellow of our Society since 1887.

Colonel Herbert Arthur Remer passed away very suddenly from heart failure on the very day of our last meeting, March 13. He joined us in 1904, and at the time of his death was a member of our Council.

Last year your President had to chronicle the death of a distinguished Huguenot descendant, though an ancient foe of this country, in the person of General Piet Cronje. Another of like extraction and erstwhile equally valiant against our countrymen has since died in General Ben Viljoen. Born in 1860, in the Transvaal, he was present at the battle of Elandslaagte, and also took part in the operations against Ladysmith,

but after a time was captured and sent to St. Helena. After the war, he came to England and lectured in London; but afterwards settled in Mexico, and being of an adventurous disposition threw in his lot with the insurgents there, when he fell in the fighting at Juarez in May of last year. It was said of him in one of the notices of his death that his was perhaps one of the best characters among the Boer commanders, and he has been described as a loyal friend and a frank opponent.

To the value of the literary work of our Society during the past year you will yourselves doubtless be prepared to bear witness. We have issued a number of our Proceedings larger in size than any we have yet published and containing papers, I venture to think, which yield nothing in point of interest and importance to any that have gone before. Our fellow, Mr. Lart, has been busy editing the registers of the French churches of Bristol, Stonehouse, and Plymouth, and these, together with those of the church of Thorpe-le-Soken which our retiring Vice-President, Mr. Waller, has kindly undertaken to edit for us, will, we hope, be shortly in your hands. These, I believe, will complete the registers of the extra-metropolitan French refugee churches now in the custody of the RegistrarGeneral at Somerset House. The registers of many of the London churches will remain. Of these the concluding portion of the Threadneedle Street church is in active preparation under the editorship of our Fellow, Mr. Colyer-Fergusson, and others are in contemplation; whilst Dr. Shaw is well forward with a further volume of Denizations and Naturalizations. In this field the Society is happy in having no lack of able and willing workers. For the present, we need only be limited by our financial resources, and herein, may I remind you, you may all help by enlisting the active interest of your friends in our objects and inducing them to join the Society both to advance its work and to benefit your own individual selves.

I wish here to bear testimony and to record my gratitude to those who have done so much for our Society during the past session. To the readers of those interesting papers which we have listened to with advantage and pleasure I offer

your and my best thanks. To Colonel Duncan Pitcher, our Honorary Secretary, and Mr. Giuseppi, as also to Mr. Kershaw, I owe a personal debt of gratitude for the support which they have given me throughout the year. Our new Treasurer has also to-night shown you how diligent and excellent he can be in the administration of our finance, and for this very important help I am sure you will accord him your thanks-a true exemplification of the adage' There are fish and no doubt on it, as good in the river as ever came out of it.' Our fellow, Miss Rhoda May, in procuring for us recognition by the Press, has again rendered services most kindly and usefully to our Society.

One word as to heredity. We-most of those I am addressing are the descendants of men and women who put principle above everything; for a principle they lived, for a principle they suffered.

The Chaplet which they won is more beautiful than any earthly crown; their joy after suffering, keener than that following earthly bliss; the song they sang after tribulation sweeter than the chorister's voice; the reward they earned, the highest bestowed; Their faith was strong unto death, and they sealed their belief with their blood.'

Then, if we are proud of our descent and all that it means, let us follow the example which our ancestors have set us.

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The doctrine of heredity should never be forgotten by parents or remembered by children. To the first it is the association of their responsibility; to the second a reminder of their helplessness.' I will bring my address to a close with a quotation I came across a short time ago. It runs as follows:

'My boast is not that I deduce my birth

From loins enthroned and rulers of the Earth;
But higher far my proud pretentions rise
The son of parents passed into the skies.'

It seems to me that this exactly describes the true patent of nobility which our ancestors won-bestowed on them by no earthly hand. May it be our proud privilege, as their descendants, to maintain this birthright honourably until the end of time.

The Real Fénelon.

BY CHARLES POYNTZ STEWART, F.S.A.SCOT.

'D'aller faire le neutre ou l'indifférent sous prétexte que j'écris une histoire serait faire au lecteur une illusion trop grossière.'-BOSSUET.

AMONGST the many prelates who by their piety, their learning, their eloquence, and their patriotism, shed lustre on the glorious yet disastrous reign of Louis XIV, a foremost place must be assigned to Fénelon, who has been further endowed with additional qualities rare indeed amongst the controversialists of his Church. He is stated to have been the gentlest, mildest, most persuasive and indulgent of converters; never to have advocated violent measures; to have deprecated the rigorous enactments of the State and the aid of dragoons; but to have relied on conferences, sermons, prayers, and instruction sweetly given. According to Father Querbœuf, Fénelon declared to the King

'that ministers of religion were Evangelists of Peace, and should not be escorted by soldiery; this military display would only frighten but never really change anyone-the sword of the Word and the power of grace were the only arms used by the Apostles, and he required no others.'

The King, fearing for Fénelon's safety, wished to send troops for his protection; but all the latter desired was that the troops should be removed from every place where he was to exercise his ministry of peace and charity;

for if we want a real Apostolic Harvest, we must go as true Apostles. I would rather perish by the hands of my erring brethren than expose one of them to the almost inevitable vexations, the insults, the violence of the soldiery.'

which shows he well knew what the dragonnades were.

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