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Drogo de Bevrere.

To this manor belong these berewicks :-Paghel (Paull), one carucate; Nichuetun (Newton, near Burstwick, lost), one carucate ; Holm (Paull Holme), one carucate; Notele (Nuttles), two caru cates; Scachelinge (Skeckling), six bovates. Together for geld, four carucates of land, where 31 ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has there two ploughs, and twenty-six villanes and four bordars having seven ploughs.

To the same manor belongs this soke :-Sudtone (Sutton), two carucates; Scachelinge (Skeckling), two carucates and a half; Camerinton (Camerton), six carucates; Torne (Thorngumbald), two carucates; Holme (Paull Holme), one carucate; Diche (Lelley Dike?), four carucates; Sprotele (Sproatley), one carucate; Prestone (Preston), eleven bovates. Together, twenty carucates and three bovates of land for geld, where twenty ploughs may be. There, Drogo has now five ploughs, and six sokemen and sixteen villanes; but they do not plough.

The whole manor, with the appurtenances, T. R. E., was worth fifty-six pounds; now, ten pounds.

Manor. In Chilnesse (Kilnsea), Morcar had thirteen carucates and a half of land for geld, where twelve ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has one plough there, and twenty-five villanes and two bordars with seven ploughs, and twelve acres of meadow.

To this manor belongs this soke :-Tunestale (Tunstall), seven carucates; Rosse (Roos), three carucates and the third part of one carucate; Hosteuuic (Owstwick), three carucates; Asteneuuic (Elsternwick), four carucates; Tansterne (Tansterne), one carucate; Redeuuince ( ), two carucates; Righeborg (Ring burg), one carucate; Humeltone (Humbleton), one carucate; Fostun (Foston-on-the-Wolds), three carucates; Flentun (Flinton), three carucates and a half; Wifestad (Winstead), half a carucate.

Together, for geld, twenty-nine carucates of land, where thirty-two ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has there two ploughs and a half, and twenty villanes having six ploughs, and six sokemen and one bordar. In Fostune (Foston-on-the-Wolds), there is a church and a priest. T. R. E., they were worth fifty-six pounds; now, ten pounds.

cluded within the manor of Cleeton, a hamlet in the parish of Skipsea.

'Castle Hill,' a conical mound, about a quarter of a mile to the west of the village, and some earth-works near to Skipsea Brough, indicate the site of Drogo's stronghold. The castle was dismantled by the King's orders in 1220, in consequence of the rebellion of the Earl of Albemarle.

Drogo married 'a certain cousin of the King's, whom he unhappily killed.' After her death he went to him, pretending that with her he wished to visit Flanders. He obtained from William sufficient money for that purpose,hastened to the sea-coast and took ship. When his crime and deceit were made known to the King, orders were given

for his apprehension; but Drogo had already crossed the channel. Holderness was afterwards given by the Conqueror to his own brother-in-law, Odo, Count of Champagne.

The name of Drogo appears in the Claims, but it occurs only once in the Recapitulation, and then, not under the heading "Heldrenesse," but in "Huntou Hundret," at "Wiulestorp" (a berewick to Cleeton), where he held two carucates, as stated in the text. Refer to "Wiflestorp" (Wilsthorpe), postea.

30 Apparently an error for "bovates," if the sum total, four carucates, be

correct.

31 The number is omitted in the Original.

Drogo de Bevrere.

Two manors. In Heldouestun (Hilston) and Hostewic (Owstwick), Murdac had seven carucates of land for geld, and seven ploughs may be there. Now, Drogo has [it], and it is waste. was worth fifty-five shillings.

T. R. E.,

it

Manor. In Witfornes (Withernsea), Morcar had eighteen carucates and six bovates of land for geld, where fifteen ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has there one plough and four villanes and five bordars and two priests. All these together [have] two ploughs and one hundred acres of meadow.

To this manor belongs this soke :—Andrebi ( ), two 32 carucates; Bortune (Burton Pidsea), seven carucates; Danetorp (Danthorpe), two carucates and six bovates; Fidlinge (Fitling), six carucates; Sprotele (Sproatley), five bovates; Grimestun (Grimston Garth), four carucates; Washam (Waxholme), six bovates; Tunestal (Tunstall), one carucate; Torne (Owthorne ?), five bovates; Holam (Hollym), one carucate; Rotmare 32 (Redmere Field, par. Owthorne ?), three bovates. Together, thirty-two

carucates

of land for 34 geld, where twenty-five ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has there ten sokemen and ten villanes and two bordars having seven ploughs. T. R. E., they were worth fifty-six pounds; now, six pounds.

Manor. In Mapletone (Mappleton), Morcar had thirteen carucates of land for geld, and thirteen ploughs may be there. Now, Drogo has there one plough, and four villanes have one plough, and one hundred acres of meadow.

To this manor belongs this soke :-Roolfestone (Rowlston), five carucates and two bovates; Arnestorp (Arnold), one carucate and a half; Coldun (Little Colden), three carucates; Widforneuuinc (Withernwick), six carucates. Together, for geld, sixteen carucates of land, less two bovates, where fifteen ploughs may be.

Now, Drogo has there four sokemen and six villanes and nine bordars having three ploughs.

Soke. Also other soke belonging to Mapletone (Mappleton) :— Torchilebi (Thirtleby), four carucates; Widetune (Wyton), four carucates; Mereflet (Marfleet), four carucates; Coiningesbi (Coniston), four carucates; Rute (Routh), four 35 carucates; Haifelt 36 (Great Hatfield), two carucates and two bovates; Golse (Goxhill), three carucates and the third part of one bovate. Together, for geld, twenty-six carucates, where twenty (illegible) ploughs may be. Now, Drogo's homagers have there four ploughs, and nineteen villanes and nine sokemen and six bordars having six ploughs.

T. R. E., they were worth fifty-six pounds; now, six pounds.

Manor. In Hornesse (Hornsea), Morcar had twenty-seven carucates of land for geld, and as many ploughs may be there. Now, Drogo has one plough there, and Wizo,37 his homager, one plough, and nine villanes

32 These two carucates had previously belonged to Ravenchil. See The Claims, postea.

32Redmar" in the Recapitulation. 33 This amount does not tally with the sum of the separate items.

34 Orig., fo. 3236, col. 2.-Facsimile Edit., page liib.

35 One of these carucates belonged to St. John of Beverley. See the Recapitulation.

36 These two carucates and two bovates in "Haifelt," and " Golse," are omitted in the Recapitulation.

37 Wizo also held land under Drogo at Strawson, in Lincolnshire.

Drogo de Bevrere.

and three bordars with one plough and a half. A church [is] there, and a priest, and sixty acres of meadow.

To this manor belongs this soke :-Burtune (Hornsea Burton), two carucates; Torp (Southorpe, lost), one carucate and a half; Ristune (Long Riston), two carucates and six bovates; Schireslai (North Skirlaugh), six bovates; Schereltune (Skirlington), five carucates. Together, for geld, eleven carucates and a half of land, where twelve ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has there two sokemen and three villanes with two ploughs. T. R. E., they were worth fifty-six pounds; now, six pounds.

Manor. In Cletune (Cleeton ), Harold had twenty-eight carucates and one bovate and a half of land for geld, where twenty-eight ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has there two ploughs, and six villanes with one plough, and one hundred acres of meadow.

39

39

To this manor belongs the soke in Dringolme (Dringhoe) and Uptun ( ) of five carucates and a half of land for geld, where five ploughs and a half may be. Now, one villane is there, having two oxen. The whole manor, with its adjuncts, five leugæ and a half in length and one leuga in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth thirty-two pounds; now, six pounds.

In Esintone (Easington), Morcar had fifteen carucates of land for geld, and as many ploughs may be there. Now, Drogo has there one plough, and thirteen villanes and four bordars having three ploughs, and one hundred acres of meadow.

40

To this manor belongs this soke :-Garton (Garton) and Ringheborg (Ringburgh), eight" carucates of land for geld, and as many ploughs may be there. Now, Balduin has [it] of Drogo. He has there one plough. A priest [is] there, and a church," and sixty acres of meadow.

Manor. In Dimelton "3 (Dimlington), there are five carucates of land for geld, and as many to be ploughed. It belongs to Hesintone (Easington).

44

T. R. E, they were worth thirty-two pounds; now, eight pounds. Manor and berewicks. In Aldenburg (Aldbrough), Ulf had nine carucates of land for geld, where ten ploughs may be. In Niuuetone (East Newton) and Scirelai (South Skirlaugh) and Totele (Thorpe Garth) there are two carucates and six bovates 5 of land for geld, where three ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has one plough there, and a certain knight of his one plough, and fourteen villanes with two ploughs. One hundred acres of meadow there. Wood, pasturable, four quarenteens in length and three in breadth.

38 See anter, page 61. note 29 The name is retained in Cleeton Lands, and also, perhaps, in Clayton Hill, a farm in the township of Skipsea. Cleeton is not mentioned in Kirkby's Inquest or in the Nomina Villarum. Skipsea cum Cleeton occurs in 1785. "Dringolme" and "Uptun" are omitted in the Recapitulation.

Orig, fo. 324a, col. 1.-Facsimile

Edit., page liii.

41 Six of these carucates were in Garton and two in Ringburgh.

42 The church was at Garton. 43" Dimelton," is omitted in the Recapitulation.

44 Easington, with the soke belonging to it, and Dimlington.

45 Thus distributed :-"Niuuetone" j car. et dim., "Scirelai" j car., "Totele" ij bov.

46 one

Drogo de Bevrere. To this manor belongs this soke -Wagene (Waghen), seven carucates ; Melse (Meaux), two carucates ; Benincol (Benningholme), two carucates and five bovates ; Rugheton (Rowton), two carucates ; Scherle (South Skirlaugh), four carucates ; Duuetorp (Dowthorpe), three carucates ; Meretone (Marton), two carucates; Fosham (Fosham), three carucates; Biuinch (Bewick), six carucates ; Niuuetone (East Newton), one carucate and a half; Ringheburg (Ringbrough), one carucate ; Wassum (Waxholme), two carucates and two bovates; Totele (Thorp Garth ?), five carucates and six bovates ; Otrege (Ottringham), half a carucate. Together, for geld, forty and

carucates of land, where forty ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has two ploughs there, and six sokemen and thirteen villanes and three bordars having seven ploughs. Three of Drogo's knights have there two ploughs and two villanes and two bordars.

To these belong one hundred and seventy-four acres of meadow. The whole manor, with the appurtenances, nine leugæ in length and six leugæ and a half in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth forty pounds ; now, six pounds.

Manor. In Chaingeha' (Keyingham), Toruerd had eight carucates of land for geld, where eight ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has thirty villanes there, having three ploughs. A priest [is] there, and a church, and twenty-four acres of meadow. Two leugæ in length and one in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth eight pounds; now, thirty shillings.

Two manors. In Otrengha' (Ottringham), Tor and Torchil had four carucates of land [for geld], and four ploughs may be there. Now, Henry has there, of Drogo, one plough, and six villanes and six bordars with one plough and a half. A priest [is] there, and a church, and one mill, and twenty acres of meadow. Two leugæ in length and half [a leuga) in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth one hundred shillings; now, twenty shillings.

Berewick. Halsem (Halsham) belongs to this manor. Six bovates of land there for geld, (and one plough]" may be there. Now, Gumar has there, of Drogo, four villanes and one bordar with one plough, and four acres of meadow. In length four quarenteens and as much in breadth.

Manor. In Niuuehusu' (Newsome Farm, par. Owthorne), Ernuin had five carucates and two bovates of land for geld, where five ploughs may be. Now, Drogo has there one sokeman and nine villanes and seven bordars with three ploughs and twenty acres of meadow. One leuga in length and one in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth sixty shillings; now, forty shillings.

46 Forty-two carucates and five bovates would appear to be the correct quantity.

46a It is recorded in the Claims that the eight carucates which Turvert had

held in Keyingham had belonged to Wm. Malet.-R. H.

47 I have supplied the words within brackets; the Original is illegible.

(To be continued.)

LIST OF PERSONS IN YORKSHIRE WHO PAID THE TAX

ON MALE SERVANTS IN 1780.

Communicated by J. J. CARTWRIGHT, F.S.A.

The Act under which this tax was levied was passed in the seventeenth year of George III.'s reign, 1777, and provided that from and after the fifth day of July in that year there should be paid yearly the sum of twenty-one shillings for every male servant retained or employed in the following capacities: Maitre d'hôtel, house steward, master of the horse, groom of the chamber, valet de chambre, butler, under butler, clerk of the kitchen, confectioner, cook, house porter, footman, running-footman, coachman, groom, postilion, stableboy, and other helpers in the stables, gardener (not being a day-labourer), park-keeper, game-keeper, huntsman, and whipper-in. The Act did not, however, extend to servants employed in husbandry or manufactures, or in any trade or calling by which the master or mistress of such servants should earn a livelihood or profit.

The following list of persons taxed in Yorkshire has been compiled from a manuscript volume among the records of the Lords of the Treasury preserved in the Public Record Office, and is now printed by the kind permission of their Lordships. The entries in the volume were evidently made by a clerk unfamiliar with the names of persons and places in the county ; errors in the spelling of these are therefore not infrequent and have been corrected, but there are no doubt others which readers specially familiar with particular localities will correct for themselves.

ALLANSON, Mr.

York 1 | Annison, Luke ............ Eddlethorp i Anderson, Lady

1 Ayrton, Mr.

Norton Welham and Alkinson, D.

1

Sutton 2 Anderson, Sir Wm. Kildwick Piercy 6 Ayton, Mr.

New Malton 1 Appleton, Aldo.... Beverley 1 Addison, Mr.

1 Appleton, Mr.

4 Anandale, Margt.

Hackness 3 Athoro, Eliz.

Howden 1
Ann, Geo.

Burgh wallis 3 Arthur, Mrs.

3 Auckland, Jno.

Pontefract 1 Atkinson, Mr. Hollym 1 Atkinson, Mrs.

Clifford 2 Acklam, Peter Bishop Burton 7 Adams, Boynton J. ...... Camblesford 2

VOL. XIV.

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