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Lord Mayor of this City, to be delivered to the Lady Mayoress * (which staff is tipped with silver at each end, and made of the finest Indian wood, and is said to have been taken in battle when the same was borne before an Indian Emperor by his Mareschal), the old Staff of Honour being much decayed thro' Antiquity.

11 Sept., 1727. Ordered that the Riding School" in Owzegate, adjoining upon All Saints, Pavement, Church-yard, be purchased by this City for an Herb-market."



9 Oct., 1727. Directed-that the Corporation shall meet at the Common Hall, precisely at three o'clock, in their gowns, and thence make a procession to Pavement Cross, and that the Entertainment shall be made in the new House" in the evening (the Commons present and consenting).

22 March, 1727-8. Ordered-that the Common House of Office at the end of the Fryer Walls, called the Sugar House, shall be repaired.


26 July, 1728. And now my Lord Mayor acquainting this House that he designs to go to London after the Assizes, and that the Sword and Mace are much broken, and want guilding,-his Lordship is desired by this House to take the same with him, and gett them amended and guilded at London, and bring the same downe with him again when he returns.

21 Sept., 1728. Ordered-that Mr. James Worsdale, of Salsbury Court Square, Fleet-street, London, shall be admitted to the freedome of this City, upon his presenting this City with their Majesty's the King's and Queen's pictures" at full length, with guilt frames after the best fashion, he having already proposed the same.

24 April, 1729. Ordered-that my Lord Mayor shall have a Court Gown of Puddysoy bought him at the Expence of the City, the old one being very much worn.

17 Sept., 1729. Ordered-that a Cucking Stool shall be erected in such manner and place as my Lord Mayor shall direct.

40 Mr. Davies remarks that "the custom of inaugurating the Lady Mayoress with the dignity of her high station, by presenting to her this antient symbol, is, I believe, yet observed."-" Antiquarian Walke," 49.

41 The proprietors were Mrs. Barbara Stephenson, widow, and her son, who taught the young people of York the ars equitandi."

42 The Herb-market, which was situated at the west-end of the church, was opened in 1728. The Corporation specially reserved one stall "for physical drugs, to be let to some herb-woman in the city."

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is said to have been built from the designs of the Earl of Burlington-the amateur architect, also, of the Assembly Rooms in Blake-street-was completed in the year 1726, during the Mayoralty of Alderman Samuel Clarke. The first great feast made in the "new house," was an entertainment given by Lady Clarke, which was called the "Lady's Feast."- "Antiquarian Walks through the Streets of York," by Robert Davies, F.S.A.

45 Vide postea, 26 April, 1731. 46 These pictures are in the state-room of the Mansion House.

47 This Cucking Stool, which, I believe, was principally intended for the punishment of scolds by ducking them in the river, was erected on a moveable platform, and wheeled into St. George's Field, on the banks of the Ouse, when required for the purpose of cooling, for a time, at least, the temper of some impudent creature.

31 July, 1730. This House being informed that some Arabian Princes design to call here shortly with a royal pass,-it is therefore hereby ordered, that it shall be left to my Lord Mayor, and so many of the aldermen as shall meet upon summons at Guildhall, what present or Entertainment to give to the said Arabian Princes.

4 Aug. 1730. Assembled at the Guildhall in the City of York, pursuant to the order of the last House, for considering what Treatment to give to Joseph Abaisci and John Heumier, Princes of Mount Libanon, in Syria, who have had their Country ruined by the Turk, and came to this City yesterday with a Pass under the Sign Manual :—when and where it is agreed upon,—that a present of ten guyneas shall be given to the said Princes, and also five guyneas for their and their attendants' subsistance whilst in Towne, and for the conveying them to Leeds, to which place they design to pass in their way to London.

26 April, 1731. Ordered, that a way be made from Fryer Walls to St. George's Close by pulling down the necessary House there, commonly called the Sugar House,48 and that a portal be there erected (and the door to be shutt at night time), at the City's expence; and that a necessary House be built, instead thereof, where the Common Dunghill is.

29 Jan., 1732–3. Ordered, that payles or palasadoes shall be made from Fryergate Postern into the River, for the greater Safety of this City.

25 April, 1733. Ordered, that a Horse-bridge, with an arch under it, be made between the Castle Mills and Fishergate Postern, where the wood-bridge now is, in such manner as the wardens of Walmgate ward shall think fitt, at the City's Expence.


21 Dec., 1733. Ordered,--that my Lord Mayor shall give direction to a Gardiner to take care to cutt and prune the trees in my Lord Mayor's Walk, without Monk-barr, which are much shattered by the high winds; the Expence whereof shall be born out of the Common Chamber.

13 Sept., 1734. Ordered, that a Rail be put to the Bridge in Baggergate Lane,50 and the same paid for out of the Common Chamber. 8 Sept., 1736. Memorandum,-that Mr. Sheriffe White now presented the City with 'The History of Newcastle-upon-Tine,' in folio hansomly bound; this House, therefore desire my Lord Mayor would

48 Vide antea, 22 March, 1727-8.

49 The road leading from Gillygate into Monkgate, of which the end nearest to the last-named street was upwards of two centuries ago called Newbigging, the remaining portion being then considered a continuation of Gillygate.

50 Now called Nunnery Lane.

51 John White, printer, sou of John White, of London, printer, who settled in York in 1680, aud married, Nov. 9th, at St. Michael's-le-Belfrey, Hannah Broade, of that parish, who was probably a daughter of the York printer, Thomas Broade. John White (the father) was Chamberlain

in 1714; died 10th Jan., 1715-6, aged 80, and was buried in the same church. John White, his son, lived at Newcastle-onTyne. In 1725, he was admitted to the freedom of the city of York, by patrimony. On 24th Sept., 1734, he was elected Sheriff. The Minutes of the Corporation for the following December record that he could not be sworn, by reason of the badness of the roads from Newcastle, where he lived." Mr. White, whose printing office was in Stonegate, returned to Newcastle, and died there 26th Jan,, 1769, aged 81.

write a Letter of Thanks to the said Mr. White for the same,- he now living at Newcastle.

24 Jan., 1737-8. Ordered,-that Mr. John Telford 52 shall have the profitts of the Admittance of Horses at the Knavesmire for one year,for pains in draining and improving the said Common for the benefit of the Ward, and making it proper for the Horse Races.

And now the Commous (being called up) did, in an elegant speech made by Mr. John Mayer,53 their foreman, recommend to this House,that in regard the present Lord Mayor, Sir John Lister Kaye, hath so

52 John Telford, gardener and seedsman, a Commoner for Micklegate Ward, was Chamberlain in 1723, and Sheriff in 1751-2. On 20th July, 1756, he was made an Alderman, vice Fras. Jefferson, resigned, he gave up his gown, owing to ill health, 18th Dec., 1761; died 12th Nov., 1771, aged 82, and was buried at St. Martin's Micklegate, in which church his wife Hannah was interred, 5th Jan., 1756, as was, also, their son John, who died 17th Dec., 1770, aged 54. A third John Telford (eldest son of the last-named John), who was likewise a seedsman, fined for Sheriff in 1780. He died 12th Oct., 1830, aged 87, leaving by his wife (a Miss Fisher, of Knaresbrough, to whom he was married in June, 1770), a son, John Telford, Esq., who married, 1st March, 1798, a daughter of the Rev. Thelwall Salusbury, Rector of Graveley, Herts, by whom he had a son and heir, who was born in the following January. George Telford, seedsman, York, grandson of the first-named John, married 9th Oct., 1779, Miss Dobson, of St. Alban's. She died 29th April, 1791.

Telford's afterwards Backhouse's Gardens occupied the site of the Priory of the Dominican Friars, or Friars Preachers, between Tanner Row and the city walls. They, as well as Lady Hewley's Hospital, disappeared during the years 1839 and 1840, whilst the excavations for the station of the York and North Midland Railway Company were in progress. Amongst other remains, four Roman baths, and the drain leading from them to the river, were then discovered.

53 John Mayer, attorney, was admitted a freeman, 7th Aug. 1731. He was Chamberlain in 1733, and fined for Sheriff in 1739. On 1st Feb. 1739-40, he was elected an Alderman, vice George Barnatt deceased. In 1742, he was made chief magistrate of the city, and he occupied the same high position twenty years later. Alderman Mayer died at Acomb, 23rd Aug., 1770, aged 77, and was buried at St. Martin's, Coney Street, Aug. 28th.


On 14th Jan. 1719-20, John Mayer and Mary Gowland, of York, were married at the Minster. She was the daughter of John Gowland, barberchirurgeon, of the same city; died at Acomb, 1st Oct., 1780, aged 85, and was interred near her husband, Oct. 9th. Her brother, John Gowland, Esq., apothecary to George II. and George III., died at Bath in 1776, and was buried near his ancestors in the above-mentioned church of St. Martin. He left the greater part of his fortune (60,0002.) to his nephews John and Thomas Mayer.

54 Sir John Lister Kaye, Bart., of Denby Grange (eldest son of George Kaye, Esq., by Dorothy, daughter and heiress of Robert Saville, Esq., of Bryan Royd), was admitted to the freedom of the city in Jan, 1733-4, and paid 1507. to be exempted from serving the offices of Chamberlain and Sheriff. In June, 1734, he was chosen to represent York in Parliament, and on 3rd July seq. was elected an Alderman, vice Henry Baines deceased. He was Lord Mayor in 1737, and was re-elected 15th Jan., 1747-8, but he refused to be sworn. A writ of mandamus, dated 12th Feb. seq., was sent for the election of another Mayor, and, on 4th March, Alderman Fras. Jefferson was placed in the civic chair. Sir John resigned his gown, 21st Sept., 1748, and died 5th April, 1752, aged 55. He married, first, Ellen, daughter of John Wilkinson, Esq., of Greenhead, near Huddersfield; secondly, at Wibsey chapel, 29th July, 1730, Dorothy, daughter of Richard Richardsou, Esq., M.D., of North Bierley. She died 15th Sept. 1772, aged 60. Sir John was succeeded by his son, Sir John Lister Kaye, High Sheriff in 1761, who died unmarried in 1789, when the title, only, devolved upon his half brother, the Very Rev. Richard Kaye, Dean of Lincoln, who died without issue in 1810.

Under the will of Alderman Lister Kaye, his estates passed to his illegitimate son, John Lister, Esq., who assumed, by sign-manual, in 1806, the

faithfully and impartially served the City in his office of mayoralty as well as seat in Parliament,-that therefore this House would please to desire his Lordship to sitt for his picture at full length, to be taken at the City's Expence, and to be placed in the great room in the Mayoralty House of this city, in memory of his great Merit, Services and Impartial Discharge of his office. Agreed to.


18 Dec., 1738. Ordered, that Charles Mitley, statuary and carver, shall be admitted to the freedome of this City, upon his finishing and putting up in the Nitch in the Cross of Thursday Markett a Statue of his present Majestie in stone, which in the Judgment of some person of skill, to be fixed on by this House, shall be adjudged worth the sum of five and twenty pounds, at the least.


18 Dec., 1738. Ordered, that the Image of Ebrauk (which antiently stood at the West End of St. Saviourgate, and A° 17° Hen. VII. was taken down, new made, and sett up at the East End of the

additional surname of Kaye, and was created a Baronet in 1812. He was succeeded, in 1827, by his son, John Lister, from whom the present Baronet is descended.

55 In 1745, the Corporation granted a lease of the site of Davy (or Lardiner) Hall, in Davygate, to Mr. Chas. Mitley and his brother-in-law, Mr. William Carr, who had married, during the year, his sister Diana Mitley. On this site, Messrs. Mitley and Carr erected a row of six good houses, which being roofed in July, 1746, on the very day when William, Duke of Cumberland, visited York after the battle of Culloden, were, in compliment to him, called Cumberland Row. This name has since been changed to New-street. Mr. Mitley died in 1758, and his partner Carr, who was a joiner, in the preceding year. In 1763, Mary Mitley, sister of the abovenamed Charles, married William Peckitt (Chamberlain in 1777), the well-known glass-painter, whom she survived.

The Image of Ebrauk' formed the starting point of a bownder' of the parish of St. Saviour, which is said to have been taken in the year 1362. The late Rev. Josiah Crofts, rector of the parish, allowed me to transcribe the document, for the genuineness of which I will not vouch: "Memorandum, that thys is the bownder of this peryshing of Seynt Sayveyour, mayde and set furthe in the yere of Owre Lorde Gode one thowsande three hundred three score and twoo, And in the six and thirty yere of the reigne of of soverayne lorde Kinge Edwarde thirde after the Conquest :Furst, that frome Olde Yorke. And so goynge furth the strete unto one layne, called Spen-layne, whiche layne ledyth

frome the strete of Seynt Saveyo'gayt unto a commen sewer bakwarde, commynge frome Gooderomegayt, and one other sewer commynge into it, lyenge on the north syde of Seynt Saveyo'gayt aforesayd, and boundynge unto Seynt Andrewgayt. And frome thence unto the south syde of one Masyndew standynge in Seynt Andrew parishe aforesayd. And so on furth to Aldewark. And from Aldewarke aforesayd to Seynt Antons. And the sayd Seynt Antons is of the sayd Seynt Saveyours parishe. And frome thence goyne over Peaseholme Green unto one layne lyenge north from the Holy Preists. And so goyng and boundynge of the north syde of one house callyd Gramary Hall. And so on furth to Hungayt. And frome Hungayt aforesayd unto the Lady Freers, whiche Freers ar of the sayde parishe of Seynt Saveyours, with there lyberties. And then to Owre Ladye's chapell belongynge the sayd Freers. And thene to one Masyndew standynge of the north syde of one layne called Standbow-layne, whiche Masyndew hayth bothe men and women in the same, and is of twoo parishyngs; the men is of Crux churche parish, and the women is of the parishe of Seynt Saveyours aforesayd. And so frome the sayde Masyndew unto one house belongynge to Crux church. And the sayde hous is of the sayd Seynt Saveyour parishe, whiche uttermoste poste of the sayd hous, of the weste parte, stondith evyn wyth the sayde Olde Yorke. And frome thence to Heworth, wiche hath sixe fyer houses there; with the tyeth of twelf oxgangs of lande belongynge unto the sayd parishe church of Seynt Saveyours."


Chapel at the Common Hall, which chappel was taken down, aud is part of the Mayoralty House, next the Common Hall-lane to the Owze, built upon the ground where it stood), be sett up in the Nitch of Boutham Bar.

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28 April, 1742. Ordered, that my Lord Mayor be desired to remove what painted glass he shall think curious and valuable out of St. Thomas's Hospitall,58 and putt it up in the windows in Guildhall or the Council Chamber.


18 Nov., 1743. And now a letter to my Lord Mayor from Mr. Alderman Stainforth was produced by his Lordship-in these words (viz.):— 'My Lord,

I desire the favour that you'd be pleased, at the next House, to make my compliments and give 'em my humble thanks for the many favours I've received from 'em, and hope they won't refuse me one more -That I may have your consent to resign my gown and receed, for I find myself quite disabled from doing the city that service it has reason to expect from the Mayor.


18 Nov., 1743.

I am, my Lord, your most obedient

humble servant

John Stainforth.'

Considering the bad state of health and infirmities of the said alderman, his resignation was accepted-gratis.

10 Dec., 1744. Ordered, that Alderman Barnard 60 and Alderman Mayer treat with Mr. Roger Shackleton 62 for ye purchase of a screed


57 The chapel of the guild of St. Christopher, a fraternity founded by Robert del Hay, Richard Lygeard, John White, Thomas de Sourby, John Philipson, Richard de Parlington, John de Brerton, Peter de Leven and Robert Orwelle, to whom Richard II. when in York, granted Letters Patent, dated 12th March, 1395-6.

58 The ancient Hospital of St. Thomas of Canterbury, -at one time the Guildhouse of the Fraternity of Corpus Christi, -together with the lands, etc. belonging to it, was conveyed, in Feb. 1582-3, by the representatives of the original grantees, to Wm. Hildyard, Esq., the recorder, Robt Askwith, Alderman, and Leonard Belt, gent., the town clerk, as trustees for the mayor and commonalty of the city of York, to be by them "ymployed to the mayntenaunce and relief of the poore." The hospital, which stood at the corner of Blossom Street and Nunnery Lane, was taken down in 1862, in order to improve the entrance into the last-named street, and a more commodious structure was erected in the vicinity on the west side of the approach to Victoria Bar.

59 John Stainforth, grocer, 2nd son of the Rev. Wm. Stainforth, rector of St.

Mary's, Bishophill Senior, and prebendary of York, was born in 1671. He was Chamberlain in 1700; Sheriff in 1705-6, and Lord Mayor in 1730. He married, at the Minster, 8th Nov. 1707. Mary, daughter of Sir John Goodricke, Bart., of Ribston. Their son, William Stainforth, was storekeeper of his Majesty's Mews in 1754.

60 James Barnard, mercer, son of Wm. Barnard, mercer, York (who died in 1725), was admitted into the Merchants' Co. in 1718. In 1720, he was one of the city Chamberlains. On 4th July, 1733, he was elected an Alderman, vice William Cornwell deceased; and he was Lord Mayor in 1735 and 1752. Alderman Barnard died, unmarried, 9th Nov. 1757 (being then pater urbis), and was buried in the church of St. Crux, Nov. 11th.

61 See note 45, supra.

62 Son of Roger Shackleton, Alderman of York (who died in 1710), by Arabella daughter of Henry Tempest, Esq., of Tong. Born 8th July, 1691; Chamberlain in 1730; elected Sheriff, 21st Sept. 1733, but refused to serve, and was fined 150. By his wife, Jane Redshaw, he had issue a son William, and three daughters, Jane, wife of James Todd

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