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publicly on Whitsun Day, June 9, 1549. Derived as it was from the ancient Liturgies, the Daily Services stood as they had done in the Breviary, with this difference, that the people possessed them in the vernacular. Though these reforms had been ordered by Edward VI. in Council, under the authority of the Will of Henry VIII., and had received the fullest consideration of Convocation, the Puritan party, led on by foreign Protestants, whom the King had advanced to chairs of Theology at Cambridge and Oxford, immediately opposed them, the result of this interference being the suppression of the First Prayer Book and the issue of the Second (November 1, 1552). Of this latter, it may be said to have hardly come into use, Edward having died July 6, 1553, and the accession of Mary having brought the Roman party again into power. Under such varied conditions it is, at the first glance, surprising to find that most of the incumbents retained their benefices at the Visitation of 1554, aided in many cases by the same Church wardens and inquisitores as at the earlier date. It would be unfair to attribute this state of affairs to ignorance or indifference. The Convocation of York had, during the reign of Henry VIII., concurred with the Southern province in the solemn renunciation of the Papal supremacy, and, therefore, it may be supposed that those who adhered to the "Old Learning" rested contentedly in the positions to which they had been called, while those who inclined to the "New Learning" were willing to occupy the place of inquirers only, the time to dogmatize not having arrived, and thus they too remained, with the full approval of their consciences. Probably the strain was beginning to make itself felt when the later Visitation was held, and a pursuance of the history of the Archdeaconry through the next six years would shew a very marked difference. The latter part of the year 1548 witnessed the dissolution of the Yorkshire Chantries, the alienation of their lands, and the ejection from employment of their clergy; in the lists for that year the chantry priests are found presenting themselves with the parochial clergy, and I am able in many instances to give the last disposition made by them of their small worldly belongings.5

5 The notes from the wills, &c., are now for the first time printed; the wills

of some of the clergy mentioned will be found in vol. xxvi., Surtees Society.

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Richmond Deanery.

Richmond.

A.D. 1554.

Cuthbert. Hutchynson."

Will. Walker, ex.

A.D. 1548.

ibid. 4.8

Mr. Leonardus Watson, Rector Dom. Leonardus Watson, Rector

Dom. Johannes More.10

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ibid.9 Johes More, 4.10 Will. Loftehouse, 4.12

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Joh. Brockehold, ø.

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Rob. Redshawe.16

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8 The sign doubtless signifies personaliter, non that the person in question did not appear, and exd, that he was excused. It is difficult to suggest the meaning of no m', which usually stands for nullo modo, which words do not appear to make sense.

9 Edward Gretehed was instituted 29 Sep., 1554, patron the King and Queen, Let. Pat. 15 Aug., 1 & 2 P. & M.; Anthony Ford, A.M., 16 July, 1569; Nicholas Stowell, A. M., 5 Feb., 1573; Edmund Sothbie, 27 May, 1583, and Anthony Johnson, A.M., 11 May, 1585.

10 John More was Chantry priest at the Altar of Our Lady in Richmond Church, and also Master of the Grammar School, buried 6 Dec. 1571. He made his will 1 Sep., 1570; desires to be buried in Richmond Church "of the west side of the fount." To John Marshall, my nephew, messuages and lands in Thirske. My friends, William Pepper, gent.. Bartholomew Slinger and Robert Smelt, yeomen, all his lands, &c. in Richmond, to take the rents for 10 years for the advancement of the marriages of the eight daughters of my nephew John Marshall, to each of them £10 at marriage or 21, and after such 10 years to the use of John Marshall and [blank] his son and heir with remainders over. To

Richard Walker, ex.

Thomas Sadler, ø.

Gard. Jacobus May, p.

Leonardus Esteby, p. Simon Heghington, p. Radulphus Cowling, p. Radulphus Gower, p. Inq. Arthurus Johnson, p. Carolus Johnson, p. Joh. Taisdaile,

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Joh. Horton, 4.

Ann, wife of Robert Bishopbridge, £10, and to his youngest daughter, "begotten of my neise," £8. Cousin Dorothy Walker, towards advancement of herself in marriage, £10. Cousin John Walker, to bring him up in learning, £10. Thomas Nicolls, Ralph Husband. Proved 6 May, 1572, by William Pepper and Bartholomew Slinger.

11 John Brockell was the last incumbent of the Chantry of S. Anne in Richmond Church. His will, dated 20 June, 1558, is printed in Surt. Soc., vol. xxvi.

12 William Lofthouse was Chaplain to the Guild of S. John in Richmond, buried in the Church 16 Jan. 1561-2, Will pr. 6 April, 1562. Surt. Soc., vol. xxvi. He and Mason were brethren of the Grey Friars at Richmond, and were among those who signed the deed of surrender of that Priory, 19 Jan., 30 Hen. viii. (1538-9), D. K. Rep. 8, p. 38.

13 Gabriel Lofthouse of Richmond Chapleyne, Will dated 4 Aug., 1552, to be buried in Richmond Church. Το William Dowker and to Agnes, his wife, 20s.; to the four children, to every one of them, 20d. Godsons Gabriel Whitwell and Thomas Dowe; Goddaughters Anna Conyers and Jen Willans. To every priest dwelling within the town of Richmond for singing or saying "such suffragies as

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ar appoynted by the Kings majesties proceedings to be song or said for the souls departed, 8d." Agnes Hogill, Sir Thomas Sadler, Jene Jayke, Anne Thomson. To Sir John Taylior a "wod spone tipped with silver,"-Sir John More. To Lowik wife, 6d. Anne Jakson and Anne, her daughter, Rowland Jakson's wife, Michael Waysdell's wife, James Close's wife, Elsabeth Noble. Residue to brother Sir William Lofthus and to Christopher Cooke, my sister's son, and they executors. Charle Johnson and Sir Arthur Tailior, supervisors. Witnesses, Rauff Bynewray, Richard Bynks, Rauf Cowling and James Close. Pr. 27 Sep., 1552, by the executors.

14 Cuthbert Hutchenson resigned the living of Hauxwell in 1543 and died in 1554; his will, formerly in the Richmond registry, has disappeared, but the following may help to throw light upon his lineage. 29 July, 1588, Christopher Hutchinson of Richmond, Clarke [whose name appears in the Visitation of 1562] to be buried marble stone wheare Sir Cuthbert Hutchinson lyeth in the middle allie within the parishe church of Richmond Peter

Hutchinson" of the skaylles" my house

or chamber wherein I dwell in Richmond "in a str. the said howse

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Cousin Peter Hutchinson of the Skaylles and his wife, Francis Mansell, Dorothie Hutchinson, daughter of my

My brother Rowland Hutchinson's wife, Mrs. Heighinton, wife of Robert Heighinton, late of Richmond. My host, Robert Bende of Richmond, and his wife. To the poor people "all my colles," Robert Warde of Richmond the elder, Margaret, wife of Charles Heighinton, Hutchinson, my brother Rowland's daughter. Residue to Hutchinson and my cousin John Knype of Halnabye, my executors. Overseers

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of Richmond and Robert Hodshone. Pr. 20 Nov., 1588, by John Knype.

15 It seems probable that he was subsequently appointed vicar of Pickhill-Sir Thomas Saddelar, vicar of Pycoll, by his Will 10 April, 1564, desires to be buried in the Church erthe of Pycoll. To ye Ryght worschope full mayster Mychaell Wandysforthe 10s. To Mayster parson Wandysforth wome I make supervisor 10s. To Sir John Dyxson my best gowne, my lymbecke and my stellatorye. To Sir Rauf Smythe my best hatt. Thomas Saddelar of Burneston 12d. Richard Carlton of Snape 12d. Residue to executors Michaell Sadler, my brother's son, and John Wylson, my host. Witnesses, Th. Saddelar of Burneston, and Rychard Carlton of Snape, and John Dixson, clerk. Inventory made by John Raper, William Coke, Christopher Rawlyng and George Newstede.

Το

To

16 The testamentary disposition of

17 For notes 17, 18, and 19, see next age.

VOL. XIV.

BE

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Robert Redshaw, 1558-9, formerly among the Richmond records, cannot now be found. He is apparently identical with the person of this name who appears in the Visitation of 1548 at Well; the same name appears under Great Ouseburn-he was probably a pluralist.

17 The Chapelries dependent upon the parish of Gilling were South Cowton, Barton, Hutton Longvillers, Eryholm and Forcett.

18 William Berry was succeeded by Cuthbert Thompson, inst. 15 Jan., 1562. On the 24 May, 1 Mary (1554), by Letters patent, William Berye, S.T.B. was appointed Master of the Hospital of S. Nicholas juxta Richmond. Roger Blackburn was inst. to Gilling 27 July, 1580. William Barker on 5 Sep., 1585.

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Joh. Greth'm, ø.

Ing. Joh. Wilson, p.

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Will. Bell, p.

19 Vide Will of Edmund Smythson, curate of Eryholme-on-Tees, 1565. Surt. Soc., vol. xxvi. In 1548 he was priest of the Chantry in the Chapel of South Cowton. Surt. Soc., vol. xcii., p. 494.

20 He was no doubt one of the ancient family of Montford of Hackforth in the adjacent parish of Hornby. Peter Glenton, inst. 31 July, 1558; patrons, William Fetherstonhaugh, Roland Ellis, and John Hardie of York diocese, for this time by grant from Nicholas Girlington. George Pibus, inst. 7 April, 1559, on the death of Peter Glenton; patron, Simon Conyers, esq. Thomas Scott, inst. 3 Dec., 29 Eliz. (1586), and on his death succeeded by Ralph Chater, A.M., who was inst. 16 June, 1598; patron, John Girlington of Hackford, esq.

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