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The east window is of five lights, not very elegant Third Pointed; and that at the east of the south aisle of four lights with transoms. The clerestory of the nave has squareheaded windows, and one at the east end over the chancel arch. The nave is frightfully encumbered with pews and galleries. The arcades are irregular and the arches dissimilar in size, but chiefly First Pointed. The piers also vary, some being circular with square capitals, some square with early shafts attached in the angles. The roof of the nave is oak, of flat pitch. The chancel arch is pointed and on head corbels. The chancel is large and extends beyond the aisles. The chancel is of the age of Henry III., but has undergone several alterations. The roof over the east end is enriched with panelling and shields. In the chancel are some very elegant wood stalls with beautiful canopies of tabernacle work with inscriptions, vine cornices, and misereres finely sculptured. The effect is much injured by the addition of modern galleries. There are some fragments of stained glass. The font is Third Pointed, the bowl octagonal with shields, the monogram, &c., not very good. There are six bells; the organ was erected in 1811. The length of the nave is 62 by 36; the chancel 65; total 127. In the chancel is a vast mural monument of Elizabethan period to the Hutton family, the principal figures kneeling, attended by twelve children, some of whom are represented in swaddling clothes. Under the name of each child are quaint and appropriate verses in Latin or English, of which the following are specimens :


As careful mothers do to sleeping lay

Their babes, that would too long the wanton play,
So to prevent my youth's approaching crimes

Nature, my nurse, had me to bed betimes.

2. JANA.

Vix tibi, Jana, duos concessum est cernere Janos,
Jam vitæ cœli janua jamque patet.

This I have gain'd by being no longer liv'd
Scarce sooner set to sea than safe arriv'd.


Felici nimium tu prole beata Beatrix,

Tam pia tu conjux, quam pia mater eras.
Vitam habuit in patientiâ


Mortem in desiderio.



Pignus amoris habes divini, pignora multa
Pignora chara tibi, tu mage chara Deo.
Pes in terris,
Spes in cœlis.


Vixi dum volui, volui dum, Xte, volebas
Sic nec vita mihi, mors nec acerba fuit.

12. ANNA.

Into this world as strangers to an inn

This infant came guest-wise, where when't had been
And found no entertainment worth her stay

She only broke her fast and went away.


I liv'd, I dy'd, yet one would hardly know
I dy'd so soon, whether I liv'd or no.

O what a thing it is to lie

I' th' nurse's arms a week or two and die!


Dec. 4, 1851.-A small, mean church, having only a chancel and nave, with a small modern tower of brick at the west end. The tower and some windows are probably A.D. 1399. The east window is a fair Middle Pointed one, of three lights and flowing tracery. On the north of the chancel are two narrow obtuse lancets, which seem to be of Norman origin, but now closed. There is also a trace of a similar window on the north side of the nave, and the masonry of the western part on that side is evidently different and more ancient than the other parts of the nave, which seem to have been rebuilt at a debased period. Of this style are the windows on the south of the nave, which are square-headed. The chancel arch is destroyed and the interior blocked up with pews.32

Fulford Church is now abandoned

and replaced by a new showy church

with a lofty spire, in a different site, adjoining the populous village.


Dec. 10, 1852.-A very fine church cruciform, with central tower and aisles to both nave and chancel; the whole is Perpendicular externally, with traces of earlier character within. The parapets throughout are embattled and the buttresses are surmounted by pinnacles connected by flying buttresses. The windows of the aisles are of three lights and mostly have transoms. The west window of five lights. The east window also of five, with transom and rather flat arch. The south transept window is of five, that of the north transept of four lights. The south porch has a battlement and five crocketed pinnacles on the buttresses and a cross at the apex. The doors rather plain, that at the west end has continuous mouldings. Some of the gargoyle figures on the buttresses are very grotesque. The transepts, though properly developed, scarcely extend beyond the wall of the aisles. The tower has a battlement and eight small pinnacles, the belfry windows of two lights. There is a vestry on the north of the chancel, ranging under the north-east window-cill.

The interior is much damaged in effect by the erection of galleries, and especially by that between the chancel and nave which contains the organ and effectually cuts off the former. The arcades of the nave are each of five pointed arches, with octagonal columns on the south, but on the north the columns are circular with octagonal capitals, which appear earlier. 35 The clerestory windows are of three lights. The four large pointed arches under the tower have octagonal piers with capitals. The chancel has no clerestory, on each side two arches with octagonal piers dividing the aisles. There are arches between the transepts and the aisles, and the latter are not continued quite to the east of the chancel. There is a rood screen of six pieces and very good parclose screens in the chancel; also some fine Perpendicular wooden desks and poppyheads. There are three curious little openings in the western pier of the

33 Ancient ascription, St. Mary.

34 This church is very much of the type of Rotherham, Doncaster and Hatfield, in the same neighbourhood. all striking by their fine regular outline, and

deriving dignity from the elevation of both nave and chancel, as well as the imposing central steeple.

5 The piers have octagoual high bases on both sides of the nave.

chancel on the south. In the south aisle of the chancel some good ancient wood carved seats, on which some inscriptions remain, as "pro bono statu Joannis Moventaige et Joanne uxoris"; "Orate pro animabus Roberti Mountaige et Anne uxoris ejus Mensis Julii anno dni MCCCCXXV." Of these there are several fine specimens, also some misereres with various curious sculpture of human heads, asses, &c. The south chapel of the chancel has a plain roof, that of the chancel has panelling and bosses.

The font is a bad one of octagonal form, A.D. 1662, with shallow figures alternately of human beings and roses, restored 1852.

There are some Elizabethan or Jacobean monuments. The external masonry is excellent, but the work inferior to that at Rotherham.


May 14, 1862.-This church was wholly rebuilt, save the tower, about 1821. The tower is late and poor Perpendicular embattled, with eight crocketed pinnacles and divided by one string-course. The corner buttresses are very shallow. Belfry windows of two lights with corbel heads to the hood. The west doorway has plain returned hood and head corbel at the apex; over it a mutilated three-light window and over it a canopied ogee niche.a


Dec. 19, 1850.-A cruciform church with south aisles to the nave, of elegant general appearance and with much good work of First and Middle Pointed character. The tower is central so the cruciform plan is well-developed, but the aisle of the nave is very low and narrow, the nave roof carried down over it. There has lately been much improvement and restoration. The south porch is entirely new, and the roofs are covered with new stone slating 36 Within the porch is

3 The church is rebuilt in Perpendicular style, and though faulty in many details, is better than many other similar works. It has nave with aisles and regularly developed chancel. The exterior is embattled, and has very

much the contour of a Late Perpendicular church of this country, the buttresses covered by pinnacles. Internally are tolerable arcades and galleries, and large organ in the west gallery.

36 The porch has a high gable.

a First Pointed doorway, with nail-headed impost. On the door some good old ironwork. The interior is handsome, in good order and entirely cleared of pews and galleries, the seats open, the prayer-desk open and low, and the pulpit against the eastern pier. The roof new, and the timbers resting on stone block corbels. Between the nave and its aisle is a low arcade consisting of three low arches and a half one abutting against the tower pier. The two western arches are pointed and chamfered, with octagonal pier; the third is of a sort of elliptical form, and the next pier is a large massive one with pilaster attached to its west side, with a moulded impost, to its east a small cylindrical shaft. The half arch at the east end springs from the latter. The windows of the aisle are small single lancets. The west end has a three-light Third Pointed window of three cinquefoiled lights, over which is an Early one of two lights. On the north side the windows are square-headed, of two lights, ogeed and foliated. The tower rises on four Pointed arches, which are discontinuous. At the south-west is a staircase turret. The tower is massive, and appears to be wholly Third Pointed above the roof of the body, having a battlement, a large three-light belfry window, with sloped cill. The north transept is First Pointed, and has at the end three unequal lancets, the central with stained glass. On the east and west sides are two lancets. There is a stone shelf, and a Third Pointed wood screen in this transept. The south transept has two lancets in its east wall, and another kind of First Pointed window in its west wall, viz. two lancets, with quatrefoil above, under a hood. On the south side is a large Middle Pointed window of four lights. Under this is an ogee sepulchral arch, with the finial broken. Between this transept and the aisle is a small flattened arch.

The chancel has a fine Middle Pointed east window of four lights, with flowing tracery and subarcuated. The side windows of the chancel square-headed of two lights and Late. On the south of the altar is a piscina with fine moulded hood on corbels of foliage, and a deep drain. The chancel seems to incline a little to the north. The east window contains some good stained glass.37 In the chancel is a fine effigy of a lady,38 with wimple head-dress, joined 38 Amy Ryder.

37 The stained glass has inscribed scrolls.

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