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Earl Alan.

Three acres of meadow. Wood, one leuga in length and half [a leuga] in breadth. The whole, one leuga in length and one in breadth. T. R. E., [it was worth] three pounds; now, the same.

42

43

In Ovretun (Overton) "2 and Scheltun (Skelton)," a berewick, for geld, seven carucates and six bovates, and four ploughs may be [there]. Morcar had one manor there. Now, Earl Alan has two ploughs there, and six villanes and three bordars having four ploughs. Thirty acres of meadow. Wood, pasturable, one leuga in length and two quarenteens in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth twenty-six shillings; now, the same.

45

In Acastre (Acaster Selby)," for geld, six bovates, and half a plough may be [there]. Goduin had one manor there. Now, Earl Alan has there four bordars and one villane with one plough and a half. T. R. E, it was worth five shillings; now, six shillings and eight pence. In Stochetun (Stockton-on-the-Forest), for geld, three carucates, and two ploughs may be [there]. Earl Alan has [it], and it is waste. In Foleforde (Fulford)," for geld, ten carucates, and five ploughs may be [there]. Morcar had one manor there; now, Earl Alan has two ploughs there, and six villanes with two ploughs. Twenty acres of meadow. The whole, one leuga in length and half [a leuga] in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth twenty shillings; now, sixteen shillings. To this manor belongs the soke of two bovates, for geld, in Steflingefled (Stillingfleet), which is in the Estreding (East Riding).

48

47

In " Cliftune (Clifton, near York), for geld, nine carucates and a half, and five ploughs may be [there]. Morcar had one manor there. Now, Earl Alan has two ploughs there, and two villanes and four bordars with one plough. Twenty-one acres of meadow. T. R. E., it was worth twenty shillings; now, sixteen shillings.

[Two lines partly erased.]

IN Estreding (THE EAST RIDING).

To the above-mentioned manor of Cliftun (Clifton) belongs this soke :-Fuleforde (Fulford), one carucate and three bovates, Ascri (Escrick), four carucates, Chetelstorp ( ), four carucates, Languelt (Langwith), one carucate and a half, Chelchefeld (Kelfield), two carucates and two bovates, Morebi (Moreby) one carucate, Distone (Deighton), four carucates. These three (?) 9 were manors, yet they are in the soke of Cliftun (Clifton). Together, for geld, fifteen carucates less one bovate, and eight ploughs may be [there]. Now, Earl Alan has four sokemen and nine villanes having five ploughs. Twenty-six acres of meadow. Wood, pasturable, two leugæ in length

49

and two in breadth."

42 Overton and Skelton are in the North Riding.

43 Divided thus:-5 car. in Overton and 2 car. 6 bov. in Skelton. See the Recapitulation.

44 Acaster Selby is in the West Riding. 45 In the North Riding.

46 In the East Riding. Refer to "Fuleford," Vol. XIII., page 326.

47 Orig., fo. 313 a, col. 2-Facsimile Edit., page xxxi b.

48 See Vol. XIII., page 326.

49 Perhaps iij is an error for vij. Mr. Holmes suggests that "the superior a indicates a deliberate intention to write tria. It may be that only the three last named were intended to be called manors." 50 It appears from the Recapitulation

Earl Alan.

IN Nortreding (THE NORTH RIDING).

In Fostun (Foston, in Bulmer Wapentake), for geld, eight carucates, and four ploughs may be [there]. Morcar had one manor there. Now, Earl Alan has there twelve villanes with six ploughs; and one church. Wood, pasturable, three quarenteens in length and three in breadth. The whole manor, half a leuga in length and half [a leuga] in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth forty shillings; now, the same.

To this manor belongs this soke :-Teurinctune (Terrington), one carucate and a half, Torentune (Thornton-le-Clay), two carucates, Huntindune (Huntington) one carucate and two bovates, Flaxtune (Flaxton), one carucate and a half. Together, for geld, six carucates and two bovates, and five ploughs may be [there]. They are waste.

51
VII. LAND OF ROBERT DE TODENI.52

In Daltone (North Dalton), for geld, fifteen carucates and two bovates. Turgot 53 had there one manor. Fifteen ploughs may be there. Now, Robert de Todeni has [it], and Berenger, his son, of him. In the demesne four ploughs, and twenty-two villanes and three bordars having five ploughs. A priest is there, and a church.

In the same vill is soke belonging to the same manor, six carucates and six bovates for geld. One sokeman is there now. T. R. E., the manor was worth four pounds; now, three pounds.

In Naborne (Naburn), for geld, four carucates, and four ploughs may be [there]. Turgot had there one manor. Now, Berenger has [it] of his father Robert. Three oxen are there ploughing. Thirty acres of meadow. Underwood, one leuga in length and one in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth ten shillings; now, seven shillings.

that Earl Alan held five carucates and the Archbishop four carucates in Heslington. This information is not given elsewhere in the Survey.

(Folio 313 b of the Original is blank.) 51 Orig., fo. 314 a, col. 1.-Facsimile Edit., page xxxiii.

52 A younger son, it is probable, of Randolph, lord of Toeni, or Todeni, a vill near the river Seine, opposite to the château Gaillard. He held some seventyeight manors in divers counties, his chief estate, lying together, being on the borders of Leicestershire and Lincolnshire, and in the midst of this he fixed upon a commanding site, which he called

'Belvoir,' where he built a castle for his residence, and, near it, afterwards founded a priory as a cell to St. Alban's abbey. He died 4th August, 1088, and was buried in the chapter-house of the priory." By his wife, Adela, he had issue William (de Albini), from whom the Duke of Rutland, the present owner of Belvoir castle, is descended; Berenger de Todeni (who follows), Geoffrey, Robert, and a daughter, the wife of Hubert de Rye, a great landowner in Lincolnshire.

53 Perhaps Turgot the Lageman. See Vol. XIII, page 344, note 6.

VIII. LAND OF BERENGAR DE TODENI.54

IN Nort Treding (THE NORTH RIDING).

55

In Chirchebi (Kirkby Misperton), Torbrant 5 had two carucates and six bovates for geld. Land [to] two ploughs. Now, Berenger de Todeni has [it], and the Abbat of York of him. In the demesne three ploughs, and thirteen villanes, and half a church, with a priest; and one mill rendering five shillings and four pence; and twelve acres of meadow. T. R. E., it was worth three shillings; now, twenty shillings.

In another Chirchebi (Kirkby Moorside), Gamel 56 had one manor of four carucates and two bovates for geld. Land [to] two ploughs. Now, the Abbat has [it] of Berenger, and it is waste. T. R. E., it was worth eight shillings. The whole, one leuga in length and one in breadth.

In Lestingeham (Lastingham), Gamel had one manor with one carucate of land for geld. Land [to] one plough. Now, of Berenger, the Abbat "has one villane there with one plough.

In Spantun (Spaunton), Gamel had one manor with six carucates and a half of land for geld. Land [to] six ploughs. Now, the Abbat has [it] of Berenger. In the demesne two ploughs, and nine villanes with two ploughs. Wood, pasturable, half a leuga in length and four quarenteens in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth ten shillings; now, the same.

In Dalbi (Dalby. Bulmer Wapentake), Gamel had one manor, with three carucates for geld. Land [to] three ploughs. Now, the Abbat has [it] of Berenger. In the demesne one plough, and six villanes with two ploughs, and one mill of two shillings [annual value], and twelve acres of meadow. Wood, pasturable, five quarenteens in length and three in breadth. The whole manor, one leuga in length and half [a leuga] in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth ten shillings; now, the same. To this manor belongs one carucate of land in Fornetorp ). Manor. In Bruntun (Brompton, in Pickering Lithe), Gamel had six carucates for geld. Land [to] three ploughs. Now, Berenger has one plough there, and nine villanes with five ploughs, and one mill of five shillings [annual value]. A priest and a church, and eight acres of meadow, and underwood two quarenteens in length and two in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth ten shillings; now, twenty shillings.

58

Manor. In Leidtorp (

a half for geld. Land [to] two ploughs.

54 Second son of Robert de Todeni (see note 52, supra). Besides what he held in Yorkshire, the Conqueror gave him, in his father's lifetime, the manor of Adlington, co. Linc., two manors in Oxfordshire, and three in Nottingham.

55 Refer to "Sendriton" (Settrington), page 16, postea.

56 All that Berenger de Todeni held in Yorkshire had belonged to Gamel and Turbrand (see page 16, postea). In Kirkdale, about one mile and a quarter south-west from Kirkby Moorside, is the church of St. Gregory. Over the south door is a Saxon inscription, part of which

), Gamel had three carucates and Now, Berenger has one plough

Mr. Eastmead translates thus :-" Orm, the son of Gamal, bought St. Gregory's church, when it was all broken down and fallen; and he caused it to be made new from the ground; to Christ and St. Gregory, in the days of Edward the King, in the days of Tosti the earl.— And Hawarth me wrohte and Brand presbyter" (Hist. Rievallensis, p. 52).

57 It appears from the Recapitulation that the Abbat held two carucates and B. Todeni one carucate in Lastingham.

58 Perhaps Upper Towthorpe, near Farlington (see Vol. XIII., page 513). In the Recapitulation, the Count of Mortain

Berengar de Todeni.

there, and fifteen villanes and nine bordars and seven farmers, and four acres of meadow. The whole manor, two leugæ in length and one in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth ten shillings and eight pence; now, sixteen shillings and four pence.

Manor. In Sevenictun (Sinnington), Torbrand had three carucates of land for geld. Land [to] two ploughs. Now, Berenger has one plough there, and eight villanes and six bordars with three ploughs, and eight acres of meadow. Wood, pasturable, one leuga in length and one in breadth. The whole manor, one leuga and a half in length and one in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth fourteen shillings; now, ten shillings. Manor. In Hotun" (High Hutton), Torbrant had five carucates and a half of land for geld. Lands [to] five ploughs. Now, Berenger has two villanes there with half a plough, and three farmers and fourteen other villanes and twelve bordars with six ploughs. T. R. E., it was worth twenty shillings; now, eight shillings.

Manor. In Hildreschelf (Hinderskelfe, the site of Castle Howard), Torbrant had four carucates of land for geld. Land [to] four ploughs. Now, Berenger has three farmers there with two ploughs, and four acres of meadow. The whole, one leuga in length and half [a leuga] in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth ten shillings; now, five shillings.

Manor. In Atun (East Ayton), Gamel had two carucates for geld. Land to one plough.

Manor. In Neuuetun (Newton, par. Pickering), one carucate for geld. Land to half a plough.

Manor. In Snechintun (Snainton), five carucates for geld. Land to three ploughs.

Manor. In parvo Mersc (Little Mareis ), two carucates for geld. Land to one plough.

Manor. In Torentun (Thornton Dale), one carucate for geld. Land to half a plough.

Manor. In Martun (Marton, par. Sinnington), five carucates for geld. Land to three ploughs.

Manor. In Broctun (Broughton, par. Appleton-le-Street), one carucate for geld. Land to half a plough.

In Hom (South Holme), one carucate and a half for geld. one plough.

Land to

Manor. In Oswaldescherca (Oswaldkirk), one carucate for geld. Land to half a plough.

In Teurinctun (Terrington), two bovates for geld. Land to two

oxen.

In Wichingastorp (Wiganthorpe), one carucate for geld. to half a plough.

Land

Gamel had these lands, and now Berenger has [them], but they are

all waste.

Manor. In Micheledestun (Great Edston), Gamel had eight

recorded as holding 7 carucates in Farlintun et Fornetorp," and B. de Todeni 1 car. " ibidem."

are

59 The "Hoton Bardolf" of "Kirkby's Inquest," wherein 5 carucates In his will, dated 24th assigned to it. Jan., 1401-2, John Robinson, of Hoton

Colswayn, desires to be buried "in
cimiterio Beatæ Margareta de Hoton
Bardolf" (Reg. Test., iii., fo. 72). The
church of St. Margaret is at High Hutton.
"Hoton Colswayn" is now called Hutton-
upon-Derwent, or Low Hutton.
60 The site of Yedingham abbey.

Berengar de Todeni. carucates for geld. Land to four ploughs. Now, Berenger has [it], and it is waste. Eight acres of meadow. Wood, pasturable in places, two quarenteens in length and one in breadth. The whole, one leuga in length and one in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth twenty shillings.

In parva Edestun (Little Edston), Torbrant had three carucates for geld. Land [to] two ploughs. Now, Berenger has [it], and it is waste. Wood, pasturable, two quarenteens in length and one in breadth. The whole manor, half a leuga in length and half [a leuga in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth ten shillings.

Manor. In Nageltone (Nawton), two carucates for geld.
In Siverinctun (Sinnington), two carucates for geld.
Manor. In Wellebrune (Welburn), one carucate for geld.
In Waletune (

), one bovate for geld. In Harun (Harome), two bovates for geld.

Torbrand had these lands. Now, Berenger bas (them), and they are waste.

Westreding (WEST RIDING). Manor. In Westone (Weston), Torbrand had five carucates of land for geld. Land (to) five plongbs. Now, Berenger has four villanes

] there with one plough. A church and a priest, and two acres of meadow. Wood, pasturable, half a leuga in length and half [a leuga) in breadth. The whole, one leuga in length and one in breadth. T. R. E.,

, it was worth thirty shillings; now, ten shillings.

In Ascvid (Askwith), Gamel had one carucate of land for geld.

Crave (Craven). In Neutune (Bank Newton) and Broctune (Broughton), Turbrand had eight carucates of land for geld.

Estreding (East RIDING). Manor. In Bochetone (Buckton), Turbrant had ten carucates of land for geld. Land (to] ten ploughs. Now, Berenger has there in the demesne four ploughs, and one mill of six shillings (annual value]. A church and a priest. In this vill is the soke of twelve carucates and six bovates for geld. Seven sokemen are there now, having twelve villanes and six bordars with nine ploughs, and one mill of two shillings (annual value]. T. R. E., the manor was worth four pounds; now, eight pounds. To the same manor belongs, also, this soke :-Unglesbi (Uncleby), four carucates, Esrelton (East Heslerton), one carucate and a half

, Cogrun (Croom), one carucate, Colnun (Cowlam), six carucates. these are waste. Together, for geld, twelve carucates and a half. Laud to as many ploughs.

Manor. În Mennistorp (Menethorpe), Gamel had six carucates for geld. Land (to] six ploughs. Now, Berenger has two ploughs there, and nine villanes and nine bordars with four ploughs, and one mill of twelve shillings (annual value]. Half a leuga in length and four quarenteens in breadth. T. R. E., it was worth forty shillings; now the same.

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